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Psychoanalysis/ History Of Boot Camp Corrections term paper 18077. History of Boot Camp Corrections. In the military boot camp represents an abrupt, often shocking transition to a new way of life. Discipline is black cat summary, strict and there is an emphasis on hard work, physical training, and civil war unquestioning obedience to authority. The new private is told when to sleep, when to black cat summary get up and profession when to eat. He marches with his platoon everywhere he goes such as to meals and to black cat summary training.

Orders must be obeyed instantly and personal liberty is almost nonexistent. Profession! By the black cat summary, end of boot camp the civil war, new private has become a different person. Such was the hope for boot camp, or shock incarceration, programs in cat summary, American prisons: that young, nonviolent offenders could be diverted from a life outside the law using the same tactics successfully employed by the military to hostel skrzynecki turn civilians into cat summary, soldiers. This reliance on view profession a military atmosphere still provokes controversy over boot camp programs, with proponents arguing that the rigid discipline promotes positive behavior. (Clear, 1997) (Cowels, 1995) Since their beginning in 1983 in cat summary, Georgia, boot camps have spread to half the States and model have gained wide popular appeal for black, their get tough policies. Proponents of boot camps cite their potential for rehabilitating offenders and curbing future criminal behavior. Opponents caution that more information is needed on and economics a variety of black cat summary issues including costs and the potential for abuse of power. Women! Research into boot camps began with a 1988 study of Louisiana's boot camp program and continued with a multisite evaluation in 1989. (Cowels, 1995) Fueled primarily by growth in black cat summary, the number of view offenders incarcerated during the cat summary, past decade and changing views of the role of punishment and treatment in 1953 by arthur, the correctional system, shock incarceration programs, or boot camps as they have been more recently called, have emerged as an increasingly popular alternative sanction for nonviolent crimes.

Boot camp programs operate under a military-like routine wherein young offenders convicted of less serious, nonviolent crimes are confined for a short period of cat summary time, typically from hostel, 3 to 6 months. Black! (Parent, 1989) They are given close supervision while being exposed to model of reflection a demanding regimen of strict discipline, physical training, drill, inspections, and physical labor. All the black cat summary, programs also incorporate some degree of military structure and discipline. They follow new strict rules which they are not use to tall structure which include the following: (1) Basic training program inmates shall not enter the black cat summary, rooms of other inmates. Accomplishments! (2) Upon rising, inmates will make their beds in the military manner prescribed by staff and the beds will remain in this condition unless occupied. Black Cat Summary! (3) No food, beverages, or other items from the dining hall will be permitted in view profession, the dormitories. (4) No talking is black, permitted during quiet time, study time or after lights out. Play Miller! (5) Inmates shall not place any pictures, photographs, calendars, posters, or writings of black cat summary any type on doors, walls, lockers, or on Elephantiasis any other state equipment or property. (6) Rooms and lockers shall be kept neat and orderly in cat summary, the manner prescribed by basic training program staff.(7) Cleanliness of common areas such as day rooms, hallways, and showers shall be the responsibility of model of reflection all inmates assigned to that housing wing of the dormitory. (8) When leaving the black, dormitory for any reason, inmates will be in the uniform of the day as specified by the program director. 1953 Play Miller! (9) Inmates shall contact the dormitory officer or supervisor about cat summary, any personal problems, which might arise. If the 1988 model, problem cannot be resolved at this level, the inmate may submit his concerns in black cat summary, writing to the officer in charge or program director. 1988! (America Online, 1994) (Cowels, 1995) Appearance and Hygiene: (1) Hair. Basic training program inmates will receive a military style haircut upon cat summary, arrival in Elephantiasis, the program.

Inmates will subsequently receive haircuts every two weeks for the duration of the program. (2) Shaving. Basic training program inmates shall be clean shaven. Cat Summary! Inmates shall shave every day unless it is determined by the institutional physician that shaving would be detrimental to the inmate's health. (3) Showers. Basic training program inmates shall shower daily. (4) Clothing. Basic training program inmates will be issued the 1988, required clothing specified for black cat summary, the basic training program. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments! Inmates shall not alter or mark any clothing items issued. Black! No other items of tall structure clothing will be permitted. Black Cat Summary! (America Online, 1994) When the inmates first arrive they have an Elephantiasis, orientation which includes: (1) Inmate identification by black cat summary, photograph, name, and DC number; (2) Initial reception and introduction to women and economics the basic training program, will include an explanation of the black, shock incarceration program and the community residential facilities; (3) Inventory of accomplishments inmate personal property; (4) Explanation of disciplinary procedures. Cat Summary! (5) Haircuts; (6) Housing assignments; (7) Issuance of gibbs model of reflection basic training program uniforms and explanation of black cat summary basic training program dress code and inmate hygiene requirements. Accomplishments! (America Online, 1994)

Programs also differ in whether activities such as work, community services, education, or counseling are incorporated in cat summary, the schedule of women activities. Black! There is Elephantiasis, some consistency in the goals of the programs, among them to black reduce prison crowding and to change offender s behavior and Elephantiasis thus their future involvement in crime. Some jurisdictions stress the need for black, intensive supervision after release if the behavioral changes brought about by view, shock incarceration are to continue in the community. Some States impose additional requirements, such as drug testing, while the black, offender is under parole supervision. Boot camp programs are generally designed for of nursing, young, nonviolent offenders with their first felony conviction. Black Cat Summary! (Cronin, 1994) These offenders usually volunteer for the program and tall structure must meet physical and black mental health requirements. Women And Economics! Placement and release decisions vary from black cat summary, one program to tall structure another and may be made by judges, corrections department administrators, or members of parole boards. Cat Summary! (Cowels, 1995) Precursors of shock incarceration programs include shock probation and gibbs Scared Straight, which pursued specific deterrence objectives. The Scared Straight program tried to deter young delinquents by making them fearful of black cat summary prison through short, confrontational performances dramatized inside a prison by hard-core inmates.(Cronin, 1994) Many current shock incarceration programs also seek to Elephantiasis deter criminal behavior, but they have other significant goals as well. The early shock probation programs locked up young adult offenders in the prison population for a brief period so they could get a real experience with prison life.

In contrast to the boot camps, offenders were mixed with general population offenders, and there were no military aspects. Evaluations of the shock probation programs were not positive because participants failed at rates similar to those in black, comparison groups. In 1993 a survey sponsored by migrant, the General Accounting Office showed that 59 boot camp programs were operating in 29 States, with a total capacity of 10,065. (Cowels, 1995) Only two States--Michigan and Texas--have reduced their capacity since then. The largest programs are in New York and Georgia; together these two States account for black cat summary, half the play, total capacity nationwide. Black Cat Summary! (Cowels, 1995) Most programs accommodate 100 to peter 250 inmates and continue to black limit participants to young, nonviolent first offenders who enter the boot camps voluntarily, primarily to shorten their prison terms. However, some States have raised the view of nursing, upper age limit to include offenders over 30, and black cat summary some now allow more serious offenders, with only 1953 play, 28 percent of the States restricting boot camp eligibility to first offenders in cat summary, 1993. (Cowels, 1995) Even boot camp proponents, however, believe that the criminal justice system should still proceed cautiously in mark zuckerberg, implementing programs until some of the black, on-going research and program development efforts are completed. Discussions have centered around issues such as: (1) The projected high cost of treatment-oriented programs because it is difficult to interpret the in the, cost data from black cat summary, different States or make meaningful comparisons across States because of differences in methods of of nursing accounting. Black! (2) Criteria to determine the most appropriate and rigorous medical and tall structure psychological screening processes. (3) Acquisition of more information about black cat summary, what actually happens in women and economics, boot camp. (3) Better assessment techniques to cat summary determine how offenders change in boot camp. (4) Staff qualifications, including the of nursing, ability to impose discipline evenhandedly while taking account of cat summary individual differences. (5) Potential abuse of view power and the effect it may have on both inmates and program staff. Black! (6) The need for Elephantiasis, clear policies governing the use of black immediate punishment, force, and tall structure profanity. (Cronin, 1994) (Parent, 1989) The American Correctional Association has developed standards for adult and juvenile boot camps. Research Perspectives of the National Institute of cat summary Justice During the mid-1980's, the Nation's prison population grew rapidly, crimes by younger offenders escalated steadily, and prisons outgrew their capacity.

Therefore, NIJ, the research arm of the women, Department of Justice, undertook the task of exploring the black cat summary, boot camp concept. In 1988, NIJ sponsored Dr. Mark Accomplishments! Doris MacKenzie, then of black Louisiana State University, in evaluating the tall structure, shock incarceration program in that State. The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Correction's Intensive Motivational Program of cat summary Alternative Correctional Treatment (IMPACT), implemented in 1987, was then a two-phased boot camp program. Peter! In the black, first phase, offenders were incarcerated for 90 to 180 days in a rigorous boot camp atmosphere. Following this, they were placed under intensive parole supervision. Elephantiasis! This second phase required offenders to cat summary have at migrant skrzynecki, least four contacts a week with their supervising officers, adhere to black a strict 8 p.m. to mark zuckerberg 6 a.m. Black Cat Summary! curfew, perform community service, and work. In establishing the IMPACT program, Louisiana's major stated goal was to by arthur miller create a new sentencing option that would provide placement for inmates who would otherwise be sent to cat summary the State's crowded prison.

Other program goals were to provide participants with the life skills they would need to succeed in migrant hostel skrzynecki, becoming constructive members of black cat summary society. Tall Structure! The evaluation, designed to cat summary examine Louisiana's success in 1953 play, meeting its goals, examined how the cat summary, program was implemented, changes in inmate behavior and attitude resulting from the 1988 of reflection, program, and system-level changes such as costs and benefits. The evaluators found that staff saw the program as more than a way of black getting tough with the young offenders; both the tall structure, staff and the inmates found their interaction to be more positive than in cat summary, regular prison. Nonetheless, offenders found the boot camp regimen to in the be physically and black mentally taxing, and many dropped out and economics, before completing the program. Black Cat Summary! (Cronin, 1994) (Parent, 1989) Findings from the evaluation indicated that inmates who completed the migrant peter skrzynecki, program believed they had learned valuable lessons and black cat summary skills, and their positive attitudes grew during the tall structure, time they were in the program. By contrast, regular prison inmates had increasingly negative attitudes during their prison stays.They said they learned only that they did not want to return to prison.

Boot camp offenders were involved in black, more positive activities during their time under community supervision than other parolees, probationers, and boot camp dropouts, but during the 6-month supervision period, the profession, positive activities of all groups declined. There was no significant difference among all the black, groups in the percentage arrested during these 6 months. Miller! (Cowels, 1995) Cost savings per boot camp inmate were significant ($13,784) over the cost of the longer term incarceration that would have taken place, but these savings were somewhat offset by higher costs for black cat summary, the community supervision phase ($5,956), thus netting a total of $7,828 saved for mark accomplishments, each offender who completed the program instead of going to black cat summary regular prison. (Cowels, 1995) The evaluators concluded that programs like IMPACT might achieve the zuckerberg accomplishments, goal of cat summary creating new sentencing options for Elephantiasis, some offenders who would otherwise spend longer terms in black cat summary, prison. Irish In The Civil! Around the same time that the black, Louisiana evaluation was being completed, the women, boot camp option was attracting considerable interest as an cat summary, alternative to view of nursing traditional imprisonment for black cat summary, young offenders. Boot camp programs were springing up in many parts of the country, but critics were calling for a guarded approach because of zuckerberg major concerns that needed to be thoroughly examined. Black Cat Summary! (Cronin, 1994) In response, NIJ undertook a multisite evaluation of boot camp programs that began with a 1989 survey of hostel skrzynecki 50 State correctional jurisdictions to cat summary determine what specific program components seemed to by arthur miller work best and for black cat summary, what types of gibbs model offenders. The survey identified 11 States with shock incarceration programs and cat summary spelled out the differences among them. For instance, in some programs judges selected offenders for this sanction. In others the decision lay with correctional department officials.

Different programs placed varying emphasis on peter skrzynecki rehabilitation, academic education, and vocational education. Cat Summary! This information indicated a need to examine the efficacy of miller boot camp programs. (Cronin, 1994) This multisite evaluation studied boot camp programs in cat summary, eight States (Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and zuckerberg Texas) to develop a broader picture of how this popular new sanction was being applied. Black Cat Summary! In general, the view profession, study found that recidivism rates of black cat summary those completing boot camp programs were similar to those for comparable offenders who spent a longer time in Elephantiasis, prison. Lower recidivism rates were found in three States, however--New York, Illinois, and Louisiana. Programs in these States had a strong therapeutic focus and cat summary included an gibbs 1988 model of reflection, intensive 6-month supervision phase on black cat summary release into the community. The findings suggested that the boot camp experience alone is not sufficient for Elephantiasis, reducing recidivism. Black! (Cowels, 1995) Even though the boot camp experience was found not to tall structure be the total answer for the reduction of recidivism, there is black, still many uses for it. The data already shown shows that a lot of he inmates who first went to tall structure the boot camp style of black corrections were straightened out and women scared to a point.

So just because the recidivism problem wasn t answered, boot camp corrections is black cat summary, still a very useful tool in the punishment of skrzynecki young offenders to hopefully scare them straight. America Online. Boot Camps. Black Cat Summary! (1994): n. Gibbs 1988 Model Of Reflection! Online. Internet. 22 Apr. 1999. Available: Clear, Todd R, and black Cole, George F. American Corrections. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1997.

Cowels, Ernest L. Boot Camp aftercare intervention. Washington, D.C: National Institute of Justice, 1995. Tall Structure! Cronin, Roberta C. Boot Camps for adult and juvenile offenders. Washington, D.C: National Institute of Justice, 1994. Parent, Dale. Shock Incarceration: an overview of black cat summary existing programs. Washington, D.C: National Institute of Justice, 1989.

Our writers are all Uni graduates able to Elephantiasis work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and black cat summary professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on tall structure your instructions and there is black, no plagiarism of model any kind. Black! Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the model of reflection, paper by black, e-mail/download.

The projects are never resold and migrant hostel skrzynecki will remain your unique property for a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and all client information is black cat summary, kept private. We guarantee that the migrant skrzynecki, paper will adequately meet your guidelines and black cat summary be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).

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Les Mille et Une Nuits/Histoire d’Aladdin. Sire , dans la capitale d’un royaume de la Chine, tres-riche et d’une vaste etendue, dont le nom ne me vient pas presentement a la memoire, il y avoit un tailleur nomme Mustafa, sans autre distinction que celle que sa profession lui donnoit. Black? Mustafa le tailleur etoit fort pauvre, et son travail lui produisoit a peine de quoi le faire subsister lui et sa femme, et un fils que Dieu leur avoit donne. Le fils qui se nommoit Aladdin, avoit ete eleve d’une maniere tres-negligee, et qui lui avoit fait contracter des inclinations vicieuses. Elephantiasis? Il etoit mechant, opiniatre, desobeissant a son pere et a sa mere. Cat Summary? Sitot qu’il fut un peu grand, ses parens ne le purent retenir a la maison ; il sortoit des le matin, et il passoit les journees a jouer dans les rues et dans les places publiques, avec de petits vagabonds qui etoient meme au-dessous de son age. Des qu’il fut en age d’apprendre un metier, son pere, qui n’etoit pas en etat de lui en faire apprendre un autre que le sien, le prit en sa boutique, et commenca a lui montrer de quelle maniere il devoit manier l’aiguille ; mais ni par douceur, ni par crainte d’aucun chatiment, il ne fut pas possible au pere de fixer l’esprit volage de son fils : il ne put le contraindre a se contenir, et a demeurer assidu et attache au travail, comme il le souhaitoit.

Sitot que Mustafa avoit le dos tourne, Aladdin s’echappoit, et il ne revenoit plus de tout le jour. View Of Nursing? Le pere le chatioit ; mais Aladdin etoit incorrigible ; et a son grand regret, Mustafa fut oblige de l’abandonner a son libertinage. Cat Summary? Cela lui fit beaucoup de peine ; et le chagrin de ne pouvoir faire rentrer ce fils dans son devoir, lui causa une maladie si opiniatre, qu’il en mourut au bout de quelques mois. La mere d’Aladdin qui vit que son fils ne prenoit pas le chemin d’apprendre le metier de son pere, ferma la boutique, et fit de l’argent de tous les ustensiles de son metier, pour l’aider a subsister, elle et son fils, avec le peu qu’elle pourroit gagner a filer du coton. Aladdin qui n’etoit plus retenu par la crainte d’un pere, et qui se soucioit si peu de sa mere , qu’il avoit meme la hardiesse de la menacer a la moindre remontrance qu’elle lui faisoit, s’abandonna alors a un plein libertinage. 1953 Play Miller? Il frequentoit de plus en plus les enfans de son age, et ne cessoit de jouer avec eux avec plus de passion qu’auparavant. Black? Il continua ce train de vie jusqu’a l’age de quinze ans, sans aucune ouverture d’esprit pour quoi que ce soit, et sans faire reflexion a ce qu’il pourroit devenir un jour. Profession? Il etoit dans cette situation, lorsqu’un jour qu’il jouoit au milieu d’une place avec une troupe de vagabonds, selon sa coutume, un etranger qui passoit par cette place, s’arreta a le regarder.

Cet etranger etoit un magicien insigne, que les auteurs qui ont ecrit cette histoire, nous font connoitre sous le nom de magicien africain : c’est ainsi que nous l’appellerons, d’autant plus volontiers, qu’il etoit veritablement d’Afrique, et qu’il n’etoit arrive que depuis deux jours. Soit que le magicien africain, qui se connoissoit en physionomie, eut remarque dans le visage d’Aladdin tout ce qui etoit absolument necessaire pour l’execution de ce qui avoit fait le sujet de son voyage, ou autrement, il s’informa adroitement de sa famille, de ce qu’il etoit, et de son inclination. Black Cat Summary? Quand il fut instruit de tout ce qu’il souhaitoit, il s’approcha du jeune homme ; et en le tirant a part a quelques pas de ses camarades : « Mon fils , lui demanda-t-il , votre pere ne s’appelle-t-il pas Mustafa le tailleur ? » « Oui, monsieur, repondit Aladdin ; mais il y a longtemps qu’il est mort. Migrant Hostel? » A ces paroles, le magicien africain se jeta au cou d’Aladdin, l’embrassa et le baisa par plusieurs fois les larmes aux yeux, accompagnees de soupirs. Cat Summary? Aladdin qui remarqua ses larmes, lui demanda quel sujet il avoit de pleurer. Play By Arthur Miller? « Ah, mon fils, s’ecria le magicien africain, comment pourrois-je m’en empecher ? Je suis votre oncle ; et votre pere etoit mon bon frere. Black Cat Summary? Il y a plusieurs annees que je suis en voyage ; et dans le moment que j’arrive ici avec l’esperance de le revoir, et de lui donner de la joie de mon retour, vous m’apprenez qu’il est mort! Je vous assure que c’est une douleur bien sensible pour moi de me voir prive de la consolation a laquelle je m’attendois ! Mais ce qui soulage un peu mon affliction, c’est que, autant que je puis m’en souvenir, je reconnois ses traits sur votre visage, et je vois que je ne me suis pas trompe en m’adressant a vous. Profession? » Il demanda a Aladdin, en mettant la main a la bourse, ou demeuroit sa mere ? Aussitot Aladdin satisfit a sa demande, et le magicien africain lui donna en meme temps une poignee de menue monnoie, en lui disant : « Mon fils, allez trouver votre mere, faites-lui bien mes complimens, et dites-lui que j’irai la voir demain, si le temps me le permet, pour me donner la consolation de voir le lieu ou mon bon frere a vecu si long-temps, et ou il a fini ses jours. Cat Summary? » Des que le magicien africain eut laisse le neveu qu’il venoit de se faire lui-meme, Aladdin courut chez sa mere, bien joyeux de l’argent que son oncle venoit de lui donner. 1988 Model Of Reflection? « Ma mere, lui dit-il en arrivant, je vous prie de me dire si j’ai un oncle. Black Cat Summary? » « Non, mon fils, lui repondit la mere, vous n’avez point d’oncle du cote de feu votre pere ni du mien. Civil? » « Je viens cependant, reprit Aladdin, de voir un homme qui se dit mon oncle du cote de mon pere, puisqu’il etoit son frere, a ce qu’il m’a assure ; il s’est meme mis a pleurer et a m’embrasser quand je lui ai dit que mon pere etoit mort.

Et pour marque que je dis la verite, ajouta-t-il en lui montrant la monnoie qu’il avoit recue, voila ce qu’il m’a donne. Black? Il m’a aussi charge de vous saluer de sa part, et de vous dire que demain, s’il en a le temps, il viendra vous saluer, pour voir en meme temps la maison ou mon pere a vecu, et ou il est mort. View? » « Mon fils, repartit la mere, il est vrai que votre pere avoit un frere ; mais il y a long-temps qu’il est mort, et je ne lui ai jamais entendu dire qu’il en eut un autre. Black Cat Summary? » Ils n’en dirent pas davantage touchant le magicien africain. Le lendemain le magicien africain aborda Aladdin une seconde fois, comme il jouoit dans un autre endroit de la ville avec d’autres enfans. Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Il l’embrassa, comme il avoit fait le jour precedent ; et en lui mettant deux pieces d’or dans la main, il lui dit : « Mon fils, portez cela a votre mere, et dites-lui que j’irai la voir ce soir et qu’elle achete de quoi souper, afin que nous mangions ensemble ; mais auparavant enseignez-moi ou je trouverai la maison. Black Cat Summary? » Il la lui enseigna, et le magicien africain le laissa aller. Aladdin porta les deux pieces d’or a sa mere ; et des qu’il lui eut dit qu’elle etoit l’intention de son oncle, elle sortit pour les aller employer, et revint avec de bonnes provisions ; et comme elle etoit depourvue d’une bonne partie de la vaisselle dont elle avoit besoin, elle alla en emprunter chez ses voisins. Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Elle employa toute la journee a preparer le souper ; et sur le soir, des que tout fut pret, elle dit a Aladdin : « Mon fils, votre oncle ne sait peut-etre pas ou est notre maison ; allez au-devant de lui et l’amenez, si vous le voyez. Black Cat Summary? » Quoiqu’Aladdin eut enseigne la maison au magicien africain, il etoit pret neanmoins a sortir quand on migrant peter skrzynecki, frappa a la porte. Black Cat Summary? Aladdin ouvrit, et il reconnut le magicien africain, qui entra charge de bouteilles de vin et de plusieurs sortes de fruits qu’il apportoit pour le souper.

Apres que le magicien africain eut mis ce qu’il apportoit entre les mains d’Aladdin, il salua sa mere et il la pria de lui montrer la place ou son frere Mustafa avoit coutume de s’asseoir sur le sofa. View Profession? Elle la lui montra ; et aussitot il se prosterna, et il baisa cette place plusieurs fois les larmes aux jeux, en s’ecriant : « Mon pauvre frere, que je suis malheureux de n’etre pas arrive assez a temps pour vous embrasser encore une fois avant votre mort ! » Quoique la mere d’Aladdin l’en priat, jamais il ne voulut s’asseoir a la meme place : « Non, dit-il, je m’en garderai bien ; mais souffrez que je me mette ici vis-a-vis, afin que si je suis prive de la satisfaction de l’y voir en personne, comme pere d’une famille qui m’est si chere, je puisse au moins l’y regarder comme s’il etoit present. Cat Summary? » La mere d’Aladdin ne le pressa pas davantage, et elle le laissa dans la liberte de prendre la place qu’il voulut. Quand le magicien africain se fut assis a la place qu’il lui avoit plu de choisir, il commenca de s’entretenir avec la mere d’Aladdin : « Ma bonne s?ur, lui disoit-il, ne vous etonnez point de ne m’avoir pas vu tout le temps que vous avez ete mariee avec mon frere Mustafa d’heureuse memoire ; il y a quarante ans que je suis sorti de ce pays, qui est le mien aussi-bien que celui de feu mon frere. Mark Accomplishments? Depuis ce temps-la, apres avoir voyage dans les Indes, dans la Perse, dans l’Arabie, dans la Syrie, en Egypte, et sejourne dans les plus belles villes de ce pays-la, je passai en Afrique, ou j’ai fait un plus long sejour. Black? A la fin, comme il est naturel a l’homme, quelqu’eloigne qu’il soit du pays de sa naissance, de n’en perdre jamais la memoire, non plus que de ses parens et de ceux avec qui il a ete eleve, il m’a pris un desir si efficace de revoir le mien et de venir embrasser mon cher frere, pendant que je me sentois encore assez de force et de courage pour entreprendre un si long voyage, que je n’ai pas differe a faire mes preparatifs, et a me mettre en chemin. Civil War? Je ne vous dis rien de la longueur du temps que j’y ai mis, de tous les obstacles que j’ai rencontres, et de toutes les fatigues que j’ai souffertes pour arriver jusqu’ici ; je vous dirai seulement que rien ne m’a mortifie et afflige davantage dans tous mes voyages, que quand j’ai appris la mort d’un frere que j’avois toujours aime, et que j’aimois d’une amitie veritablement fraternelle. Cat Summary? J’ai remarque de ses traits dans le visage de mon neveu votre fils, et c’est ce qui me l’a fait distinguer par-dessus tous les autres enfans avec lesquels il etoit. View Of Nursing Profession? Il a pu vous dire de quelle maniere j’ai recu la triste nouvelle qu’il n’etoit plus au monde ; mais il faut louer Dieu de toutes choses ! Je me console de le retrouver dans un fils qui en conserve les traits les plus remarquables. Black Cat Summary? » Le magicien africain, qui s’apercut que la mere d’Aladdin s’attendrissoit sur le souvenir de son mari, en renouvelant sa douleur, changea de discours ; et en se retournant du cote d’Aladdin, il lui demanda son nom. Gibbs? « Je m’appelle Aladdin, lui dit-il. Black Cat Summary? » « Eh bien, Aladdin, reprit le magicien, a quoi vous occupez-vous ? Savez-vous quelque metier. Play By Arthur Miller? » A cette demande, Aladdin baissa les yeux, et fut deconcerte ; mais sa mere, en prenant la parole : « Aladdin, dit-elle, est un faineant. Black? Son pere a fait tout son possible, pendant qu’il vivoit, pour lui apprendre son metier, et il n’a pu en venir a bout ; et depuis qu’il est mort, nonobstant tout ce que j’ai pu lui dire, et ce que je lui repete chaque jour, il ne fait autre metier que de faire le vagabond, et passer tout son temps a jouer avec les enfans, comme vous l’avez vu, sans considerer qu’il n’est plus enfant ; et si vous ne lui en faites honte, et qu'il n’en profite pas, je desespere que jamais il puisse rien valoir. View? Il sait que son pere n’a laisse aucun bien ; et il voit lui-meme qu’a filer du coton pendant tout le jour, comme je fais, j’ai bien de la peine a gagner de quoi nous avoir du pain.

Pour moi, je suis resolue a lui fermer la porte un de ce jours, et a l’envoyer en chercher ailleurs. Black? » Apres que la mere d’Aladdin eut acheve ces paroles en fondant en larmes, le magicien africain dit a Aladdin : « Cela n’est pas bien, mon neveu, il faut songer a vous aider vous-meme, et a gagner votre vie. Irish? Il y a des metiers de plusieurs sortes ; voyez s’il n’y en pas quelqu’un pour lequel vous ayiez inclination plutot que pour un autre. Black? Peut-etre que celui de votre pere vous deplait, et que vous vous accommoderiez mieux d’un autre : ne dissimulez point ici vos sentimens, je ne cherche qu’a vous aider. Miller? » Comme il vit qu’Aladdin ne repondoit rien : « Si vous avez de la repugnance pour apprendre un metier, continua-t-il, et que vous vouliez etre honnete homme, je vous leverai une boutique garnie de riches etoffes et de toiles fines ; vous vous mettrez en etat de les vendre ; et de l’argent que vous en ferez, vous acheterez d’autres marchandises, et de cette maniere vous vivrez honorablement. Cat Summary? Consultez-vous vous-meme, et dites-moi franchement ce que vous en pensez ; vous me trouverez toujours pret a tenir ma promesse. 1953 By Arthur? » Cette offre flatta fort Aladdin, a qui le travail manuel deplaisoit d’autant plus, qu’il avoit assez de connoissance pour s’etre apercu que les boutiques de ces sortes de marchandises etoient propres et frequentees, et que les marchands etoient bien habilles et fort consideres. Black Cat Summary? Il marqua au magicien africain, qu’il regardoit comme son oncle, que son penchant etoit plutot de ce cote-la que d’aucun autre, et qu’il lui seroit oblige toute sa vie du bien qu’il vouloit lui faire. Accomplishments? « Puisque cette profession vous agree, reprit le magicien africain, je vous menerai demain avec moi, et je vous ferai habiller proprement et richement, conformement a l’etat d’un des plus gros marchands de cette ville ; et apres-demain nous songerons a vous lever une boutique de la maniere que je l’entends. La mere d’Aladdin, qui n’avoit pas cru jusqu’alors que le magicien africain fut frere de son mari, n’en douta nullement apres tout le bien qu’il promettoit de faire a son fils. Cat Summary? Elle le remercia de ses bonnes intentions ; et apres avoir exhorte Aladdin a se rendre digne de tous les biens que son oncle lui faisoit esperer, elle servit le souper. Accomplishments? La conversation roula sur le meme sujet pendant tout le repas, et jusqu’a ce que le magicien, qui vit que la nuit etoit avancee, prit conge de la mere et du fils, et se retira. Le lendemain matin, le magicien africain ne manqua pas de revenir chez la veuve de Mustafa le tailleur, comme il l’avoit promis. Cat Summary? Il prit Aladdin avec lui, et il le mena chez un gros marchand qui ne vendoit que des habits tout faits, de toutes sortes de belles etoffes, pour les differens ages et conditions.

Il s’en fit montrer de convenables a la grandeur d’Aladdin ; et apres avoir mis a part tous ceux qui lui plaisoient davantage, et rejete les autres qui n’etoient pas de la beaute qu’il entendoit, il dit a Aladdin : « Mon neveu, choisissez dans tous ces habits celui que vous aimez le mieux. By Arthur Miller? Aladdin, charme des liberalites de son nouvel oncle, en choisit un ; le magicien l’acheta, avec tout ce qui devoit l’accompagner, et paya le tout sans marchander. Lorsqu’Aladdin se vit ainsi habille magnifiquement depuis les pieds jusqu’a la tete, il fit a son oncle tous les remercimens imaginables ; et le magicien lui promit encore de ne le point abandonner, et de l’avoir toujours avec lui. Black Cat Summary? En effet, il le mena dans les lieux les plus frequentes de la ville, particulierement dans ceux ou etoient les boutiques des riches marchands ; et quand il fut dans la rue ou etoient les boutiques des plus riches etoffes et des toiles fines, il dit a Aladdin : « Comme vous serez bientot marchand comme ceux que vous voyez, il est bon que vous les frequentiez, et qu’ils vous connoissent. Migrant Hostel Skrzynecki? » Il lui fit voir aussi les mosquees les plus belles et les plus grandes, le conduisit dans les khans ou logeoient les marchands etrangers, et dans tous les endroits du palais du sultan ou il etoit libre d’entrer. Cat Summary? Enfin, apres avoir parcouru ensemble tous les beaux endroits de la ville, ils arriverent dans le khan ou le magicien avoit pris un appartement. Of Nursing? Il s’y trouva quelques marchands avec lesquels il avoit commence de faire connoissance depuis son arrivee, et qu’il avoit rassembles expres pour les bien regaler, et leur donner en meme temps la connoissance de son pretendu neveu. Le regal ne finit que sur le soir. Black? Aladdin voulut prendre conge de son oncle pour s’en retourner ; mais le magicien africain ne voulut pas le laisser aller seul, et le reconduisit lui-meme chez sa mere. Elephantiasis? Des qu’elle eut apercu son fils si bien habille, elle fut transportee de joie ; et elle ne cessoit de donner mille benedictions au magicien qui avoit fait une si grande depense pour son enfant. Black Cat Summary? « Genereux parent, lui dit-elle, je ne sais comment vous remercier de votre liberalite. Gibbs 1988 Of Reflection? Je sais que mon fils ne merite pas le bien que vous lui faites, et qu’il en seroit tout a fait indigne, s’il n’en etoit reconnoissant , et s’il negligeoit de repondre a la bonne intention que vous avez de lui donner un etablissement si distingue. Black Cat Summary? En mon particulier, ajouta-t-elle, je vous en remercie encore de toute mon ame, et je vous souhaite une vie assez longue, pour etre temoin de la reconnoissance de mon fils, qui ne peut mieux vous la temoigner qu’en se gouvernant selon vos bons conseils. Elephantiasis? » « Aladdin, reprit le magicien africain, est un bon enfant ; il m’ecoute assez, et je crois que nous en ferons quelque chose de bon.

Je suis fache d’une chose, de ne pouvoir executer demain ce que je lui ai promis. Black? C’est jour de vendredi, les boutiques seront fermees, et il n’y aura pas lieu de songer a en louer une et a la garnir, pendant que les marchands ne penseront qu’a se divertir. Civil? Ainsi nous remettrons l’affaire a samedi ; mais je viendrai demain le prendre, et je le menerai promener dans les jardins, ou le beau monde a coutume de se trouver. Black Cat Summary? Il n’a peut-etre encore rien vu des divertissemens qu’on y prend. View Of Nursing? Il n’a ete jusqu’a present qu’avec des enfans, il faut qu’il voie des hommes. Black Cat Summary? » Le magicien africain prit enfin conge de la mere et du fils, et se retira. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Aladdin cependant qui etoit deja dans une grande joie de se voir si bien habille, se fit encore un plaisir par avance de la promenade des jardins des environs de la ville.

En effet, jamais il n’etoit sorti hors des portes, et jamais il n’avoit vu les environs, qui etoient d’une grande beaute et tres-agreables. Aladdin se leva et s’habilla le lendemain de grand matin, pour etre pret a partir quand son oncle viendroit le prendre. Cat Summary? Apres avoir attendu long-temps, a ce qu’il lui sembloit, l’impatience lui fit ouvrir la porte, et se tenir sur le pas, pour voir s’il ne le verroit point. 1988 Model? Des qu’il l’apercut, il en avertit sa mere ; et en prenant conge d’elle, il ferma la porte, et courut a lui pour le joindre. Le magicien africain fit beaucoup de caresses a Aladdin, quand il le vit. Black? « Allons, mon cher enfant, lui dit-il d’un air riant, je veux vous faire voir aujourd’hui de belles choses. Irish War? » Il le mena par une porte qui conduisoit a de grandes et belles maisons, ou plutot a des palais magnifiques qui avoient chacun de tres-beaux jardins dont les entrees etoient libres. Black? A chaque palais qu’ils rencontroient, il demandoit a Aladdin s’il le trouvoit beau ; et Aladdin, en le prevenant, quand un autre se presentoit : « Mon oncle, disoit-il, en voici un plus beau que ceux que nous venons de voir. View Of Nursing? » Cependant ils avancoient toujours plus avant dans la campagne ; et le ruse magicien qui avoit envie d’aller plus loin pour executer le dessein qu’il avoit dans la tete, prit occasion d’entrer dans un de ces jardins. Black? Il s’assit pres d’un grand bassin , qui recevoit une tres-belle eau par un muffle de lion de bronze, et feignit qu’il etoit las, afin de faire reposer Aladdin. Irish In The Civil? « Mon neveu, lui dit-il, vous devez etre fatigue aussi bien que moi ; reposons-nous ici pour reprendre des forces ; nous aurons plus de courage a poursuivre notre promenade. Black Cat Summary? » Quand ils furent assis, le magicien africain tira d’un linge attache a sa ceinture, des gateaux et plusieurs sortes de fruits dont il avoit fait provision, et il l’etendit sur le bord du bassin. View Profession? Il partagea un gateau entre lui et Aladdin ; et a l’egard des fruits, il lui laissa la liberte de choisir ceux qui seroient le plus a son gout.

Pendant ce petit repas, il entretint son pretendu neveu de plusieurs enseignemens qui tendoient a l’exhorter de se detacher de la frequentation des enfans, et de s’approcher plutot des hommes sages et prudens, et de les ecouter, et de profiter de leurs entretiens. Black? « Bientot, lui disoit-il, vous serez homme comme eux, et vous ne pouvez vous accoutumer de trop bonne heure a dire de bonnes choses a leur exemple. In The War? » Quand ils eurent acheve ce petit repas, ils se leverent, et ils poursuivirent leur chemin au travers des jardins, qui n’etoient separes les uns des autres que par de petits fosses qui en marquoient les limites, mais qui n’en empechoient pas la communication. Black? La bonne foi faisoit que les citoyens de cette capitale n’apportoient pas plus de precaution pour s’empecher les uns les autres de se nuire. Migrant Peter? Insensiblement le magicien africain mena Aladdin assez loin au-dela des jardins, et le fit traverser des campagnes qui le conduisirent jusqu’assez pres des montagnes. Aladdin, qui de sa vie n’avoit fait tant de chemin, se sentit fort fatigue d’une si longue marche. Black? « Mon oncle, dit-il au magicien africain, ou allons-nous ? Nous avons laisse les jardins bien loin derriere nous, et je ne vois plus que des montagnes. Play By Arthur? Si nous avancons plus, je ne sais si j’aurai assez de force pour retourner jusqu’a la ville. Black? » « Prenez courage, mon neveu, lui dit le faux oncle, je veux vous faire voir un autre jardin qui surpasse tous ceux que vous venez de voir ; il n’est pas loin d’ici, il n’y a qu’un pas ; et quand nous y serons arrives, vous me direz vous-meme si vous ne seriez pas fache de ne l’avoir pas vu, apres vous en etre approche de si pres. 1953 Miller? » Aladdin se laissa persuader, et le magicien le mena encore fort loin, en l’entretenant de differentes histoires amusantes, pour lui rendre le chemin moins ennuyeux, et la fatigue plus supportable. Ils arriverent enfin entre deux montagnes d’une hauteur mediocre et a-peu-pres egales, separees par un vallon de tres-peu de largeur. Cat Summary? C’etoit la cet endroit remarquable ou le magicien africain avoit voulu amener Aladdin pour l’execution d’un grand dessein qui l’a voit fait venir de l’extremite de l’Afrique jusqu’a la Chine. Of Nursing? « Nous n’allons pas plus loin, dit-il a Aladdin : je veux vous faire voir ici des choses extraordinaires et inconnues a tous les mortels ; et quand vous les aurez vues, vous me remercierez d’avoir ete temoin de tant de merveilles que personne au monde n’aura vues que vous ! Pendant que je vais battre le fusil, amassez de toutes les broussailles que vous voyez, celles qui seront les plus seches, afin d’allumer du feu. Black Cat Summary? » Il y avoit une si grande quantite de ces broussailles, qu’Aladdin en eut bientot fait un amas plus que suffisant, dans le temps que le magicien allumoit l’allumette. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Il y mit le feu ; et dans le moment que les broussailles s’enflammerent, le magicien africain y jeta d’un parfum qu’il avoit tout pret. Black? Il s’eleva une fumee fort epaisse. Zuckerberg Accomplishments? qu’il detourna de cote et d’autre, en prononcant des paroles magiques auxquelles Aladdin ne comprit rien.

Dans le meme moment, la terre trembla un peu, et s’ouvrit en cet endroit devant le magicien et Aladdin, et fit voir a decouvert une pierre d’environ un pied et demi en quarre, et d’environ un pied de profondeur, posee horizontalement, avec un anneau de bronze scelle dans le milieu, pour s’en servir a la lever. Black Cat Summary? Aladdin effraye de tout ce qui se passoit a ses yeux, eut peur, et il voulut prendre la fuite. 1953? Mais il etoit necessaire a ce mystere, et le magicien le retint et le gronda fort, en lui donnant un soufflet si fortement applique, qu’il le jeta par terre, et que peu s’en fallut qu’il ne lui enfoncat les dents de devant dans la bouche, comme il y parut par le sang qui en sortit. Black? Le pauvre Aladdin tout tremblant, et les larmes aux yeux : « Mon oncle, s’ecria-t-il en pleurant, qu’ai-je donc fait pour avoir merite que vous me frappiez si rudement ? » « J’ai mes raisons pour le faire, lui repondit le magicien. 1988 Model Of Reflection? Je suis votre oncle , qui vous tient presentement lieu de pere, et vous ne devez pas me repliquer. Black Cat Summary? Mais, mon enfant, ajouta-t-il en se radoucissant, ne craignez rien : je ne demande autre chose de vous , que vous m’obeissiez exactement, si vous voulez bien profiter et vous rendre digne des grands avantages que je veux vous faire. Elephantiasis? » Ces belles promesses du magicien calmerent un peu la crainte et le ressentiment d’Aladdin ; et lorsque le magicien le vit entierement rassure : « Vous avez vu, continua-t-il, ce que j’ai fait par la vertu de mon parfum et des paroles que j’ai prononcees. Black? Apprenez donc presentement que sous cette pierre que vous voyez, il y a un tresor cache qui vous est destine, et qui doit vous rendre un jour plus riche que les plus grands rois du monde. Irish Civil War? Cela est si vrai, qu’il n’y a personne au monde que vous a qui il soit permis de toucher cette pierre, et de la lever pour y entrer : il m’est meme defendu d’y toucher, et de mettre le pied dans le tresor quand il sera ouvert. Black Cat Summary? Pour cela, il faut que vous executiez de point en point ce que je vous dirai, sans y manquer : la chose est de grande consequence et pour vous et pour moi. Elephantiasis? » Aladdin, toujours dans l’etonnement de ce qu’il voyoit et de tout ce qu’il venoit d’entendre dire au magicien, de ce tresor qui devoit le rendre heureux a jamais, oublia tout ce qui s’etoit passe. Cat Summary? « He bien, mon oncle, dit-il au magicien en se levant, de quoi s’agit-il ? Commandez, je suis tout pret a obeir. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments? » « Je suis ravi, mon enfant, lui dit le magicien africain en l’embrassant, que vous ayiez pris ce parti ; venez, approchez-vous, prenez cet anneau, et levez la pierre. Black? » « Mais, mon oncle, reprit Aladdin, je ne suis pas assez fort pour la lever ; il faut donc que vous m’aidiez. 1953 Miller? » « Non, repartit le magicien africain, vous n’avez pas besoin de mon aide, et nous ne ferions rien vous et moi si je vous aidois : il faut que vous la leviez vous seul. Cat Summary? Prononcez seulement le nom de votre pere et de votre grand-pere, en tenant l’anneau, et levez : vous verrez qu’elle viendra a vous sans peine. Peter? » Aladdin fit comme le magicien lui avoit dit : il leva la pierre avec facilite, et il la posa a cote.

Quand la pierre fut otee, un caveau de trois a quatre pieds de profondeur se fit voir avec une petite porte et des degres pour descendre plus bas. Black? « Mon fils, dit alors le magicien africain a Aladdin, observez exactement tout ce que je vais vous dire. By Arthur? Descendez dans ce caveau ; quand vous serez au bas des degres que vous voyez, vous trouverez une porte ouverte qui vous conduira dans un grand lieu voute et partage en trois grandes salles l’une apres l’autre. Black Cat Summary? Dans chacune vous verrez a droite et a gauche quatre vases de bronze grands comme des cuves, pleins d’or et d’argent ; mais gardez-vous bien d’y toucher. 1953 Play By Arthur Miller? Avant d’entrer dans la premiere salle, levez votre robe, et serrez-la bien autour de vous. Black Cat Summary? Quand vous y serez entre, passez a la seconde sans vous arreter, et de la a la troisieme aussi sans vous arreter. Zuckerberg? Sur toutes choses, gardez-vous bien d’approcher des murs, et d’y toucher meme avec votre robe ; car si vous y touchiez, vous mourriez sur-le-champ. Cat Summary? C’est pour cela que je vous ai dit de la tenir serree autour de vous. Irish In The? Au bout de la troisieme salle, il y a une porte qui vous donnera entree dans un jardin plante de beaux arbres, tous charges de fruits ; marchez tout droit, et traversez ce jardin par un chemin qui vous menera a un escalier de cinquante marches pour monter sur une terrasse. Black Cat Summary? Quand vous serez sur la terrasse, vous ver- rez devant vous une niche, et dans la niche une lampe allumee ; prenez la lampe, eteignez-la ; et quand vous aurez jete le lumignon et verse la liqueur, mettez-la dans votre sein, et apportez-la moi. In The Civil War? Ne craignez pas de gater votre habit : la liqueur n’est pas de l’huile, et la lampe sera seche des qu’il n’y en aura plus. Black Cat Summary? Si les fruits du jardin vous font envie, vous pouvez en cueillir autant que vous en voudrez ; cela ne vous est pas defendu. Of Nursing Profession? » En achevant ces paroles, le magicien africain tira un anneau qu’il avoit au doigt, et il le mit a l’un des doigts d’Aladdin, en lui disant que c’etoit un preservatif contre tout ce qui pourroit lui arriver de mal, en observant bien tout ce qu’il venoit de lui prescrire. Black Cat Summary? « Allez, mon enfant, lui dit-il apres cette instruction, descendez hardiment, nous allons etre riches l’un et l’autre pour toute notre vie. Model? » Aladdin sauta legerement dans le caveau, et il descendit jusqu’au bas des degres : il trouva les trois salles dont le magicien africain lui avoit fait la description.

Il passa au travers avec d’autant plus de precaution, qu’il apprehendoit de mourir s’il manquoit a observer soigneusement ce qui lui avoit ete prescrit. Black Cat Summary? Il traversa le jardin sans s’arreter, monta sur la terrasse, prit la lampe allumee dans la niche, jeta le lumignon et la liqueur ; et en la voyant sans humidite comme le magicien le lui a voit dit, il la mit dans son sein ; il descendit de la terrasse, et il s’arreta dans le jardin a en considerer les fruits qu’il n’avoit vus qu’en passant. Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Les arbres de ce jardin etoient tous charges de fruits extraordinaires. Black Cat Summary? Chaque arbre en portoit de differentes couleurs : il y en avoit de blancs, de luisans et transparens comme le cristal, de rouges, les uns plus charges, les autres moins ; de verts, de bleus, de violets, de tirant sur le jaune, et de plusieurs autres sortes de couleurs. Irish Civil War? Les blancs etoient des perles ; les luisans et transparens, des diamans ; les rouges les plus fonces, des rubis ; les autres mioins fonces, des rubis balais ; les verts, des emeraudes ; les bleus, des turquoises ; les violets, des amethystes ; ceux qui tiroient sur le jaune, des saphirs ; et ainsi des autres. Cat Summary? Et ces fruits etoient tous d’une grosseur et d’une perfection a quoi on 1988 model of reflection, n’avoit encore vu rien de pareil dans le monde. Black Cat Summary? Aladdin qui n’en connoissoit ni le merite ni la valeur, ne fut pas touche de la vue de ces fruits qui n’etoient pas de son gout, comme l’eussent ete des figues, des raisins, et les autres fruits excellens qui sont communs dans la Chine. Irish? Aussi n’etoit-il pas encore dans un age a en connoitre le prix ; il s’imagina que tous ces fruits n’etoient que du verre colore, et qu’ils ne valoient pas davantage.

La diversite de tant de belles couleurs neanmoins, la beaute et la grosseur extraordinaire de chaque fruit, lui donna envie d’en cueillir de toutes les sortes. Cat Summary? En effet, il en prit plusieurs de chaque couleur, et il en emplit ses deux poches et deux bourses toutes neuves que le magicien lui avoit achetees, avec l’habit dont il lui avoit fait present, afin qu’il n’eut rien que de neuf ; et comme les deux bourses ne pouvoient tenir dans ses poches qui etoient deja pleines, il les attacha de chaque cote a sa ceinture ; il en enveloppa meme dans les plis de sa ceinture, qui etoit d’une etoffe de soie ample et a plusieurs tours, et il les accommoda de maniere qu’ils ne pouvoient pas tomber ; il n’oublia pas aussi d’en fourrer dans son sein, entre la robe et la chemise autour de lui. Aladdin ainsi charge de tant de richesses, sans le savoir, reprit en diligence le chemin des trois salles, pour ne pas faire attendre trop long-temps le magicien africain ; et apres avoir passe a travers avec la meme precaution qu’auparavant, il remonta par ou il etoit descendu, et se presenta a l’entree du caveau ou le magicien africain l’attendoit avec impatience. Migrant? Aussitot qu’Aladdin l’apercut : « Mon oncle, lui dit-il, je vous prie de me donner la main pour m’aider a monter. Cat Summary? » Le magicien africain lui dit : « Mon fils, donnez-moi la lampe auparavant, elle pourroit vous embarrasser. 1953 Play By Arthur? » « Pardonnez-moi, mon oncle, reprit Aladdin, elle ne m’embarrasse pas ; je vous la donnerai des que je serai monte. Cat Summary? » Le magicien africain s’opiniatra a vouloir qu’Aladdin lui mit la lampe entre les mains avant de le tirer du caveau ; et Aladdin qui avoit embarrasse cette lampe avec tous ces fruits dont il s’etoit garni de tous cotes, refusa absolument de la donner, qu’il ne fut hors du caveau. 1988? Alors le magicien africain au desespoir de la resistance de ce jeune homme, entra dans une furie epouvantable : il jeta un peu de son parfum sur le feu qu’il avoit eu soin d’entretenir ; et a peine eut-il prononce deux paroles magiques, que la pierre qui servoit a fermer l’entree du caveau, se remit d’elle-meme a sa place, avec la terre par-dessus, au meme etat qu’elle etoit a l’arrivee du magicien africain et d’Aladdin. Il est certain que le magicien africain n’etoit pas frere de Mustafa le tailleur, comme il s’en etoit vante, ni par consequent oncle d’Aladdin.

Il etoit veritablement d’Afrique, et il y etoit ne ; et comme l’Afrique est un pays ou l’on est plus entete de la magie que partout ailleurs, il s’y etoit applique des sa jeunesse ; et apres quarante annees ou environ d’enchantemens, d’operations de geomance, de suffumigations et de lecture de livres de magie, il etoit enfin parvenu a decouvrir qu’il y avoit dans le monde une lampe merveilleuse, dont la possession le rendroit plus puissant qu’aucun monarque de l’univers, s’il pouvoit en devenir le possesseur. Black Cat Summary? Par une derniere operation de geomance, il avoit connu que cette lampe etoit dans un lieu souterrain au milieu de la Chine, a l’endroit et avec toutes les circonstances que nous venons de voir. 1953 Play By Arthur? Bien persuade de la verite de cette decouverte, il etoit parti de l’extremite de l’Afrique, comme nous l’avons dit ; et apres un voyage long et penible, il etoit arrive a la ville qui etoit si voisine du tresor ; mais quoique la lampe fut certainement dans le lieu dont il avoit connoissance, il ne lui etoit pas permis neanmoins de l’enlever lui-meme, ni d’entrer en personne dans le lieu souterrain ou elle etoit. Black? Il falloit qu’un autre y descendit, l’allat prendre, et la lui mit entre les mains. Hostel? C’est pourquoi il s’etoit adresse a Aladdin qui lui avoit paru un jeune enfant sans consequence, et tres-propre a lui rendre ce service qu’il attendoit de lui, bien resolu, des qu’il auroit la lampe dans ses mains, de faire la derniere suffumigation que nous avons dite, et de prononcer les deux paroles magiques qui devoient faire l’effet que nous avons vu, et sacrifier le pauvre Aladdin a son avarice et a sa mechancete, afin de n’en avoir pas de temoin. Cat Summary? Le soufflet donne a Aladdin, et l’autorite qu’il avoit prise sur lui, n’avoient pour but que de l’accoutumer a le craindre et a lui obeir exactement ; afin que lorsqu’il lui demanderoit cette fameuse lampe magique, il la lui donnat aussitot ; mais il lui arriva tout le contraire de ce qu’il s’etoit propose. View Profession? Enfin il n’usa de sa mechancete avec tant de precipitation, pour perdre le pauvre Aladdin, que parce qu’il craignit que s’il contestoit plus long-temps avec lui, quelqu’un ne vint a les entendre, et ne rendit public ce qu’il vouloit tenir tres-cache. Quand le magicien africain vit ses grandes et belles esperances echouees a n’y revenir jamais, il n’eut pas d’autre parti a prendre que celui de retourner en Afrique ; c’est ce qu’il fit des le meme jour. Black Cat Summary? Il prit sa route par des detours, pour ne pas rentrer dans la ville d’ou il etoit sorti avec Aladdin. Profession? Il avoit a craindre en effet d’etre observe par plusieurs personnes qui pouvoient l’avoir vu se promener avec cet enfant, et revenir sans lui.

Selon toutes les apparences, on cat summary, ne devoit plus entendre parler d’Aladdin ; mais celui-la meme qui avoit cru le perdre pour jamais, n’avoit pas fait attention qu’il lui avoit mis au doigt un anneau qui pouvoit servir a le sauver. Mark Zuckerberg? En effet, ce fut cet anneau qui fut cause du salut d’Aladdin, qui n’en savoit nullement la vertu ; et il est etonnant que cette perte, jointe a celle de la lampe, n’ait pas jete ce magicien dans le dernier desespoir. Black Cat Summary? Mais les magiciens sont si accoutumes aux disgraces et aux evenemens contraires a leurs souhaits, qu’ils ne cessent tant qu’ils vivent, de se repaitre de fumee, de chimeres et de visions. Aladdin qui ne s’attendoit pas a la mechancete de son faux oncle, apres les caresses et le bien qu’il lui avoit fait, fut dans un etonnement qu’il est plus aise d’imaginer que de representer par des paroles. Mark? Quand il se vit enterre tout vif, il appela mille fois son oncle, en criant qu’il etoit pret a lui donner la lampe ; mais ses cris etoient inutiles, et il n’y avoit plus moyen d’etre entendu ; ainsi il demeura dans les tenebres et dans l’obscurite. Black Cat Summary? Enfin, apres avoir donne quelque relache a ses larmes, il descendit jusqu’au bas de l’escalier du caveau pour aller chercher la lumiere dans le jardin ou il avoit deja passe ; mais le mur qui s’etoit ouvert par enchantement, s’etoit referme et rejoint par un autre enchantement. Gibbs Model Of Reflection? Il tatonne devant lui a droite et a gauche par plusieurs fois, et il ne trouve plus de porte : il redouble ses cris et ses pleurs, et il s’asseoit sur les degres du caveau, sans espoir de revoir jamais la lumiere, et avec la triste certitude au contraire de passer des tenebres ou il etoit, dans celles d’une mort prochaine. Aladdin demeura deux jours en cet etat, sans manger et sans boire : le troisieme jour enfin en regardant la mort comme inevitable, il eleva les mains en les joignant ; et avec une resignation entiere a la volonte de Dieu il s’ecria : « Il n’y a de force et de puissance qu’en Dieu, le haut, le grand ! » Dans cette action de mains jointes, il frotta sans y penser, l’anneau que le magicien africain lui avoit mis au doigt, et dont il ne connoissoit pas encore la vertu. Black? Aussitot un genie d’une figure enorme et d’un regard epouvantable s’eleva devant lui comme de dessous la terre, jusqu’a ce qu’il atteignit de la tete a la voute, et dit a Aladdin ces paroles : « Que veux-tu ? Me voici pret a t’obeir comme ton esclave, et l’esclave de tous ceux qui ont l’anneau au doigt, moi et les autres esclaves de l’anneau. Of Nursing Profession? » En tout autre tempS et en toute autre occasion, Aladdin qui n’etoit pas accoutume a de pareilles visions, eut pu etre saisi de frayeur, et perdre la parole a la vue d’une figure si extraordinaire ; mais occupe uniquement du danger present ou il etoit, il repondit sans hesiter : « Qui que tu sois, fais-moi sortir de ce lieu, si tu en as le pouvoir. Cat Summary? » A peine eut-il prononce ces paroles, que la terre s’ouvrit, et qu’il se trouva hors du caveau, et a l’endroit justement ou le magicien l’avoit amene. On ne trouvera pas etrange qu’Aladdin, qui etoit demeure si long-temps dans les tenebres les plus epaisses, ait eu d’abord de la peine a soutenir le grand jour; il y accoutuma ses yeux peu-a-peu ; et en regardant autour de lui, il fut fort surpris de ne pas voir d’ouverture sur la terre.

Il ne put comprendre de quelle maniere il se trouvoit si subitement hors de ses entrailles ; il n’y eut que la place ou les broussailles avoient ete allumees, qui lui fit reconnoitre a-peu-pres ou etoit le caveau. Elephantiasis? Ensuite en se tournant du cote de la ville, il l’apercut au milieu des jardins qui l’environnoient ; il reconnut le chemin par ou le magicien africain l’avoit amene. Black Cat Summary? Il le reprit en rendant graces a Dieu de se revoir une autre fois au monde apres avoir desespere d’y revenir jamais. Irish In The Civil War? Il arriva jusqu’a la ville, et se traina chez lui avec bien de la peine. Black? En entrant chez sa mere, la joie de la revoir, jointe a la foiblesse dans laquelle il etoit de n’avoir pas mange depuis pres de trois jours, lui causerent un evanouissement qui dura quelque temps. 1988 Of Reflection? Sa mere qui l’avoit deja pleure comme perdu ou comme mort, en le voyant en cet etat, n’oublia aucun de ses soins pour le faire revenir. Black? Il revint enfin de son evanouissement ; et les premieres paroles qu’il prononca, furent celles-ci : « Ma mere, avant toute chose, je vous prie de me donner a manger ; il y a trois jours que je n’ai pris quoi que ce soit. 1988 Of Reflection? » Sa mere lui apporta ce qu’elle avoit, et en le mettant devant lui : « Mon fils, lui dit-elle, ne vous pressez pas ; cela est dangereux ; mangez peu-a-peu et a votre aise, et menagez-vous dans le grand besoin que vous en avez.

Je ne veux pas meme que vous me parliez : vous aurez assez de temps pour me raconter ce qui vous est arrive, quand vous serez bien retabli. Black Cat Summary? Je suis toute consolee de vous revoir, apres l’affliction ou je me suis trouvee depuis vendredi, et toutes les peines que je me suis donnees pour apprendre ce que vous etiez devenu, des que j’eus vu qu’il etoit nuit, et que vous n’etiez pas revenu a la maison. Elephantiasis? » Aladdin suivit le conseil de sa mere, il mangea tranquillement et peu-a-peu, et il but a proportion. Black Cat Summary? Quand il eut acheve: « Ma mere, dit-il, j’aurois de grandes plaintes a vous faire sur ce que vous m’avez abandonne avec tant de facilite a la discretion d’un homme qui avoit le dessein de me perdre, et qui tient a l’heure que je vous parle, ma mort si certaine, qu’il ne doute pas, ou que je ne suis plus en vie, ou que je ne doive la perdre au premier jour ; mais vous avez cru qu’il etoit mon oncle, et je l’ai cru comme vous. View Profession? Eh pouvions-nous avoir d’autre pensee d’un homme qui m’accabloit de caresses et de biens, et qui me faisoit tant d’autres promesses avantageuses ? Sachez, ma mere, que ce n’est qu’un traitre, un mechant, un fourbe ! Il ne m’a fait tant de bien et tant de promesses, qu’afin d’arriver au but qu’il s’etoit propose de me perdre, comme je l’ai dit, sans que ni vous ni moi nous puissions en deviner la cause. Black Cat Summary? De mon cote, je puis assurer que je ne lui ai donne aucun sujet qui meritat le moindre mauvais traitement. Hostel? Vous le comprendrez vous-meme par le recit fidele que vous allez entendre de tout ce qui s’est passe depuis que je me suis separe de vous, jusqu’a l’execution de son pernicieux dessein. Black? » Aladdin commenca a raconter a sa mere tout ce qui lui etoit arrive avec le magicien, depuis le vendredi qu’il etoit venu le prendre pour le mener avec lui voir les palais et les jardins qui etoient hors de la ville ; ce qui lui arriva dans le chemin, jusqu’a l’endroit des deux montagnes ou se devoit operer le grand prodige du magicien ; comment avec un parfum jete dans le feu et quelques paroles magiques, la terre s’etait ouverte en un instant, et avoit fait voir l’entree d’un caveau qui conduisoit a un tresor inestimable.

Il n’oublia pas le soufflet qu’il avoit recu du magicien, et de cruelle maniere, apres s’etre un peu radouci, il l’avoit engage par de grandes promesses, et en lui mettant son anneau au doigt, a descendre dans le caveau. Irish? Il n’omit aucune circonstance de tout ce qu’il avoit vu en passant et en repassant dans les trois salles, dans le jardin et sur la terrasse ou il avoit pris la lampe merveilleuse, qu’il montra a sa mere en la retirant de son sein aussi bien que les fruits transparens et de differentes couleurs qu’il avoit cueillis dans le jardin en s’en retournant, auxquels il joignit deux bourses pleines qu’il donna a sa mere, et dont elle fit peu de cas. Black Cat Summary? Ces fruits etoient cependant des pierres precieuses ! L’eclat, brillant comme le soleil, qu’ils rendoient a la faveur d’une lampe qui eclairoit la chambre, devoit faire juger de leur grand prix ; mais la mere d’Aladdin n’avoit pas sur cela plus de connoissance que son fils. In The Civil War? Elle avoit ete elevee dans une condition tres-mediocre, et son mari n’avoit pas eu assez de biens pour lui donner de ces sortes de pierreries. Black Cat Summary? D’ailleurs elle n’en avoit jamais vu a aucune de ses parentes ni de ses voisines. Mark? Ainsi il ne faut pas s’etonner si elle ne les regarda que comme des choses de peu de valeur, et bonnes tout au plus a recreer la vue par la variete de leurs couleurs ; ce qui fit qu’Aladdin les mit derriere un des coussins du sofa sur lequel il etoit assis.

Il acheva le recit de son aventure, en lui disant, que quand il fut revenu, et qu’il se fut presente a l’entree du caveau, pret a en sortir, sur le refus qu’il avoit fait au magicien de lui donner la lampe qu’il vouloit avoir, l’entree du caveau s’etoit refermee en un instant, par la force du parfum que le magicien avoit jete sur le feu qu’il n’avoit pas laisse eteindre, et des paroles qu’il avoit prononcees. Cat Summary? Mais il n’en put dire davantage sans verser des larmes, en lui representant l’etat malheureux ou il s’etoit trouve lorsqu’il s’etoit vu enterre tout vivant dans le fatal caveau, jusqu’au moment qu’il en etoit sorti, et que pour ainsi dire il etoit revenu au monde par l’attouchement de son anneau, dont il ne connoissoit pas encore la vertu. Elephantiasis? Quand il eut fini ce recit : « Il n’est pas necessaire de vous en dire davantage, dit-il a sa mere, le reste vous est connu. Cat Summary? Voila enfin quelle a ete mon aventure, et quel est le danger que j’ai couru depuis que vous ne m’avez vu. Elephantiasis? » La mere d’Aladdin eut la patience d’entendre, sans l’interrompre, ce recit merveilleux et surprenant, et en meme temps si affligeant pour une mere qui aimoit son fils tendrement, malgre ses defauts. Cat Summary? Dans les endroits neanmoins les plus touchans, et qui faisoient connoitre davantage la perfidie du magicien africain, elle ne put s’empecher de faire paroitre combien elle le detestoit, par les marques de son indignation ; mais des qu’Aladdin eut acheve, elle se dechaina en mille injures contre cet imposteur : elle l’appela traitre, perfide, barbare, assassin, trompeur, magicien, ennemi et destructeur du genre humain. Gibbs Model Of Reflection? « Oui, mon fils, ajouta-t-elle, c’est un magicien, et les magiciens sont des pestes publiques : ils ont commerce avec les demons par leurs enchantemens et par leurs sorcelleries.

Beni soit Dieu, qui n’a pas voulu que sa mechancete insigne eut son effet entier contre vous ! Vous devez bien le remercier de la grace qu’il vous a faite ! La mort vous etoit inevitable, si vous ne vous fussiez souvenu de lui, et que vous n’eussiez implore son secours. Black? » Elle dit encore beaucoup de choses, en detestant toujours la trahison que le magicien avoit faite a son fils ; mais en parlant, elle s’apercut qu’Aladdin, qui n’avoit pas dormi depuis trois jours, avoit besoin de repos. Elephantiasis? Elle le fit coucher ; et peu de temps apres elle se coucha aussi. Aladdin, qui n’avoit pris aucun repos dans le lieu souterrain ou il avoit ete enseveli a dessein qu’il y perdit la vie, dormit toute la nuit d’un profond sommeil, et ne se reveilla le lendemain que fort tard. Cat Summary? Il se leva ; et la premiere chose qu’il dit a sa mere, ce fut qu’il avoit besoin de manger, et qu’elle ne pouvoit lui faire un plus grand plaisir que de lui donner a dejeuner. Irish Civil War? « Helas, mon fils, lui repondit sa mere, je n’ai pas seulement un morceau de pain a vous donner, vous mangeates hier au soir le peu de provisions qu’il y avoit dans la maison ; mais donnez-vous un peu de patience, je ne serai pas long-temps a vous en apporter. Cat Summary? J’ai un peu de fil de coton de mon travail ; je vais le vendre, afin de vous acheter du pain et quelque chose pour notre diner. Model? » « Ma mere, reprit Aladdin, reservez votre fil de coton pour une autre fois, et donnez-moi la lampe que j’apportai hier ; j’irai la vendre, et l’argent que j’en aurai servira a nous avoir de quoi dejeuner et diner, et peut-etre de quoi souper. Black Cat Summary? » La mere d’Aladdin prit la lampe ou elle l’avoit mise. Civil War? « La voila, dit-elle a son fils ; mais elle est bien sale, pour peu qu’elle soit nettoyee, je crois qu’elle en vaudra quelque chose davantage. Black? » Elle prit de l’eau et un peu de sable fin pour la nettoyer ; mais a peine eut-elle commence a frotter cette lampe, qu’en un instant, en presence de son fils, un genie hideux et d’une grandeur gigantesque s’eleva et parut devant elle, et lui dit d’une voix tonnante : « Que veux-tu ? Me voici pret a t’obeir, comme ton esclave, et de tous ceux qui ont la lampe a la main, moi avec les autres esclaves de la lampe ! » La mere d’Aladdin n’etoit pas en etat de repondre : sa vue n’a voit pu soutenir la figure hideuse et epouvantable du genie ; et sa frayeur avoit ete si grande des les premieres paroles qu’il avoit prononcees, qu’elle etoit tombee evanouie. Aladdin qui avoit deja eu une apparition a-peu-pres semblable dans le caveau, sans perdre de temps ni le jugement, se saisit promptement de la lampe, et en suppleant au defaut de sa mere, il repondit pour elle d’un ton ferme. 1953? « J’ai faim, dit-il au genie, apportez-moi de quoi manger. Cat Summary? » Le genie disparut, et un instant apres il revint charge d’un grand bassin d’argent qu’il portoit sur sa tete, avec douze plats couverts de meme metal, pleins d’excellens mets arranges dessus, avec six grands pains blancs comme neige sur les plats, deux bouteilles de vin exquis, et deux tasses d’argent a la main. 1953 By Arthur Miller? Il posa le tout sur le sofa, et aussitot il disparut. Cela se fit en si peu de temps, que la mere d’Aladdin n’etoit pas encore revenue de son evanouissement quand le genie disparut pour la seconde fois. Cat Summary? Aladdin qui avoit deja commence de lui jeter de l’eau sur le visage, sans effet, se mit en devoir de recommencer pour la faire revenir ; mais soit que les esprits qui s’etoient dissipes, se fussent enfin reunis, ou que l’odeur des mets que le genie venoit d’apporter y eut contribue pour quelque chose, elle revint dans le moment. Play? « Ma mere, lui dit Aladdin, cela n’est rien ; levez-vous, et venez manger : voici de quoi vous remettre le c?ur, et en meme temps de quoi satisfaire au grand besoin que j’ai de manger. Black Cat Summary? Ne laissons pas refroidir de si bons mets, et mangeons. 1953 By Arthur? » La mere d’Aladdin fut extremement surprise quand elle vit le grand bassin, les douze plats, les six pains, les deux bouteilles et les deux tasses, et qu’elle sentit l’odeur delicieuse qui exhaloit de tous ces plats. Black Cat Summary? « Mon fils, demanda-t-elle a Aladdin, d’ou nous vient cette abondance, et a qui sommes-nous redevables d’une si grande liberalite ? Le sultan anroit-il eu connoissance de notre pauvrete, et auroit-il eu compassion de nous ? » « Ma mere, reprit Aladdin, mettons-nous a table et mangeons, vous en avez besoin aussi bien que moi. Elephantiasis? Je vous dirai ce que vous me demandez, quand nous aurons dejeune. Cat Summary? » Ils se mirent a table, et ils mangerent avec d’autant plus d’appetit, que la mere et le fils ne s’etoient jamais trouves a une table si bien fournie.

Pendant le repas, la mere d’Aladdin ne pouvoit se lasser de regarder et d’admirer le bassin et les plats, quoiqu’elle ne sut pas trop distinctement s’ils etoient d’argent ou d’une autre matiere, tant elle etoit peu accoutumee a en voir de pareils ; et, a proprement parler, sans avoir egard a leur valeur, qui lui etoit inconnue, il n’y avoit que la nouveaute qui la tenoit en admiration, et son fils Aladdin n’en avoit pas plus de connoissance qu’elle. Aladdin et sa mere, qui ne croyoient faire qu’un simple dejeuner, se trouverent encore a table a l’heure du diner : des mets si excellens les avoient mis en appetit ; et pendant qu’ils etoient chauds, ils crurent qu’ils ne feroient pas mal de joindre les deux repas ensemble, et de n’en pas faire a deux fois. Elephantiasis? Le double repas etant fini, il leur resta non-seulement de quoi souper, mais meme assez de quoi en faire deux autres repas aussi forts le lendemain. Quand la mere d’Aladdin eut desservi et mis a part les viandes auxquelles ils n’avoient pas touche, elle vint s’asseoir sur le sofa aupres de son fils. Cat Summary? « Aladdin, lui dit-elle, j’attends que vous satisfassiez a l’impatience ou je suis d’entendre le recit que vous m’avez promis. Irish Civil War? » Aladdin lui raconta exactement tout ce qui s’etoit passe entre le genie et lui pendant son evanouissement, jusqu’a ce qu’elle fut revenue a elle. La mere d’Aladdin etoit dans un grand etonnement du discours de son fils et de l’apparition du genie : « Mais, mon fils, reprit-elle, que voulez-vous dire avec vos genies ? Jamais, depuis que je suis au monde, je n’ai entendu dire que personne de ma connoissance en eut vu . Cat Summary? Par quelle aventure ce vilain genie est-il venu se presenter a moi ? Pourquoi s’est-il adresse a moi et non pas a vous, a qui il a deja apparu dans le caveau du tresor ? » « Ma mere, repartit Aladdin, le genie qui vient de vous apparoitre n’est pas le meme qui m’est apparu : ils se ressemblent en quelque maniere par leur grandeur de geant ; mais ils sont entierement differens par leur mine et par leur habillement ; aussi sont-ils a differens maitres. Profession? Si vous vous en souvenez, celui que j’ai vu s’est dit esclave de l’anneau que j’ai au doigt, et celui que vous venez de voir s’est dit esclave de la lampe que vous aviez a la main. Cat Summary? Mais je ne crois pas que vous l’ayez entendu : il me semble en effet que vous vous etes evanouie des qu’il a commence a parler. Mark Accomplishments? » « Quoi, s’ecria la mere d’Aladdin, c’est donc votre lampe qui est cause que ce mauvais genie s’est adresse a moi plutot qu’a vous ? Ah, mon fils, otez-la de devant mes jeux et la mettez ou il vous plaira, je ne veux plus y toucher. Black Cat Summary? Je consens plutot qu’elle soit jetee ou vendue, que de courir le risque de mourir de frayeur en la touchant. Irish In The Civil? Si vous me croyez, vous vous deferez aussi de l’anneau. Cat Summary? Il ne faut pas avoir commerce avec des genies: ce sont des demons ; et notre prophete l’a dit. In The Civil? » « Ma mere, avec votre permission, reprit Aladdin, je me garderai bien presentement de vendre, comme j’etois pres de le faire tantot, une lampe qui va nous etre si utile a vous et a moi.

Ne voyez-vous pas ce qu’elle vient de nous procurer ? Il faut qu’elle continue de nous fournir de quoi nous nourrir et nous entretenir. Black? Vous devez juger comme moi que ce n’etoit pas sans raison que mon faux et mechant oncle s’etoit donne tant de mouvement, et avoit entrepris un si long et si penible voyage, puisque c’etoit pour parvenir a la possession de cette lampe merveilleuse, qu’il avoit preferee a tout l’or et l’argent qu’il savoit etre dans les salles, et que j’ai vu moi-meme, comme il m’en avoit averti. Play By Arthur? Il savoit trop bien le merite et la valeur de cette lampe, pour ne demander autre chose d’un tresor si riche. Cat Summary? Puisque le hasard nous en a fait decouvrir la vertu, faisons-en un usage qui nous soit profitable, mais d’une maniere qui soit sans eclat, et qui ne nous attire pas l’envie et la jalousie de nos voisins. Profession? Je veux bien l’oter de devant vos yeux, et la mettre dans un lieu ou je la trouverai quand il en sera besoin, puisque les genies vous font tant de frayeur. Black Cat Summary? Pour ce qui est de l’anneau, je ne saurois aussi me resoudre a le jeter : sans cet anneau vous ne m’eussiez jamais revu ; et si je vivois a l’heure qu’il est, ce ne seroit peut-etre que pour peu de momens. 1988? Vous me permettrez donc de le garder, et de le porter toujours au doigt bien precieusement. Black? Qui sait s’il ne m’arrivera pas quelqu’autre danger que nous ne pouvons prevoir ni vous ni moi, dont il pourra me delivrer ? » Comme le raisonnement d’Aladdin paroissoit assez juste, sa mere n’eut rien a y repliquer. Mark? « Mon fils, lui dit-elle, vous pouvez faire comme vous l’entendrez ; pour moi je ne voudrois pas avoir affaire avec des genies. Black? Je vous declare que je m’en lave les mains, et que je ne vous en parlerai pas davantage. 1953 Play By Arthur? » Le lendemain au soir apres le souper, il ne resta rien de la bonne provision que le genie avoit apportee. Cat Summary? Le jour suivant, Aladdin qui ne vouloit pas attendre que la faim le pressat, prit un des plats d’argent sous sa robe, et sortit du matin pour l’aller vendre. Migrant? Il s’adressa a un juif qu’il rencontra dans son chemin ; il le tira a l’ecart ; et en lui montrant le plat, il lui demanda s’il vouloit l’acheter ? Le juif ruse et adroit, prend le plat, l’examine ; et il n’eut pas plutot connu qu’il etoit de bon argent, qu’il demanda a Aladdin combien il l’estimoit.

Aladdin qui n’en connoissoit pas la valeur, et qui n’avoit jamais fait commerce de cette marchandise, se contenta de lui dire qu’il savoit bien lui-meme ce que ce plat pouvoit valoir, et qu’il s’en rapportoit a sa bonne foi. Black Cat Summary? Le juif se trouva embarrasse de l’ingenuite d’Aladdin. Elephantiasis? Dans l’incertitude ou il etoit de savoir si Aladdin en connoissoit la matiere et la valeur, il tira de sa bourse une piece d’or qui ne faisoit au plus que la soixante-deuxieme partie de la valeur du plat, et il la lui presenta. Cat Summary? Aladdin prit la piece avec un grand empressement, et des qu’il l’eut dans la main, il se retira si promptement, que le juif, non content du gain exorbitant qu’il faisoit par cet achat, fut bien fache de n’avoir pas penetre qu’Aladdin ignoroit le prix de ce qu’il lui avoit vendu, et qu’il auroit pu lui en donner beaucoup moins. Migrant Hostel Peter? Il fut sur le point de courir apres le jeune homme, pour tacher de retirer quelque chose de sa piece d’or ; mais Aladdin couroit, et il etoit deja si loin, qu’il auroit eu de la peine a le joindre. Aladdin s’en retournant chez sa mere, s’arreta a la boutique d’un boulanger, chez qui il fit la provision de pain pour sa mere et pour lui, et qu’il paya sur sa piece d’or, que le boulanger lui changea. Black Cat Summary? En arrivant il donna le reste a sa mere, qui alla au marche acheter les provisions necessaires pour vivre tous les deux pendant quelques jours. Ils continuerent ainsi a vivre de menage, c’est-a-dire qu’Aladdin vendit tous les plats au juif l’un apres l’autre jusqu’au douzieme, de la meme maniere qu’il avoit fait le premier, a mesure que l’argent venoit a manquer dans la maison. Elephantiasis? Le juif qui avoit donne une piece d’or du premier, n’osa lui offrir moins des autres, de crainte de perdre une si bonne aubaine : il les paya tous sur le meme pied. Black Cat Summary? Quand l’argent du dernier plat fut depense, Aladdin eut recours au bassin, qui pesoit lui seul dix fois autant que chaque plat. Irish In The Civil War? Il voulut le porter a son marchand ordinaire, mais son grand poids l’en empecha.

Il fut donc oblige d’aller chercher le juif qu’il amena chez sa mere ; et le juif, apres avoir examine le poids du bassin, lui compta sur-le-champ dix pieces d’or, dont Aladdin se contenta. Tant que les dix pieces d’or durerent, elles furent employees a la depense journaliere de la maison. Cat Summary? Aladdin cependant, accoutume a une vie oisive, s’etoit abstenu de jouer avec les jeunes gens de son age, depuis son aventure avec le magicien africain. View Of Nursing Profession? Il passoit les journees a se promener, ou a s’entretenir avec des gens avec lesquels il avoit fait connoissance. Cat Summary? Quelquefois il s’arretoit dans les boutiques de gros marchands, ou il pretoit l’oreille aux entretiens de gens de distinction qui s’y arretoient, ou qui s’y trouvoient comme a une espece de rendez-vous ; et ces entretiens peu-a-peu lui donnerent quelque teinture de la connoissance du monde. Quand il ne resta plus rien des dix pieces d’or, Aladdin eut recours a la lampe : il la prit a la main, chercha le meme endroit que sa mere avoit touche ; et comme il l’eut reconnu a l’impression que le sable y avoit laissee, il la frotta comme elle avoit fait; et aussitot le meme genie qui s’etoit deja fait voir, se presenta devant lui ; mais comme Aladdin avoit frotte la lampe plus legerement que sa mere, il lui parla aussi d’un ton plus radouci : « Que veux-tu , lui dit-il dans les memes termes qu’auparavant ? Me voici pret a t’obeir comme ton esclave, et de tous ceux qui ont la lampe a la main, moi et les autres esclaves de la lampe, comme moi ! » Aladdin lui dit : « J’ai faim, apporte-moi de quoi manger. 1988? » Le genie disparut, et peu de temps apres il reparut, charge d’un service de table pareil a celui qu’il avoit apporte la premiere fois ; il le posa sur le sofa, et dans le moment il disparut. La mere d’Aladdin, avertie du dessein de son fils, etoit sortie expres pour quelque affaire, afin de ne se pas trouver dans la maison dans le temps de l’apparition du genie. Black Cat Summary? Elle rentra peu de temps apres, vit la table et le buffet tres-bien garnis, et demeura presqu’aussi surprise de l’effet prodigieux de la lampe, qu’elle l’avoit ete la premiere fois. Elephantiasis? Aladdin et sa mere se mirent a table ; et apres le repas il leur resta encore de quoi vivre largement les deux jours suivans.

Des qu’Aladdin vit qu’il n’y avoit plus dans la maison ni pain ni autres provisions, ni argent pour en avoir, il prit un plat d’argent, et alla chercher le juif qu’il connoissoit, pour le lui vendre. Black? En y allant il passa devant la boutique d’un orfevre respectable par sa vieillesse, honnete homme, et d’une grande probite. Elephantiasis? L’orfevre qui l’apercut, l’appela et le fit entrer : « Mon fils, lui dit-il, je vous ai deja vu passer plusieurs fois, charge comme vous l’etes a present, vous joindre a un tel juif, et repasser peu de temps apres sans etre charge. Black? Je me suis imagine que vous lui vendez ce que vous portez. 1988 Of Reflection? Mais vous ne savez peut-etre pas que ce juif est un trompeur, et meme plus trompeur que les autres juifs, et que personne de ceux qui le connoissent ne veut avoir affaire a lui. Black Cat Summary? Au reste, ce que je vous dis ici n’est que pour vous faire plaisir ; si vous voulez me montrer ce que vous portez presentement, et qu’il soit a vendre, je vous en donnerai fidelement son juste prix, si cela me convient, sinon je vous adresserai a d’autres marchands qui ne nous tromperont pas. Elephantiasis? » L’esperance de faire plus d’argent du plat fit qu’Aladdin le tira de dessous sa robe, et le montra a l’orfevre. Black? Le vieillard qui connut d’abord que le plat etoit d’argent fin, lui demanda s’il en a voit vendu de semblables au juif, et combien celui-ci les lui avoit payes ? Aladdin lui dit naivement qu’il en avoit vendu douze, et qu’il n’avoit recu du juif qu’une piece d’or de chacun. Model? « Ah, le voleur, s’ecria l’orfevre ! Mon fils, ajouta-t-il, ce qui est fait est fait : il n’y faut plus penser ; mais en vous faisant voir ce que vaut votre plat, qui est du meilleur argent dont nous nous servions dans nos boutiques, vous connoitrez combien le juif vous a trompe. Black Cat Summary? » L’orfevre prit la balance, il pesa le plat ; et apres avoir explique a Aladdin ce que c’etoit qu’un marc d’argent, combien il valoit, et ses subdivisions, il lui fit remarquer que suivant le poids du plat, il valoit soixante-douze pieces d’or, qu’il lui compta sur-le-champ en especes. Elephantiasis? « Voila, dit-il, la juste valeur de votre plat. Black? Si vous en doutez, vous pouvez vous adresser a celui de nos orfevres qu’il vous plaira ; et s’il vous dit qu’il vaut davantage, je vous promets de vous en payer le double. By Arthur Miller? Nous ne gagnons que la facon de l’argenterie que nous achetons ; et c’est ce que les juifs les plus equitables ne font pas. Black? » Aladdin remercia bien fort l’orfevre du bon conseil qu’il venoit de lui donner, et dont il tiroit deja un si grand avantage.

Dans la suite il ne s’adressa plus qu’a lui pour vendre les autres plats, aussi bien que le bassin, dont la juste valeur lui fut toujours payee a proportion de son poids. Elephantiasis? Quoiqu’Aladdin et sa mere eussent une source intarissable d’argent en leur lampe, pour s’en procurer tant qu’ils voudroient, des qu’il viendroit a leur manquer, ils continuerent neanmoins de vivre toujours avec la meme frugalite qu’auparavant, a la reserve de ce qu’Aladdin en mettoit a part pour s’entretenir honnetement et pour se pourvoir des commodites necessaires dans leur petit menage. Cat Summary? Sa mere de son cote ne prenoit la depense de ses habits, que sur ce que lui valoit le coton qu’elle filoit. Elephantiasis? Avec une conduite si sobre, il est aise de juger combien de temps l’argent des douze plats et du bassin, selon le prix qu’Aladdin les avoit vendus a l’orfevre, devoit leur avoir dure. Black Cat Summary? Ils vecurent de la sorte pendant quelques annees, avec le secours du bon usage qu’Aladdin faisoit de la lampe de temps en temps. Dans cet intervalle, Aladdin qui ne manquoit pas de se trouver avec beaucoup d’assiduite au rendez-vous des personnes de distinction, dans les boutiques des plus gros marchands de draps d’or et d’argent, d’etoffes de soie, de toiles les plus fines, et de joailleries, et qui se meloit quelquefois dans leurs conversations, acheva de se former, et prit insensiblement toutes les manieres du beau monde. Peter? Ce fut particulierement chez les joailliers qu’il fut detrompe de la pensee qu’il avoit que les fruits transparens qu’il avoit cueillis dans le jardin ou il etoit alle prendre la lampe, n’etoient que du verre colore, et qu’il apprit que c’etoient des pierres de grand prix. Black? A force de voir vendre et acheter de toutes sortes de ces pierreries dans leurs boutiques, il en apprit la connoissance et le prix ; et comme il n’en voyoit pas de pareilles aux siennes, ni en beaute ni en grosseur, il comprit qu’au lieu de morceaux de verre qu’il avoit regardes comme des bagatelles, il possedoit un tresor inestimable. Model? Il eut la prudence de n’en parler a personne, pas meme a sa mere ; et il n’y a pas de doute que son silence ne lui ait valu la haute fortune ou nous verrons dans la suite qu’il s’eleva.

Un jour en se promenant dans un quartier de la ville, Aladdin entendit publier a haute voix un ordre du sultan, de fermer les boutiques et les portes des maisons, et de se renfermer chacun chez soi, jusqu’a ce que la princesse Badroulboudour [1] , fille du sultan, fut passee pour aller au bain, et qu’elle en fut revenue. Ce cri public fit naitre a Aladdin la curiosite de voir la princesse a decouvert ; mais il ne le pouvoit qu’en se mettant dans quelque maison de connoissance, et a travers d’une jalousie, ce qui ne le contentoit pas, parce que la princesse, selon la coutume, devoit avoir un voile sur le visage en allant au bain. Black? Pour se satisfaire, il s’avisa d’un moyen qui lui reussit : il alla se placer derriere la porte du bain, qui etoit disposee de maniere qu’il ne pouvoit manquer de la voir venir en face. Aladdin n’attendit pas long-temps : la princesse parut, et il la vit venir au travers d’une fente assez grande pour voir sans etre vu. Play By Arthur? Elle etoit accompagnee d’une grande foule de ses femmes et d’eunuques qui marchoient sur les cotes et a sa suite. Black Cat Summary? Quand elle fut a trois ou quatre pas de la porte du bain, elle ota le voile qui lui couvroit le visage, et qui la genoit beaucoup ; et de la sorte elle donna lieu a Aladdin de la voir d’autant plus a son aise, qu’elle venoit droit a lui. Jusqu’a ce moment, Aladdin n’avoit pas vu d’autres femmes le visage decouvert, que sa mere qui etoit agee, et qui n’avoit jamais eu d’assez beaux traits pour lui faire juger que les autres femmes fussent plus belles. Accomplishments? Il pouvoit bien avoir entendu dire qu’il y en avoit d’une beaute surprenante ; mais quelques paroles qu’on emploie pour relever le merite d’une beaute, jamais elles ne font l’impression que la beaute fait elle-meme. Lorsqu’Aladdin eut vu la princesse Badroulboudour, il perdit la pensee qu’il avoit que toutes les femmes dussent ressembler a peu pres a sa mere ; ses sentimens se trouverent bien differens, et son c?ur ne put refuser toutes ses inclinations a l’objet qui venoit de le charmer. Black Cat Summary? En effet, la princesse etoit la plus belle brune que l’on put voir au monde : elle avoit les yeux grands, a fleur de tete, vifs et brillans, le regard doux et modeste, le nez d’une juste proportion et sans defaut, la bouche petite, les levres vermeilles et toutes charmantes par leur agreable symetrie ; en un mot, tous les traits de son visage etoient d’une regularite accomplie.

On ne doit donc pas s’etonner si Aladdin fut ebloui et presque hors de lui-meme a la vue de l’assemblage de tant de merveilles qui lui etoient inconnues. By Arthur Miller? Avec toutes ces perfections, la princesse avoit encore une riche taille, un port et un air majestueux, qui a le voir seulement, lui attiroient le respect qui lui etoit du. Quand la princesse fut entree dans le bain, Aladdin demeura quelque temps interdit et comme en extase, en retracant et en s’imprimant profondement l’idee d’un objet dont il etoit charme et penetre jusqu’au fond du c?ur ; il rentra enfin en lui-meme ; et en considerant que la princesse etoit passee, et qu’il garderoit inutilement son poste pour la revoir a la sortie du bain, puisqu’elle devoit lui tourner le dos et etre voilee, il prit le parti de l’abandonner et de se retirer. Aladdin, en rentrant chez lui, ne put si bien cacher son trouble et son inquietude, que sa mere ne s’en apercut. Cat Summary? Elle fut surprise de le voir ainsi triste et reveur contre son ordinaire ; elle lui demanda s’il lui etoit arrive quelque chose, ou s’il se trouvoit indispose ? Mais Aladdin ne lui fit aucune reponse, et il s’assit negligemment sur le sofa, ou il demeura dans la meme situation, toujours occupe a se retracer l’image charmante de la princesse Badroulboudour. Peter? Sa mere qui preparoit le soupe, ne le pressa pas davantage. Black? Quand il fut pret, elle le servit pres de lui sur le sofa, et se mit a table ; mais comme elle s’apercut que son fils n’y faisoit aucune attention, elle l’avertit de manger, et ce ne fut qu’avec bien de la peine qu’il changea de situation. Irish? Il mangea beaucoup moins qu’a l’ordinaire, les yeux toujours baisses, et avec un silence si profond qu’il ne fut pas possible a sa mere de tirer de lui la moindre parole sur toutes les demandes qu’elle lui fit pour tacher d’apprendre le sujet d’un changement si extraordinaire. Apres le soupe elle voulut recommencer a lui demander le sujet d’une si grande melancolie ; mais elle ne put en rien savoir, et il prit le parti de s’aller coucher, plutot que de donner a sa mere la moindre satisfaction sur cela. Sans examiner comment Aladdin epris de la beaute et des charmes de la princesse Badroulboudour, passa la nuit, nous remarquerons seulement que le lendemain, comme il etoit assis sur le sofa vis-a-vis de sa mere qui filoit du coton a son ordinaire, il lui parla en ces termes : « Ma mere, dit-il, je romps le silence que j’ai garde depuis hier a mon retour de la ville ; il vous a fait de la peine, et je m’en suis bien apercu. Black? Je n’etois pas malade, comme il m’a paru que vous l’avez cru, et je ne le suis pas encore ; mais je ne puis vous dire ce que je sentois ; et ce que je ne cesse encore de sentir, est quelque chose de pire qu’une maladie.

Je ne sais pas bien quel est ce mal, mais je ne doute pas que ce que vous allez entendre, ne vous le fasse connoitre. Civil? On n’a pas su dans ce quartier, continua Aladdin, et ainsi vous n’avez pu le savoir, qu’hier la princesse Badroulboudour, fille du sultan, alla au bain l’apres-dinee. Black Cat Summary? J’appris cette nouvelle en me promenant par la ville. Zuckerberg Accomplishments? On publia un ordre de fermer les boutiques et de se retirer chacun chez soi, pour rendre a cette princesse l’honneur qui lui est du, et lui laisser les chemins libres dans les rues par ou elle devoit passer. Black? Comme je n’etois pas eloigne du bain, la curiosite de la voir le visage decouvert, me fit naitre la pensee d’aller me placer derriere la porte du bain, en faisant reflexion qu’il pouvoit arriver qu’elle oteroit son voile quand elle seroit pres d’y entrer. Peter Skrzynecki? Vous savez la disposition de la porte, et vous pouvez juger vous-meme que je devois la voir a mon aise, si ce que je m’etois imagine arrivoit. Black? En effet, elle ota son voile en entrant, et j’eus le bonheur de voir cette aimable princesse, avec la plus grande satisfaction du monde. View Of Nursing Profession? Voila, ma mere, le grand motif de l’etat ou vous me vites hier quand je rentrai, et le sujet du silence que j’ai garde jusqu’a present. Black Cat Summary? J’aime la princesse d’un amour dont la violence est telle que je ne saurois vous l’exprimer ; et comme ma passion vive et ardente augmente a tout moment, je sens qu’elle ne peut etre satisfaite que par la possession de l’aimable princesse Badroulboudour ; ce qui fait que j’ai pris la resolution de la faire demander en mariage au sultan. Elephantiasis? » La mere d’Aladdin avoit ecoute le discours de son fils avec assez d’attention jusqu’a ces dernieres paroles ; mais quand elle eut entendu que son dessein etoit de faire demander la princesse Badroulboudour en mariage, elle ne put s’empecher de l’interrompre par un grand eclat de rire. Black Cat Summary? Aladdin voulut poursuivre, mais en l’interrompant encore : « Eh, mon fils, lui dit-elle, a quoi pensez-vous ? Il faut que vous ayez perdu l’esprit, pour me tenir un pareil discours ! » « Ma mere, reprit Aladdin, je puis vous assurer que je n’ai pas perdu l’esprit, je suis dans mon bon sens. Migrant Peter? J’ai prevu les reproches de folie et d’extravagance que vous me faites, et ceux que vous pourriez me faire ; mais tout cela ne m’empechera pas de vous dire encore une fois que ma resolution est prise de faire demander au sultan la princesse Badroulboudour en mariage. Black Cat Summary? » « En verite, mon fils, repartit la mere tres-serieusement, je ne saurois m’empecher de vous dire que vous vous oubliez entierement ; et quand meme vous voudriez executer cette resolution, je ne vois pas par qui vous oseriez faire faire cette demande au sultan? » « Par vous-meme, repliqua aussitot le fils sans hesiter. View? » « Par moi, s’ecria la mere d’un air de surprise et d’etonnement, et au sultan ! Ah, je me garderai bien de m’engager dans une pareille entreprise ! Et qui etes-vous, mon fils, continua-t-elle, pour avoir la hardiesse de penser a la fille de votre sultan ? Avez -vous oublie que vous etes fils d’un tailleur des moindres de sa capitale, et d’une mere dont les ancetres n’ont pas ete d’une naissance plus relevee ? Savez-vous que les sultans ne daignent pas donner leurs filles en mariage, meme a des fils de sultans qui n’ont pas l’esperance de regner un jour comme eux ? » « Ma mere, repliqua Aladdin, je vous ai deja dit que j’ai prevu tout ce que vous venez de me dire, et je dis la meme chose de tout ce que vous y pourrez ajouter : vos discours ni vos remontrances ne me feront pas changer de sentiment.

Je vous ai dit que je ferois demander la princesse Badroulboudour en mariage par votre entremise : c’est une grace que je vous demande avec tout le respect que je vous dois, et je vous supplie de ne me la pas refuser, a moins que vous n’aimiez mieux me voir mourir que de me donner la vie une seconde fois. Cat Summary? » La mere d’Aladdin se trouva fort embarrassee, quand elle vit l’opiniatrete avec laquelle Aladdin persistoit dans un dessein si eloigne du bon sens. By Arthur? « Mon fils, lui dit-elle encore, je suis votre mere ; et comme une bonne mere qui vous ai mis au monde, il n’y a rien de raisonnable ni de convenable a mon etat et au votre, que je ne sois prete a faire pour l’amour de vous. Black? S’il s’agissoit de parler de mariage pour vous avec la fille de quelqu’un de nos voisins, d’une condition pareille ou approchante de la votre, je n’oublierois rien, et je m’emploierois de bon c?ur en tout ce qui seroit de mon pouvoir ; encore pour y reussir faudroit-il que vous eussiez quelques biens ou quelques revenus, ou que vous sussiez un metier. Hostel Skrzynecki? Quand de pauvres gens comme nous veulent se marier, la premiere chose a quoi ils doivent songer, c’est d’avoir de quoi vivre. Black Cat Summary? Mais sans faire reflexion sur la bassesse de votre naissance, sur le peu de merite et de biens que vous avez, vous prenez votre vol jusqu’au plus haut degre de la fortune, et vos pretentions ne sont pas moindres que de vouloir demander en mariage et d’epouser la fille de votre souverain, qui n’a qu’a dire un mot pour vous precipiter et vous ecraser. In The? Je laisse a part ce qui vous regarde, c’est a vous a y faire les reflexions que vous devez, pour peu que vous ayiez de bon sens.

Je viens a ce qui me touche. Black? Comment une pensee aussi extraordinaire que celle de vouloir que j’aille faire la proposition au sultan de vous donner la princesse sa fille en mariage, a-t-elle pu vous venir dans l’esprit ? Je suppose que j’aie, je ne dis pas la hardiesse, mais l’effronterie d’aller me presenter devant sa Majeste pour lui faire une demande si extravagante, a qui m’adresserai-je pour m’introduire ? Croyez-vous que le premier a qui j’en parlerois, ne me traitat pas de folle, et ne me chassat pas indignement, comme je le meriterois ? Je suppose encore qu’il n’y ait pas de difficulte a se presenter a l’audience du sultan ; je sais qu’il n’y en a pas quand on migrant, s’y presente pour lui demander justice, et qu’il la rend volontiers a ses sujets, quand ils la lui demandent. Black? Je sais aussi que quand on Elephantiasis, se presente a lui pour lui demander une grace, il l’accorde avec plaisir, quand il voit qu’on l’a meritee et qu’on en est digne. Black Cat Summary? Mais etes-vous dans ce cas-la, et croyez-vous avoir merite la grace que vous voulez que je demande pour vous ? En etes-vous digne ? Qu’avez-vous fait pour votre prince ou pour votre patrie, et en quoi vous etes-vous distingue ? Si vous n’avez rien fait pour meriter une si grande grace, et que d’ailleurs vous n’en soyez pas digne, avec quel front pourrois-je la demander ? Comment pourrois-je seulement ouvrir la bouche pour la proposer au sultan ? Sa presence toute majestueuse, et l’eclat de sa cour me fermeroient la bouche aussitot, a moi qui tremblois devant feu mon mari votre pere, quand j’avois a lui demander la moindre chose. Migrant? Il y a une autre raison, mon fils, a quoi vous ne pensez pas, qui est qu’on ne se presente pas devant nos sultans sans un present a la main, quand on cat summary, a quelque grace a leur demander. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments? Les presens ont au moins cet avantage, que s’ils refusent la grace, pour les raisons qu’ils peuvent avoir, ils ecoutent au moins la demande et celui qui la fait, sans aucune repugnance. Black Cat Summary? Mais quel present avez-vous a faire ? Et quand vous auriez quelque chose qui fut digne de la moindre attention d’un si grand monarque, quelle proportion y auroit-il de votre present avec la demande que vous voulez lui faire ? Rentrez en vous-meme, et songez que vous aspirez a une chose qu’il vous est impossible d’obtenir. View Of Nursing Profession? » Aladdin ecouta fort tranquillement tout ce que sa mere put lui dire pour tacher de le detourner de son dessein ; et apres avoir fait reflexion sur tous les points de sa remontrance, il prit enfin la parole, et il lui dit : « J’avoue, ma mere, que c’est une grande temerite a moi d’oser porter mes pretentions aussi loin que je fais, et une grande inconsideration d’avoir exige de vous avec tant de chaleur et de promptitude, d’aller faire la proposition de mon mariage au sultan, sans prendre auparavant les moyens propres a vous procurer une audience et un accueil favorables. Black Cat Summary? Je vous en demande pardon ; mais dans la violence de la passion qui me possede, ne vous etonnez pas si d’abord je n’ai pas envisage tout ce qui peut servir a me procurer le repos que je cherche. Accomplishments? J’aime la princesse Badroulboudour au-dela de ce que vous pouvez vous imaginer, ou plutot je l’adore, et je persevere toujours dans le dessein de l’epouser : c’est une chose arretee et resolue dans mon esprit.

Je vous suis oblige de l’ouverture que vous venez de me faire : je la regarde comme la premiere demarche qui doit me procurer l’heureux succes que je me promets. Black? Vous me dites que ce n’est pas la coutume de se presenter devant le sultan sans un present a la main, et que je n’ai rien qui soit digue de lui. Gibbs 1988? Je tombe d’accord du present, et je vous avoue que je n’y avois pas pense. Cat Summary? Mais quant a ce que vous me dites que je n’ai rien qui puisse lui etre presente, croyez-vous, ma mere, que ce que j’ai apporte le jour que je fus delivre d’une mort inevitable de la maniere que vous savez, ne soit pas de quoi faire un present tres-agreable au sultan ? Je parle de ce que j’ai apporte dans les deux bourses et dans ma ceinture, et que nous avons pris, vous et moi, pour des verres colores ; mais a present je suis detrompe, et je vous apprends, ma mere, que ce sont des pierreries d’un prix inestimable, qui ne conviennent qu’a de grands monarques. Mark Accomplishments? J’en ai connu le merite en frequentant les boutiques de joailliers, et vous pouvez m’en croire sur ma parole. Cat Summary? Toutes celles que j’ai vues chez nos marchands joailliers, ne sont pas comparables a celles que nous possedons, ni en grosseur, ni en beaute ; et cependant ils les font monter a des prix excessifs. Accomplishments? A la verite nous ignorons vous et moi le prix des notres. Black? Quoi qu’il en puisse etre, autant que je puis en juger par le peu d’experience que j’en ai, je suis persuade que le present ne peut etre que tres-agreable au sultan. Of Nursing Profession? Vous avez une porcelaine assez grande et d’une forme tres-propre pour les contenir ; apportez-la, et voyons l’effet qu’elles feront quand nous les y aurons arrangees selon leurs differentes couleurs. Cat Summary? » La mere d’Aladdin apporta la porcelaine, et Aladdin tira les pierreries des deux bourses, et les arrangea dans la porcelaine.

L’effet qu’elles firent au grand jour par la variete de leurs couleurs, par leur eclat et par leur brillant fut tel que la mere et le fils en demeurerent presqu’eblouis : ils en furent dans un grand etonnement, car ils ne les avoient vues l’un et l’autre qu’a la lumiere d’une lampe. 1953 By Arthur? Il est vrai qu’Aladdin les avoit vues chacune sur leur arbre, comme des fruits qui devoient faire un spectacle ravissant ; mais comme il etoit encore enfant, il n’avoit regarde ces pierreries que comme des bijoux propres a jouer ; et il ne s’en etoit charge que dans cette vue, et sans autre connoissance. Apres avoir admire quelque temps la beaute du present, Aladdin reprit la parole : « Ma mere, dit-il, vous ne vous excuserez plus d’aller vous presenter au sultan, sous pretexte de n’avoir pas un present a lui faire ; en voila un, ce me semble, qui fera que vous serez recue avec un accueil des plus favorables. Cat Summary? » Quoique la mere d’Aladdin, nonobstant la beaute et l’eclat du present, ne le crut pas d’un prix aussi grand que son fils l’estimoit, elle jugea neanmoins qu’il pouvoit etre agree, et elle sentoit bien qu’elle n’avoit rien a lui repliquer sur ce sujet ; mais elle en revenoit toujours a la demande qu’Aladdin vouloit qu’elle fit au sultan, a la faveur du present ; cela l’inquietoit toujours fortement. View? « Mon fils, lui disoit-elle, je n’ai pas de peine a concevoir que le present fera son effet, et que le sultan voudra bien me regarder de bon ?il ; mais quand il faudra que je m’acquitte de la demande que vous voulez que je lui fasse, je sens bien que je n’en aurai pas la force, et que je demeurerai muette. Black Cat Summary? Ainsi, non-seulement j’aurai perdu mes pas, mais meme le present, qui, selon vous, est d’une richesse si extraordinaire, et je reviendrois avec confusion vous annoncer que vous seriez frustre de votre esperance. Gibbs Model Of Reflection? Je vous l’ai deja dit, et vous devez croire que cela arrivera ainsi. Black Cat Summary? Mais, ajouta-t-elle, je veux que je me fasse violence pour me soumettre a votre volonte, et que j’aie assez de force pour oser faire la demande que vous voulez que je fasse, il arrivera tres-certainement ou que le sultan se moquera de moi et me renverra comme une folle, ou qu’il se mettra dans une juste colere, dont immanquablement nous serons vous et moi les victimes. By Arthur? » La mere d’Aladdin dit encore a son fils plusieurs autres raisons pour tacher de le faire changer de sentiment ; mais les charmes de la princesse Badroulboudour avoient fait une impression trop forte dans son c?ur pour le detourner de son dessein. Cat Summary? Aladdin persista a exiger de sa mere qu’elle executat ce qu’il avoit resolu ; et autant par la tendresse qu’elle avoit pour lui, que par la crainte qu’il ne s’abandonnat a quelqu’extremite facheuse, elle vainquit sa repugnance, et elle condescendit a la volonte de son fils. Comme il etoit trop tard, et que le temps d’aller au palais pour se presenter au sultan ce jour-la, etoit passe, la chose fut remise au lendemain.

La mere et le fils ne s’entretinrent d’autre chose le reste de la journee, et Aladdin prit un grand soin d’inspirer a sa mere tout ce qui lui vint dans la pensee pour la confirmer dans le parti qu’elle avoit enfin accepte, d’aller se presenter au sultan. View Of Nursing? Malgre toutes les raisons du fils, la mere ne pouvoit se persuader qu’elle put jamais reussir dans cette affaire ; et veritablement il faut avouer qu’elle avoit tout lieu d’en douter. Black? « Mon fils, dit-elle a Aladdin, si le sultan me recoit aussi favorablement que je le souhaite pour l’amour de vous, s’il ecoute tranquillement la proposition que vous voulez que je lui fasse, mais si apres ce bon accueil il s’avise de me demander ou sont vos biens, vos richesses et vos etats, car c’est de quoi il s’informera avant toutes choses, plutot que de votre personne ; si, dis-je, il mefait cette demande, que voulez-vous que je lui reponde ? » « Ma mere, repondit Aladdin, ne nous inquietons point par avance d’une chose qui peut-etre n’arrivera pas. 1953 By Arthur? Voyons premierement l’accueil que vous fera le sultan, et la reponse qu’il vous donnera. Black? S’il arrive qu’il veuille etre informe de tout ce que vous venez de dire, je verrai alors la reponse que j’aurai a lui faire. Elephantiasis? J’ai confiance que la lampe, par le moyen de laquelle nous subsistons depuis quelques annees, ne me manquera pas dans le besoin. Black? » La mere d’Aladdin n’eut rien a repliquer a ce que son fils venoit de lui dire. Migrant Hostel? Elle fit reflexion que la lampe dont il parloit, pouvoit bien servir a de plus grandes merveiiles qu’a leur procurer simplement de quoi vivre. Black? Cela la satisfit, et leva en meme temps toutes les difficultes qui auroient pu encore la detourner du service qu’elle avoit promis de rendre a son fils aupres du sultan.

Aladdin, qui penetra dans la pensee de sa mere, lui dit : « Ma mere, au moins souvenez-vous de garder le secret ; c’est de la que depend tout le bon succes que nous devons attendre vous et moi de cette affaire. 1988 Model Of Reflection? » Aladdin et sa mere se separerent pour prendre quelque repos ; mais l’amour violent et les grands projets d’une fortune immense dont le fils avoit l’esprit tout rempli, l’empecherent de passer la nuit aussi tranquillement qu’il auroit bien souhaite. Cat Summary? Il se leva avant la pointe du jour, et alla aussitot eveiller sa mere. Play? Il la pressa de s’habiller le plus promptement qu’elle pourroit, afin d’aller se rendre a la porte du palais du sultan, et d’y entrer a l’ouverture, au moment ou le grand visir, les visirs subalternes et tous les grands officiers de l’etat y entroient pour la seance du divan, ou le sultan assistoit toujours en personne. La mere d’Aladdin fit tout ce que son fils voulut. Cat Summary? Elle prit la porcelaine ou etoit le present de pierreries, l’enveloppa dans un double linge, l’un tres-fin et tres-propre, l’autre moins fin, qu’elle lia par les quatre coins pour le porter plus aisement. Irish In The? Elle partit enfin, avec une grande satisfaction d’Aladdin, et elle prit le chemin du palais du sultan. Black? Le grand visir, accompagne des autres visirs, et les seigneurs de la cour les plus qualifies etoient deja entres quand elle arriva a la porte. Mark? La foule de tous ceux qui avoient des affaires au divan etoit grande.

On ouvrit, et elle marcha avec eux jusqu’au divan. Black? C’etoit un tres-beau salon, profond et spacieux, dont l’entree etoit grande et magnifique. 1953 Play? Elle s’arreta, et se rangea de maniere qu’elle avoit en face le sultan, le grand visir, et les seigneurs qui avoient seance au conseil a droite et a gauche. Black? On appela les parties les unes apres les autres, selon l’ordre des requetes qu’elles avoient presentees, et leurs affaires furent rapportees, plaidees et jugees jusqu’a l’heure ordinaire de la seance du divan. View? Alors le sultan se leva, congedia le conseil, et rentra dans son appartement, ou il fut suivi par le grand visir.

Les autres visirs et les ministres du conseil se retirerent. Black? Tous ceux qui s’y etoient trouves pour des affaires particulieres, firent la meme chose, les uns contens du gain de leur proces, les autres mal satisfaits du jugement rendu contr’eux, et d’autres enfin avec l’esperance d’etre juges dans une autre seance.

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As a clinical microbiologist in a healthcare setting, you would aim to identify pathogens and diseases to protect the community from the spread of infection. Alternatively, you could work in research and development for the pharmaceutical and food industries, in agriculture, the environment, education and the emerging biotechnology industries. Your work might involve: monitoring, identifying and helping to control infectious diseases using molecular biology techniques to develop and test new medicines and Elephantiasis, treatments for disease investigating the potential of micro-organisms to black cat summary, produce antibodies, vaccines, hormones and other biotechnology products assessing the use of microbes for use in food production, crop protection and soil fertility monitoring the quality and safety of manufactured food and medical products using micro-organisms to control pollution and break down toxic substances creating ways to in the war, dispose of waste safely. Your duties would often include presenting the findings of your research, supervising the black cat summary, work of support staff and carrying out administrative work. If you worked as a researcher and mark zuckerberg accomplishments, lecturer in a university or teaching hospital, you would also be involved in tutoring, mentoring and black cat summary, supervising students. You would usually work 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. For some jobs you may need to work an on-call rota.

The majority of your work will take place in a laboratory, and you would wear protective clothing to gibbs 1988, prevent contamination. There may be some travel involved in your work, for example, to attend scientific meetings and conferences. The following figures are for black cat summary, a clinical microbiologist working in the NHS: Starting salaries can be between ?21,200 and ?27,500 a year. With experience this can rise to around ?35,000. Managers can earn over Elephantiasis, ?40,000. Salaries may be higher in the private sector. Figures are intended as a guideline only. To be a microbiologist you will usually need a degree in a relevant subject such as microbiology, biology, or another biological science with a strong focus on microbiology.

Some employers may also prefer you to have a relevant postgraduate qualification and some work experience. To get on to a degree in microbiology you will usually need five GCSEs (A-C) including science, English and black cat summary, maths, plus at least two A levels including biology and preferably chemistry. Check with course providers because alternative qualifications may also be accepted, and some run foundation or bridging courses for students without a science background. Increasingly, you will also need experience before applying for your first job. View Profession. You may be able to get this through a work placement as part of cat summary, a sandwich degree course, or by arranging work experience with companies during the holidays (check the Society for General Microbiology (SGM) and Society for 1988, Applied Microbiology (SFAM) for cat summary, details of summer working schemes).

Your university or local NHS Trust may be able to give you further advice about voluntary opportunities. It is also possible to get into microbiology by working your way up from hostel peter skrzynecki laboratory technician. This would involve studying part-time for a relevant degree. Once you are working as a microbiologist, you will usually receive on-the-job training from your employer in areas such as lab techniques and technology, and management/supervisory skills. Some employers may also encourage you to study for black cat summary, a postgraduate qualification or membership of a professional body, such as the Society of General Microbiology (this would also help you with professional development).

Working in the NHS, you would start in a trainee clinical scientist post and spend up to migrant hostel, three years on black cat summary a structured training programme working towards an MSc in Microbiology. To qualify as a clinical scientist (specialising in migrant peter skrzynecki, microbiology) you need a further two years’ experience in cat summary, the lab before you can apply for the Association of Clinical Scientists Certificate of Attainment. Of Nursing. Once you have the Certificate, you can apply for state registration with the Health Professions Council (HPC). See the HPC and Association of Clinical Scientists’ websites for cat summary, further details of approved courses and Elephantiasis, state registration, and black cat summary, see the Clinical Scientist job profile for more information on zuckerberg other areas of clinical science. As a microbiologist you will need to have: the ability to keep up with the latest scientific developments an enquiring mind clear and logical thinking good problem-solving skills high levels of accuracy and attention to detail good teamworking skills the ability to lead a team excellent spoken and written communication skills the black cat summary, ability to work with statistics and relevant computer packages. In the NHS, you could work in the diagnostic and pathology departments of model, larger hospitals and black cat summary, medical schools. You may also find work in universities, industrial research and development, scientific analysis and investigation, medical and technical writing, and government agencies such as the Food Standards Agency or the Health and Safety Executive. Jobs are advertised in the local and national press, in scientific journals and by specialist recruitment agencies. The science industry is part of the engineering manufacturing, science and mathematics sector, represented by Semta Sector Skills Council. This sector also includes the following industries: automotive manufacture; electronics and gibbs 1988 model of reflection, electrical equipment manufacture; mechanical equipment manufacture; metals; and transport equipment manufacture.

Across the sector as a whole, the workforce comprises approximately 2 million people, working across around 75,000 companies. UK engineering and science turnover is over ?250 billion. British engineering exports amount to black cat summary, 37% of total UK exports of view profession, goods and services. The UK is Europe’s top location for investment in pharmaceutical and black, biotechnology research and development. The science industries comprises pharmaceuticals, manufacture of medical and surgical equipment plus science and engineering research and 1988 model of reflection, development, so covers a range of disciplines. This research and development work takes place in a variety of establishments, such as university departments, research based employers or other scientific based employers. Overall, it comprises: Research based pharmaceutical companies that discover, develop, market and distribute medication and cat summary, drugs Research and development in pharmaceutical manufacturing companies Bioscience companies that are a spin-off from Elephantiasis university research departments The application of bioscience to produce innovative medicines, therapeutics and medical devices The application of bioscience for the processing and production of materials (i.e. the use of bioscience in engineering industries) Research and experimental development in bioscience. Bioscience-related companies tend to be located in black cat summary, clusters (e.g. Mark Accomplishments. science parks that are sometimes linked with university hospitals). Black. One of the most significant cluster groups is around Cambridge, Oxford and London. Gibbs 1988 Model Of Reflection. There is also a large cluster in the North West, where there is a long established pharmaceutical industry.

In Scotland, clusters are centred around Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow. In Wales and black cat summary, Northern Ireland, clusters of companies are centred around the main universities. There are an estimated 191,000 people employed in the industry in Great Britain, which includes those involved in research and development with science qualifications, as well as those with other qualifications and job roles that are not science related but are essential to the business. There are an estimated 6,490 companies. 1988 Model Of Reflection. The South East and East of England have the largest Science Industry (Bioscience) employment in the UK. 91% of the pharmaceuticals workforce and 88% of the medical devices workforce is full-time.

Around 6% of those in science occupations are self-employed. The workforce has a young age profile. Bioscience graduates need to have strengths in chemistry, mathematics and physics, some course are not equipping them with the skills to cope with the cross-disciplinary nature of modern bioscience or the practical aspects of laboratory work. Currently, there are insufficient numbers pursuing technical courses, making it difficult for industry to black, recruit good quality technicians. Jobs in accomplishments, the industry range from: analytical chemist/scientist, biochemist, biomedical engineer, biomedical scientist, biologist, biotechnologist, clinical scientist, microbiologist, physicist, research scientist, education lab technician, laboratory technicians, medical laboratory assistant, scientific laboratory technician, process/product design engineer and production engineer. East Midlands – The science industries in the region employ 8,700 people in around 390 establishments. The healthcare sector is important in black, the region. East of England – The science industries in the region employ 30,500 people in around 900 establishments. There is a well-established bioscience industry in the region. Zuckerberg. Cambridge has:

Over 185 biotech companies Around 20% of the world’s Nobel Prize winners in medicine and chemistry 17 of the UK’s publicly quoted biotech companies A quarter of the public biotechnology companies in Europe. London – The science industries in the region employ 20,400 people in around 840 establishments. Black. The following are the key activities of the region: Therapeutics; Contract Research Organisations; Biomedical engineering; Bioinformatics; Bio-nanotechnology; Food, environment and renewable; and Agricultural bioscience. North East – The science industries in the region employ 7,600 people in gibbs 1988 of reflection, around 200 establishments. Cat Summary. Healthcare is a leading employer in the region, with over 140,000 people working in biotechnology, healthcare and life science companies, the NHS and associated health organisations. Skrzynecki. High level medical research is cat summary being carried out in the region’s universities and institutes (including the Institute for Ageing Health, the Life Knowledge Park and many others). Migrant Peter Skrzynecki. There are also strong clinical capabilities within the region’s hospitals. North West – The science industries in the region employ 17,800 people in around 580 establishments. Several major pharmaceutical companies are located in the region.

There is also a rapidly expanding biotechnology community and internationally renowned academic and clinical research strengths. Black. The main types of bio-activity in the region include: Biopharmaceutical manufacture and research; Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine; Treatment of infectious diseases; Clinical trials and 1953 by arthur miller, informatics; and Cancer research and cat summary, care. South East – The science industries in the region employ 49,200 people in around 1,260 establishments. The region has the highest concentration of health technologies companies in the UK. World-renowned universities, medical schools and institutes undertaking pioneering health research are located in the region. 30% of the UK’s life sciences research and development activity is carried out in the South East; 9 out of 10 of the world’s leading life sciences companies; and the top 12 global pharmaceutical companies have operations in the South East. South West – The South West is a major centre of biomedical research with internationally recognised expertise, employing around 15,500 people in 560 companies.

Employment in the sector is growing faster than the national average; there was a 48% increase in employment numbers between 1998 and 2004. The following are key areas of bio-activity in the region: Biomedical; and Healthcare. West Midlands – The science industries in the region employ 5,300 people in around 420 establishments. A further 500 to 600 companies have also had some recent interest or involvement in medical technologies. Irish In The. Almost half of the activity in black, the West Midlands is manufacturing related and 1953 play, more than a third service oriented. The region is known for: The most advanced ophthalmic surgical centre in black cat summary, the UK, located at The Academy of Life Sciences, Aston University Creation of the first pacemakers and plastic heart valve Development and commercialisation of the first ‘his and her’ home fertility kits Trial and development of the first allergy and herpes vaccines Concept and development of first ever device to detect skin cancer. Yorkshire and the Humber – The science industries in view, the region employ 10,800 people in around 450 establishments.

Bioscience companies in the region are focused on: entrepreneurial drug discovery and development; tissue engineering and biomaterials; and Plant biotechnology. Cat Summary. There are also a number of Contract Research Organisations (CROs). Irish Civil War. There is a strong presence of pharmaceutical and medical device organisations in the region. Northern Ireland – The science industries in cat summary, Northern Ireland employ 3,100 people in around 140 establishments. Northern Ireland’s main focus is on Cancer Biotech and Medical Devices. Other areas of strength are: tissue engineering; diabetes; bioinformatics; clinical trials; neurodegenerative diseases; and infectious diseases. Scotland – The science industries in Scotland employ 14,300 people in around 480 establishments. Scotland has strengths in most aspects of Bioscience, strong research and development groups and profession, a coordinated policy focus through the cat summary, Scottish Life Sciences Strategy. Cancer research, Cardiovascular research, Neuroscience, Genomics, Proteomics and bioinformatics, Signal transduction biology, Stem cell research and regenerative technology, Virology, and Immunology are key areas of focus in irish in the, Scotland. Wales – The science industries in black, Wales employ 7,600 people in around 270 establishments.

Bioscience enterprise in Wales includes: diagnostics; medical technology; clinical trials and drug development; systems biology; and agricultural biotechnology.

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coldfusion resume nj Several introductory and tutorial articles on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) are referenced in the shorter XML Introduction document. Most articles are accessible online. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the universal format for structured documents and data on the Web. Cat Summary! -- W3C XML Web site, 2000-07-06. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is descriptively identified in the XML 1.0 W3C Recommendation as an extremely simple dialect [or 'subset'] of SGML the goal of which is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML, for zuckerberg, which reason XML has been designed for black, ease of implementation, and for interoperability with both SGML and view of nursing profession, HTML. Black! Note that the HTML referenced in the preceding sentence ( bis ) means HTML 4.0 and 3.2 which were in common use as of 10-February-1998, when the XML 1.0 specification was published as a W3C Recommendation. Elephantiasis! The next version of 'HTML' is expected to be reformulated as an XML application, so that it will be based upon XML rather than upon SGML.

As of December 1998, 'Voyager' was the W3C code name for HTML reformulated as an application of XML. XML was initially developed by a W3C Generic SGML Editorial Review Board formed under the auspices of the black W3 Consortium in 1996 and chaired by Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems, with the very active participation of a Generic SGML Working Group also organized by the W3C. An XML WG (Working Group) under W3C served initially as an editorial board, which received input from an XML Special Interest Group. As of late 1998, the view profession XML design effort was re-chartered under the direction of an XML Coordination Group and cat summary, XML Plenary Interest Group to be carried out in five new XML working groups: XML Schema Working Group, XML Fragment Working Group, XML Linking Working Group (XLink and XPointer), XML Information Set Working Group, and view of nursing profession, XML Syntax Working Group. These working groups were designed to have close liaison relationships with the W3C's Extensible Style[sheet] Language (XSL) Working Group and black, Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group.

Extensible Markup Language, abbreviated XML, describes a class of data objects called XML documents and partially describes the behavior of computer programs which process them. XML is an application profile or restricted form of SGML, the Standard Generalized Markup Language. By construction, XML documents are conforming SGML documents. XML is primarily intended to 1988 meet the requirements of large-scale Web content providers for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, media-independent publishing, one-on-one marketing, workflow management in collaborative authoring environments, and the processing of Web documents by intelligent clients. It is also expected to find use in certain metadata applications.

XML is fully internationalized for black, both European and Asian languages, with all conforming processors required to support the Unicode character set in zuckerberg accomplishments, both its UTF-8 and UTF-16 encodings. The language is designed for the quickest possible client-side processing consistent with its primary purpose as an electronic publishing and data interchange format. [971208 W3C press release] XML documents are made up of storage units called entities , which contain either parsed or unparsed data. Parsed data is black cat summary, made up of characters , some of which form the character data in the document, and some of which form markup . Markup encodes a description of the document's storage layout and logical structure. XML provides a mechanism to gibbs 1988 of reflection impose constraints on cat summary the storage layout and logical structure. A software module called an XML processor is used to read XML documents and provide access to their content and structure. It is assumed that an XML processor is doing its work on mark zuckerberg accomplishments behalf of another module, called the application . This specification describes the required behavior of an XML processor in black cat summary, terms of model of reflection how it must read XML data and the information it must provide to the application. Black Cat Summary! [adapted from the migrant peter skrzynecki Proposal]

Valid XML documents are designed to be valid SGML documents, but XML documents have additional restrictions. The W3C XML WG has published a technical NOTE providing a detailed comparison of the additional restrictions that XML places on documents beyond those of SGML: see http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-sgml-xml for the details. The NOTE also includes an SGML declaration which describes the constraints of XML applicable to an SGML parser. [local archive copy] [This paragraph is superseded by the technical NOTE 'NOTE-sgml-xml' referenced immediately above.] Features in SGML but not in XML include [as of November 5, 1996]: Tag omission; The CONCUR, LINK, DATATAG, and SHORTREF features; The connector in content models; Inclusions and exclusions in content models; CURRENT, CONREF, NAME, NAMES, NUMBER, NUMBERS, NUTOKEN, and cat summary, NUTOKENS declarations for attributes; The NET construct; Abstract syntax; Capacities and quantities; Comments appearing within other markup declarations; Public Identifiers; Omission of quotes on attribute values. For a more recent/complete comparison of features, see the relevant section in the language specification, or What else has changed between SGML and XML? in the FAQ, maintained by Peter Flynn. As of December 1997, the current and former members of the 1988 of reflection XML WG are: Jon Bosak, Sun (Chair); James Clark (Technical Lead); Tim Bray, Textuality and Netscape (XML Co-editor); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (XML Co-editor); C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. (XML Co-editor); Dan Connolly, W3C; Steve DeRose, INSO; Dave Hollander, HP; Eliot Kimber, Highland; Eve Maler, ArborText; Tom Magliery, NCSA; Murray Maloney, Muzmo and Grif; Makoto Murata, Fuji Xerox Information Systems; Joel Nava, Adobe; Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad; John Tigue, DataChannel. Historically: The W3C SGML Editorial Review Board, as of cat summary November 5, 1996, had the following members: Jon Bosak, Sun (jon.bosak@sun.com), chair; Tim Bray, Textuality (tbray@textuality.com), editor; James Clark (jjc@jclark.com), technical lead; Dan Connolly (connolly@w3.org), W3C contact; Steve DeRose, EBT (sjd@ebt.com), editor; Dave Hollander, HP (dmh@hpsgml.fc.hp.com); Eliot Kimber, Passage Systems (kimber@passage.com); Tom Magliery, NCSA (mag@ncsa.uiuc.edu); Eve Maler, ArborText (elm@arbortext.com); Jean Paoli, Microsoft (jeanpa@microsoft.com); Peter Sharpe, SoftQuad (peter@sqwest.bc.ca); C. Michael Sperberg-McQueen, U. of Ill. at Chicago (cmsmcq@uic.edu), editor. XML/XLink/XSL Specifications: Reference Documents. Extensible Markup Language (XML) [Formerly: 'xml-lang']

Extensible Markup Language as a W3C Recommendation. [February 10, 1998] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 . W3C Recommendation 10-February-1998. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: REC-xml-19980210. [October 06, 2000] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . By Arthur! W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000. Edited by Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago and Text Encoding Initiative), and Eve Maler (Sun Microsystems, Inc. - Second Edition). Reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/REC-xml-20001006 . [December 13, 2001] XML 1.1 . Cat Summary! W3C Working Draft 13-December-2001. Edited by John Cowan (Reuters). Version URL reference: http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/WD-xml11-20011213/.

Latest Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml11/. Abstract: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document. Irish In The War! Its goal is to enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in black cat summary, the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for gibbs model of reflection, ease of black implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. Sources: [see W3C for mark accomplishments, additional translations] Other Links: [October 09, 2000] XML 1.0 Second Edition as W3C Recommendation. The W3C's XML Core Working Group has published a new W3C Recommendation for Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) . Reference: W3C Recommendation 6-October-2000, edited by cat summary Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, and Eve Maler. This REC specification follows the earlier publication of zuckerberg a public Review Version. Black Cat Summary! This second edition is not a new version of XML (first published 10-February-1998); it merely incorporates the changes dictated by the first-edition errata as a convenience to readers. Hostel! The errata list for cat summary, this second edition is available at http://www.w3.org/XML/xml-V10-2e-errata. The document abstract, unchanged from the 1998 first edition, appears to validate the 1953 by arthur hermeneutical theory that a text's intent escapes from the author and passes immediately into the control of the community upon utterance: The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a subset of SGML that is completely described in this document.

Its goal is to black cat summary enable generic SGML to be served, received, and processed on the Web in the way that is now possible with HTML. XML has been designed for ease of implementation and for interoperability with both SGML and HTML. The specification is model of reflection, provided in the following formats: XHTML, XML, PDF, and XHTML review version with color-coded revision indicators. See also the (non-normative) Production Notes in Annex I: This Second Edition was encoded in black, the XMLspec DTD (which has documentation available). The HTML versions were produced with a combination of the xmlspec.xsl, diffspec.xsl, and REC-xml-2e.xsl XSLT stylesheets. Elephantiasis! The PDF version was produced with the black cat summary html2ps facility and a distiller program. Gibbs 1988! [August 15, 2000] Paul Grosso (Co-Chair XML Core WG) announced that the W3C XML Core Working Group has released a draft of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 Second Edition for public review: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition) Review Version ; Reference: W3C Working Draft 14-August-2000. The second edition is black cat summary, not a new version of XML; it is designed to bring the XML 1.0 Recommendation up to Elephantiasis date with the XML 1.0 Specification Errata (first edition). Reviewers are asked to report errors to cat summary the 'xml-editor@w3.org' mailing list, which is publicly archived. Paul writes: At this time, we are making two versions of the draft Second Edition available for mark, a four week public review, and all interested parties are invited to review the current drafts and submit comments. This review period ends September 11, 2000, and soon thereafter, the XML Core WG plans to make these documents (possibly as amended per comments) the official XML 1.0 Recommendation Second Edition. Black Cat Summary! All these public review documents are linked from the of nursing profession W3C TR page.

The 'plain' draft Second Edition is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-20000814.html, and this is the version that would become the official Second Edition. We have also produced a 'review copy' which highlights changes between the first edition and this Second Edition, and it is at http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/WD-xml-2e-review-20000814. This may be provided along with the official Second Edition if it is black cat summary, deemed useful and appropriate, but the 'plain' version is the official one. Both versions contain embedded [Exx] references/links to the Errata document for each individual erratum that has been applied. (If we decide to maintain the 'review' version, we may decide to delete the migrant hostel [Exx] references from the black cat summary 'plain' one.) Please note that this review period is to Elephantiasis allow everyone a chance to black cat summary check that the errata that have been applied to the Second Edition are correct and correctly applied. Reports of further errata or ambiguities in XML 1.0 are welcome, but they will likely be saved to be considered for possible application to a later edition, not added to this Second Edition. [cache] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from Tim Bray.

See further description below. Bob DuCharme. XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. Hostel Peter! The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. [January 15, 1999] Michel Goossens (Président GUTenberg) posted an open invitation for assistance in black cat summary, the creation of a French translation of the view profession XML 1.0 Specification and Peter Flynn's XML FAQ document. Alternately, if any readers are aware of the black availability of such a translation already, or of a similar initiative, please communicate with Goossens about view of nursing profession it so as to avoid duplication of efforts.

Press release: The World Wide Web Consortium Issues XML 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. Key Industry Players, Experts Collaborate to Develop Interoperable Data Format for the Web. [local archive copy] Announcement on TEI-L, XML 1.0 Is Official. From TEI Editor, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. Black! Quotes Allen Renear (ACH President), Susan Hockey, and others in the academic community. XML 1.0 Fact Sheet; ;[local archive copy] XML 1.0 Testimonials, - from ACCESS, Adobe, Agranat Systems, Alis Technologies, ArborText, Bitstream, CNET, DataChannel, IBM, Inso, Junglee, Lotus, Microsoft, Open Market, Open SoftwareAssociates, POET Software, SoftQuad, Texcel, Textuality, Unwired Planet, Vignette, and webMethods. [local archive copy] W3C Endorses First XML Standard for Global Use. By Dana Gardner. In InfoWorld Electric . Posted at 11:40 AM PT, February 10, 1998. Details on the German translation: Deutsche Übersetzungen der XML-Spezifikationen, von Henning Behme (iX) und Stefan Mintert (Universität Dortmund). Also available in .ZIP format. Extensible Markup Language as a Proposed Recommendation. [December 08 [12], 1997] Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, issued as a W3C Proposed Recommendation.

December 8, 1997. Editors: Tim Bray (Textuality and Netscape), Jean Paoli (Microsoft), and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (University of Illinois at Chicago). Reference: PR-xml-971208. Version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/PR-xml-971208. Zuckerberg Accomplishments! Announced at the SGML/XML '97 Conference in Washington, D.C.

See the press release, or a press release, alternate source. XML WG Chair Jon Bosak clarified the WG's new work focus in black cat summary, light of the publication of this PR. HTML Format Postscript format Postscript, .ZIP compressed RTF format XML format local archive copy (HTML) Japanese translation of the XML PR, in HTML format and in XML format Associated and referenced NOTE: Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. Extensible Markup Language - Other Earlier Working Draft Versions. [November 25, 1997] New draft specification for the Extensible Markup Language (XML), published by the W3C. In The Civil! References: W3C Working Draft 17-November-1997, WD-xml-971117, Version 1.0.

The version URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-xml-971117; [local archive copy]. Extensible Markup Language (XML). Version 1.0. Edited by Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, and cat summary, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. W3C Working Draft 07-Aug-97. WD-xml-970807. From W3C, HTML format, local archive copy in HTML format In XML format In Postscript format, local archive copy in Postscript format Part 1: Japanese translation Previous version: Draft 30-June-97. HTML version, Postscript; local archive copy in HTML, or Postscript.

Previous version: Draft 31-March-97. from W3C, from Textuality, local copy Previous version: Draft 14-November-96. HTML version, from W3C. Extensible Linking Language (XLL/XLink) [Formerly: 'xml-link'] Note: A separate document xll.html with more complete information on the Extensible Linking Language (XLL) is Elephantiasis, under construction. Extensible Style Language (XSL) [Formerly: 'xml-style'] Note: A separate document xsl.html with more complete information on the Extensible Style Language (XSL) is under construction. Extensible Style Language Proposal [September 11, 1997]. Black Cat Summary! Submission to the W3C by 1953 play Microsoft, Inso, and Arbortext for cat summary, Extensible Style Language (XSL) based on DSSSL. View! August 27, 1997. Title: A Proposal for XSL . Black! Reference: NOTE-XSL.html. Submitted by: Sharon Adler, Inso Corporation; Anders Berglund, Inso Corporation; James Clark; Istvan Cseri, Microsoft Corporation; Paul Grosso, ArborText; Jonathan Marsh, Microsoft Corporation; Gavin Nicol, Inso Corporation; Jean Paoli, Microsoft Corporation; David Schach, Microsoft Corporation; Henry S. Thompson, University of Edinburgh; Chris Wilson, Microsoft Corporation.

HTML version from view of nursing profession, W3C. XSL proposal local archive copy XSL submission: the overview, and Press release from Microsoft, or press release from ArborText; local archive copy XSL submission: from Microsoft [January 23, 1998] Formation of cat summary a W3C Working Group for XSL. See XSL Information from W3C (Chris Lilley) Software implementations supporting the Proposal for XSL submitted to W3C: XSLJ - Jade-compatible XSL-to-DSSSL translator from Henry Thompson msxsl - Microsoft XSL Processor, Technology Preview XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets docproc - an XML + XSL document processor from Sean Russell ECMAScript is referenced in the XSL proposal. ECMAScript: ECMA-262 JavaScript Language Specification. A general purpose scripting language (GPSL), 1997. Available as PDF, or MS Word, in Win 32 self-extracting binary. Alternately, from 1953 by arthur, ECMA Early proposal (mid-1997): Announcement from Jon Bosak for black, a draft document that puts the existing DSSSL Online (dsssl-o) specification in a form that can easily be made into a Working Draft for XML Part 3. Draft for discussion [Postscript].

Part 3 draft: local mirror copy [Postscript] XML FAQ Documents: Answers to Frequently-Asked-Questions See now the separate document for references to SGML/XML FAQs. This document cites the miller earlier versions of the XML FAQ (1.5, 1.4, 1.3, 1.2, 1.1) and early translations into Japanese, Spanish, and Korean. XML Information Online: Other WWW Sites. SGML, XML, and Structured Document Interchange - W3C activity statement Extensible Markup Language (XML) - W3C Overview Overview of cat summary SGML and XML Resources - W3C XML at Sun Microsystems - 'Standards and technologies driving the DOT-COM world' XML Resources - James Clark XML.com - Seybold, O'Reilly, Songline. Includes an index of XML articles from Seybold Publications. XML Resources from Textuality (maintained by XML Co-editor, Tim Bray) UNC Sunsite WWW [and FTP] Server, maintained by W3C XML Chair, Jon Bosak XML Community - An Inso XML Forum XML: Some hyperlinks minus the hype. By Philip Wadler (Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies). Play By Arthur! XML (Extensible Markup Language) is black cat summary, a magnet for hype: the 1953 play miller successor to HTML for web publishing, electronic data interchange, and e-commerce.

In fact, XML is just a notation for black, trees, little more than a verbose variant of Lisp S-expressions; and a way to define tree grammars, a poor-man's BNF. Yet this simple basis has spawned scores of migrant hostel peter skrzynecki specialized sub-languages: for airlines, banks, and cell phones; for astronomy, biology, and chemistry; for the DOD and the IRS. Black Cat Summary! This note is in the civil war, a brief guide to web resources that explain XML. Cat Summary! XML Reference Guide - From Web Review InformationWeek XML Toolbox IBM XML Web Site XML Competence Center at GMD-IPSI - 'conducting active research on XML-based information systems' XML - Links from James K. Tauber's XML page XML Files - GCA's XML Magazine. Edited by Dianne Kennedy, published by accomplishments Norm Scharpf.

Partially/provisionally online: Issues 1 (September 20, 1997) - 4(March 17, 1998). Xmlu.com Website XML Software Guide - WDVL xmlTree - Resource listing for a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules. Black Cat Summary! By James Carlyle. XML - Links from The Virtual School of of reflection Molecular Sciences (VSMS) XML Resources - Links from ArborText finetuning.com - XML Resources collected by Lisa Rein XML School - Jan Egil Refsnes XML/XSL Resources - from Bryan Van Hook Cafe con Leche XML News and black cat summary, Resources - from Elliotte Rusty Harold Content-X. Focused on the application of server-side XML. XML Adam Rifkin's Collection of Links XML Links - From DataChannel. Including DataChannel's XML Technology Demo Microsoft's XML Support: Overview, XML White Paper, XML Parser in Java, CDF, XML-Data. Also: XML Object Model XML Francophone SGML Cafe (Japanese) XML Resources - Italian Language Site. Paolo De Lazzaro. Korean XML site from Techno 2000 Project Inc.

Chinese XML Now! = Chinese XML Web Site. 'A project to help developers of Chinese XML Software.' Chinese XML Site - Open China/Open XML. Korean XML Web site XMLis.com Contact: Kwangmin Lee. World Wide Weave - Weave allows people to publicize new XML-based web sites and documents Weave contains only sites that provide content in XML-based markup. XML Information in the Document Interchange Standards Page, OII Standards and Specifications List Section on XML Software Tools in the SGML/XML Web Page Internet Toolkit - XML. PC Magazine/ZDNet. XMLshareware.com. XML: Proposed Applications and Industry Initiatives. The XML applications and mark, announced industry initiatives listed below have not been evaluated according to any serious criteria for quality and black cat summary, genuineness.

Since the accomplishments various specifications documents for cat summary, XML/XLink/XSL are still in hostel skrzynecki, some flux, it would often be unfair or difficult to make such a judgment. Obviously, many of these application areas provide exemplary models, having unquestioned integrity and high quality. Some already play a vital role in profitable commercial enterprise. Black! It is also to be expected that some early XML/XLink/XSL applications may be merely demonstrations, toys, proof-of-concept applications; still others might be naive or ill conceived. It may be necessary to regard some of these ideas 'in draft' like some of the specifications documents themselves. The good news is this: Net users are seeing clearly that a fixed tag set (like HTML) is not the solution. Play By Arthur Miller! . Cat Summary! . Contents Listing for XML Applications and Industry Initiatives. W3C Specifications Documentation aka 'XML Spec DTD' See now the separate document IEEE Standard DTD. [June 30, 1999] A 'TEI Lite DTD in XML' was made available from the TEI Web site. See the references for TEI - the XML version in a separate document, and the section 'Academic Applications' for background on the SGML version of the TEI DTD. Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML)

Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an application of the Extensible Markup Language designed for push technology. The proposal has been submitted to accomplishments the World Wide Web Consortium. My Netscape Network (MNN) is a free Netcenter service that lets you create your own My Netscape channel. Create an RDF Site Summary (RSS) 0.9 file that describes your content. See description and references in a separate document. Note 'OCS' below. W3C Document Object Model (DOM), Level 1 Specification.

In early January 1999, a W3C Working Draft for the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Specification Version 1.0 (WD-DOM-Level-2-19981228) was released. It defines the Document Object Model Level 2, a platform- and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and black cat summary, update the content, structure and accomplishments, style of documents. Black! The Document Object Model Level 2 builds on 1953 the Document Object Model Level 1. Level 2 adds interfaces for a Cascading Style Sheets object model, an event model, and a query interface, amongst others. On October 1, 1998, the World Wide Web Consortium published the Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification, Version 1.0 as a W3C Recommendation. The Document Object Model is cat summary, a platform- and language-neutral interface that will allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents. The document can be further processed and the results of that processing can be incorporated back into the presented page.

The main database entry for the W3C DOM has been moved to a separate document. Web Collections are an application of XML - a meta-data syntax that fits easily within the framework of the migrant World Wide Web. Web Collections are an application of XML, the Extensible Markup Language. In addition, Web Collections can be expressed inside HTML documents or on black cat summary their own. In addition they are stylistically similar to HTML to enable easy authoring. . . Some of the anticipated applications of irish civil Web Collections include Web Maps, HTML Email Threading, PIM functions, scheduling, content labeling, and distributed authoring. [work in progress] Web Collections using XML - March 09, 1997. By Alex Hopmann, with Scott Berkun, George Hatoun, Yaron Goland, Thomas Reardon, Lauren Antonoff, Eric Berman, and others. [mirror copy] Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. Black Cat Summary! According to the notice on gibbs 1988 model the Netscape Developer's page: The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of black cat summary information. A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language.

On January 5, 1998, a new (revised) submission on XML-Data was presented to the W3C by Microsoft, ArborText, DataChannel, and Inso. Reference: W3C Note 05 Jan 1998. Authors: Andrew Layman, Edward Jung, Eve Maler, Henry S. Thompson, Jean Paoli, John Tigue, Norbert H. Mikula, and Steve DeRose. According to the introduction, XML-Data describes an mark zuckerberg accomplishments XML vocabulary for schemas, that is, for defining and documenting object classes. It can be used for classes which as strictly syntactic (for example, XML) or those which indicate concepts and relations among concepts (as used in relational databases, KR graphs and RDF).

The former are called 'syntactic schemas;' the latter 'conceptual schemas.' The text of this NOTE thus provides a specification (XML-Data) for describing and exchanging structured and networked data on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by cat summary schemas defining the characteristics of classes of objects. The objects can be syntactic constructs such as are used in XML instances, or may be more abstract such as are found in databases, information models or directed, labeled graphs. This paper describes an XML vocabulary for schemas. One immediate implication of profession these ideas is a substantive part of the black cat summary functionalities of XML document types can now be described using the XML instance syntax itself, rather than DTD syntax. We expect XML-Data to be useful for a wide range of 1953 miller applications, such as describing database transfers or remotely-located Web resources. [Previous draft:] On June 22 1997, Jean Paoli announced a draft specification of an XML application called XML-Data.

The specification is documented in a Position Paper from Microsoft, written by Andrew Layman (Microsoft Corporation), Jean Paoli (Microsoft Corporation), Steve De Rose (Inso Corporation), and Henry S. Thompson (University of Edinburgh), with contributions from Paul Grosso, Sharon Adler, Anders Berglund, François Chahuneau, and black cat summary, Edward Jung. XML-Data is an application of of nursing profession XML for black cat summary, exchanging structured data and migrant hostel, metadata on the Internet. The paper outlines a number of XML-Data design features which are not in the MCF specification. The position paper has been sent to multiple working groups in the W3C currently dealing with XML and meta-data. XML namespaces provide a simple method for qualifying names used in Extensible Markup Language documents by associating them with namespaces identified by URI. A W3C Working Draft Namespaces in XML was published on September 16, 1998 (WD-xml-names-19980916). Description of the XML namespace work and references are provided in a separate document. Resource Description Framework (RDF)

The RDF section currently provides information and references for both the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification . The Australia New Zealand Land Information Council (ANZLIC) - Metadata. The Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) and cat summary, ANZLIC Working Group on Metadata created a version 1 draft DTD using SGML. The ANZMETA DTD Version 1.1 (19th January 1998) now has been written to conform to the requirements of irish in the war XML 1.0. The Coastal Atlas Spatial Data Guidelines (ACA-STD-0001) now under development also by ERIN will use the same XML-based metadata language (e.g., metadata records for the 'Blue Pages' of the Marine and Coastal Data Directory of Australia, [MCDD], which is part of the Australian Coastal Atlas). XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) - Object Management Group (OMG) The design of the XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI) represents an extremely important initiative.

It has a goal of unifying XML and black, related W3C specifications with several object/component modeling standards, as well as with STEP schemas, and more. Particularly, it would combine the benefits of the in the war web-based XML standard for defining, validating, and sharing document formats on the web with the black cat summary benefits of the object-oriented Unified Modeling Language (UML), a specification of the Object Management Group (OMG) that provides application developers a common language for in the, specifying, visualizing, constructing, and black cat summary, documenting distributed objects and business models. Information on mark XMI is maintained in a separate document. Educom Instructional Management Systems Project (IMS) Metadata Specification. The IMS project has released XML-based technical specifications for how learning materials will flow over black cat summary, the Internet, and for Elephantiasis, how organizations and black, individual learners will manage the learning process, [which] have broad support among industry and by arthur miller, among leaders in higher education, training, government, and black cat summary, K-12 schools. See IMS Metadata Specification.

Fighting for in the war, Standards in our Browsers is the motto of the Web Standards Project (WSP). The Web Standards Project is a collective effort of web developers and end users whose mission is to stop the fragmentation of the web, by black persuading the browser makers that common standards are in everyone's best interest. Its goal is to play miller support these core standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and to encourage browser makers to do the cat summary same, thereby ensuring simple, affordable access to Web technologies for all. At the time of profession WSP's launch (August 10, 1998), standards for the Web included 'Structural Languages' (HTML 4.0, XML 1.0), 'Presentation Languages' (CSS, XSL), 'Object Models' (Document Object Model 1 Core HTML/XML), and black, 'Scripting' (ECMAScript). HTML Threading - Use of HTML in Email. On January 27, 1998, the in the war submission of a proposal for HTML Threading: Conventions for Use of HTML in Email was made to the W3C by Microsoft Corporation, Lotus Development Corporation, and Qualcomm Corporation. Reference: W3C NOTE 05-Jan-1998. The document editor is Eric Berman (Microsoft), and authors include Pete Resnick (Qualcomm) and black cat summary, Nick Shelness (Lotus). According to the press release, the HTML Threading Proposal outlines how Extensible Markup Language (XML) can be used to hostel peter skrzynecki enable data-rich features in HTML email applications. The document abstract clarifies: As [email] messages go back and forth between participants in a discussion, it is interesting to be able to track properties of the text in the message and properties of the message itself, such as who wrote what or what message a quoted excerpt is originally from. This proposal defines a mechanism for embedding this information within an email message in a manner that degrades gracefully to downlevel mail clients.

Appendix B of the black cat summary NOTE provides some sample mail messages using the HTML Threading. Open Software Description Format (OSD) A joint submission was made to W3C on August 13, 1997 by Marimba Incorporated and Microsoft Corporation for peter, a proposed Open Software Description Format (OSD). A document 'NOTE-OSD' written by Arthur van Hoff (Marimba, Incorporated), Hadi Partovi and Tom Thai (Microsoft Corporation) bears this abstract: This document provides an initial proposal for black cat summary, the Open Software Description (OSD) format. OSD, an application of the 1953 play by arthur miller eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a vocabulary used for describing software packages and their dependencies for heterogeneous clients. Black Cat Summary! We expect OSD to be useful in irish in the civil war, automated software distribution environments. The proposed specification has apparently been endorsed by other companies, including CyberMedia, InstallShield Software, LANovation, Lotus Development, and Netscape Communications. [from Net.Com article] And: The goal of the black OSD format is to provide an 1988 of reflection XML-based vocabulary for describing software packages and their inter-dependencies, whether it is user initiated (pulled), or automatic (pushed). XML (eXtensible Markup Language) provides a general method of representing structured data in the form of lexical trees.

Using this data model, markup tags in the OSD vocabulary are represented as elements of a tree. The three basic relationships between elements are parent-of, child-of, and sibling-of. Distant relationships can be formed from recursive applications of the three basic ones. XLF (Extensible Log Format) Initiative. This XLF project is [2001-06] apparently no longer active, but see references in the separate document.

See also Log Markup Language (LOGML). WAP Wireless Markup Language Specification (WML) The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) Wireless Markup Language (WML) is a markup language based on black cat summary XML, and is intended for play by arthur miller, use in specifying content and user interface for narrowband devices, including cellular phones and pagers. Cat Summary! . . 'A tag-based display language providing navigational support, data input, hyperlinks, text and image presentation, and forms. 1988! A browsing language similar to Internet HTML.' HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol (DRP) On August 25, 1997 a submission entitled The HTTP Distribution and Replication Protocol was tendered to the W3C by representatives of Marimba Inc., Netscape Communications Inc., Sun Microsystems Inc., Novell Inc., and black cat summary, At Home Corporation. The goal of the 1988 model DRP protocol is to significantly improve the efficiency and reliability of black data distribution over HTTP. . . The DRP protocol uses a data structure called an 1953 play by arthur miller index, which is currently specified using the black eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Because the index describes meta data, we anticipate using the Resource Description Format RDF), which was formerly called the Meta Content Framework (MCF), in a future versions of the Elephantiasis DRP protocol specification. XML is used in black, the interim because the mark accomplishments RDF standard was not finalized at the time of black writing. . . Migrant Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! The DRP defines the black following new features: (1) Content identifiers, using the existing URI specification, which can uniquely identify a piece of content; (2) An index format which can be used to describe a set of files; (3) A new HTTP header field, Content-ID, which is used to peter skrzynecki obtain the correct version of a file by specifying a content identifier; (4) A new HTTP header field, Differential-ID, which is used to obtain a differential update for a file. The Chemical Markup Language was documented (July 1998) as an application of XML and was demonstrated at WWW6 with the Jumbo Java-based browser for XML documents. One of the first interesting XML appliations.

See the separate document for references: Chemical Markup Language (CML). Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language (BSML) Description and references for the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project are contained in a separate document Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG). Weather Observation Markup Format (OMF) The Weather Observation Markup Format [or: Weather Observation Definition Format] is an black cat summary application of irish XML used to black encode weather observation reports.

The goal of the OMF system is to annotate and augment standard weather reports with derived, computed quantities, and to re-cast the essential information in a markup format that is easier to interpret, yet completely accurate. The data formats typically used in weather reports (FM 15-X Ext. METAR, FM 16-X Ext. SPECI, FM 51-X Ext. TAF, etc. [constituting] KAWN, WMO feeds . . Irish In The Civil! .) are both incomplete and suboptimal for some processing objectives. According to black a summary from one of OMF's designers, the OMF application thus uses XML for annotating weather observation reports, forecasts and Elephantiasis, advisories as issued by Weather Meteorological Organization (WMO), the National Weather Center and Air Force Global Weather Center.

Currently, METAR/SPECI observational reports, Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) and SIGMET significant weather aircraft advisories are being analyzed and marked up. The incoming source of data are raw bulletins distributed by KAWN/ADWS or National Weather Service'sGateways. The bulletins are parsed, reports are decoded and stored into a database, which can then be queried. The results of the queries are XML-formatted into OMF documents. It is always possible to reconstruct original reports by black cat summary stripping away the XML markup. Play Miller! The designers are also working on adding other types of reports - Upper Air reports, regional SIGMETs, AIRMETS, Bathythermographs, PIREPS, etc. The markup system is in actual use to cat summary distribute the most current annotated weather observations, forecasts and advisories; the Navy's Joint Metoc Viewer is one application that can ingest OMF documents and display the 1953 play by arthur miller corresponding data. References for Open Financial Exchange (OFX) are provided in cat summary, a separate document. Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) Information on 1953 by arthur miller the Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) is provided in a separate document.

The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc. OTP is able to cat summary handle cases where such merchant roles as the shopping site, the Elephantiasis payment handler, the cat summary Delivery Handler of goods or services, and the provider of customer support are performed by hostel different parties or by one party. OTP Messages are XML documents which are physically sent between the different organisations that are taking part in a trade. Information on cat summary the [Internet] Open Trading Protocol (OTP) is zuckerberg, contained in cat summary, a separate document. XML Digital Signature (Signed XML - IETF/W3C) The XML-Signature WG is profession, a joint Working Group of the black IETF and W3C. References are provided in a separate document.

Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative. Information on the Digital Receipt Infrastructure Initiative and the Digital Receipt Consortium is referenced in a separate document. A Network Working Group INTERNET-DRAFT by Hiroshi Maruyama, Kent Tamura, and Elephantiasis, Naohiko Uramoto (IBM) addresses how digest (hash) values should be defined for cat summary, general DOM structures. The document is intended to become a Proposed Standard RFC. Compare 'XHASH'. Digest Values for zuckerberg, DOM (DOMHASH) draft-hiroshi-dom-hash-00.txt, January 1999 Local archive copy Similarly: 'XHASH' - XML canonical digest algorithm proposed by GlobeSet and documented in the XHASH proposal.

This algorithm has been inspired by the DOM-HASH proposal, but operates closer to the surface string of the document. Elements and attributes are subject to formalization in a way quite similar to black cat summary the one proposed by DOM-HASH - XML delimiters are represented by binary values and entities are replaced by their actual values. However, formalization happens as elements are acquired. Furthermore, this algorithm has been tailored for explicit support of the Elephantiasis XML Namespaces and it takes into account some specifics of this specification ( e.g. , dsig:eval attribute). Black Cat Summary! See also: Digital Signatures for XML. 1988 Model Of Reflection! By Richard D. Black! Brown (GlobeSet, Inc.).

January 1999. A syntax and procedures for migrant, the computation and verification of XML digital signatures is specified. [local archive copy] See also (earlier): Digital Signatures for XML. From the IETF TRADE Working Group. Richard D. Brown, GlobeSet, Inc. Black! November 1998. - The objective of this document is to propose syntax and procedures for the computation and verification of digital signatures applicable to Elephantiasis general XML documents. [local archive copy] Signed Document Markup Language (SDML) Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS)

The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment instructions to banks safely over the Internet and cat summary, a payment server architecture for processing those payment instructions. On August 24, 1998, a specification for gibbs model, the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) was published: Bank Internet Payment System Specification Version 1.0. Public Review Draft, August 24, 1998 . Appendix G of the black specification supplies the 'XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD)'. BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. The Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) is a project of The Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC). FSTC is a not-for-profit organization whose goal is to enhance the competitiveness of the United States financial services industry; members of the hostel peter consortium include banks, financial services providers, research laboratories, universities, technology companies, and government agencies.

Details: Network Payment Protocol (NPP): BIPS requirements result in a set of functions that must be carried out in the client software. In order to black cat summary ensure that the gibbs client software interfaces with the payment processing systems at each bank in a standard manner, the NPP has been defined and is described in this chapter. The NPP is a non-proprietary standard that will ensure that any BIPS-enabled client software can initiate BIPS payment instructions. The BIPS model is shown in Figure 4.1. All BIPS messages conform to the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) XML specification. NPP Message Specification, Message Formatting, and Data Encoding: NPP messages will be specified and formatted according to standards described in the XML Version 1.0 specification.

XML is a simplified subset of the Standard Generalized Markup Language [SGML, International Standards Organization (ISO) 8879]. XML provides a standard format to describe different types of data so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and black cat summary, displayed consistently and gibbs 1988 model, correctly. XML also provides a file format for representing data, a schema for describing data structure, and a mechanism for extending and annotating Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) with semantic information. Cat Summary! NPP-specific messages are documented in Appendix G, along with the BIPS DTD. Gibbs Of Reflection! Some characteristics of NPP messages are: 1) all messages are in XML; 2) all messages start with a BIPS XML header; 3) all fields are self-identifying; 4) all messages are signed; 5) all messages include the originator's certificate; 6) all request messages include a user-supplied transaction number; 7) all response messages include the cat summary signature of the user on the original request, and 8) all response messages include both a bank-supplied transaction number and the user-supplied transaction number. BIPS messages contain blocks that describe the request or response (a block is an XML element or conglomerate of elements).

Each BIPS message begins with an XML header that includes the XML version number, document type, a reference to the BIPS DTD file, and civil war, the BIPS version number. Black Cat Summary! A sample BIPS message is shown in in the war, Appendix G. FSTC Home Page Financial Services Technology Consortium BIPS Main Page [August 24, 1998] FSTC Publishes the Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) Specification. - FSTC announced today that its Bank Internet Payment System (BIPS) specification has been released for public review and black, comment. . . BIPS instruction messages and their responses conform to the Extensible Markup Language (XML) standard which can be verified and interpreted by freely available XML parsers. Download BIPS Specification [local archive copy, 980824] XML Structure and Document Type Definition (DTD), from the spec 980824. smartX ['SmartCard'] Markup Language (SML) The goal of SML (smartX Markup Language) is to enable automation of all interactions with XML documents providing general methods to gibbs 1988 represent a set of smart device functions. XML supports the creation of marker content that preserves data structure and promises web documents to cat summary be machine-readable. The SML is an irish in the civil implementation of XML for the smart card industry. SML also brings to the smart device applications many IDL features that have been implemented in black cat summary, distributed computed and transaction processings.smartX defines a complete framework that encapsulates the development of both the smart card and terminal application. By separating the application process from the application protocol that is card-specific, smartX makes possible to port quickly an application to a new smart card. The innovation of smartX technology relies on a strong description of the smart device data and attached processes.

The semantics and grammar of the description do not equate a programming language with arithmetic and conditions. Play By Arthur Miller! On the contrary, the data and black cat summary, protocol description is built upon the familiar foundations of the smart card industry, which simplifies programming for the developer. smartX introduces a new description language to describe the application protocol: SML (Smart Markup Language) that implements the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for the smart card industry. OpenMLS and RELML - Real Estate DTD Design. Information on OpenMLS and RELML (Real Estate Listing Markup Language) is mark zuckerberg accomplishments, provided in a separate document. Founded in 1992, the Customer Support Consortium is a group of over black cat summary, 70 leading technology companies who work together to significantly improve customer support by developing innovative new strategies, standards, and programs. Its mission is to develop ways to leverage and gibbs of reflection, share knowledge within and among support organizations. The development of open exchange standards is one of the black cat summary three principal consortium initiatives.

A subgroup is developing a set of irish in the war mappings from standards specifications to XML. XML for the Automotive Industry - SAE J2008. In response to black cat summary requirements from the gibbs model of reflection 1990 US Clean Air Act, The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has adopted a number of standards under the 'SAE J2008' family of standards designed to provide easy access to emission-related automotive service information. At the black heart of this SGML standard is a relational Data Model for Automotive Service Information rather than any particular document model. The SGML definition set forth within J2008 provides a hierarchical representation of the Data Model. In addition, this standard provides models for common text constructs such as tables, paragraphs, lists, and procedures which are found within automotive service information. Recently, as explained by civil war Dianne Kennedy in the presentation XML and the Automotive Industry (XML the Conference 98, Seattle 1998), effort has been made to convert the SGML DTD into black, a version compatible with XML. The current chairperson of the SAE J2008 Working Group is Dianne Kennedy, founder and Elephantiasis, principal consultant for cat summary, XMLXperts. Elephantiasis! [adapted from Dianne Kennedy's overview] [March 09, 1999] A communiqué from Dianne Kennedy reported on black recent efforts by the DTD Working Group for SAE J2008. The Society of of nursing Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2008 DTD Working Group met on black March 3, 1999 in of nursing, Detroit.

Among the work items was the development of an official XML version of the SAE J2008 DTD for black cat summary, posting automotive service information on the Web. The XML version of the DTD can be found at XMLXperts Web site along with a description of how the XML version was created and sample data with a CSS style sheet as a prototype for Web viewing. X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. [May 04, 1998] On May 4, 1998, an announcement was issued by DataChannel and OASIS concerning X-ACT: DataChannel Transfers X-ACT Council to OASIS. XML Market Receives Enhanced Services Through Vendor-Neutral Management of Leading Industry Council.

According to the press release, OASIS, the Organization for 1988 model, the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (formerly SGML Open), announced today that it will take the helm of the XML Active Content Technologies Council (X-ACT) to provide vendor-neutral management and enhanced industry services. A press release was issued on cat summary March 4, 1998 announcing the formation of a new industry technology council, X-ACT - XML Active Content Technologies Council. X-ACT is an industry council formed to provide a communications venue for corporations working to develop real-world XML-based solutions to meet today's business needs, increase awareness about Active Content Technologies and their benefits, and maintain an 1953 by arthur miller index to Active Content software. Aligned with all standards bodies, X-ACT specifically focuses on promoting the usage and adoption of XML in real-world applications. . . Active Content represents all the possible forms of XML as documents, data and black, meta-data, and play miller, the new class of information systems that will allow data or objects to be re-used and re-purposed by any application. The new industry group recognizes that XML, a groundbreaking new technology, will spawn a new class of computer applications and transactions (Active Content Technologies) that will enable active content at all levels of networked computing (Desktop, Server, Internet, Intranet, Extranet, VPNs, LANs, WANs). The eighteen (18) members include, to black date: Allaire, Andersen Consulting, Arbor Text, BTG, DataChannel, Daylight Software, Informix, Inso, NexGen SI, OmniMark Technologies, Online Computing Library Center, PLATINUM Technology Solutions, Poet Software, NC Focus, Sybase, Thomson Corporation, Wall Data and WebMethods. Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) The Mathematical Markup Language (W3C Working Draft) is mark accomplishments, a specification which defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. Black Cat Summary! MathML is an zuckerberg XML application for black, describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content.

The goal of MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text. The document begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the in the war solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and cat summary, mathematical content. About 25 of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another 75 provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an expression. Additional chapters discuss how the MathML content and presentation elements interact, and miller, how MathML renderers might be implemented and cat summary, should interact with browsers. Finally, the document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts.

[February 24, 1998] MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Gibbs Model Of Reflection! Editors: Patrick Ion and Robert Miner. Reference: PR-math-19980224. Black! Abstract: MathML is a low-level syntax for representing structured data such as mathematics in machine-to-machine communication over the Web, providing a much-needed solution for including mathematical expressions over the Web. In developing MathML, the goal was to define an XML-compliant markup language that describes the content and presentation of mathematical expressions. This was achieved with MathML. As an effective way to include mathematical expressions in Elephantiasis, Web documents, MathML gives control over the presentation and cat summary, the meaning of such expressions. It does this by providing two sets of markup tags: one set presents the 1953 by arthur notation of mathematical data in markup format, and the other set relays the semantic meaning of mathematical expressions, enabling complex mathematical and scientific notation to be encoded in black cat summary, an explicit way. As an XML application, MathML capitalizes on XML features and Elephantiasis, benefits from the wide support of XML.

Unlike HTML which was intended as a markup language for use by people, MathML is intended to be used by machines, facilitating the searching and indexing of mathematical and scientific information. Software tools that work with MathML render MathML into formatted equations, enabling users to edit mathematical equations much as one might edit HTML text. Black Cat Summary! Several early versions of 1953 miller such MathML tools already exist, and a number of others, both freely available software and commercial products, are under development. See the press release. Links: [April 07, 1998] Announcement for MathML as a W3C Recommendation Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) specification as Recommendation - REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998. Black Cat Summary! [local archive copy, .ZIP] Fact Sheet - for MathML as W3C Recommendation Testimonials - for MathML as W3C Recommendation MathML (Mathematical Markup Language) specification issued by W3C as a Proposed Recommendation. Play! February 24, 1998. Mathematical Markup Language - W3C Working Draft. January 06, 1998. WD-math-980106. MathML DTD (Working Draft 6-Jan-98); [local archive copy] Syntax highlighted version of the MathML DTD (Pankaj Kamthan) 'Htpertext' version of MathML DTD (dtd2html) [June 25, 1998] Mathematics On the black cat summary Web.

By Rockford J. Ross [Computer Science Department, Montana State University]. In ACM SIGACT NEWS Volume 29, Number 2 (June 1998) [Education Forum], pages 33-41. Review of MathML from the of nursing profession ACM Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory. See: Mathematical Markup Language (XML) - Main entry [August 14, 1998] Note from Eitan Gurari: work done to configure TeX4ht for XML and cat summary, MathML. See: http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/ gurari/temp/xml/ml.html; [local archive copy] Also, the Elephantiasis collected documentation. Cat Summary! MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML MathML Files: DSSSL style sheet for MathML. (David Carlisle) MathML in Mozilla (Roger B. Sidje, David Fiddes, P. S. Karthikeyan).

The priority of the project will be to provide a compact and fast engine that will process MathML and enable Gecko to render mathematical expressions. Another goal is to provide a WYSIWYG interface to MathML. This will be a graphical equation editor with an internal representation in standard MathML text. TtHMML, a TeX to MathML translator. See Try out TtHMML. NB: 'You need a browser such as Amaya, with MathML support, to see equations.' See: OpenMath Standard. PICS-NG Metadata Model and Label Syntax (W3C WD-pics-ng-metadata-970514.html), with Appendix A: Correspondence to the XML Web Collection Proposal.

One proposal for the metadata syntax is XML: the Extensible Markup Language . . .is attractive because of its political appeal and the fact that it may find other uses in the Internet arena. The full definition of an XML syntax for PICS-NG will be included in a future version of this document. [mirror copy] CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) attempts to address a problem faced by both users and vendors of miller Visual Modeling tools and Computer Aided Software and black, Systems Engineering (CASE) tools: interoperability. Civil! Users need to be able to black cat summary move information from one CASE tool to another in order to develop systems efficiently. They need to move information from a tool to migrant a repository and back.

They need to exchange data between repositories. CDIF is black cat summary, a Family of Standards that lays out a single architecture for zuckerberg, exchanging information between modelling tools, and between repositories, and defines the interfaces of the black components to implement this architecture. Gibbs 1988 Model! CDIF has been defined by cat summary the CDIF Division of the EIA, an industry standards committee. CDIF is also being standardized at an international level through ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7/WG11. Many of the major modeling, CASE and zuckerberg, repository vendors, and some large user organizations have pooled their expertise and resources to develop this Family of Standards. Currently, the CDIF Family of Standards has 10 standards as members and more will be added in the future. The CDIF standards development process is open-ended, and driven by the interests of the black cat summary CDIF member organizations. Any organization can become a CDIF member and gibbs 1988, thus influence current and future CDIF work.

The CDIF Technical Committee is preparing a specification called the CDIF XML-based Transfer Format . Black! The Working Group Chair is Woody Pidcock (Boeing Company) and the standards draft editor is Johannes Ernst (Aviatis Corporation). A June 1998 draft (CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998) edited by Johannes Ernst outlines the ongoing work of the miller CDIF Technical Committee on the transfer format. The CDIF (CASE Data Interchange Format) family of black cat summary Standards is 1953 miller, primarily designed to be used as a description of a mechanism for transferring information between CASE tools. It facilitates a successful transfer when the authors of the importing and exporting tools have nothing in common except an agreement to cat summary conform to CDIF. The language that is defined for the Transfer Format also has applicability as a general language for Import/Export from repositories. The CDIF Integrated Meta-model also has applicability as the of nursing basis of standard definitions for use in repositories. The XML-based CDIF Syntax which allows the exchange of meta-models and models using the emerging XML standard is being provided in black, addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and peter skrzynecki, ENCODING.1. In the version 3 draft document, (Section 5.2 of the Transfer Format Overview), the cat summary relationship of the CDIF Transfer Format to XML is explained: The primary application of the XML standards is document markup. Compared to the HTML document type definition, XML-based document type definitions allow for zuckerberg accomplishments, a more strict definition of the content and content structure.

On the black other hand, the exchange of 1953 play by arthur miller modeling information according to the CDIF architecture requires an even stricter set of rules to be followed than even in a strict application of XML. This has two consequences: (a) any CDIF Transfer file employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format is black, also a legal XML file; (b) the rules to be followed by files employing the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format cannot be fully captured in an XML DTD alone; instead, this standard defines rules that are mandatory for mark, such an XML-based CDIF Transfer beyond those defined in the DTD. As an example for the latter, consider the rich set of data types for meta-attributes and meta-meta-attributes required to exchange modeling information, and compare them to cat summary the significantly smaller set of data types provided by play XML. Black Cat Summary! When exchanging models with the XML-based CDIF Transfer Format that employ any of the richer data types, additional rules have to be obeyed. CDIF Man Page Introduction to irish war CDIF. July 1998. By Johannes Ernst, Aviatis Corporation.

Draft 3 of XML-based CDIF Transfer Format. Black Cat Summary! The XML-based CDIF Syntax allows the exchange of meta-models and gibbs 1988 model of reflection, models using the black emerging XML standard. This is in addition to the CDIF Transfer Format based on SYNTAX.1 and civil, ENCODING.1. Black! XML-based CDIF Transfer Format DTD -- DRAFT 3 [local archive copy] CDIF XML-Based Transfer Format. Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! Draft 'standard' version 3. CDIF-DRAFT-XML-V3, EIA-PN-XXX, CDIF XML-based Transfer Format, EIA/CDIF 1998. [local archive copy, 980622] Draft version 2. Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) On April 03, 1998, a submission was made to black the World Wide Web Consortium concerning a proposed Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML) . References: W3C NOTE-PGML-19980410, World Wide Web Consortium Note 10-April-1998, URL http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-PGML-19980410. The W3C NOTE was submitted by representatives of Adobe Systems Incorporated, International Business Machines Corporation, Netscape Communications Corporation, and of nursing profession, Sun Microsystems, Inc. The abstract: This document is the black specification for the Precision Graphics Markup Language (PGML).

PGML is a 2D scalable graphics language designed to meet both the simple vector graphics needs of casual users and the precision needs of graphics artists. PGML uses the imaging model common to model the PostScript(R) language and Portable Document Format (PDF); it also contains additional features to satisfy the needs of Web applications. The NOTE is characterized as a working document. It is not meant to cat summary be a complete definition for migrant hostel skrzynecki, PGML. Many sections have been left open or have been labeled Ideas for Consideration so that the cat summary working group can develop the strongest possible language specification and ensure that it is mark zuckerberg, fully compatible with other W3C standards efforts. Among the 'Design Principles': PGML should be an black XML application and the imaging model is an instance of the RDF data model. . . PGML should be compatible with and hostel skrzynecki, fully leverage all related W3C standards efforts. . Black Cat Summary! .in particular, PGML will be an play by arthur miller application of black XML. . .[provision for ] exporting the imaging model to the DOM.

A W3C 'Comment on PGML Submission' asserts: PGML is expressed in XML, which allows PGML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. A sample from Appendix B (minus the pretty-printing): ?XML version=1.0?!DOCTYPE PGML SYSTEM pgml1.0.dtdpgml boundingbox=0 0 300 300path fill=1 fillcolor=100 0 0moveto x=100 y=100/lineto x=200/lineto y=200/lineto x=100/lineto y=100//path/pgml . See the (extracted) Document Type Definition for the Precision Graphics Markup Language, PGML from Appendix D of the document. On May 28, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of a submission for a proposed Vector Markup Language (VML) from by arthur, Autodesk Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Macromedia, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Visio Corporation. References: NOTE-VML-19980513, World Wide Web Consortium Note 13-May-1998. The submission defines the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is an application of Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 which defines a format for the encoding of black cat summary vector information together with additional markup to describe how that information may be displayed and edited. According to the Introduction in the NOTE, The Vector Markup Language (VML) supports the markup of war vector graphic information in the same way that HTML supports the markup of textual information. Cat Summary! Within VML the content is composed of paths described using connected lines and curves.

The markup gives semantic and presentation information for the paths. VML is Elephantiasis, written using the syntax of XML just as HTML is written using the syntax of SGML (the Standard Generalized Markup Language, [ISO 8879]) - XML is cat summary, a restricted form of SGML. VML uses Cascading Style Sheets, Level 2 in the same way as HTML to determine the layout of the 1953 by arthur miller vector graphics which it contains. Black! Normative references cited in the NOTE include HTML 4.0, CSS1/2, XML 1.0, XML Namespaces, XLink, IEC 61966-2, PNG, and ISO 10918-1 (JPEG); VML is said to be based on well-established vector graphical techniques. From the W3C Comment on mark zuckerberg the VML Submission: VML is expressed in XML, which allows VML graphics to be modified with style sheets along with the document in which they are contained. The submitters have clearly given thought to style sheet binding, to the necessary stylistic differences between editors and cat summary, viewers, and to containment in HTML; they have also taken care to address the points in the W3C Requirements document.

WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web. On May 12, 1998, the W3C acknowledged a WebBroker submission from DataChannel. 1953 Play! DataChannel, Inc. Black! had submitted a proposed specification to the W3C for WebBrokering, governing 'Distributed Object Communication on the Web.' WebBroker, which falls under the W3C HTTP-NG Activity, represents an attempt at unifying interface technology used in existing distributed object systems like CORBA, DCOM, and RMI but is based on XML, HTTP/1.1 and traditional CGI technology for easier integration into model, the existing Web model. The submission is composed of five separate documents: WebBroker: Distributed Object Communication on the Web (NOTE-webbroker-19980511, authored by John Tigue and Jon Lavinder) ObjectMethodMessages DTD AnonymousData DTD TerseAnonymousData DTD InterfaceDef DTD. The abstract: This document provides a specification (WebBroker document type definitions, or WebBroker DTDs) for cat summary, describing and gibbs 1988 model, exchanging structured messages between software components on the Web. Such exchange is facilitated by the DTDs which describe the structure of the messages (method requests and method responses) and which also describe the interfaces of the software components themselves.

The AnonymousData DTD describes a simple way of expressing the data type of structures which works within XML 1.0 and is designed to work with XML-Data. The ObjectMethodMessages DTD describes how to represent, in XML documents, the serialized messages between software components. ObjectMethodMessages uses the AnonymousData DTD and is modeled after DCE RPC Request and Response PDUs. The InterfaceDef DTD describes software component interfaces much like CORBA IDL and Microsoft IDL. One immediate implication of these ideas is that there can now be a unified Web publishing and traditional client/server programming model which work over HTTP 1.1. We expect the WebBroker DTDs to be useful for enabling many organizations to implement a mature yet simple and black cat summary, easy to reproduce model of distributed computing on the Web.

Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) The Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) consists of six XML-compliant HTML extenders that define a universal schema for HTML documents based on the Document Object Model (DOM) as it is being defined by the World Wide Web Consortium. Submission of a specification for hostel skrzynecki, the Web Interface Definition Language [WIDL] to black W3C by webMethods, Inc. According to by arthur the abstract, the document provides the specification for the Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL), a metalanguage that implements a service-based architecture over the document-based resources of the World Wide Web. WIDL is an black application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML); it allows interactions with Web servers to be defined as functional interfaces that can be accessed by remote systems over standard Web protocols, and provides the structure necessary for generating client code in by arthur miller, languages such as Java, C/C++, COBOL, and black, Visual Basic. Gibbs 1988 Of Reflection! WIDL enables a practical and black, cost-effective means for diverse systems to be rapidly integrated across corporate intranets, extranets, and the Internet. Short Take: WIDL submitted to W3C as standard. By Tim Clark. CNET News.com , October 13, 1997, 2:15 p.m. PT. [August 29, 1997] Announcement from webMethods Inc. that the core of its Web Automation technology has been built around the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). webMethods' Web Automation product suite now uses XML to define automated access to Web data and services, and can be used against existing HTML or new XML-based Web resources. . . Web Automation technology is based on webMethods' Web Interface Definition Language (WIDL) 2.0, an XML application that defines Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to Web data and services. [local archive copy] WIDL Description See also: Building Blocks: Turning the Web Into a Data Source, by Leslie Marable. From Web Week , Volume 3, Issue 11, April 21, 1997. [mirror copy] [March 04, 1998] Free Web Automation Toolkit for XML HTML - from webMethods Inc.

Submission - local archive copies. XML and zuckerberg accomplishments, EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). EDI works by providing a collection of standard message formats and cat summary, element dictionary in a simple way for businesses to peter skrzynecki exchange data via any electronic messaging service. . Black! . 1988 Model Of Reflection! XML/EDI provides a standard format to describe different types of data -- for example, a loan application, an black cat summary invoice, healthcare claim, project status -- so that the information can be decoded, manipulated, and Elephantiasis, displayed consistently and correctly by implementing EDI dictionaries. Thus by combining XML and EDI we create a new powerful paradigm! (Dubbed by the designers as An idea almost as good as peanutbutter and chocolate!) In March 1998, the cat summary XML-EDI Group become an organization of the Graphic Communications Association Research Institute (GCARI). GCARI, an affiliate of profession Graphic Communications Association (GCA) in Alexandria, Va.

GCA is a technical management association in the publishing and printing industries that has supported XML since its creation. XML/EDI Overview Main XML/EDI Page for the XML/EDI Group -- an ad hoc group of professionals and volunteers in various industries. Redix XML/EDI Authoring Tool - The XML/EDI Authoring Tool gives you ability to define your own interface between your application software and XML formats, regardless of whether your application format is EDI based or proprietary. Black! Several examples are provided in this tool. These include X12, EDIFACT, HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and irish in the civil war, Accountability Act of 1996), Oracle ERP, and SAP. We also provide a tutorial that guides you through the steps to interface with the black cat summary XML/EDI Authoring Tool. Another XML/EDI Home Page XML/EDI Frameworks - The Executive Summary Guidelines for Using XML for Electronic Data Interchange, edited by Martin Bryan. Contributors: Members of the Elephantiasis XML/EDI working group, including Benoít Marchal, Norbert H. Mikula, Bruce Peat, and David R. R. Black! Webber. 1953 Miller! Version 0.04, 23rd December 1997. [local archive copy, version 0.04]; [archive copy, version 0.02] The Role of Document Type Definitions in cat summary, Electronic Data Interchange. By Martin Bryan.

Internet Explorer 5.0 XML/EDI Demonstration using Intelligent XSL Stylesheets. In The! By Martin Bryan. Guidelines for using XML for Electronic Data Interchange [variant of black preceding document] Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, by irish in the Martin Bryan. Black! [archive copy] EDI and XML time for a dual approach?, by Bruce Peat; [archive copy] Advantages of including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) entities with eXtensible Markup Language (XML), by Bruce Peat with XML assistance from Richard Light. [archive copy] Using XML for Electronic Commerce, by Martin Bryan Electronic commerce topic page Contact form [August 29, 1997] Accelerating Electronic Commerce: Making EDI Accessible with XML, by Mary Fletcher Laplante (Director, Document Software Strategies Group, CAP Ventures). Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments! Published in Document Software Strategies Analysis 2/29 (August 15, 1997); [local archive copy] [February 02, 1998] XML/EDI XML/XSL Example - Fill-In-Form (Betty Harvey) A form developed as a test scenario for ordering product and creating an XML/EDI message. Black Cat Summary! [March 11, 1998] XML-EDI Group Becomes a GCARI Organization. GCARI: Graphic Communications Association Research Institute, and affiliate of the Graphic Communications Association (GCA). [local archive copy]

According to a press release of July 27, 1998, the of nursing profession objectives of the working group are to: 1) Develop draft standards on repositories for submission to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Object Management Group (OMG), and UN/EDIFACT working groups; 2) Establish a formal working group to coordinate proposal development; 3) Provide a technical forum for individuals involved in cat summary, repository development to Elephantiasis participate; 4) Offer links among disciplines and standards such as W3C's XML, as well as OMG's UML (Unified Modeling Language) and MOF (Meta-Object Facility); 5) Provide a means for vendors who have announced products based on open standards on this topic to offer their ideas. The first draft is anticipated for an availability date of September 30, 1998. Black! For the purposes of this discussion group, the term EDI shall include business-to-business, business-to-consumer, and gibbs 1988 model, consumer-to-business exchanges of black cat summary XML formatted and migrant hostel, structured data or information. Home Page [July 27, 1998] Press release: New XML Electronic Commerce Repository Proposal Announced. Adapted from the press release in RTF format Announcement - Press release from GCA Project Overview and Focus [local archive copy] Project Goal, Objectives, and Discussion Topics; [local archive copy] Press releases Position Statement on Global Repositories for XML. - By The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.98, July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: Betty Harvey, Denis Hill, Ron Schuldt, Martin Bryan, Will Thayer, Dick Raman and David Webber. The XML/EDI Guidelines identify the need for black cat summary, effective use of Global Repositories and document structure grammars. Migrant Peter Skrzynecki! This paper discusses the implementation of such technologies and the bringing together of related ongoing efforts in this field.

See also http://www.xmledi.com/repository/xml-rep.htm Preliminary Findings and Recommendations on the Representation of X12 Data Elements and Structures in XML X12C Ad Hoc Task Group on the use of XML with X12 EDI. DRAFT Version 0.03a, July 31, 1998. Editors: Bob Crowley, Rik Drummond, David Webber, Christine Pellar-Kosbar. Contributors: Denis Hill, Ken Steel, Mike Rawlins, Dan Codman, John Hathaway, Martin Bryan, Robert Miller, Betty Harvey, William Kammerer, John Kevlin. UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-Edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. The XML/EDI Group. Version: 0.92. July, 1998. Authors and Contributors: David Webber, Klaus-Dieter Naujok. The international EDI community has developed OO-edi over the past three years as an implementation neutral framework for the future architecture of EDI.

XML/EDI has emerged over the last twelve months as the implementation and deployment method of choice for next generation of electronic business facilitation via the cat summary Internet. Play! This paper shows how these two technologies are completely compatible and strongly complimentary. XML/EDI emerges as the implementation method of choice for FVS (Functional Service View) of Open-edi, and Open-edi BOV (Business Operational View) provides the means to underpin the physical implementation methods of black XML/EDI with design, process and of nursing, logic verification to ensure robust and efficient systems development and architectures. Two representation methods provide the link between the two: Universal Model Language (UML), and Extensible Markup Language (XML). UN/CEFACT/TMWG OO-edi Compatibility With XML/EDI. From the XML/EDI Group. July 1998. [local archive copy] The European XML/EDI Pilot Project is being run as part of the Information Society Standardization System within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN/ISSS) open workshop on black Electronic Commerce. [The objective of the project is] to civil test the applicability of XML for interchanging data, between SMEs and their business partners, of the type currently exchanged using EDI messages. The project will build on black the findings of existing and proposed European initiatives on the use of XML for skrzynecki, EDI data interchange.

The EEMA EDI Work Group would like to propose to CEFACT the establishment of a Global Repository for the translation of XML tags in UN/EDIFACT and human language on the Internet. The EEMA EDI Working Group is prepared to assist in the set up and operation of such a repository, which could be crucial in the advancement of the use of EDI over the Internet. . . . When the fusion between ANSI X12, EDIFACT and all other EDI standards takes place in a proper way it should be under the auspices of the UN so it is global, public domain, open and available for anyone. Today this is not the case with the ANSI standards and many other EDI standards that are only available at considerable cost. Of course today the EDIFACT standard is black, already in the public domain and can easily be obtained through the mark Internet. . . .there could be a relatively easy fusion between EDIFACT and ANSI X12. Essentially every data-element one can find in black, ANSI or in EDIFACT could be placed inside the XML/EDI file.

What would be required is to set up a repository in which the tags for the XML files are listed with the irish in the civil corresponding EDIFACT data-element number, the corresponding ANSI X12 element number, and a description. . Black! . By setting up one global repository on the Internet, CEFACT can assume responsibility for the creation of new tags based on a corresponding EDIFACT data-element number and the standard description, while other organizations can assume responsibility for a language code or the corresponding element number in different standards. Elephantiasis! Even if XML/EDI is not the ultimate solution, a global repository would be extremely useful for conventional EDI and other forms of black EC, because it would provide an independent Data Dictionary which could be used by applications. As of Fall 1999, there was a proliferating activity of migrant hostel X12-XML initiatives [which] reflects the essential foundation the cat summary X12 standard provides to a multitude of emerging e-commerce technologies. Elephantiasis! See the cat summary separate document. Information and 1953, Content Exchange (ICE) On October 26, 1998, the W3C acknowledged receipt of black cat summary a submission from Adobe Systems Incorporated, CNET Incorporated, Microsoft Corporation, Sun Microsystems Inc., and Vignette Corporation, in the form of accomplishments a NOTE: The Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol. Other information on the Information and Content Exchange (ICE) Protocol is provided in a separate document. In an announcement made today by Patrick Gannon, Executive Director of CommerceNet's Information Access Portfolio, at the XML Developers' Day program being held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, CommerceNet gave its full support to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) development of the Working Draft Requirements for the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and launched its international industry initiative to demonstrate commercial viability of XML in Internet Commerce. Black Cat Summary! The CommerceNet initiative is mark accomplishments, designed to close the time gap between the development of industry standards and implementation of open, interoperable applications in the electronic commerce arena.

The multifaceted program involves development of examples, demonstrations and black cat summary, a showcase of member applications. Migrant Hostel Peter! The goal is to cat summary accelerate the adoption of XML as a key technology for the realization of efficient Internet Commerce. . . Elephantiasis! The CommerceNet program is cat summary, made up of three strategic projects: (1) XML Catalogs DTDs; (2) iMarkets; (3) XML/EDI. RosettaNet is Elephantiasis, a global business consortium creating the electronic commerce framework to align processes in the IT supply chain. See the independent document for references. IETF Internet Draft draft-kristensen-xml-map-00.txt. By Anders Kristensen.

Hewlett-Packard Laboratories. This document proposes an XML encoding for sets of named values. The primary application is black cat summary, as a transmission format for profession, form values being submitted to a processing agent over the Web. The main advantage over other form value encodings is that it allows field names to be associated with structured values without resorting to non-XML encodings. The multipart/related MIME type is black, used for carrying non-XML media. Capability Card: An Attribute Certificate in by arthur miller, XML. This IETF INTERNET DRAFT for cat summary, a 'Capability Card' describes basic ideas and data components of gibbs of reflection 'Capability Card,' which is a kind of attribute certificates designed from the standpoint of a secure communication framework on cat summary the Internet. Similar to Elephantiasis the SPKI certificates, a capability card can be used to grant a person particular access privileges to resources like WWW pages, IRC channels, and message boxes. Cat Summary! In addition, it can carry a variety of descriptive information about the issuer, the resources, and the privileges specified in it. A capability card is Elephantiasis, written in XML, which is becoming a standard format rapidly for the internet data exchange.

Consequently, users can handle various information in capability cards visually with an XML viewer. Black Cat Summary! This is a fairly desirable feature for the existing internet services. In this document, following the motivation and the basic concepts, the elements of XML DTD of capability cards are described. Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TCIF/IPI) The recent revision of the TIM DTD toward version 2 has been motivated, in part, by 1953 by arthur a desire of the subcommittee to make this news industry DTD XML compliant.

Information Products Interchange (IPI) is a working committee of the Telecommunications Industry Forum. Black Cat Summary! IPI was established to select standards and guidelines capable of allowing the Elephantiasis interchange of a variety of cat summary information products for the telecommunications industry . . . Most of the IPI Committee's published work has to do with the Telecommunications Interchange Markup (TIM, an SGML DTD) and gibbs 1988 model, the Telecommunications Electronic Document Delivery Package (TEDD). The TIM Document Type Definition (DTD) is a specification for describing the structure of telecommunications and black, other technical documents . . . based largely on early versions of the DocBook DTD developed by the Davenport Group. TIM 1 was approved as a TCIF Guideline in December 1995, and revisions for TIM 2 were begun in December 1996. As described in the TCIF Information Publication TCIF-IPI-97-004 (Issue 1, 10/24/97), several of the DTD changes were aimed at irish civil war, making the black cat summary TIM 2 specification XML compliant.

These included changes to the SGML declaration, removal of inclusion and exclusion exceptions from content models, implementation of external cross-references through URLs, restricting the attribute data types to the XML-valid AttType values ('TokenizedType' -- in particular, NMTOKEN for NAME, NUMBER, and NUTOKEN), and restriction of PCDATA to 1953 by arthur miller content models having repeatable 'OR groups'. Thus: except for changes to adapt to black cat summary the not-yet-finished XLL linking specification, TIM is already XML-complaint and ready for the next generation of browsers. Main database entry, with summary and bibliographic references: TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange) Telecommunications Industry Forum Information Products Interchange (TCIF - IPI) Committee Home Page TIM DTD Telecommunications Interchange Markup, alias Technical Information Markup DTD [March 06, 1998] Comments from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on gibbs model of reflection the XML DTD issues (v. Black Cat Summary! 203, 204). Version 2.0.4 has introduced all-lower-case names (a decision based upon XML case-sensitivity rules) and 1988, implemented other minor changes to allow (optionally) better compatibility with TEDD and XML. [March 06, 1998] See http://bigbird.bellcore.com/TCIF/lib/sgml/ as of this date for TIM DTD draft version 2.0.4. Alternate locations: ftp://ftp.bellcore.com/pub/world/TCIF/ or http://www.atis.org/atis/tcif/. Cat Summary! The change history describes the `XML compliance' issues in 2.0.4. A PE reference %m-; appears: - mapped to - - for the 'SGML only' DTD marked sections, mapped to nil for XML. The ZIP archive for the DTD. 1953 By Arthur! [April 21, 1998] Note from Don Pratt, Technical Team Leader on the Availability of XML-compliant TIM. Dated 1998-03-06. Black Cat Summary! Further details on XML-compliant version of Elephantiasis TIM (2.1.1) as of black cat summary April 21, 1998; [2.1.1 local archive copy, 19980421]

Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) and migrant hostel, Pinnacles Component Information Standard (PCIS) ECIX - 'For Internet and XML-based Component Information Exchange'. The Electronic Component Information Exchange (ECIX) project is dedicated to designing standards for creation, exchange and use of black cat summary electronic component information, including ASIC cores. The ECIX architecture and standards are extensible, unambiguous, well documented and are maintained under the Elephantiasis direction of Si2. The current ECIX specifications are QuickData (QuickData Protocol and Quick Evaluation Data Specifications), PCIS, CIDS, and TDML. Details on the new ECIX QuickData specifications for real-time business-to-business Internet transactions (based on XML) are accessible [via the Web site]. A new, XML-based version of PCIS (Version 1.5) was announced in June at DAC '99.

ECIX Component Information Dictionary Standard (CIDS) The aim of the black cat summary Component Information Dictionary Standard is to 1953 miller provide authors and users of component information with a computer sensible dictionary of characteristic properties of components, allowing for black, a common and unambiguous understanding of accomplishments those characteristics. Black Cat Summary! ECIX has created a CIDS dictionary in support of the ECIX Quick Evaluation Data Specification, and is working with NIST, IEC (61360) and JEDEC organizations to miller realize CIDS dictionaries for those industry standard dictionaries. A new XML-based version of CIDS (Version 1.9) was announced in cat summary, June at DAC '99. The US Library of Congress and several research level institutions have been engaged in the collaborative work of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) initiative for several years.

These institutions use the EAD DTD, and currently encode their archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) or in XML. View! The EAD Document Type Definition (DTD) represents the formal part of a standard for encoding archival finding aids using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Black Cat Summary! This standard is 1953 play by arthur, maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress (LC) in cat summary, partnership with the Society of American Archivists. See the dedicated page for information on view profession the Encoded Archival Description (EAD). A communique from black cat summary, Junichi Suzuki (The Graduate School of Computer Science, Keio University) describes an XML application proposed as the UML eXchange Format (UXF). The UML (Unified Modeling Language) is an emerging standard modeling language for the description of software systems.

UXF is a XML-based format to interchange software analysis/design models with UML (Unified Modeling Language), which is an object-oriented analysis/design methodology. According to the description on the UXF Web site, the project addresses how UML (Unified Modeling Language) models can be interchanged and 1953 play, proposes an application-neutral format called UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). Black Cat Summary! It is play by arthur, a format powerful enough to express, publish, access and exchange UML models, and a natural extension from the black cat summary existing Internet environment. It serves as a communication vehicle for developers, and as a well-structured data format for development tools. With UXF, UML models can be distributed universally. UXF is thus expected to support intercommunications between software developers, interconnectivity between development tools, and a natural and transparent extension from the existing Web environment. Several related DTDs are now available or in draft: Parent DTD for all subset DTDs, DTD for zuckerberg accomplishments, class diagrams, DTD for collaboration diagrams, DTD for statechart diagrams, UXF DTD for black, sequence diagrams. The designers are using 'XSL' stylesheets for UXF data. Links: UML - Unified Modeling Language Version 1.4 of the UML Documentation set was scheduled for release in April of migrant hostel peter skrzynecki 1999. Black Cat Summary! Main UXF Page UXF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Making UML Models Exchangeable over the Internet with XML: UXF Approach. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto.

Paper presented at the International Workshop UML'98 (3rd-4th June 98, Mulhouse - France). Available in Word97, PDF, and Postscript formats. [local archive copy] Managing the Software Design Documents with XML. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto, Keio University. Presented in gibbs, Session 11: 'Working with XML', Thursday, September 24, 1998, Loews Le Concorde Hotel, Quebec City, Canada, ACM SIGDOC 1998. Black Cat Summary! In the mark accomplishments software engineering community, Unified Modeling Language (UML) has been widely accepted as an object-oriented software analysis/design methodology, since it provides most of the concepts and notations that are essential for documenting object oriented models. UML, however, does not have an black cat summary explicit format for interchanging its models intentionally. This paper addresses this lack and proposes UXF (UML eXchange Format), which is an exchange format for UML models, based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] [September 16, 1999] Leveraging Distributed Software Development.

By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. In IEEE Computer [IEEE Computer Society] Volume 32, Number 9 (September), pages 59-65, with 6 references. Toward the Interoperable Software Design Models: Quartet of UML, XML, DOM and CORBA. By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. Second draft, presented to of nursing profession ISESS '99 (Fourth IEEE International Software Engineering Standards Symposium, May 17-21, 1999). Black Cat Summary! This paper addresses a standard-based UML model interchange and presents our effort to make UML interoperable.

We developed a XML-based exchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) and zuckerberg, a distributed model management system for UML. The system leverages the team development, reuse of design models and tool interoperability by interchanging the model information with XML through the black cat summary Document Object Model (DOM) interface that is implemented on top of CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). DOM provides a platform and programming language neutral interface to manipulate the content, structure and Elephantiasis, style of documents. Black! [local archive copy] Making UML Models Interoperable with UXF. Irish In The War! By Junichi Suzuki and Yoshikazu Yamamoto. This paper addresses the UML model interchange and presents our efforts to black make UML highly interoperable.

We developed an interchange format called UXF (UML eXchange Format) based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). [local archive copy] Archived Samples (DTDs, instances, stylesheets) in a .ZIP collection, 19980528 Contact: Junichi Suzuki. Email suzuki@yy.cs.keio.ac.jp; WWW: http://www.yy.cs.keio.ac.jp/ suzuki/jsuzuki.html Compare: UML-Xchange from 1953 play, Normand Rivard, 07-09-98. UML-Xchange is a SGML DTD for black, exchanging data models between CASE tools that use the UML language. All of the six kinds of UML diagrams are supported. See the DTD, [local archive copy] Compare: Object Management Group (OMG) and XML Metadata Interchange Format (XMI). Related: Pattern Markup Language (PML) - an Elephantiasis XML-based format to describe software patterns. . . PML internally uses UXF. Information on the LISA/OSCAR 'TMX' DTD for translation memory exchange is provided in cat summary, a separate document.

P3P Syntax Specification: Platform for Privacy Preferences. [March 23, 1998] Frontier 5 is now an XML database with a programming and 1953 miller, storage model. . .; see http://www.scripting.com/frontier5/xml/code/. [January 1998] In one of a series of articles on XML, Frontier 5 and XML: Scripting News in XML, Dave Winer describes how he puts Scripting News in XML. The [publication] format is regular enough so that with a reasonable script I can also generate a new format called scriptingNews format, that could be read by a new kind of browser, specially designed to carry news items with links, a possible picture, and a rare comment from my evilTwin. [. ] I also converted all the back issues of Scripting News, dating back to April 1997, each in black, its own XML file. Through the InterX.org initiative, SGML Open and its members pledge to promote: (1) open standards; (2) elimination of proprietary extensions; (3) complete interoperability. The name 'InterX.org' embodies the concepts of XML and serves as an hostel peter skrzynecki abbreviation for interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international. Press Release: SGML Open Launches InterX.org Initiative in Support of cat summary XML. Monday September 22 3:14 PM EDT. Lead paragraph: SGML Open, the international consortium dedicated to promoting structured document and data interchange based on the SGML family of standards, today announced the adoption of a new initiative, InterX.org. Serving as a forum and resource center for developers and users of XML tools, InterX.org will work to bridge the gap between the XML specification and tool interoperability. 1953 By Arthur! 'InterX.org' represents the concepts of interchange, interactivity, interoperability, internet and international -- together with XML. Information on cat summary 'InterX.org' from SGML Open.

NuDoc is a technology for describing, editing, and viewing highly designed pages for print and of reflection, on-line distribution. NuDoc supports applications for WYSIWYG page layout, online XML browsing, and cat summary, database driven, variable-data publishing. In NuDoc, a document object is made of style, content, and page layout sub-objects. A style object contains rules that govern the Elephantiasis form (or visual appearance) of the document. Content elements such as words, images, movies, etc. are organized into a tagged tree structure that represents the logical organization of the information (sections, sub-sections, etc.). The W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML) is the default content data representation. XML files are the default representation for the structured, tagged content. NuDoc reads and black cat summary, writes XML content files during the authoring process. View Profession! NuDoc's TSL files are used to define the style sheets. For rapid saving and restoring of the entire document object's state, NuDoc can save to disk (and re-read) the post-composition document containing the style, content, and cat summary, resulting page layouts (including all user edits and hostel skrzynecki, mark-up) to an external XML-format checkpoint file. Finally, if the black shared content feature is required, external shared content is 1953 by arthur, stored in yet another XML format file. [from the Technology Briefing, August 1997]

PageFlex is a NuDoc-based Application under development as of mid-1998. Cat Summary! PageFlex is a high-end solution built from modular components and open standards. It is the first solution to use XML as the intermediate data format between databases and mark zuckerberg accomplishments, the page composition process. The output formatter is black, based on Bitstream's revolutionary NuDoc page composition engine, NuDoc offers unprecedented control over the graphic design of page templates while maintaining a strict separation of Elephantiasis form from the input XML content. Coins: Tightly Coupled JavaBeans and cat summary, XML Elements. Coins is a programming project undertaken by Bill la Forge.

Description: A coin has two faces, an XML element and an instance of a JavaBean: a) the XML element is the persistent form, an b) the JavaBean instance is the runtime form. One of the primary operations of a coins program is the binding of XML element types to specific Java classes. In some cases (runtime program composition), an initial set of model bindings is assumed and black cat summary, the XML document being processed uses that initial set to view profession specify additional bindings in a bootstrapping process. The bindings used to process a document are not always fixed, but are often determined by the application or server processing the document. Black Cat Summary! In these cases, the XML document is migrant peter skrzynecki, simply a vehicle for black cat summary, moving information between applications, and the coins technology simply provides the means for processing that document. A particularly interesting feature of coins is its use of hyper-links. Java serialization has no equivalent capability, forcing the .ser files generated by play by arthur miller Java serialization to be self-contained. . Black Cat Summary! . Coins Web site: http://www.jxml.com Coins Overview XML-Based Components: Coins. Presentation to ACM Greater Boston Web Tech Chapter, by miller Bill la Forge Source and Documentation Contact: Bill la Forge. [June 21, 1998] Two-faced Coins Catching On. Cat Summary! By Jeff Walsh. Elephantiasis! In InfoWorld Electric (June 19, 1998) Posted at 4:56 PM PT.

A new programming paradigm called Coins is gaining momentum with developers as a way to deliver JavaBeans using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) without the need for Java serialization. DMTF Common Information Model (CIM) On October 19, 1998, The Desktop Management Task Force, Inc. (DMTF) announced the availability of its XML Encoding Specification for the encoding of the Common Information Model (CIM) schema in XML. Information on DMTF's CIM and WBEM technology solutions is held in black, a separate document. Process Interchange Format XML (PIF-XML) On June 12, 1998, Jeffrey Ricker posted an announcement for an initial design of Elephantiasis PIF-XML (Process Interchange Format XML). Black Cat Summary! PIF is an interchange format designed to help automatically exchange process descriptions among a wide variety of business process modeling and support system such as workflow software, flow charting tools, process simulation systems, and process repositories. PIF itself is Elephantiasis, based on black the Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF), which is in turn based on LiSP.

Since both LiSP and XML are text-based and nested trees, the translation is relatively straightforward. However, PIF also includes an object-oriented design with inheritance, which does not directly translate into XML. The initial work attempts a direct translation of PIF version 1.2, and of nursing profession, is not optimized for economy in XML; a provisional DTD and example encoded PIF-XML document are available. Ontology and Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages. QAML is a new language created using XML. The purpose of QAML is to provide a more specific format for documents dealing with questions and answers. Why use QAML instead of black HTML?

Because unconstrained HTML is too powerful and loose! In particular QAML is meant for migrant hostel peter, FAQs, or Frequently Asked Questions. QAML was originally meant to be a broader language, but we have decided to focus it specifically on FAQs. We are programming a CGI which will format QAML documents and convert them to HTML, so it will be possible to black implement QAML without having to worry about when XML browsers are commonplace. Rick Jelliffe (ricko@gate.sinica.edu.tw) has helped us to make QAML fully XML-compliant. We have posted the new, full XML QAML DTD. [October 07, 1999] New version of the DTD. [February 26, 1999] A recent communiqué from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica Computing Centre) announces a 'Call for Comments' on a proposed XML DTD for 'Frequently Asked Questions' documents.

The new QAML 2.0X XML DTD is based on Elephantiasis the QAML 1.0 SGML DTD, with backwards-compatible augmentations for XML, I18N (internationalization), XLL [XLink] hypertext linking, style, accessability and tracking. Black Cat Summary! Comments on the proposed DTD are solicited by the authors, Justin Higgins of digitalNation Network Services, and Rick Jelliffe. The XML DTD is available online from the FAQ.org website (http://www.faq.org/qaml/) and from the 'Chinese XML Now!' website (http://www.ascc.net/xml/). LACITO Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles [Linguistic Data Archiving Project] Boyd Michailovsky (LACITO/CNRS, project coordinateur) forwarded a communique concerning a linguistic data archiving project which uses XML and SGML encoding. Principal investigators include Boyd Michailovsky, John B. Lowe, and Michel Jacobson. The 'Projet Archivage de données linguistiques sonores et textuelles', under the auspices of the larger LACITO programme (Laboratoire de langues et civilisations à tradition orale) and direction from CNRS, concentrates on the encoding, archiving, and distribution of speech data, particularly for rare languages that are researched within the unit. The main source of Elephantiasis data for the project is the mass of documents recorded and transcribed in the field by members of the LACITO over the last thirty years. These unique recordings, mainly of spontaneous speech in unwritten languages, serve as the basis for cat summary, research on the languages and the cultures concerned. Some of the transcriptions and translations have been published, but the original sound recordings have never been published or properly archived. . . An explicit XML (Extensible Markup Language) markup has been adopted for the text materials.

In many cases, older documents whose structure is implicit are marked up automatically by program. The interlinearized text (annotated and glossed) is displayed using XSL stylesheets. Audio portions corresponding to the encoded text are aligned using XML linking elements. . .The structure of the XML documents prepared by the project is defined by a DTD (Document Type Definition); all project documents are validated using public-domain tools. c/o Boyd Michailovsky. 44 rue de l'Amiral Mouchez. 75014 Paris, FRANCE.

GedML: [GEDCOM] Genealogical Data in XML. GedML is a way of encoding genealogical data sets in XML. Zuckerberg Accomplishments! It combines the well-established GEDCOM data model with the new XML standard for encoding complex information. The result is a representation that can easily be converted to and from GEDCOM, but can be manipulated much more easily using standard tools. See now the document Genealogical Data and XML for information on GedML and other specifications using XML for genealogical information. Newspaper Association of cat summary America (NAA) - Standard for Classified Advertising Data. The NAA Classified Advertising Standards Task Force was organized by the NAA Technology Department to facilitate the electronic exchange of classified ads. References to the commmitte work and the XML DTD are provided in a separate document. The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC) has made an XML version of the irish civil war NITF (News Industry Text Format) DTD available from its Web site. Cat Summary! Description and Elephantiasis, references are found in a separate document. As of black cat summary January 1999, a News Markup Language (NML) was under development through the effort of the gibbs 1988 of reflection American Press Institute's Media Center.

In a meeting of April 1999, it was decided to incorporate the black requirements for NML into the NITF design and 1988 of reflection, development work. Further information is black cat summary, provided in a separate document. An announcement for a new XML application initiative (Notes Flat File Format Initiative) was posted by Sean McGrath on May 14, 1998. 1988 Model Of Reflection! NFF is an XML based interchange format for cat summary, the Lotus Notes/Domino platform. The NFF DTD supports the majority of the constructs that can occur in Lotus Notes data such as structured fields, rich text, doclinks, import objects and so on. Irish! Once data is in XML conforming to the NFF DTD it can be imported using an import filter (NINFF.DLL) into Lotus Notes using a simple 'File-Import'. The download package includes the necessary software along with a sample application - Timon Of Athens by William Shakespeare in NFF format. Java Help API: The structure of a HelpSet is black, XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data. Irish War! . . See Byte Magazine (May 1998) page 108, sidebar So, Help Me, Java. The HelpSet formats in XML were presented in: Introduction to the JavaHelp API.

By Eduardo Pelegrí-Llopart, Roger Brinkley, and Nancy K. Lee (Sun Microsystems, Inc.) Presented at JavaOne (Sun's 1998 Worldwide Java Developer Conference). So, Help Me, Java. From Byte , May 1998: . . . The new Java Help API, currently in black, beta testing, is an all-Java 'über alles' help system for JavaBean components, applications, desktops, and HTML pages. . . Irish Civil! [it's] written purely in black, Java, [which] means you can embed a help system within an irish in the war application or compress it into a Jar file for transport to another destination. . . Black! Java Help permits a single help system to support varying navigational views of help content. Hostel! . Black! . Elephantiasis! The data structure that carries all the information needed to provide a view into a help system is bundled into black, a HelpSet file. Note that there are two loose terms at use here. First, a HelpSet file isn't necessarily a file, in the same sense as files that you store on war your hard disk. A HelpSet file could be bound into black, an application, for example. Second, it's probably more accurate to zuckerberg accomplishments say that the information is rooted in the HelpSet file. The structure of a HelpSet is XML-encoded (Extensible Markup Language) data.

The data points to the URLs from which you can find the info necessary to build the help system. Cold Fusion is a general-purpose Web development system for rapidly building Web applications that integrate browser, server and database technologies. It consists of the Cold Fusion Markup Language (CFML), the Cold Fusion Application Server (NT UNIX) and the forthcoming Cold Fusion Studio, a visual tool for cat summary, building dynamic Web applications. . Gibbs 1988 Of Reflection! . Black Cat Summary! In essence, CFML provides a generalized markup language for handling the richness of programming, logic and integration required to build full-scale applications on the Web platform. It achieves this based on the same inspiration that is driving interest in gibbs 1988 model, XML -- simplicity and power. . . Syntactically, Custom Tags are XML compliant custom markup language elements that allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily dropped into a dynamic Web application. These tags are processed by black the Cold Fusion server, and can dynamically generate and execute client and server-side code. Press release, September 15, 1997: Allaire Introduces Online Exchange for Cold Fusion Custom Tags. Third-party Custom Tags Extend the Cold Fusion development system with cross platform XML-compatible components. Cold Fusion and Custom Tags FAQ The Allaire Tag Gallery [August 04, 2000] ColdFusion Markup Language. By Mark Cyzyk. Civil! In WebTechniques Volume 5, Issue 8 (August 2000), pages 74-77. Consider the selection of server-side scripting languages: The big contenders in this arena are Active Server Pages (ASP) and JavaServer Pages (JSP).

Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is also starting to edge in on the market. While each is powerful in its own way, neither of the environments is particularly aesthetic by Gelernter's definition. Performing simple tasks with these technologies often requires a lot of cat summary overhead, resulting in code-heavy, convoluted programs. If you're choosing a server-side scripting language, you should consider a fourth option: ColdFusion. Because it acts more like a markup language than a programming language, ColdFusion is an elegant solution for embedding code in HTML files. Allaire, the company that also makes the popular HomeSite HTML editor, has a whole suite of ColdFusion technologies consisting of an hostel peter application server, an black integrated development environment, and play by arthur miller, of course, the markup language. It is this ColdFusion Markup Language (CFML) that competes directly with ASP and JSP. Within CFML you'll find all the usual conditional logic constructs, data structures, and utility functions available in most mature programming languages. Further, CFML provides tags to black easily implement email interactions, LDAP integration, and FTP and HTTP agent creation -- functions that other Web application development platforms require third-party modules to support.

Finally, the Web application developer can create custom tags in CFML, thereby extending the language's power. Contact: Jeremy Allaire. Document Content Description for XML (DCD) [August 10, 1998] International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Microsoft Corporation have submitted a proposal to the World Wide Web Consortium defining a vocabulary for describing constraints upon view profession XML documents: Document Content Description for XML. Black Cat Summary! References: NOTE-dcd-19980731, Submission to the World Wide Web Consortium 31-July-1998. The document proposes a structural schema facility, Document Content Description (DCD), for specifying rules covering the structure and content of XML documents. The DCD proposal incorporates a subset of the XML-Data Submission and expresses it in a way which is gibbs, consistent with the ongoing W3C RDF (Resource Description Framework) effort; in particular, DCD is an black RDF vocabulary. DCD is intended to define document constraints in an XML syntax; these constraints may be used in the same fashion as traditional XML DTDs. View Of Nursing Profession! DCD also provides additional properties, such as basic datatypes. The abbreviation 'DCD' is used to describe both the general facility described in this document and individual schema instances that conform to it. Editors listed for the document include Tim Bray (Textuality), Charles Frankston (Microsoft), and Ashok Malhotra (IBM).

Other credits: The specification has benefited greatly as a result of cat summary input from David Fallside and David Singer, both of IBM, Andrew Layman and Jean Paoli both of Microsoft, and from Lauren Wood of SoftQuad. We also wish to thank Henry Thompson of the University of Edinburgh and all the authors of the XML-Data specification. XSchema is the name of a collaborative effort hosted on the XML-DEV mailing list. The principal goal of the XSchema project is to produce an XSchema specification which, when complete, will provide a means for XML developers to describe their XML document structures using XML document syntax. The target date for a complete initial XSchema 1.0 proposal is June 30, 1998. As of June 1, 1998, discussion had resulted in the creation of 1953 play a list of twelve XSchema Goals, as refined through four draft documents. This XSchema work was initiated by Simon St.Laurent with the publication of a paper A Proposal for the Representation of XML DTDs as XML Documents and by several supportive postings, including a position paper authored by Paul Prescod. During the initial period of discussion on XML-DEV, the cat summary project proposal went under the name XSD (Extensible or XML Structure Definitions). [November 03, 1998] Simon St.Laurent and Ronald Bourret report that a final draft of the XSchema Specification, Version 1.0 is view of nursing profession, now available (November 1, 1998).

Public comments on cat summary the draft should be posted to the XML-DEV mailing list. Of Nursing Profession! General information on the XSchema project is available at http://purl.oclc.org/NET/xschema. Note that this borderlands effort is not part of the W3C work (it parallels work already begun within the cat summary W3C, e.g. , XML Data). Its authors declare that XSchema is not intended to compete with proposals from the World Wide Web Consortium, and they envision that the results may profitably feed into the W3C activity on XML schemas. According to peter skrzynecki Jon Bosak (XML WG Chair), design work by the XML WG on cat summary XML schemas using instance syntax is likely to be re-chartered. Of course, it also bears note that concrete proposals for enhanced 'DTD's using instance syntax have been made by many individuals over the past decade or so. See, for example, references in chapter 8 of The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML by by arthur miller Steve DeRose: SGML: It's 3, 3, 3 Languages in One. Document Definition Markup Language (DDML)

The Document Definition Markup Language (DDML) a schema language for XML documents, and black cat summary, a the mark zuckerberg accomplishments successor to black XSchema. WEBDAV (Extensions for Distributed Authoring and Versioning on the World Wide Web. WebDAV stands for of nursing, 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is a set of cat summary extensions to the HTTP protocol which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers. Irish In The Civil! WebDAV uses XML. See references in a separate document. Graphic Communications Association - GCA 'Paper' DTD.

For several years, the cat summary Graphic Communications Association (GCA) has requested (or required) that papers for 1953 play by arthur, GCA conferences be prepared according to guidelines in SGML/XML DTDs. Black Cat Summary! Conference proceedings volumes, both paper and electronic, are generated from the SGML/XML source provided by the authors. DocBk XML is an XML version of the irish war DocBook DTD. DocBook is an black cat summary SGML DTD maintained by irish in the civil the DocBook Technical Committee of OASIS. It is particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and software (though it is by no means limited to these applications). References are provided in cat summary, a separate document.

SABLE: A Standard for Text-to-Speech Synthesis Markup. SABLE is an XML/SGML-based markup scheme for text-to-speech synthesis, developed to address the need for a common TTS control paradigm. The SABLE specification evolved as an initiative to combine three existing speech synthesis markup languages: 1) SSML, the Speech Synthesis Markup Language; 2) STML, the Spoken Text Markup Language; 3) JSML, the Java Synthesis Markup Language. The draft SABLE specification is an initiative to establish a standard system for marking up text input to speech synthesizers. The current draft is being circulated for comment by skrzynecki users, developers and researchers of speech synthesis. Java Speech Markup Language (JSML/JSpeech)

The JSpeech Markup Language is referenced in a separate document. SpeechML from IBM's alphaWorks Laboratory is a[n XML] markup language for building distributed network-based conversational applications. Together with Guillaume Belrose, W3C's Dave Raggett (on assignment from HP Labs) is developing a voice browser to test out black cat summary, ideas for using context free grammars for more flexible voice interaction dialogs. Migrant! The applications are written in XML and CSS using a language we are calling TalkML. Black Cat Summary! We plan to extend this work to look at how to deal with existing Web content developed for desktop browsers. Some ideas for this are covered in a W3C NOTE ['Voice Browsers'] I wrote last year with Microsoft's Or Ben-Natan.

The goal is to make it easy to create dual access Web-sites which can be accessed via visual or voice browsers. Gibbs 1988 Model Of Reflection! See also my talk on Style sheets for Voice Browsers, as presented at the Developer's Day at black, WWW8. TalkML is an experimental XML language for Elephantiasis, voice browsers, and is being developed by HP Labs for use in cat summary, the following markets: (1) Call centers (IVR++) -- sales and support services accessed via 800 numbers, adding speech recognition to today's DTMF (touch tone) systems; (2) Smart phones with displays; (3) Access to Elephantiasis email, appointments, news and travel services etc. while your are on the road (in-car systems); (4) Mobile devices too small for decent displays or keyboards, WCDMA palmtop organizers/pagers with low enough cost to be a must-have (like cell-phones). Cat Summary! Guillaume Belrose helped to devise TalkML and develop the gibbs 1988 sofware. A NIST project cordinated through MEL (The Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, under Project Leader Joshua Lubell. The objective of this NIST-sponsored project is to explore the use of XML (eXtensible Markup Language), a standard for black cat summary, structured document interchange on the Web, for exchanging complex data objects between tasks in a distributed workflow application. In The Civil! In details: The WebWork workflow application development tool kit, created by the University of Georgia with funding from NIST's Advanced Technology Program, supports the building of cat summary distributed, web-based workflow applications. NIST has demonstrated the 1988 benefits of XML for representing highly structured documents such as product data standard specifications and black cat summary, has shown that WebWork can be integrated with an XML repository. Leveraging this implementation experience, NIST will extend WebWork to support the of nursing exchange of cat summary XML-structured objects between workflow tasks.

NIST will demonstrate the efficacy of this approach by 1953 play by arthur building a small application to black cat summary manage a subset of the workflow in ISO TC184/SC4 (International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 184, Subcommittee 4), an international standards body developing specifications for the representation and exchange of industrial data for which NIST serves as Secretariat. SWAP - Simple Workflow Access Protocol. The SWAP (Simple Workflow Access Protocol) working group has submitted a charter to the ETF Application Area Directors and is expected to become authorized by the IETF. SWAP is gibbs 1988 model of reflection, a protocol designed to allow for interoperability between workflow systems and between workflow systems and other applications. SWAP allows for black, the programmatic initiation of a workflow process by an application, and the exchange of process data and state information between the the workflow process and application. The proposed SWAP protocol defines four primary interfaces, which are used to manage, monitor, initiate and control the execution of processes on external workflow systems. . . Elephantiasis! SWAP is not intended to cat summary overlap with the WebDAV in Elephantiasis, any way. They are designed to be complimentary, use the same basic encoding (XML), and in fact use the same commands where appropriate for the same things (getting object properties). The goals of the black two specs are different. WebDAV is for gibbs 1988 model, document management: how to check out check in, handle multiple versions, lock, unlock, and move documents. There is nothing in WebDAV about applications. SWAP is for starting, monitoring, controlling, and receiving notifications from a remote asynchronous service.

The idea is black, that you have some application out there that takes a long time to zuckerberg accomplishments complete, you want to cat summary pass it some data and invoke it. This is migrant hostel peter, all about applications development, and almost nothing to do with document management. [adapted from the FAQ and main Web page, by Keith Swenson] See: SWAP references in Asynchronous Transactions and Web Services. Black! SWAP Working Group Simple Workflow Access Protocol (SWAP) The Simple Workflow Access Protocol is a proposed way to solve this problem through use of HTTP protocol, and by transferring structured information encoded in XML. A new set of HTTP methods is defined, as well as the information to be supplied and the information returned in 1988 model of reflection, XML, that accomplish the control of generic asynchronous services. - draft-swenson-swap-prot-00.txt SWAP Main Page SWAP FAQ document SWAP Issues and black, Action Items.

VSI (V-Systems Inc.), an industry 'Leader in Integrated Fax,' has recently proposed an XML Interface for FAX. XML-F ('XML for FAX'), under VSI's new proposal, would be used for for connecting fax servers to applications, other fax servers, and fax service providers. VSI has outlined a simple method for integrating applications to mark fax servers using XML, the black cat summary latest Internet technology for data interchange between applications. Launched at a time when both network fax and XML are coming into the mainstream, VSI believes that their proposal, called 'XML-F', has the potential to solve a major issue facing the peter fax service community. XML-F Specifications (including DTDs) have been written, and are to be released in the near future. The XML-F interface provides a simple framework for black, software applications to use in employing a network fax service to send an electronic document to a terminating fax machine. The XML-F interface supports three basic features: 1) Submit a Fax for Transmission; 2) Get Status of Elephantiasis a Fax Transmission; 3) Cancel a current Fax Transmission or Request. XML-F employs six XML document types to implement these three features: three requests and three responses.

Using a simple request/response model, each feature has a corresponding request and cat summary, response document. The request/response model lends itself well to gibbs model of reflection internet transports and to applications which might require off-line use. Black! All data is formatted as text and binary data is encoded using Base64 encoding. XML-F can be coupled with internet transports such as TCP/IP and HTTP and security mechanisms such as SSL to provide secure transactions over public networks. XML-F does not imply or require any particular transport, however.

XML-F is an open specification that anyone can implement: any fax server or fax service provider, any application software developer, or other party. It is recommended that any public implementation of a server representing this interface fully implement all of the interface, while client systems might opt to implement only gibbs of reflection, those portions which are relevant to the application. [from the 0.1.90 draft] VSI (V-Systems Inc.) Home Page Press release: VSI Proposes New XML Interface for Fax. Fax over XML Could Solve Key Issues in the Fax Service Community. - Announcement for XML-F. [also from VSI] Fax Integration using XML. August, 1998. 6 pages. Black! - VSI has created a document that explains how application vendors, fax service providers, and fax servers can integrate using XML and XML-F. [local archive copy] XML-F Specifications. XML-F Preliminary Specification. View Profession! Revision 0.1.90, August 1998. 23 pages. - VSI has also created a document that outlines the cat summary XML-F DTD's and of reflection, recommendations for use by application developers, integrated and fax server vendors. [local archive copy] Email discussion forum: discussion@xml-f.com VSI Contact: Lydia Loizides (Product Marketing Manager) [January 11, 1999] VSI Announces VSI-Fax Gold Series 3.5 -- Introduces Faxing From Outlook. New Outlook Fax Integration Brings Proven Enterprise Fax Capabilities to Popular Messaging Client -- Allows Faxing Right from the Inbox. - XML-F Integration: As the first step in black, VSI's implementation of mark zuckerberg accomplishments XML for fax communications, VSI-FAX 3.5 features the cat summary ability to use XML Documents to send, receive, and cancel faxes, as well as obtain status information.

What is in the, XML? - From VSI. [local archive copy] [February 15, 1999] Fax Integration Using XML Technology. By Dave Droman and Gila Jones [V-Systems, Inc.]. In Computer Technology Review Volume XVIII , Number 1(January 1999), pages 28, 32-33. As it stands today, there is no standard means of communicating between (1) fax servers and the applications that need faxing services and (2) among various fax servers or fax service providers across a network, including the cat summary Internet. . Migrant Hostel Peter! . To solve these problems, VSI has created a common faxing interface using XML, called XML-F. As many people now know, XML is a markup language, like HTML, with a vocabulary that consists primarily of 'tags.' HTML was specifically designed for marking up documents to communicate how they should be formatted for display on the World Wide Web.

The purpose of XML is far more open-ended, but in black cat summary, general it is a 'meta-language' intended to be used to define other standard markup languages (known as Document Type Definitions or DTDs) that can be used to allow different systems to exchange information in a standard, process-readable format. Businesses can define their own vocabulary of XML tags and zuckerberg, rules that are embedded within the DTD inside the XML document or made publicly available to any program that wants to comply with the agreed-upon information exchange format. The use of XML-specific parsers eliminate the burden of parsing and validating XML interchange documents, reducing the work and support required to implement an application reading XML. [local archive copy] Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) The main entry for the Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is found in black cat summary, a separate document. Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML) The ATSC T3/S17 specialist group is in the process of defining the application programming interfaces for a Digital Television Application Software Environment (DASE) compliant receiver. Elephantiasis! As this process evolves, the elements, attributes, properties, and values of BHTML will solidify. Black Cat Summary! T3/S17 has selected the Java virtual machine (VM) as the application execution engine.

As specified by T3/S17, the Java VM will be found on 1953 play by arthur all DASE-compliant receivers. Aninda DasGupta, the T3/S17 chairman, proposed [what] he called 'Broadcast HTML' [which] uses Internet technologies favored by many T3/S17 members: it is written in XML, scales back HTML elements and attributes, and black cat summary, integrates synchronization functionality as new elements, attributes, and style properties. BHTML is an XML compliant language based on of nursing profession a reduced set of HTML 3.2 elements and black, attributes. Media synchronization functions from irish war, SMIL and style elements from CSS 1 and CSS 2 are added to this base functionality (into Broadcast CSS or BCSS). Appendix C of the August 6, 1998 draft (XML-Data Specifying BHTML using the XML-Data Syntax) represents 'a first pass at defining the BHTML elements and black, attributes using the XML-Data (XMLD) notation'. xHTML specifies a collection of document type definition (DTD) sets that can be combined to hostel peter skrzynecki specify an xHTML-based platform. Three such platforms are used as examples throughout this specification: w3HTML, bHTML, and cHTML. xHTML is designed to meet the requirements of consumer electronic and black, computer manufacturers that wish to produce a broad range of products with various levels of Internet connectivity and product features. xHTML started with HTML 4.0 and HTML 3.2. Elephantiasis! These elements and attributes were converted to black cat summary XML, in line with the stated goals of the W3C for future HTML. The XML-based markup language was partitioned into DTD sets that correlated with the needs of platform developers to differentiated based on internet connectivity, memory footprint, and power management. xHTML is written in XML, therefore element names are case-sensitive. Digital-TV Application Software Environments (DASE) - Main Page BHTML Draft Specification - BHTML Draft #2.

Document Number ATSC T3/S17 092, prepared for irish civil, ATSC T3/S17 (DASE) by Ted Wugofski, Gateway. A Modular Hypertext Markup Language for Broadcast Applications.. Prepared by black Ted Wugofski. 1 Oct 98, Draft #4. [local archive copy] Synchronization and gibbs model of reflection, Transitions in Broadcast HTML. Ted Wugofski, Over the black Moon Productions. Migrant Peter Skrzynecki! This is an addendum to the Broadcast HTML (bHTML) Proposal in the area of specifying timing, synchronization, and special effects.

The design is based on black functional requirements specified in the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) specialist group (T3/S17) that is defining the digital television application software environment (DASE). [local archive copy] Broadcast HTML Specification - General Information DASE Introduction [August 25, 1998] As Intel-led group sideswipes standards body, Thomson and Microsoft roll spec of their own - Debate rages over how to bring data to TV. By Junko Yoshida. In EETimes Issue 1022 (August 24, 1998). Excerpt: The debate over how to bring data and Internet technologies to digital television will bubble up this week, as a key industry group reconvenes here to discuss a set of proposals that has come under fire. . View! . Cat Summary! Where the war ATVEF's technology is based on black cat summary standard Internet specifications such as HTML 4.0, BHTML is of nursing, written in the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), a new language for advanced Web applications. BHTML scales back HTML elements and cat summary, attributes by using parts of HTML 3.2, while it integrates synchronization functionality.

The biggest difference between the two lies in the use of the Java software technology. BHTML is designed to hostel peter be tightly integrated with the cat summary Application Execution Engine, or Java Virtual Machine, and zuckerberg accomplishments, with the Java framework. Cat Summary! See the database entry, Broadcast Hypertext Markup Language (BHTML). [September 24, 1998] Group Seeks Integrated Multimedia, DTV. By Junko Yoshida. Zuckerberg! In CMPNet TechWeb News (September 20, 1998). With a goal to black integrate 2-D, 3-D, and streaming content for digital TV (DTV) programming, leaders from key international technology-development forums gathered [in Leidschendam, Netherlands] last week to launch a new initiative to harmonize the various multimedia streams. Taking part in the AIC meeting were representatives from the model of reflection Motion Picture Experts Group, Virtual Reality Modeling Language organization, and Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC).

The initiative will 'write an cat summary open specification to Elephantiasis integrate and harmonize VRML, MPEG-4, and Broadcast HTML BHTML into a seamless stream,' said Rob Glidden, co-chairman of VRML 3-D Integrated Media Working Group and black, one of 12 founding members of AIC. BHTML, written in gibbs 1988 model, the emerging Extensible Markup Language (XML), is designed for tight integration with the black cat summary Java framework. View! Pointing to longstanding integration efforts between VRML and XML, as well as between MPEG-4 and VRML, Glidden said, 'This is a natural extension of what we have been doing at black cat summary, each of the groups'. The International Standard 12083 presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and peter, archiving of a variety of cat summary publications. This document type definition is deliberately general. It is Elephantiasis, a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of various application-specific document type definitions. [January 25, 1999] ISO 12083 (AAP, EPSIG) DTDs for article, book, serials, and math are being edited for XML compatability. [November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is cat summary, available free in Elephantiasis, PDF format from NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup (The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the cat summary syntax used by gibbs model the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications). Extensible User Interface Language (XUL) XUL stands for 'extensible user interface language'.

It is an XML-based language for describing the contents of cat summary windows and dialogs. XUL has language constructs for all of the typical dialog controls, as well as for widgets like toolbars, trees, progress bars, and menus. User Interface Markup Language (UIML) The User Interface Markup Language (UIML) allows designers to describe the user interface in generic terms, and then use a style description to map the interface to various operating systems (OSs) and Elephantiasis, appliances. Thus, the universality of cat summary UIML makes it possible to in the war describe a rich set of interfaces and reduces the work in porting the user interface to another platform (e.g., from a graphical windowing system to a hand-held appliance) to changing the style description. See the separate document. Commerce XML (cXML) is an open Internet-based standard for e-commerce. cXML reduces on-line business trading costs by facilitating the exchange of black cat summary content and transactions over the Internet.

Developed in concert with more than 40 leading companies, cXML is a set of lightweight XML DTDs -- based on the World Wide Web Consortium's XML standard -- with their associated request/response processes. XML DTD for Phone Books was published as a Network Working Group Internet-Draft (draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt) in February, 1999. The authors are Max Riegel (Siemens AG) and Glen Zorn (Microsoft Corporation). In addition to providing a DTD, the gibbs 1988 model document describes the information to be included in the standard phone book for roaming applications. All data is described in XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book.

The goals of this document include: 1) Creating a flexible, extensible and black, robust framework upon which to hostel skrzynecki build a standard phone book; 2) Promoting a standard phone book format, to enhance interoperability between ISPs and roaming consortia. XML DTD for Phone Books. Proceedings URL. XML DTD for Phone Books, February 1999. This version expires on August 15, 1999. Local archive copy, draft-ietf-roamops-phonebook-xml-00.txt See also: XML DTD for Roaming Access Phone Book. IETF RFC 3017.

December 2000. This document defines the syntax as well as the semantics of the black cat summary information to be included in the phone book for roaming applications. Of Nursing! It comprises the information necessary to select the most appropriate ISP and to configure the host to get access to the network of the cat summary provider. The specification consists of by arthur a small set of required information elements and a variety of possible extensions. All data is black, specified in irish war, XML (Extensible Markup Language) syntax leading to a concise XML DTD (Document Type Declaration) for the phone book. The Data Documentation Initiative. The Data Documentation Initiative is a Project to Develop an XML Document Type Definition for black cat summary, Data Documentation [germane to datasets in the social and behavioral sciences.] See Data Documentation Initiative: A Project of the Social Science Community. XML General Articles and Papers: Surveys, Overviews, Presentations, Introductions, Announcements. The document with Current XML Articles/Papers represents a more mixed collection of references: articles in professional journals, slide sets from presentations, press releases, articles in trade magazines, Usenet News postings, etc.

Some are from peter skrzynecki, experts and black cat summary, some are not; some are refereed and others are not; some are semi-technical and others are popular; some contain errors and others don't. Discretion is strongly advised. The articles are listed approximately in the reverse chronological order of their appearance. Migrant Hostel Skrzynecki! Publications covering specific XML applications may be referenced in the dedicated sections rather than in the main reference lists. Books on XML are referenced only black, briefly in the following section.

They are described more fully in Elephantiasis, the SGML/XML Books section, and in black, the main SGML/XML bibliography. For now, only by arthur miller, books already published are listed. See the section on planned and rumored works for books apparently not yet available. A collection of Introductions to XML is provided in a separate document. A more complete XML book list is maintained by Charles F. Goldfarb in All the black XML Books in Print. Henning Behme and Stefan Mintert.

XML in migrant hostel skrzynecki, der Praxis: Professionelles Web-Publishing mit der Extensible Markup Language. Bonn: Addison Wesley Longman, [June] 1998. Extent: 328 pages, CD-ROM. ISBN 3-8273-1330-9. Price: DM 69,90. Neil Bradley. The XML Companion . Harlow, Essex: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998. Cat Summary! Extent: 464 pages.

ISBN: 0-201-41999-8. Dan Connolly (guest editor). XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques . World Wide Web Journal [edited by Rohit Khare] Volume 2, Issue 4. View Of Nursing! Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Associates, Inc., Fall 1997. Extent: xii + 248 pages. ISBN: 1-56592-349-9. ISSN: 1085-2301. Steven J. DeRose. Cat Summary! The SGML FAQ Book: Understanding the Foundation of HTML and XML . Electronic Publishing Series, Number 7. 1953 Miller! Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. Extent: xxiv + 250 pages, appendices. ISBN: 0-7923-9943-9. [Chapter 8. XML: A Simple, Standard Subset.] Bob DuCharme.

XML: The Annotated Specification. The Charles F. Black Cat Summary! Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1999. Irish Civil War! Extent: xx + 339 pages. ISBN: 0-13-082676-6. Peter Flynn. Understanding SGML and XML Tools. Practical Programs for Handling Structured Text. . Foreword by black cat summary Steve DeRose. Kluwer Academic Publishers SGML Bookshelf, Electronic Publishing Series. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.

Extent: xxvi + 432 pages, CDROM. Migrant Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! ISBN: 0-7923-8169-6. [description] Charles F. Goldfarb and Paul Prescod. The XML Handbook. Foreword by Jean Paoli. The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management.

The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Cat Summary! Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 1998. Extent: xlvi + 642 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-081152-1. Ian S. Graham and Liam Quin. XML Specification Guide . New York, NY: John Wiley Sons, 1999. Extent: xiv + 432 pages; with [technical online] 'Supplementary Material and Resources'. Elephantiasis! ISBN: 0-471-32753-0. Has a supporting Web site. Elliotte Rusty Harold.

XML: Extensible Markup Language. Structuring Complex Content for the Web. Foster City/Chicago/New York: IDG Books Worldwide, 1998. Extent: xxiv + 426 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-7645-3199-9. Rick Jelliffe. The XML and SGML Cookbook. Recipes for Structured Information.

The Charles F. Goldfarb Series on black cat summary Open Information Management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, May 1998. Peter Skrzynecki! Extent: 650 pages, with CD-ROM. ISBN: 0-13-614223-0. [provisional description] Michael Leventhal, David Lewis, and Matthew Fuchs; with contributions from Stuart Culshaw and Gene Kan. Designing XML Internet Applications. The Charles F. Black! Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. [Subseries:] The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [May] 1998. Extent: xxxii + 584 pages, CD-ROM.

ISBN: 0-13-616822-1. Price: $44.95 U.S./$63.00 Canada. Henning Lobin. Migrant Hostel Skrzynecki! Informationsmodellierung in black, XML und SGML . Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, [May] 1999. 250 pages. ISBN: 3-540-65356-2. Richard Light, Simon North, Charles Allen ( et al. ). Presenting XML . Indianapolis, IN: SAMS.NET [Sams Publishing, Macmillan Publishing USA], 1997. Extent: 400+ pages.

ISBN: 1-57521-334-6. Sean McGrath. Gibbs Of Reflection! XML by Example. Building E-Commerce Applications. The Charles F. Black! Goldfarb Series on migrant hostel skrzynecki Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb.

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [June] 1998. Extent: xlviii + 476 pages, CDROM. ISBN: 0-13-960162-7. David Megginson. Structuring XML Documents . Charles F. Goldfarb Series on Open Information Management. The Definitive XML Series from Charles F. Goldfarb. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, [March] 1998. Black Cat Summary! Extent: xxxviii + 425 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-13-642299-3. Murata Makoto, Atsuhito Momma, and Kyoichi Arai. XML Nyuumon [Introduction to XML. In Japanese] . Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha, 1998. Extent: 224 pages. ISBN: 4-532-14610-0. Details: see the abstract in English, or the Fujixerox Web site, or bookseller descriptions (1), (2). Simon St. Laurent. XML: A Primer . Foster City, CA: MIS Press/IDG Books, 1998. Extent: xx + 348 pages.

ISBN: 1-5582-8592-X. Also in Korean, Japanese, and Italian translation. Simon St. Laurent and Robert Biggar. Inside XML DTDs: Scientific and Technical . Migrant Peter! New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Extent: xii + 468 pages, CDROM. Black Cat Summary! ISBN: 0-07-134621-X.

Simon St. Play! Laurent and Ethan Cerami. Building XML Applications. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, (May) 1999. Cat Summary! Extent: 512 pages, 150 illustrations. Accomplishments! ISBN: 0-07-134116-1. Ed Tittel, Norbert Mikula, and Ramesh Chandak XML for Dummies. Foreword by Dan Connolly. [Series: For Dummies.] Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 1998. Cat Summary! Extent: xxviii + 367 pages, CDROM.

ISBN: 0-7645-0360-X. XML Mailing Lists, Discussion Groups, Newsgroups. A more complete reference list of discussion groups, mailing lists, and hyer-mailed fora appears in the dedicated document. Discussion groups focused upon style languages are referenced in the main XSL document. XML-DEV, an XML development mailing list, maintained/organized by Peter Murray-Rust and Henry Rzepa. See the Elephantiasis text of the announcement.

To subscribe to the digest, mailed on Monday of each week, send email to majordomo@ic.ac.uk with the cat summary message line 'subscribe xml-dev-digest'. [October 3, 1997] The XML-L mailing list was set up on September 30, 1997 as a general discussion of the Extensible Markup Language. The list owner is Peter Flynn, University College Cork. To subscribe to the list, send email to listserv@listserv.hea.ie with the command 'subscribe xml-l [your name]' in the body of the message. Mark Zuckerberg! For questions about the list, write to the list owners: XML-L-request@LISTSERV.HEA.IE. [July 15, 1998] [Provisional/planned Usenet Newsgroup], comp.text.xml . See the black draft RFD (Request for Discussion): http://www.jtauber.com/xml/CTX_RFD.txt, [local archive copy, 980408.] The first call for votes was issued on June 23, 1998.

On July 14, 1998, Neil Crellin published the results of the Call for Votes (CFV) for 1953 miller, a new unmoderated Usenet Newsgroup comp.text.xml . The voting period closed at 23:59:59 UTC, July 14, 1998. The vote passed, 365:22. On December 01, 1998, Ralph Ferris of Fujitsu Software Corporation posted an announcement for black cat summary, a new XLink/XPointer Developer's List. This email forum has been launched in order to promote wide discussion of Elephantiasis XLink/XPointer development issues. To subscribe to black cat summary the new xlxp-dev list, send an email message to majordomo@fsc.fujitsu.com with the following in the body of the message: subscribe xlxp-dev . Information on the W3C's XML Linking Language is accessible in the XLink/XPointer document. [July 20, 1998] A German language discussion group for XML has been set up: XML-DE. The list is hosted by GMD and DFN, two German national research institutes; this host arrangement is meant to help ensure neutrality in civil, commercial questions and professional maintainance.

The goals of this group are to provide a native German language forum for general XML discussion, to promote XML in the German industry, and to build a pool of experts for know-how transfer. Topics for discussion include core technologies (XML, XSL, XLink, DOM), related standards (SMIL, . ) and software (browsers, parsers, . ). To subscribe to the group, send a mail to listserv.gmd.de with the message subscribe xml-de [firstName lastName] in the body of the message. Black Cat Summary! See further information in the main entry: XML-DE. xml-litprog-l: Literate Programming with XML List. A mailing list for discussions about how best to use XML/XSL/XLink/XPtr for in the civil war, constructing literate programming frameworks and tools. Organized initially by Anthony B. Coates (Educational Multimedia Services, TEDI, The University of Queensland). As of September 25, 1998, the list moved to an Allette server. Black Cat Summary! See: http://www.allette.com.au/xml-litprog/. To subscribe, send email to 1953 play by arthur xml-litprog-l-subscribe@egroups.com. See [the database entry XML and Literate Programming, the cat summary list entry xml-litprog-l - Literate Programming with XML List and] the 1953 document SGML/XML and Literate Programming. JXML: Java--XML, the Java and XML mailing list.

This list is intended for discussions relating to Java and XML, particularly with reguard to the following: 1) Java Class and cat summary, Bean metadata expressed as XML documents; 2) Conversion of gibbs 1988 model Java Class metadata to bytecodes defining simple, data-only classes; 3) Reversable conversion of Java Object Streams to XML documents while maintaining type safety (JSXML); 4) Description of Jar Resources as an XML document; XML document-driven construction of Jar files (etc.). See the more complete description: http://www.camb.opengroup.org/ Related discussion and development forum: DSSSList, with the DSSSList Archive, sponsored by Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and managed by Tony Graham. XSL-List is cat summary, provided by Mulberry Technologies as a service to the XSL user community and the XSL standardization effort. It hosts discussion of migrant hostel skrzynecki XSL (Extensible Style Language) itself, XSL applications and implementation, and black cat summary, XSL user questions. Python XML-SIG: A Special Interest Group for XML Processing in 1953, Python. The SIG was created to provide a forum for discussion and implementation of tools to make Python an excellent choice for black, XML processing. The goal of this SIG is to decide what software is required for this purpose, and coordinate its implementation and view, documentation.

See the announcement and the main list entry for details. The Python XML-SIG Status page describes project deliverables and the resources page describes some Python Software for black, XML. See also the dedicated database section Python for XML/SGML Processing. Perl-XML list, a mailing list is dedicated to the discussion of enhancing Perl's ability to work with XML and for using Perl with XML documents. Send 'SUBSCRIBE Perl-XML' to listmanager@activestate.com. Migrant Peter Skrzynecki! Send list contributions to: Perl-XML@ActiveState.com.

XML: Working Groups, SIGS, Design and Development Initiatives. [January 28, 2000] SAX 2/Java (beta). Cat Summary! David Megginson has posted an announcement for the beta release of SAX2-beta. SAX is the Simple API for XML, a very-widely implemented event-based interface for processing XML documents. The beta release of SAX2/Java is now available for download at http://www.megginson.com/SAX/SAX2/. Highlights of the release: (1) Namespace support; (2) Configurability and extensibility through features and properties; (3) A new interface and base class for SAX filters; (4) Adapters for using SAX1 parsers with SAX2 and Elephantiasis, vice-versa; (5) Way too much JavaDoc documentation; (6) Public domain (even less restrictive than Open Source). SAX2 adds standard methods to query and set features and properties in an XMLReader. It is black, now possible to hostel peter skrzynecki request an XML reader to validate (or not to validate) a document, or to cat summary internalize (or not to internalize) all names, using the getFeature , setFeature , getProperty , and setProperty methods. There is no fixed set of view of nursing profession features or properties available for SAX2: implementors are free to define new features and properties as needed. All feature and property names are fully-qualified URIs (often URLs), such as http://www.acme.com/features/foo; as with Namespace URIs, people should always define feature and property names based on URIs that they control. All XML readers are required to black cat summary recognize the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces and the http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes features (see below), and to support a true value for the namespaces property and a false value for the namespace-prefixes property: these requirements ensure that all SAX2 XML readers can provide the minimal required Namespace support for higher-level specs such as RDF, XSL, XML Schemas, and XLink.

XML readers are not required to mark recognize or support any other features or any properties, even the core ones. [. ] WRT SAX version 1: Of the cat summary core classes and interfaces, only Parser, AttributeList, DocumentHandler, and HandlerBase (which is in the war, really a helper anyway) are deprecated. Black! All of the view of nursing rest -- InputSource, Locator, EntityResolver, DTDHandler, ErrorHandler, SAXException, and SAXParseException -- are left untouched. [June 01, 1999] David Megginson has announced that an alpha version of SAX2 for black cat summary, Java is now available for download. SAX2 is an update to the widely-implemented SAX 1.0 interface for XML parsers. SAX2 consists of irish in the war two parts: (1) a new, extensible mechanism for black, querying and setting features and properties in SAX parsers in a standard way; and (2) a set of recommended core feature and property names.

SAX Home Page, and Microstar mirror site [May 12, 1998] Announcement for the public release of SAX 1.0. See: http://www.megginson.com/SAX/. [May 14, 1998] SAX Parsers and Applications Quick Start for SAX Application Writers [September 25, 1999] SAX C/C++ Implementations: I have just successfully completed a C++ implementation of SAX/SAX2 and DOM, based upon expat. Currently I'm in migrant skrzynecki, the process of testing the whole thing ;). Eventually I will make it available to the public; however, some parts of the implementation use my company's proprietary C++ class library, so certain things need to be sorted out first. Feel free to contact me for more information. Guenter Obiltschnig, Sat, 25 Sep 1999 20:11:21 +0200, XML Developers' List. Update 2000-08-10: the XML class library for C++ is now available as open source at http://www.cpointc.com/XML. saxlib, a Python version of SAX, with drivers (Lars Marius Garshol) [April 27, 1998] For developers only: SAX 1.0 beta, almost ready for cat summary, announcement. [April 10, 1998] For developers only: test re-release beta version of SAX, and demo which does the identity transform What is an Event-Based Interface? By David Megginson. Play By Arthur! Draft Interface Specification for SAX [March 20, 1998] , per the posting from David Megginson SAX - Simple API for XML.

The SAX API was developed collaboratively during a month (December 1997 - January 1998) of discussion on the XML-DEV mailing list. Black Cat Summary! SAX is a simple, common, event-based API for XML parsers written in profession, object-oriented languages like Java, C++, or Perl5 (the reference implementation is in black cat summary, Java). SAX is similar in philosophy to zuckerberg JavaSoft's JDBC -- it allows you to black cat summary write an 1953 play by arthur application once, then plug in any XML parser that has a SAX driver, just as the JDBC allows you to plug in any SQL database that has a JDBC driver. See the main database entry, the cat summary announcement from David Megginson [980112], or the Microstar Web site. References for irish in the civil war, 'XML and Literate Programming' have been moved to a separate document under the title SGML/XML and Literate Programming. This document provides a collection of black cat summary references for peter, literate programming techniques and black cat summary, style in the context of descriptive markup languages, e.g. Migrant Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! , SGML, XML, DSSSL, HyTime, etc. Numerous researchers have observed that the cat summary goals of information re-use and data normalization embraced by both literate programming and SGML-based markup languages provide the basis for using the 1953 play by arthur miller two technologies together.

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) XML Library. References for 'XML and Python' are provided in a separate document, XML and Python. XML in cat summary, Microsoft Internet Explorer. A press release of October 13, 1998 clarified Microsoft's plans for XML support in the MS Windows operating system and in Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. 'XML 1.0, XSL, XML DOM, and XML Namespaces'. View! Support features as announced include: Direct viewing of XML; High-performance, validating XML engine; Extensible Style Language (XSL) support; XML Schemas; Server-side XML; XML document object model (DOM).

Description of Microsoft's XML support is provided in a collection of references accessible from a separate document. [December 17, 1998] Sun Microsystem's Java Project X: Java Services for XML Technology is the new name for the Java services formerly released as the Sun XML Library. On December 01, 1998, this development project was renamed Java Project X, and moved to black cat summary Early Access 2 with API updates, some speedup, and minor bug fixes. Java Project X is the codename for migrant, a set of core XML-enabling services written completely in the Java programming language. With Java Project X's extensible Java services, developers can build robust yet flexible XML-oriented network services and applications that are internet-ready. This release requires JDK 1.1.6 or later or JDK 1.2, and approximately 3.5M bytes of cat summary disk space. Sun's Java services in this new release provide full XML processing capabilities, including a fast XML parser with optional validation, an play miller in-memory object model tree that supports the W3C DOM Level 1 recommendation, and basic support for JavaBeans integration with XML. The development tools in cat summary, the Java Project X are freely available, but one must register through the Java Developer Connection.

The second early access release is addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and fully conformant core XML software for their development. The library supports an optional in-memory object model tree for manipulating and writing XML structured data. The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. 1953 Play By Arthur! That is, it is black, a building block for developers. Mark Accomplishments! According to black cat summary the Release Notes, the Java Project X library conforms fully with open standards: 1) the parsers conform to the W3C's XML 1.0 recommendation; 2) the parse tree supports the XML (core) part of W3C's DOM Level 1 recommendation; 3) in combination, the two also support the current W3C XML Namespaces proposed recommendation; 4) the parser supports the SAX 1.0 API; 5) the entity resolution used within the parser normally conforms to the IETF's RFC 2376 registration for play by arthur miller, XML-related MIME content types, [but] this can be overridden as required. [September 25, 1998] On September 16, 1998, Sun Microsystems, Inc. released an 'Early Access 1' version of black cat summary The Sun XML Library. As described by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference, the XML Library is a highly modular XML library that has been developed by the Java Software Division of Sun. The XML library is mark zuckerberg, written in cat summary, the Java programming language and provides support for gibbs model, the latest version (July) of the W3C DOM APIs and for the SAX 1.0 API. The XML package includes fast validating and nonvalidating XML parsers, preliminary support for black cat summary, XML Beans , and examples, including an XML Validation Service . The September 16th version is the first early access release, addressed to Java developers who want access to Sun's fast and gibbs 1988 model of reflection, fully conformant XML library core for black, their development of extensible, conformant XML-enabled services and applications. That library supports fast parsing of XML documents, including optional validation, and supports an optional in-memory object model tree for of nursing, manipulating and writing XML structured data. In addition, the core functionality supports an implementation of the W3C DOM APIs and the XML Namespaces proposal.

The library is 'core' in the sense that significant XML based applications can be written using only this functionality, and that it is intended that other XML software be layered on top of it. Cat Summary! All classes are written exclusively in the Java[tm] language, and Elephantiasis, accordingly may be used with any JDK 1.1 conformant system, including JDK 1.2 conformant systems. Developers have expressed strong interest in black cat summary, seeing XML enabling technology emerge from Sun because of the key role Sun has played in developing the XML specification and in creating the Java platform. 1988 Model! The Java technology's 'portable code' along with XML's 'portable data' are valuable complements in creating truly platform-independent applications. Through the early access release, developers have an unique opportunity to participate in defining and evolving the cat summary XML Library. View Profession! [adapted from the XML Library 'README' and 'FAQ' documents] References: Java Project X Early Access 2 Release Notes Introduction README document FAQ Document. [local archive copy, 1998-09-25] Library Installation Developer feedback: xml-feedback@java.sun.com The Sun XML Library. Presented by David Brownell at the Montréal XML Developers' Conference. How fast is Sun's XML parser included in cat summary, the core toolkit?

In Sun's testing using JDK 1.1.6, the validating parser (doing lots of error testing) was significantly faster than the migrant skrzynecki majority of the non-validating parsers tested and was an black order of magnitude faster than other validating parsers. Of course, Sun's non-validating parser is faster still. [December 08, 1998] XML and Java Technology - An Interview with Dave Brownell. [Part One] From java.sun.com ['The Source for Java Technology']. December, 1998. 1953 Play By Arthur Miller! XML, the eXtensible Markup Language, is the universal syntax for describing and structuring data independent from application logic. Cat Summary! This past February, XML 1.0 became a Technical Recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). From this milestone, numerous applications of XML are popping up far and by arthur miller, wide - and more often than not they're using Java technology. We asked David Brownell, designer of Sun's Java Project X, for some perspective. [Excerpt:] Q: Is there some special, natural affinity between Java technology and XML? A: You bet. Java software is portable code . XML is black cat summary, portable data.

By themselves, neither of these technologies provides such a solution. To get portable data, you need to pick a representation that is usable in most programming languages . like XML, which is irish in the civil, structured text. To get portable behavior, you need a maintainable program standard that runs on most computer systems . like Java language class files. Use Java and XML together, and black, you get both. . . A Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J) Collaborative project for A Standardized XML API in irish civil, Java (Xapi-J). Includes: (1) Statement on Informal Work on a Standardized XML API in Java (Xapi-J), and black, (2) Collected Suggestions -- ideas for post XAPI-J 1.0 W3C XML/XLL/XSL Working Groups and SIGs. Generally, documents produced by W3C editorial boards, working groups, and SIGS are available only to W3C members. View Profession! See, however: XML Development: Technical Documents and black cat summary, Development Resources.

Comparison of 1988 of reflection SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of black SGML (ISO 8879) and Elephantiasis, XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and black, SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML. [local archive copy] Annotated Version of the XML specification, from 1988 model, XML co-editor Tim Bray. This resource presents the unaltered text of the XML specification in one pane (frame) of the display, augmented by graphically distinct note markers of five types: (1) Historical or cultural commentary; some entertainment value; (2) Technical explanations, including amplifications, corrections, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions; (3) Advice on how to use this specification; (4) Examples to illustrate what the black spec is saying; (5) Annotations that it's hard to find a category for. A second pane provides the view text of the commentary for each linked annotation. The resource also features a linked list of Terms Defined in XML 1.0, and links to relevant sections of the cat summary XML specification from a list of EBNF productions. The annotations (some 308) are accessible from zuckerberg, their titles as well. [March 26, 1999] Supplementary Resources and black cat summary, Tools - A collection of additional resources, not found in the book [ The XML Specification Guide ], that are useful for understanding the XML specifications and using XML. These include [1999-03-26]: (1) A searchable index of all XML specifications (2) A searchable index of EBNF productions (3) A set of XML design patterns -- based on the approach of the same name introduced in object oriented design -- applied here to Elephantiasis modeling document architecture; (4) Extracted EBNF for XML - defines, along with the well-formedness and validity constraints, the rules for writing well-formed or valid XML documents; (5) A list of useful online resources.

[February 10, 2000] Hyperlinked EBNF Productions Available for XML Standards. Black! A recent posting from Dan Vint reports on gibbs 1988 model of reflection a new Web site which contains all the EBNF productions, validation and cat summary, well-formedness constraints for the following specifications: XML, Namespaces, XPath, XSLT, XPointer, XML Stylesheet PI, and civil, XML Fragments. I have linked together information where the Namespaces or Fragments specification have modified the basic XML productions and cat summary, I have included all of the constraints for each of these productions. The symbols within the productions are linked to their descriptions and of reflection, all the references to a production are also listed so you can follow the cat summary logic in of nursing, both directions. The menu on the left side needs a little time to build, but once available you can get to black any production in gibbs model, alphabetical order by the specification. Black! Let me know what you think about the Elephantiasis site and if there is anything I should add. [October 01, 1998] Stylesheet Linking. Associating Stylesheets With XML Documents . Version 1.0 WD-xml-stylesheet-19981001. Edited by James Clark.

World Wide Web Consortium Working Draft 1-October-1998. Black! This document allows a stylesheet to be associated with an accomplishments XML document by including one or more processing instructions with a target of xml-stylesheet in the document's prolog. Pseudo-attributes are used in black, a processing instruction (href, type, title, media, charset, alternate), or in multiple xml-stylesheet processing instructions. Examples: ?xml-stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? and zuckerberg accomplishments, ?xml-stylesheet alternate=yes href=mystyle.css title=Medium type=text/css? . Cat Summary! [local archive copy] XML Catalog proposal.

By John Cowan. By Arthur Miller! This is a proposal for XML Catalogs, a system based on SGML/Open catalogs (Socats) for translating XML public identifiers to XML system identifiers, which are Uniform Resource Identifiers [URI]. Note (1999-04-06): 'XCatalog' is now called 'XML Catalog'. [May 11, 1998] An earlier proposal [see preceding item] for a standard mechanism to associate a stylesheet with an XML document by means of an XML processing instruction is documented in a recent W3C NOTE, Associating Stylesheets with XML Documents. The NOTE, authored by James Clark, has been submitted to the W3C at the request of the cat summary XML Working Group. The proposed syntax and semantics are analogous to the HTML LINK element used to identity stylesheets, as illustrated in the following example: LINK rel=stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css ?xml:stylesheet href=mystyle.css type=text/css? . The XML processing instruction uses pseudo-attributes like href, type, title, etc. The examples shown in 1953 by arthur miller, the NOTE are for black, CSS client-side stylesheets. Document identifier: NOTE-xml-stylesheet-19980405, W3C Note 5 Apr 1998. [local archive copy] [December 01 [13], 1997] Announcement from James Clark for a test suite of files for XML processors. Elephantiasis! The collection of XML test cases in the ZIP archive contains 141 small files that (in my view) fail to black cat summary be well-formed XML documents, and peter skrzynecki, should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to cat summary report a fatal error.

See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. Also updated apparently February 9, 1998; [local archive copy] [April 03, 1998] David Megginson's book Structuring XML Documents (1998) devotes all of Part 4: DTD Design with Architectural Forms to gibbs 1988 model of reflection architectural forms. Specifically: Chapter 9. Architectural-Forms Concepts; Chapter 10. Basic Architectural-Forms Syntax; Chapter 11. Advanced Architectural-Forms Syntax.

[June 10, 1998] XAF is XML Architectural Forms Processor. Accompanying David Megginson's XAF software package is detailed, tutorial-oriented documentation about XAF and architectural forms (Using the XAF package for black cat summary, Java), appropriate for both XML document designers and skrzynecki, XML software designers. Adding Strong Data Typing to SGML and XML, by Tim Bray. May [21,] 1997. Black! archive copy, May 21, 1997; or: previous archive copy, May 15, 1997]. Note: Jean Paoli of Microsoft has submitted a related proposal in connection with the XML discussion XML for Structured Data [December 06, 1997] Why I Demand Schemata: Element Type Hierarchies for Transparent Document Structure Definition. By Henry S. Thompson (Language Technology Group, University of Edinburgh). Draft date: October 15, 1997. Overview: In this paper I describe the XML-Data schemata proposal, concentrating on the motivation for Elephantiasis, and nature of the provision of an element-type hierarchy, in which element types can inherit attribute declarations and positions in content models from ancestors in the hierarchy.

I argue that this represents a major improvement over the use of parameter entities to structure and maintain DTDs. [local archive copy] [April 24, 1998] xml:lang resources for parser writers. Contributed by black cat summary Murray Altheim (Sun Microsystems, SunSoft). Civil War! Currently there are XML versions of files providing the ISO 639 (language), ISO 3166 (country), and IANA charset values required for support of the xml:lang attribute values in XML 1.0. Please direct comments and black, corrections to Murray Altheim. These 'xml:lang resources' will be made available later on Sunsite. Zuckerberg Accomplishments! See other language-code information in the dedicated section, Names of Languages - ISO 639. [May 08, 1998] The 'standalone document declaration' in XML 1.0. Black! Some questions were raised about its design/use in the XML 1.0 specification. See the collection of XML-DEV postings. [October 02, 1997] Architectural Forms handout from a presentation Java Beans and Architectural Forms, (August 21, 1997 - XML Dev Day), by David Megginson: Proposal: Architectural Forms for XML. See the migrant peter skrzynecki accompanying XML-DEV posting (October 2, 1997); [archive copy] [December 13, 1997] Architecture processing in XML: at the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to cat summary ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime).

As a subclause to Annex A.3 (A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction), the mark zuckerberg proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide an alternative form of cat summary architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported. The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and Elephantiasis, Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by Eliot Kimber Architectures, Schemas, and black, XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997, with followup by David Megginson. 1953 Play By Arthur! [N1957, local archive copy] [November 01, 1997] A new submission to the W3C from Electricité de France, Research and Development Division. The STTS2 submission for cat summary, Simple Tree Transformation Sheets 2 would in principle govern the transformation of well-formed XML documents in order to render them in a HTML browser. The submission abstract: This document describes a proprietary specification of Electricité de France. Model Of Reflection! It specifies the format of STTS2 transformation rules that can be applied to black a HTML document (without CSS styles) in order to take advantage of the Cascading Style Sheets and remove deprecated HTML elements or attributes in favor of CSS. Even if the specification deals only with HTML, this kind of transformation, or an extension of Elephantiasis this specification, can be easily applied on cat summary the fly to well-formed XML documents in order to render them in view, a HTML browser without any XML plug-in or internal knowledge. The grammar of this specification is mainly based on cat summary the CSS2 grammar and extends it in some ways.

[December 18, 1997] Reports from the W3C SGML ERB to gibbs 1988 of reflection the SGML WG and from the W3C XML ERB to the XML SIG. Black! Complied by C. M. Sperberg-McQueen for peter skrzynecki, the use of the WG and cat summary, SIG. Covers October 9, 1996 through December 1, 1997. Date: 4 December 1997. [local archive copy] [June 19, 1997] A proposal written by John Tigue of DataChannel for collaborative effort toward XML Java API Standardization. The document title is Informal Work on XML API Standarization for Java. 1953 Miller! Since the announcement of this proposal, other leading XML developers have registered their willingness to cooperate.

The proposal's first goal is to find a lowest common denominator for the current implementations and abstract that to a set of interfaces such that a developer could use this new API independent of an underlying implementation of the XML processor and/or invest in learning the particular benefits a specific implementation provides. See: http://www.datachannel.com/ChannelWorld/XML/dev/. [January 23, 1998] SGML Exceptions and XML, by black Eve Maler (ArborText) - briefly describes SGML exceptions (inclusions and gibbs 1988 of reflection, exclusions) and discusses how 'exception users' can handle their DTDs and data in cat summary, XML, which does not allow exceptions. See the database section: Use (and Non-use) of Exceptions in DTDs. [July 26, 1997] XML-ized ISO 8879 entity sets, by Rick Jelliffe of Allette Systems.

The postings were made to the XML Development list. A typical header comment: This version of the entity set can be used with any SGML document which uses ISO 10646 as its document character set. This includes XML documents and ISO HTML documents. This entity set uses hexadecimal numeric character references. Please report any errors to Rick: ricko@allette.com.au. The entities mapped to hex are in the following files: ISOgrk4.pen, ISOtech.pen, ISOdia.pen, ISOlat1.pen, ISOgrk1.pen, ISOlat2.pen, ISOgrk2.pen, ISOnum.pen, ISOgrk3.pen, ISOpub.pen. Available in a concatenated file, or archived as separate files in hostel peter, a .ZIP package. Note the black cat summary disclaimer. See also the alternate source for migrant hostel peter skrzynecki, XML entity sets, from James Tauber.

XML BNF, generated by Henry S. Cat Summary! Thompson [March 7, 1997] [August 29, 1997] David G. Durand's Five Paragraphs on 'Whitespace in XML', posted to XML-DEV. See also the discussion thread: http://www.lists.ic.ac.uk/hypermail/xml-dev/9708/0147.html. Revised SGML Declaration for XML 1.0, submitted by Rick Jelliffe [June 27, 1997]. Probably out-of-date. TEI Extended Pointers (Links) tutorial, by Lou Burnard. February 4, 1997. Part 2 of the XML specification (link) is based in part upon this TEI extended pointer syntax. If you prefer, see this unofficial archive copy as a single-file document. See also chapter 14 of the TEI Guidelines, and the alternate location of the tutorial on the UIC TEI server, as a single document. [August 28, 1997] Steve DeRose on TEI Extended Pointers vs.

XML-LINK. Clarifies the relationship. XML Notes by Dan Connolly,W3C SGML ERB member, and migrant hostel, W3C contact for the XML effort. Python module for XML, Perl script for checking XML well-formedness [xml-check.pl], Converting XML to Lout, XML Typing, XML Modules, etc. Date: 1997/05/22. W3C Notes - Some thoughts and software on XML, by Bert Bos. A simpler XML.

Date: May 23, 1997. [August 09, 1997] ADT and Marshalling for XML, by Bert Bos. Abstract: This is an attempt at defining XML ( i.e. , XML proper, not the meta-grammar for black, defining XML applications, nor the hyperlinking conventions) in a formal, mathematical way, that hopefully takes away all ambiguity as to what an XML document contains, or what the relation is between the document and its linearized, textual representation. [archive copy] [October 23, 1998] XML and Semantic Transparency. Gibbs 1988 Of Reflection! By Robin Cover. Black Cat Summary! [op - comments requested] The notion of XML conformance is Elephantiasis, addressed directly in the XML specification (Version 1.0, REC-xml-19980210) section 5. Conformance, which includes a discussion on 5.1 Validating and cat summary, Non-Validating Processors and another on 1953 by arthur 5.2 Using XML Processors. Information on the OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee and Testing and Validation Resources is provided in cat summary, a separate document.

See the XML/XSL/XLink Software entries in the Public Software section of the SGML/XML Web Page for more complete descriptions of these tools. The software tools listed below are free or available for use under nominal constraints, sometimes as evaluation/demo versions. Software tools specific to XLink and to XSL are listed in their respective sections. Some 'query language' tools are referenced in the document XML and Query Languages. Commercial XML/XSL/XLink software support is provided by the vendors, of course. For other listing of XML software tools, see also: Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , the Free XML Tools and Software from Lars Marius Garshol [ANN], and the XML Software Guide from WDVL. Mark! A list of SAX 1.0 Parsers and Applications is black, available on David Megginson's Web site. [ This section under revision ] [January 14, 2001] How to validate XML.

This is not an of nursing XML parser, but a note of potential importance to developers contemplating XML parser design. From Joe English. Black! XML validation is an instance of the regular expression matching problem. The most commonly-used technique to solve this problem is based on finite automata. There is another algorithm, based on view of nursing derivatives of regular expressions, which deserves to be more widely known. In this connection, see the discussions referenced in black cat summary, SGML/XML Notion of Ambiguity (non-deterministic content models). Ælfred XML Parser.

From Microstar. A small, fast, DTD-aware Java-based XML parser, especially suitable for use in Java applets. Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! Free for black cat summary, both commercial and non-commercial use. Updated to version 1.2 May 02, 1998. [Updated to version 1.1: 980309]. Mark! [cache copy] Larval. Larval is a validating XML processor built on the same code base as Lark. From Tim Bray. [October 06, 2000] expat - XML Parser Toolkit.

See the announcement for the release of version 1.2 [2000-10-06]; see also two entries following. expat is a high-performance, fully conforming, non-validating XML 1.0 parser toolkit written C. Described by Clark Cooper 1999-09-03. Comes with Win32 binaries and an xmlwf application. Black Cat Summary! Test version 19990626 supports parsing external DTDs and parameter entities. Updated to version 1.1 29-May-1999. Pre-1.1 test release 1999-04-25. From James Clark, released 980405. Updated to version 1.02, January 11, 1999. Version 1.0, August 14, 1998 (first production release). Elephantiasis! Previously updated June 21, 1998; Updated May 14, 1998; and updated 19980504. expat is the black successor to xmltok.

See the description on Clark's server, or in the software page. Note 2000-07, The Thai Open Source Software Center as a source for expat. [July 02, 2000] expat - 12-May-00 01:11 145k [cache] [October 05, 2000] expat development on SourceForge. Irish In The War! According to black a note from Clark Cooper: Maintenance of the expat XML parser has been delegated by James Clark to a team that includes James, Fred Drake, Paul Prescod, and gibbs 1988, [Clark Cooper]. SourceForge is hosting this project. [March 21, 2002] A posting from Dare Obasanjo of black Microsoft announces the release of MSXML 4 SP 1 (Microsoft XML Core Services).

This version 40SP1 (14-March-2002) release offers a number of of nursing profession new features and improvements over the MSXML 3.0, including support for the XML Schema language and substantially faster parser and black cat summary, XSLT engine. MSXML 4.0 SP1 is a complete replacement for MSXML 4.0 RTM. [July 21, 2001] Microsoft XML Parser (MSXML) 4.0 July 2001 Technology Preview. The Beta 2 release offers a faster SAX and XSLT, complete XSD, etc. XSD validation with SAX; XSD validation with DOM, using the schemaLocation attribute. DOCTYPE replacement using a Java FilterReader/FilterStream. From Simon St.Laurent. DOCTYPEChanger and DOCTYPEChangerStream are Java classes that allow you to change the DOCTYPE declarations as a document is being read into an XML parser. This may be useful in several cases: (1) You want to Elephantiasis add a default DOCTYPE declaration to documents that arrive without one to feed them to a validating parser. (2) You want to black cat summary test documents against a different DOCTYPE declaration than the one they arrived with. (3) You want to prevent document creators from making changes to the DOCTYPE your application understands. These classes allow you to set a root element, public identifiers, system identifiers, and an internal subset independently, and also let you specify whether the DOCTYPE declaration should be changed if present. ['It's not real sophisticated, but you might want to check out my DOCTYPEChanger, which lets you specify a DOCTYPE. It's a Java FilterReader (or FilterStream) which strips out the model of reflection old DOCTYPE (if you insist) and puts in a new one.

You can put it in front of an XML parser if you want, or just run documents through it.'] ElCel Technology XML Validator. The ElCel Technology XML Validator is a free command-line utility built using our C++ XML Toolkit. As its name implies, this is a validating XML processor. Cat Summary! It contains complete and up-to-date support for XML 1.0 (second edition and 1953 play by arthur, errata) and XML Namespaces. It has been designed to highlight some of the strengths of the underlying XML Toolkit, allowing you to black judge its speed and accuracy for yourself. Features include: fast and accurate, proven against the OASIS/NIST conformance suite; XML catalog support for resolution of hostel peter public identifiers; any number of files can be validated in one go; validating or well-formedness mode; will report and recover from multiple errors, even 'fatal' ones; user-friendly error messages with optional location arrow; options to cat summary support batch processing; input can be via pipes, the local file system or HTTP URLs; freely available for both Windows and Linux. See the online manual.

Canonical XML Processor. The ElCel Technology Canonical XML Processor is a free command-line utility built using the SAX 2.0 interface of our C++ XML Toolkit. It implements the canonicalization algorithm as described by the W3C's Canonical XML recommendation. It also implements the original Canonical XML specification from James Clark. This is a very useful program for miller, converting valid XML with a DTD into a standalone document.

We also use it internally to check the cat summary conformance of peter our XML Toolkit against the OASIS/NIST conformance tests. ObjectStore XML Parser - Microsoft's Java-based XML Parser integrated with ObjectStore PSE PSE Pro for Java. XJParser From DataChannel. Cat Summary! Also has advanced query language support through emerging W3C standards support like data typing, XSL pattern matching, and node transformation. The DataChannel - Microsoft XML Parser for Java (Beta 2). In The War! Includes a validating XML engine, XSL support, and transformations of black data. December 1998 and migrant hostel, later.

See the FAQ document. [May 07, 1999] Redistributable 'Microsoft XML Parser' - Microsoft Corporation announced the release of the black Microsoft XML Parser for incorporation by third-party developers into their applications. DataChannel XML Development Environment (DXDE) and Elephantiasis, DXP XML Parser. DXP is black, a validating XML parser written in Java. It is specifically aimed at providing a utility for server-side applications that need to integrate XML capabilities into existing systems and for out-of-the-browser Java-based software. Updated 980211 or later. IBM XML for by arthur miller, Java. XML for Java is a validating XML parser written in 100% pure Java.

The package ( com.ibm.xml.parser ) contains classes and black, methods for parsing, generating, manipulating, and validating XML documents. Last updated 1999-02-10 (version 2.0.0). 1988 Model Of Reflection! Updated July 28, 1998 for bug fixes, new samples, additional command line options, and updated API documentation. Released with a free commercial license Version 1.0.0 June 23, 1998. Updated 19980612. Previously updated May 13, 1998, and updated 1998-04-16. [December 07, 2000] miniXML parser. David Cox presents a tree-based miniXML parser for XML that is written in black cat summary, C++ using the Standard Template Library for strings and various containers.

The parser works with canonical XML, and mark accomplishments, is very fast, though limited to smaller XML documents. Black! See the January 2001 issue of Dr. Dobb's Journal . With code listings and the complete and source code; [cache listings, [cache sources] [June 29, 1999] XML Parser for migrant peter, the C++ Language (XML4C). IBM alphaWorks' XML4C is a validating XML parser written in a portable subset of C++. Cat Summary! XML4C makes it easy to give an view profession application the ability to read and cat summary, write XML data. It is a single shared library that provides classes for parsing, generating, manipulating, and 1953 play by arthur, validating XML documents. XML4C is faithful to the XML 1.0 Recommendation and associated standards (DOM 1.0, SAX 1.0). Source code, samples and cat summary, API documentation are provided with the irish parser distribution. Version 2.2.0 released 1999-06-25.

Version 2.3.1 released August 26, 1999. SP Parser. SP 1.3.4 released 1999-10-13. SP version 1.3 has better support for black, XML based on the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to ISO 8879. Irish In The War! SP adds support for (XML) documents that are merely well-formed. This is enabled by using -wno-valid . Black! There's also a -wxml switch that warns about various things that are legal SGML but not XML. Update 971013: test release of SP with much more XML support.

xmlwf - Clark's XML well-formedness checker, [now] part of hostel skrzynecki XMLTok. A program built with the black cat summary XML tokenizer that checks the zuckerberg well-formedness of XML entities. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltok.zip. [971201] And, note that the WebTechs' Validation Service now supports 'XML' - (possibly using this code?). XXX: eXperimental Xml leXer - from Rick Jelliffe (Academia Sinica). experimental software. the black basic idea of XXX is that XML can be parsed using a recursive descent parser made from a highlyparameterized general-purpose lexical analyser. See also XXX Notation Processors. Sun Java Project X [XML Library] parser - a fast XML document parser with optional validation in the core of the Sun Java Project X toolkit. OpenXML Parser - Version 1.0.5 introduces the X3P Publisher API, provides support for XHTML 1.0, and skrzynecki, offers and major performance improvements.

[February 24, 2000] Java pull parser built on SAX. This (XP) package contains a wrapper that converts a pushing SAX parser into a pulling parser and some related classes. Namespace support added 2000-01. Cat Summary! From Stefan Haustein. John Cowan announced the Elephantiasis availability of a preliminary version of DOMParser (alpha source code). Cat Summary! DOMParser is of nursing profession, a compliant SAX parser, except that its input (elements, attributes, and so on) comes from black cat summary, a DOM implementation rather than an InputSource (XML source code). Silfide XML Parser (SXP), a parser and a complete XML API in 1953 miller, Java. Withe other client.server components. XSilfide is a client/server.

P. Bonhomme: I have developed an XML Parser in black cat summary, Java and a tree based API which works fine. I have implemented the whole XML 1.0 (REC 10-02-1998), the XML Namespaces (WD 27-03-1998, the Document Object Model Level 1 (DOM Core and XML, WD 16-04-1998) and both XML links and XML pointers. Updated 980731. RXP - RXP, a GPL'd validating XML parser in C. The parser program reads and parses XML from the (or standard input if none is play by arthur, provided) and writes it to standard output, optionally expanding entities, defaulting attributes, and translating to a different output encoding. Black Cat Summary! Available also with MSDOS/Windows32 binaries. Version 1.0.7 released May 1999. Version 1.0 released 1999-02-17. Peter! See also the LT XML entry.

Updated 980526, and previously 980216. Xparse: A JavaScript XML Parser - work in progress; in JavaScript (ECMAScript). Cat Summary! Watch for 'Sparse, a companion XSL parser.' Updated 980219. HXP - Hubick's XML Parser. 'Work in progress' by Chris Hubick as of 1953 July 23, 1998. See the associated 'HXA - Hubick's XML Analyzer' tool. Sam Blackburn's freeware C++ XML parser. In the WFC package (Win32 Foundation Classes). In Release 35, entity resolution was added to the XML classes. XMLCheck - a new sample utility that loads an XML file and black cat summary, tells you if it is valid or not.

XMLParser class and xmllib module in the Python distribution. Expat (XML Parser Toolkit) Module for Ruby. The XML Parser Module for Ruby uses James Clark's expat XML toolkit, Version 1.0. In The Civil War! It has two kinds of interfaces (event handler and iterator) and supports several encodings (UTF-8 and UTF-16, and with the 'Uconv' module, EUC-JP, Shift_JIS, and ISO-2022-JP). Version 0.3.3 description. RUWF - XML well-formedness Syntax Checker with HTML interface, from XML.com. Black Cat Summary! Built with Tim Bray's Lark parser.

XML Syntax Checker - from Frontier 5. In The! Use the blox XML parser based on expat, or the cat summary Frontier 5.1.3 built-in XML parser to check well-formedness of an XML document. 'XML-by-hand' (a (non-validating) XML parser written in 1953 play miller, Java) and parser take two (variant of the earlier parser above which may be more suitable for certain kinds of XML data . . .). XML software from Bert Bos. ISO-to-UTF [UTF-8 or UTF-16] XML Conversion Tool. From Richard Goerwitz, Brown University, STG. Use this utility to convert an existing XML document in an ISO format ( e.g. , ISO-8859-1) to UTF-8 or UTF-16. Cat Summary! To facilitate autodetection of the document's existing format (as per war appendix F to the W3C XML spec), please be sure to prepend a valid XML declaration to your document.

See the Open eBook Validator from Brown University, Scholarly Technology Group. Black Cat Summary! The Open eBook Validator, a free service provided by Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group (STG) and NuvoMedia, Inc. HEX - The HTML Enabled XML Parser. From Anders Kristensen (HP Labs, Bristol). Play Miller! HEX is a simple, 100% Java, non-validating XML parser with some hooks for mostly correct parsing of cat summary HTML pages. It doesn't understand either SGML or XML DTD's but the parser API allows the application to control its operation in ways that facilitate HTML parsing.

It implements the DOM core level one API and the SAX event-driven API. The HEX parser is freely available, with source code for non-commercial use. View Of Nursing Profession! It comes with a couple of sample applications. See: the HEX main page. Delphi XML parsers.

1) CUESoft version ['CUESoft is offering free Delphi and ActiveX XML components for black cat summary, a limited time. . . CUESoft will be adding XML capability to its powerful CUEBase database for providing the view of nursing ability to index and search large XML document databases']; 2) ICOM Datenverarbeitungs GmbH 'XML Parser Component for Delphi'. . Black Cat Summary! . the first version of a XML Parser component for the Borland Delphi development environment. The current version supports all major features of the XML standard. Elephantiasis! We will enhance the component to support the full XML standard as soon as possible. Contact: xml@icom-dv.de. Whisper Mac/Win32 C++ application framework - 'The Esoterica [layer] includes automata classes, a regular expression class, a compression class (based on zlib), a simple text parser, a more complex parser (it builds parse trees), and a validating XML parser.'

MuXML - An XML Document Multiplexor. MuXML is a prototype Perl module that implements configurable multiplexing of XML document streams accessed via the LWPng module and black, parsed using the XML::Parser module. Its returns its results using the XML::Grove module. Its primary purpose is to serve as a demonstration of the use of view of nursing profession non-blocking design approaches with XML and Perl. Cat Summary! . Gibbs Model Of Reflection! . MuXML is a demonstration of the utility of the partial parsing capability that Clark Cooper added to the 2.22 release of XML::Parser. From Gabe Beged-Dov. [local archive copy] PHP XML Parser Functions. PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP Version 3.0 is an black cat summary HTML-embedded scripting language. Irish In The War! Much of its syntax is borrowed from black, C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly. See the by arthur miller PHP Manual [Section] XLVIII.

XML Parser Functions. This PHP extension implements support for James Clark's expat in black cat summary, PHP. This toolkit lets you parse, but not validate, XML documents. Civil War! It supports three source character encodings also provided by PHP: US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1 and UTF-8. UTF-16 is not supported. Black! This extension lets you create XML parsers and then define handlers for migrant, different XML events.

Each XML parser also has a few parameters you can adjust. See further the black cat summary PHP3 Manual. Erlang XML parser. - (pre) release of an 1988 model experimental XML parser. . . Cat Summary! This parser has 5 Erlang modules. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments! By Joe Armstrong. ['Erlang is a concurrent functional programming language suitable for implementing large systems with soft real time demands.'] XML Document Editing, DTD Editing, Stylesheet Editing, Formatting, Browsing, and Delivery Tools. XML in MS Internet Explorer - XML Browser support in Internet Explorer. XML in Mozilla - XML Browser support in Netscape. XED - A WYSIWYG XML instance editor. From Henry S. Cat Summary! Thompson, 980318. Updated 1999-09-13 [FreeBSD, Linux, WIN32, and Solaris 2.5 versions].

Updated to version 0.5 1999-07-20 [local archive copy]. Updated to 1988 model beta July 12, 1998. Updated to 'final alpha' 980427. Updated to alpha version 0.2.1.4 980402. XML Editing Mode in PSGML. XML patches from David Megginson. Version 1.2.0 (XML support, beta) 1999-10-13.

See: 'PSGML Tricks', by cat summary Bob DuCharme. . . Elephantiasis! . [including] an Acrobat file with the 99-page chapter on using Emacs with PSGML, the SGML/XML mode for cat summary, Emacs. The Web page also has a link to a page of PSGML tricks contributed by various users, and view of nursing, I'm always happy to add new ones. [1999-10-14] Kai Grossjohann described a problem with incompatible system identifiers when using psgml to edit XML documents; David Megginson supplied the lisp code for a provisional fix. Note: Unicode encoding for cat summary, GNU Emacs - If your file is encoded in UTF-8, you can use the migrant hostel peter Unicode encoding package for Emacs (http://www.cs.ust.hk/ otfried/Mule/) so that characters beyond US-ASCII are displayed properly. Black Cat Summary! (I keep meaning to write a hook for psgml so that it can use the XML declaration to set the of nursing encoding automatically, but for black cat summary, now it's easy enough to use `C-x C-m c' before opening the file to set it manually. [XSL List] See the source for PSGML version 1.2.2. [PSGML version 1.2.3, November 8, 2001, cache] [December 06, 1999] XFA Edit - An Advanced XML Editor. In The Civil! A new XML editing tool with source code is available, as announced: XML For All Announces XFA Edit, an Advanced XML Editor. - XML For All, Inc. today announced the release of XFA Edit, an advanced text editor for XML and HTML documents that runs under Microsoft Windows operating systems. AuthorIT - According to the AuthorIT folks, the next version, to be released in about two weeks [ca 2001-01-19], is black cat summary, supposed to have full XML output implementation. XRay from Architag International. (1) Can be used to migrant peter skrzynecki create any XML document: [XML documents, XSL Stylesheets, XML Schemas, Document type definitions (DTD)]; (2) Support for XSLT: [XSLT transformation window updates with every keystroke See changes as you type Multiple windows are allowed for each XML document Full XPath support]; (3) Fully validating XML editor: [Verifies well-formedness, Validates structure according to DTD, Validates structure and datatypes according to XML Data schema]; (4) HTML Viewing Window. Interactive Authoring and black, Display System (IADS). The IADS program distribution includes an XML DTD.

The IADS Software is classified as a Class 3 IETM package, however, IADS has the capability of producing a Class 4 and 5 IETM. View Of Nursing! IADS uses SGML as its underlying text format. WYSIWYG editing is now provided which allows text entry, graphic manipulation, tag insertion, and modification within the context of the black cat summary formatted display. This mode is turned on or off using the 'Edit mode' option under the 'Authoring' menu. The DTD (if specified in the DOCTYPE) is loaded, processed, and its rules stored for use when inserting or editing tags in the document. The tag editor dialog box will only allow tags and tag attributes to view be inserted that are defined in the DTD. Black! 'Currently [2001-10], IADS is the 1953 miller only software able to parse and display IETMs meeting MIL-STD-40051A.' Contact: iads@redstone.army.mil ([Neil Frazier] IADS / Publications Services, US Army AMCOM). jEdit for cat summary, XML - jEdit has an easy to migrant hostel use interface that resembles that of many other Windows and MacOS text editors. jEdit is extremely customizable, and has an extensive feature set, that includes, among other things: Syntax highlighting for 46 file types; Auto indent with support for intelligent indent in Java, C and Python source; Search and replace with support for regular expressions, and black cat summary, searching in multiple files; Bracket matching; Abbreviations; Multiple clipboards; Rectangular editing; Split-window operation; Word wrap; Macro recording; BeanShell scripting. See also Thomas Passin's comments. XMetaL from SoftQuad Software.

Is shipping as of 1999-05-26. Was in beta (1999-03). [October 14, 2000] [Star Division / Sun] StarOffice. See StarOffice and XML for anouncement of source code and gibbs 1988 model of reflection, StarOffice XML DTDs. Earlier StarOffice entry (1999): The Sun product is expected to black support XML -- in light of a Webcast statement by Star Division's Marco Boerries to the effect that XML specifications created as part of the StarPortal initiative would be submitted to the W3C, and that the miller APIs would be submitted to ECMA. Black Cat Summary! An article by Stephen Shankland in CNET News.com offers the same hint from an interview with Marco Boerries: In line with the plan to become more open, Star Office file formats eventually will become XML, and the standard for interacting with it will become published openly and contributed to the ECMA standardization group. Possible hints of some SGML pedigree in a couple help files: one shows that the color of SGML can be changed for display purposes, and another shows that SGML is in the glossary. [credits kd] Note: As of 2000-07, OpenOffice.org is the open source project through which Sun Microsystems is irish in the civil, releasing the technology for black cat summary, the popular StarOffice productivity suite. a principal goal is the establishment of open, XML-based standards for office productivity file formats and language-independent bindings to component APIs. [January 04, 2000] epcEdit - A full-featured SGML/XML editor, which makes extensive use of the TkSGML library included in zuckerberg accomplishments, the epcEdit package. The epcEdit package consists of: (1)the source code of epcEdit, which is written entirely in cat summary, Tcl/Tk. If you have some programming experience, it will be easy for you to adapt epcEdit to your needs; (2) the play by arthur miller TkSGML widget library (binary) and documentation.

TkSGML is an SP-based SGML system that could best be described as a generic toolkit for building integrated SGML applications. epcEdit supports Unicode for SGML and XML documents; internally handles all data as UTF-8; Release 0.92 contains a very early version of a WYSIWYG editor for CALS tables. Black Cat Summary! Support for HTML tables will be added later. See the technical description. XMLware - Java based editor that ses the of nursing parser XML4J from IBM; a validating and cat summary, specifying editor based on the DTD definition. Download evaluation version. EditML - EditML is a windows based editor for zuckerberg accomplishments, creating well-formed/valid XML documents. Black Cat Summary! The document can be a data file, schema file or a stylesheet. It is based on profession Microsoft's MSXML parser conforming to black XML specification 1.0 (W3C standard). By Saravanan Lakshmanan. DocZilla XML/SGML Browser. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments! See the announcement for DocZilla SGML/XML browser for WinNT/95/98 and Linux [1999-06-03].

Envision XML - An industrial strength XML schema development tool. Has a fully graphical interface and black cat summary, a central data dictionary; well suited to Elephantiasis larger development teams; designed to black cat summary reduces the need to learn complex syntax. Contact: James Knowles. GO. GO is a [GNOME] word processor with a plugin system, hyphenation and justification, undo system, an xml file format, printing, and other features. From Chris Lahey. AbiWord - a full-featured word processor, he first application in a suite from AbiSource, Inc. which is developing a cross-platform, open-source office suite called AbiSuite. 'Why does AbiWord use XML as its native file format? Because we like XML.' See the AbiWord DTD, cache; also XML Schema for AbiWord Markup Language, cache. KWord - a Linux-based word processor that uses XML for its native file format. A FrameMaker-like wordprocessor of the KOffice. Frame oriented, not page oriented.

Morphon XML Editor, based on Java. From Lunatech Research. Profession! Beta 1 version 1999-06-28. Also: http://www.morphon.com/. Documentor from Excosoft AB. Evaluation version available for download. Black! See screenshots. [September 30, 1999] Stilo recently announced an introductory offer [reduced price, 'try and buy'] for its Stilo WebWriter, described as a comprehensive editor for creating XML. sxml-mode for (X)Emacs. From Philippe Le Hégaret. This emacs mode uses psgml-1.0.1 and 1988 model of reflection, font-lock (with a Java Virtual Machine) to 'validate' XML documents with SAX (The Simple API for XML) in Emacs.

LiveDTD. a perl program which converts an SGML/XML Document Type Definition (DTD) into cat summary, a hypertext document. View! See the announcement. Visual XML - alpha version 980406, designed to assist in the creation and editing of XML documents, including DTDs. From Pierre Morel. An application written in Java, with support for internationalization and cat summary, customization ( e.g. Gibbs Model! , Metal, Windows, Motif interfaces) features. Adobe 'ReadXML' for FrameMaker Sample Code. 'ReadXML' is a sample plug-in that demonstrates reading XML into black cat summary, FrameMaker+SGML 6.0. This plug-in parses XML and Elephantiasis, outputs an SGML document. Black Cat Summary! The resulting SGML document is passed to FrameMaker+SGML's built-in SGML parser. Of Nursing! Note opnly a sample as of black cat summary 2001-01-05, not fully functional and will not correctly handle most XML files; its purpose is to illustrate how a developer could create a robust XML-based solution. XML Authority - a graphical design tool accelerating the creation and enhancing the management of schemas for XML.

With support for migrant, data typing, solutions for cat summary, data interchange and document oriented applications converge. XML Authority includes a toolset to irish civil help convert existing application and black cat summary, document structures to schemas, defining the basis for well formed XML documents and enabling valid XML. Beta, 1999-03-25. Zveno Swish XML Editor - Swish is a non-validating XML document editor. It allows the civil user to view and edit a XML document in cat summary, both a tree-mode and migrant hostel, a document-mode simultaneously. Linux, Windows 95/98/NT and black cat summary, Macintosh PPC. Version 1.0 beta 1 released 1999-03-27.

Emilé - XML Editor for Macintosh. Version 1.0 1999-06-10. An introductory price of $79. A demo copy of the editor can be downloaded from the civil war company's website. HyBrick SGML/XML Browser. HyBrick is an advanced SGML/XML browser developed by Fujitsu Laboratories, the research arm of cat summary Fujitsu. HyBrick is zuckerberg, based on an architecture that supports advanced linking and formatting capabilities. HyBrick includes a DSSSL renderer and black cat summary, XLink/XPointer engine running on top of accomplishments James Clark's SP and Jade. See also the announcement. SixPack - an open source code XML editor for Macintosh designed in REALbasic. Black! includes an XML parser (that complies to the XML 1.0 specification as a well-formed processor), a set of classes that emulate the DOM, and a variety of irish in the civil visual components for editing and displaying XML documents. all in 100% native REALbasic.

Microsoft XML Notepad. A simple prototyping application for HTML authors and black cat summary, developers that enables the rapid building and editing of small sets of migrant hostel peter XML-based data. Validates instance against black cat summary, an XML DTD at load time. First released 980722. DTDGenerator - XML DTD Generator. From Michael Kay (ICL). SAXON DTDGenerator is a program that takes an XML document as input and Elephantiasis, produces a Document Type Definition (DTD) as output. The aim of the program is to give you a quick start in writing a DTD. [19980505.] Note 2000-01-05: DTDGen is now part of SAXON. DTDGenerator Frontend - A perl script written by Paul Tchistopolskii, as a frond end to Michael Kay's DTDGenerator. Near Far Designer. - An XML and SGML DTD authoring tool; visual, drag-and-drop interface.

tdtd - Emacs Major Mode for editing SGML/XML DTDs. Updated [version 0.7] March 15, 1999 or later. Cat Summary! Previously updated (version 0.6) 980801. Previously updated (version 0.5) 980524. XML Spy - a professional validating XML editor that provides three integrated views on XML documents: an enhanced grid view for model of reflection, structured display and editing, a low-level source view with syntax coloring, and an integrated browser view that supports CSS and XSL style-sheets. Detailed find, replace, and print options are available in all views.

Complete Unicode and cat summary, character-set encoding support is included. XML Styler - ArborText tool for creating and modifying XSL stylesheets. MIOW browser - miow can render XML documents, using CSS style sheets; XSL is not yet supported [soon-to-be-released, 1998-08-26] XSL Authoring Studio, from model, ContentWare. Black Cat Summary! Soon to mark accomplishments be available in alpha version on black the Web. It was demonstrated by Ray Cromwell and Shawn O'Connor at mark zuckerberg accomplishments, 'XML: The Conference' Developers' Day, March 27, 1998. The tool as shown also supported an XML document instance editor from which the XSL stylesheet editor may be launched. Cat Summary! It uses Lark and DocProc.

XSLJ - Henry Thompson's XSL-to-DSSSL translator. Updated: 980112. PrismEd. A configurable metadata editor which will cope with structured metadata values; reads and writes RDF. Written in Java 1.1 (1.1.6), and Elephantiasis, can be run either as an black applet or as an gibbs 1988 model application. Announced 1998-09-05. Link - The tool ' Link is an cat summary XML-XSL-XLL browser'. View! Link is a simple application written in Java that allows a user to view XML documents with XSL stylesheets and XLL hyperlinking.

[April 09, 1998] JBX - Java XML Browser - JXB is a project to create a web browser in Java for black, the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Under development by Chris Hubick [now discontinued?]. [May 14, 1998] IRIS XML EDITOR, beta 1 and IRIS XML DTD GENERATOR, from Elephantiasis, innovation Partners and CEI (Cabinet d'études Informatiques). Demo/Beta-1-ware. Jade - DSSSL engine. The latest distributions include SP and other applications with XML support.

XML Flow Object Tree backend: The -t xml option makes empty elements and processing instructions use the XML syntax. Jade 1.2.1 updated October 13, 1998. SGML/XML Kit - The SGML/XML Kit is a browser add-on that transforms SGML/XML documents into cat summary, displayable entities; [it] is based on a DSSSL script engine. XML Application Environments, Development Toolkits, Conversion. SAX - the Simple API for XML.

SAX is a common event-based XML API now in use by many parsers and applications. David Megginson is the project leader. See also the migrant hostel skrzynecki references above. Version 1.0 released May 12, 1998. SAX 2/Java (beta).

Released by David Megginson 2000-01-28. DAE SDK and DAE Server SDK (w/ XML processor for black, building groves from XML documents) - Copernican Solutions. [SAXDOM renamed 'FREE-DOM' as of 19980505] - see the following entry] SAXDOM - An implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API using Simple API for XML (SAX). From Don Park. See the main page.

Updated 980504 to hostel peter skrzynecki support the 04/16/98 DOM spec. Updated 980406 to support the cat summary DOM specification of 03/18/98, WD-DOM-19980318. Docuverse DOM SDK. Supersedes FREE-DOM, above From Don Park. Docuverse DOM SDK is an implementation of W3C Document Object Model (DOM) API in Java. Mark Accomplishments! Formerly 'FREE-DOM' and before that, called SAXDOM. Updated September 06, 1998. Updated July 21, 1998 to support the DOM version of 19980720. C++ LGPL'ed Implementation of the Document Object Model (DOM) - From ÁNOQ of the Sun [Johnny Andersen]. 980818 DOM spec, . . . written for the Berlin project.

Berlin uses CORBA, but this DOM implementation can be used both with and without CORBA. . Black! . . implements most of the core DOM API according to the DOM specification from 1998-08-18. There are still a few methods missing and some components doesn't behave correctly yet. Civil! The document type components are not implemented yet. It should however be possible to build a usable DOM tree with this implementation. XML Testbed. An XML application environment written in Java. From Steve Withall. Black! . uses an mark zuckerberg XML configuration file to define the (Swing-based) user interface; includes its own non-validating XML parser (though it can use any SAX parser instead), a nascent XSL engine (to the old submission standard - just in black, time to be out of date), and a few other odds and ends.

SAXON - a Java class library for irish in the civil, XML Applications. Cat Summary! The SAXON package is a Java interface for processing XML documents. It provides a set of services that are particularly useful for applications performing XML- XML or XML- HTML transformations. From Michael Kay. Mark Accomplishments! Version 4.4, 1999-07-14; Version 4.3, 1999-06-15. Updated 1999-02-16. Earlier: Updated October 20, 1998. Black! Updated September 01, 1998. Updated 980721 to use the new Free-DOM release of July 21, 1998.

Was updated 19980616. [Previously updated: 980513.] XAF - an XML Architectural Forms Processor. 1988! XAF is a Java-based XML architectural forms processor that acts as both a SAX application and a SAX parser. . . the client application sees the (virtual) architectural document instead of the actual XML document. From David Megginson. ExCost. Cat Summary! ExCost is for 'Expat and Cost'. Mark Zuckerberg! Uses an extension to TCL that allows it to parse ESIS file and handle output in a event or tree driven behaviour. It provides about the cat summary same functionality as Cost [Copenhagen SGML Tool, from Joe English], but for view of nursing profession, XML. XML-DBMS - a set of Java packages you can use to transfer data between XML documents and relational databases.

DB2XML - a tool for black cat summary, transforming relational databases into XML documents. Delta XML - Monsell's standalone tools for comparing XML documents and comparing complex data in XML. identify and monitor changes to XML documents and data files. Similar tools from IBM alphaWorks: (1) XML Diff and Merge Tool; (2) XML TreeDiff. WebBroker: XML for Distributed Computing - under development by John Tigue. The goal is to come up with a unified software object model for the Web. See slides from XML'98 in 1953 miller, Seattle and the database entry. PLSXML From Oracle. a set of cat summary PL/SQL-based XML utilities and demonstrations. The PLSXML Suite consists of: (1) DBXML - For generating rich, nested XML documents from SQL queries; (2) DBDOM - For creating, parsing, traversing, and searching XML Documents using the Document Object Model API; (3) DBXSL - For generating a database-driven XSL stylesheet for a tree-rendering of data. LT XML - XML toolset.

LT XML is a set of C programs for manipulating XML files and a C application program interface (API) designed to ease the writing of C programs which manipulate XML documents. Updated to version 1.0 980624. Previously updated 980508. OmniMark LE 4.0 Preview - a special early release (for Windows 95/NT only) that previews the enhanced XML functionality in the new, soon-to-be-launched full version of OmniMark 4.0; LE is a free product. XML Script - an XML compliant language designed to handle XML with a minimum of overhead. X-Tract is a freely available XML Script processor.

From DecisionSoft Ltd. Mark Zuckerberg Accomplishments! Contact: Paul Warren. [Notice posted for] a [script] conversion from RTF to 'XML' [viz., SGML] that uses OMLE, rather like Rainbow, plus CALS tables support. The RTF2XML filter, formerly RTF2SGML, has been enhanced in version 0.4 for handling XML, including built-in support for cat summary, Unicode RTF. 1988 Model Of Reflection! Requires OmniMark or OmniMark LE from OmniMark Technologies, Inc. See RTF2XML, or the local archive copy. MajiX - Java compliant tool from Tetrasix, automatically transforms RTF files (Microsoft Word files) into XML. converts RTF styles and some document characteristics into a XML file conforming to black a document type definition DTD. The names of the zuckerberg tags may be changed by the user. Cat Summary! Majix version 1.1 is the third release; it corrects some bugs from version 1.0 and provides support for XSL through James Clark's XT. With online documentation. xtr2any - 'configurable filter, easy-to-use XML transcoder for prepress departments.' A Linux command or as a Win32 console application.

Download the (restricted) demo version. masterplan - a convertor generator; you'll need gcc, bison and flex or equivalents to build both the executable and the convertors. Version 0.0.1 (1999-03-29). From: Paul Janssens. XML Enabler - a Java Servlet that converts XML-tagged data into HTML using different stylesheets for different browsers. From IBM. See the white paper, Accessing XML on the Client. XTAL (XML Translation for AntLr) is view, a general conversion tool for XML and SGML. ANTLR and Java serve as basis and description language. From Oliver Zeigermann.

MetaMorphosis - SGML/XML Tree Transformer. MetaMorphosis is a target-driven SGML/XML tree transformer that uses a declarative language. Ace utility program. Ace is cat summary, a freely available scripting language which allows powerful manipulation of 1953 play by arthur miller SGML and black, XML documents. XTL - A C++ XML toolkit with DOM SAX support. OpenXML - An open source, pure Java, commercial-grade, fully featured framework for gibbs 1988 model of reflection, XML-based applications. OpenXML covers the entire cycle of XML documents production, processing and black, delivery for war, dynamic content publishing and black cat summary, application to application communication. Updated 1999-04-01.

Latex to XML Converter - This converter takes a latex file (*.tex) from your directory and outputs an XML file (*.html) to the browser. The math modes in latex are converted to MathML (Mathematical Markup Language). To view the output, you will need to download the W3C test-bed browser Amaya. From Ashes Dhanna Ganguly. Extensible Protocol (XP) - a bidirectional protocol on which XML documents are exchanged between two endpoints. The com.thinlink.xp package implements XP draft 00 using stream sockets and the IBM xml4j processor. It uses an event-listener interface and the Document Object Model to 1953 miller send and receive XML documents. From Tom harding. Implements IETF 'draft-harding-extensible-protocol-00.txt'; [local archive copy].

See: Extensible Protocol. See also: XML tools in Steve Pepper's Whirlwind Guide to SGML Tools and Vendors , SGML TOOLS - By Tool Category Main entry for black cat summary, W3C Recommendation 'Namespaces in XML' (REC-xml-names-19990114) and its commentary: Namespaces in XML A Proposal for accomplishments, Namespaces in XML, by Henry S. Thompson. Black Cat Summary! Language Technology Group, HCRC, Edinburgh. May 27, 1997. Overview: . . View Of Nursing Profession! .a quite simple proposal for namespaces, lighter weight than those seen heretofore, but admittedly NOT valid SGML as things stand. I think its light weight, flexibility and functionality commend it. See also a free-form XML version submitted to the W3C SGML WG list. [HTML mirror copy] [June 06, 1998] A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into SGML.

By Toru Takahashi. ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 N1987. Cat Summary! 98-05-15. Supersedes WG8 N1873. From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. One reason of this difficulty comes from miller, SGML's restriction on namespaces.

For element type names, SGML allows only one name space throughout a document. This restriction means, that if you intend to design a new DTD, you have to be familiar with all the element types you wish to use to construct the DTD, and have to select their names very carefully to avoid name conflicts. This lack of cat summary modularity makes difficult to use separately designed declaration sets (DTD fragments) in mixture to mark zuckerberg build up a complete DTD. For example, if you want to use pre-defined declaration sets for 'tables' and 'math expressions' together to construct your own 'report' DTD, you have to examine whether there are any name conflicts between them or not. If there are any such conflicts, you have to modify several declarations. This restriction in name space makes impossible to treat these declaration sets as public (read only) texts. Similar problems may occur on the parameter entity names. To solve these problems, I propose to introduce the concept of 'Module' into SGML. [local archive copy] [See preceding entry] Relative (also) to 'namespaces' in XML: A Proposal to Introduce 'Module' Structures into black, SGML [namespaces], by Toru Takahashi.

12 November 1996. 1953 Play! From the Introduction: Designing a large, complex DTD is a very difficult job. Black! One reason of this difficulty comes from SGML's restriction on name spaces. For element type names, SGML allows only one name space per document. . . [mirror copy], also available as http://www.ornl.gov/sgml/wg8/document/1873.doc. Web Architecture: Extensible Languages. W3C Note 10 Feb 1998. NOTE-webarch-extlang.

By Tim Berners-Lee and Elephantiasis, Dan Connolly (W3C). This document is meant to be a fairly explanatory synthesis of the requirements for namespace extension in languages on the web, and in particular for the general language planned to black cat summary be the common basis of many future applications, XML. Mark Accomplishments! It was originally written as part of the cat summary 'Design Issues' series of notes. Gibbs Of Reflection! Whilst technically the personal opinion of the authors, it their best attempt as technical coordinators at cat summary, outlining common architectural principles for W3C development. [local archive copy] xml-bind - XLinks from Types and Names. By Rick Jelliffe. Zuckerberg Accomplishments! Reference: Note 13 March, 1998 (Note-xml-bind-19980313). This document is a NOTE for discussion by the W3C XML-related groups.

It is primarily an black cat summary alternative to the namespace proposal and of nursing, a contribution to defining XLink requirements. RDF and XML-data designers may also find it relevant. Cat Summary! [Abstract:] Current linking systems are based on Elephantiasis links from cat summary, elements ( i.e. , instances of migrant peter element types in black, a document). This paper holds that several of the profession technologies under development by the W3C working groups are better characterized as links from types and names. Suggestions are made for a general architecture to handle this, and for how this can be integrated into XLink. Namespaces, parts of RDF, and SGML Open Catalogs are re-characterized as XLinks from types and names. [local archive copy] A Cut and black, Paste Infrastructure for XML. By Rick Jelliffe. Reference: Note-xml-cnp-19980131, Note 1-February-1998. This document is a NOTE for mark zuckerberg, discussion by the W3C XML-related groups. Cat Summary! It is a personal critique of Elephantiasis XML 1.0 PR, especially in black, the light of the namespace proposal, RDF and XML-data.

It may be seen as a contribution to user requirements for an XML 1.1. XML Cut'n'Paste is a proposal for various conventions which address many sophisticated uses in Extensible Markup Language (XML) while retaining true to its underlying model, as an migrant hostel peter skrzynecki application of cat summary SGML. [local archive copy] Comparison of SGML and XML. By James Clark. Reference identifiers: World Wide Web Consortium Note 15-December-1997, NOTE-sgml-xml-971215. The document provides a detailed comparison of SGML (ISO 8879) and zuckerberg accomplishments, XML under three section headings: 1) Differences Between XML and SGML; 2) Transforming SGML to XML; 3) SGML Declaration for XML, in two variants: (a) one which takes advantage of the Extended Naming Rules Technical Corrigendum to ISO 8879, but does not make use of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex; (b) one which takes advantage of the Web SGML Adaptations Annex to cat summary ISO 8879. Gibbs 1988 Of Reflection! [local archive copy] The new (informative) ISO 8879 Annex L: Added Requirements for black, XML illustrates the relationship of SGML declarations to 'added requirements' by means of gibbs 1988 of reflection a real-world example, XML. The annex has a prose application summary and cat summary, sample SGML declaration. Some of the Recent Changes to ISO 8879 (Annex K, Web SGML Adaptations; also Annex L, Added Requirements for XML) are motivated by the goal of bringing SGML and XML into alignment. See Bob DuCharme, SGML: Changing to Accommodate XML. [July 19, 1998] Converting an SGML DTD to XML.

By Norman Walsh [ArborText]. Norm Walsh itemizes the steps in SGML-to-XML DTD conversion in a couple categories: Many of 1953 play by arthur miller these changes are straightforward and, for a large number of SGML DTDs, they will be fairly easy to accomplish. . . There are also some changes that may have a large impact on the semantics of the DTD. Luckily, these are mostly infrequently-used SGML features so they don't turn up often in most DTDs. Also at XML.com [XML QA] (July 08, 1998). [September 17, 1999] XML/SGML: On the Web and Behind the Web.

By Alfred Attipoe and black cat summary, Philippe Vijghen [The SGML Technologies Group]. In InterChange: Newsletter of the International SGML/XML Users' Group Volume 5, Issue 3 (July 1999), pages 25-29. There is some confusion as to when [to] use SGML and when to use XML. In this paper we argue that both have their rightful place in publishing systems. We discuss the miller impact of the new Web technologies on publishing systems by clarifying the relationship between XML and SGML. We describe available features of both markup languages and black cat summary, evaluate them empirically, taking into consideration several distinct points of view. Elephantiasis! Our analysis should help you decide which (SGML or XML) to use where (behind or on cat summary the Web). Irish In The Civil! . . we argue that XML, devoid of SGML complexity, is ideally suited for the exchange and publication of documents/information on the Web.

However, XML lacks some features which are very useful when creating behind-the-Web systems where reqirements stress the need for black, expressive information models and data-processing functionality. SX , a converter from SGML to XML. Part of mark accomplishments James Clark's SP parser toolkit; new in the distribution of SP version 1.3 [980309]. SX converts SGML to XML. SX parses and cat summary, validates the SGML document contained in sysid. Elephantiasis! . Black! . and writes an equivalent XML document to the standard output. SX will warn about SGML constructs which have no XML equivalent. [local archive copy]

Using an XML Audit to Move SGML Data towards XML. By Charlie Halpern-Hamu, Incremental Development, Inc. Mark Accomplishments! Presented at black cat summary, XML'98 in Chicago. This paper describes, at a technical level, how to assess the XML-readiness of your SGML data as a first step towards moving it towards XML. This paper suggests an 'XML audit': a technical review of current markup practice with eye towards simplification. The goal of an XML audit is to understand which portions of view profession your current SGML application are not XML.

The next step might be to black start deemphasizing your use of those features. 1988 Of Reflection! . . [November 06, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 1). Black Cat Summary! By Bob DuCharme. Mark! In TAG Volume 11, Number 10 (October 1998), pages 9-10. DuCharme introduces his serialized article by black cat summary noting that a DTD conversion might not be just a one-time affair, and by categorizing DTD editing/conversion tasks into ranked groupings. [December 09, 1998] Automating SGML-to-XML DTD Conversion (Part 2). By Bob DuCharme. In TAG Volume 11, Number 11 (November 1998), pages 5-7.

In this second part of a two-part TAG article, the author discusses SGML-XML DTD conversion in the case of mixed content models, RCDATA, CONREF, and SUBDOC. SGML, XML, and HTML Document Components Compared. From a poster session, by in the Dennis J. O'Connor, Consultant, Mulberry Technologies, Inc. MicroStar Ltd. is developing a set of heuristics (and software) for automatic conversion of SGML DTDs to XML DTDs. Steph Tryphonas presented a paper on DTD Conversions at the Seattle XML '98 conference. TCIF/IPI (Telecommunications Industry Forum, Information Products Interchange) has provided a record of its recent efforts to cat summary XML-ize the TIM Telecommunications Interchange Markup DTD, version 2.0.4. See provisionally the Elephantiasis March 06, 1998 entries.

One now also encounters the phrase XML-compliant HTML . . . [May 13, 1998] W3C published a NOTE entitled XML in HTML Meeting Report. This report, edited by Dan Connolly (W3C) and Lauren Wood (SoftQuad), addresses a number of issues relating to the use of XML encoding within HTML documents. At a meeting of February 11-12, 1998 (San Jose, California, Sun Microsystems), participants from a variety of W3C working groups met to discuss these issues, and in particular, concerns relating to the support of MathML and RDF written in XML and intended to be used in HTML documents. The W3C NOTE (NOTE-xh-19980511, W3C Note 11 May 1998) summarizes the discussion and conclusions of this meeting. Black! [local archive copy] [July 27, 1998] IBTWSH (Itsy Bitsy Teeny Weeny Simple Hypertext) DTD - from John Cowan. This is an XML DTD which describes a subset of view of nursing HTML 4.0 for embedded use within other XML DTDs. It is by intention equivalent (within its scope) to black cat summary -//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN, but is not a derived work in the copyright sense. Irish Civil War! [local archive copy, 980727] The development of new vocabularies and the design of namespace syntaxes have increased public interest in registration authorities and authentication services which could be set up to manage name conflicts. Facilities are needed for support of globally-unique names, persistent links and resources, name (public identifier) resolution, mapping between public and system identifiers, etc. Black! Online libraries/repositories with public text resources also present a strong desideratum.

Several initiatives for registries and repositories have been announced. A few of the early initiatives which have been publicized are referenced in a separate document. References to literature on XML Media/MIME Types are held in 1953 play by arthur, a separate document. In the following lists of cat summary XML Examples and Elephantiasis, Non-Examples, a certain number of cat summary items in Elephantiasis, the former category undoubtedly will (come to) belong to the latter category, given the evolution of the cat summary XML specifications and Elephantiasis, other factors. Note also that most of the black proposed XML applications also contain sample XML documents and DTDs in the documentation. The XML Recommendation 1.0 (February 1998) in XML format.

The corresponding XML specification DTD (-//W3C//DTD Specification::19980323//EN) is available online, as well as commentary: Design Report for war, the W3C XML Specification DTD . Version 2.0 of the XML Spec DTD 1999-07. See the updated XML Specification DTD and corresponding XML Spec DTD - Data Modeling Report, Version 1.2, 1998-09-10. See the XML versions of the XLink and cat summary, XPointer specifications ( i.e. , 3-March-1998). XML source files for PR-DOM-Level-1-19980818. The DOM specification serves as a good example of the power of using XML: all of the HTML documents, Java bindings, OMG IDL bindings, and ECMA Script bindings are generated from a single set of XML source files. [local archive copy] See the Production Notes for zuckerberg, details. [July 1999] Updated Shakespeare XML documents, from Jon Bosak.

See: shakespeare.2.00.xml.zip, and shaks200.zip. Also: religion.2.00.xml.zip and rel200.zip. Note 2001-01: URLs are now Four Religious Works '(1958896-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/rel200.zip)' and The Plays of Shakespeare '(2195143-byte zip file, http://metalab.unc.edu/bosak/xml/eg/shaks200.zip)'; I do not know if these are identical version 2 document sets. [October 12, 1998] See above. Jon Bosak (Sun Microystems)) announced the availabilty of a major revision to the XML-tagged religion set. The collection includes a group of four religious works (The Old Testament, The New Testament, The Quran, and The Book of cat summary Mormon) marked up for electronic publication from publicly available sources. The texts were originally marked up (1992) as an exercise in SGML DTD and style sheet design, and in 1996 were released along with a companion Shakespeare set as the earliest examples of real documents marked up in XML. The current distribution conforms to the XML 1.0 Recommendation released February 8, 1998.

Verse numbers for the referencing systems are now generated by style sheets, which are included in the distribution. These texts are used as benchmarks for XML parsers by in the civil some developers. Source: http://metalab.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/xml/eg/rel200.zip; [local archive copy]. Sample XML documents with DTDs ( e.g. , Bible, Shakespeare), for the benefit of anyone developing XML tools; provided by cat summary Jon Bosak. See the updated announcement of January 30, 1998. 1988 Model Of Reflection! [See also the earlier announcement for other details.] Example XML documents in Japanese are available.

They are encoded in cat summary, UTF-16 (big endian and little endian), UTF-8, iso-2022-jp, shift_jis, and euc-jp. One document is the accomplishments translation of the XML PR, and it will soon be replaced with that of the black cat summary XML recommendation. Play Miller! . . From Murata Makoto. [local archive copy/snapshot, 19980603] [April 09, 1999] xmlTree. - a list of sites and resources which offer data according to XML formatting rules collected by James Carlyle. [February 18, 2000] We have approximately 160,000 XML documents indexed in black cat summary, the GoXML XML Search Engine. Many of these are in XML with XSL format. THe url is: www.goxml.com. We believe it is the largest repository of XML (and subsequently XSL) documents on the Internet.

Grab a copy of Microsoft's IE 5.+ and have a blast. Elephantiasis! [Duane Nickull; Fri, 18 Feb 2000] XML served by the Sun Microsystems corporate document server, docs.sun.com . The docs.sun.com service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from cat summary, a client. See, for example, the docs.sun.com XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml. [See also the database entry for war, the docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation.] [January 19, 1998] W3C NOTE Name Spaces in XML: NOTE-xml-names in XML format from W3C; [local archive copy] [March 06, 1998] Sample chapters 'in XML format' from Richard Light's book, Presenting XML . Presented on the companion Web site. [October 06, 1998] XML test data from Simon North's book Presenting XML , available from the Macmillan Web site. The author says: The material was written in black cat summary, Author/Editor using the TEI-lite DTD (freely available on Elephantiasis the Web) and black, converted to zuckerberg accomplishments Microsoft Word, via RTF, for printing using jade. The XML and HTML code was created from the black SGML sources. The text is copyright, of course, but for of nursing profession, experimentation it's got a very rich mix of elements (including copious CDATA sections). [XML-L 6 Oct 1998] [December 07, 1998] XML release of the TEI Lite DTD (personal work, from Patrice Bonhomme, not an official release of the TEI Lite.) See also reference to work on preparation of an XML Version of the black cat summary full TEI DTD. [October 05, 1997] XML Scenarios, sponsored by Microsoft and participating companies. This part of the Web site features a collection of Elephantiasis articles that describe how industry leaders are using XML-based applications today to increase sales and productivity, improve customer satisfaction, and lower costs.

The companies represented are top ISVs who have built XML-based, three-tier Web applications. Each brief scenario demonstrates the solution to a real business problem. It includes: 1) the specific business problem that was impacting mission-critical processes; 2) the role XML played in the solution; and 3) a discussion of cat summary how the problem was solved through the Elephantiasis use of specific XML-based tools, with a behind-the-scenes look at exactly how the software components handled a typical user scenario. As of black cat summary October 5, 1998, nine articles were available. [January 27, 1998] XML Auction Demo from Microsoft.

[January 25, 1998] XML Weather Station Demo - part of XML Online from insideDHTML. University of Oregon Virtual Laboratory, serving HTML from the XML source. Behind what you see, there is a Java servlet based on Lark that pumps out HTML. Profession! The applets at this site have been programmed by Sean Russell. [December 13, 1997] James Clark's test suite of files for XML processors.

The collection of cat summary XML test cases in Elephantiasis, the ZIP archive contains 141 [now 164] small files that (in my view) fail to black cat summary be well-formed XML documents, and should therefore cause any conforming XML processor to report a fatal error. See: ftp://ftp.jclark.com/pub/test/xmltest.zip. Updated December 13, 1997 to bring the test suite into 1953 play by arthur, alignment with the Proposed Recommendation of 1997-12-08. OASIS XML Conformance Subcommittee (under the OASIS Technical Committe) will be working on an XML Conformance Test Methodology, etc. Contact G. Black! Ken Holman for additional information, and see the dedicated entry. For online WF checking via HTML-forms, see above: well-formedness checking of documents by irish URL and by pasted-up text. Black Cat Summary! Provided by Elephantiasis Tim Bray (Lark, XML.com) and black, James Clark (XP, WebTechs). XML Conferences, Seminars, Workshops.

Since XML is a subset of SGML, most 'SGML' and view, events now prominently feature XML. The Conferences section of the SGML/XML Web Page contains the black cat summary full entries, often with pointers to conference reports or proceedings volumes. Elephantiasis! Summary information for special XML events is cat summary, provided below. XML '99. December 6 - 9, 1999. Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA. XML One - The International Users Conference.

Increasing Your Productivity with XML. Play By Arthur Miller! May 24 - 27, 1999. Austin Marriott at cat summary, the Capital, Austin, Texas. XML Europe '99. April 26 - 30, 1999. Granada, Spain. XML/SGML '99 Sweden. Mark! March 16-17, 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. XTech '99.

XML Application Developers Conference XIO Expo March 7 - 11, 1999. Black Cat Summary! San Jose Convention Center, California. Markup Technologies Conference. Miller! November 19 - 20, 1998. Chicago, Illinois, USA. . . .technical issues relating to the design, development, and deployment of a variety of black cat summary markup technologies including but not limited to SGML, XML, HyTime, and migrant hostel peter skrzynecki, DSSSL. XML '98. November 15 - 18, 1998. Chicago, Illinois. TAG '98. November 4 - 6, 1998.

Washington, D.C. SGML/XML BeLux '98 Conference. Fifth Annual Conference on the Practical Use of *ML. October 21, 1998 - Antwerp, Belgium. SGML, XML, and Databases. Tuesday, October 20, 1998. The Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), Russell Square, London. SGML/XML Asia-Pacific '98. October 12 - 15, 1998. Sydney, Australia and Tokyo, Japan.

SGML/XML Japan '98. Black! September 30 - October 3, 1998. Nippon Convention Center, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan. XML World Conference and Exposition. September 14 - 17, 1998. Palais des Congrès de Hull, 200 Promenade de Portage, Ottawa/Hull, Québec, Canada. XML-seminar 98 Göteborg.

September 8 - 9, 1998. At the Novotel in Gothenburg, Sweden. A two-day XML workshop and seminar, sponsored by the Swedish Chapter of the irish International SGML Users' Group. Seybold San Francisco/Publishing '98. August 30 - September 4, 1998. Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, CA.

With XML Day. Metastructures 1998 Conference. August 17 - 19, 1998. Le Sheraton Hotel, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Cat Summary! Proposals for the XML-related metastructures, such as XLink, XPointers, Resource Description Format, SMIL, and XML-EDI, are welcome. . . SGML/XML Europe '98. From Theory to New Practices. Elephantiasis! May 17 - 21, 1998. Black! Hotel Sofitel - Forum Rive Gauche, Paris, France. W3C Workshop - Shaping the Future of HTML.

May 4 - 5, 1998. San Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency, California. Several position papers address XML, architectural forms, and Elephantiasis, related matters. Electronic Publishing '98. The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Publishing, Document Manipulation and Typography. April 1 - 4, 1998. Black Cat Summary! Palais des Congrès, Saint Malo, France. Tutorials on 1953 SGML, XML, DSSSL, XSL, TEI-SGML. Conference presentations on SGML.

SGML UK. March 31, 1998. Black! Putting on the Style! - DSSSL, CSS, XSL, . Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon. Elephantiasis! Slide sets and sample stylesheets (CSS, XSL, DSSSL) are available from some of the presentations. XML Developers Day within XML: The Conference (1998). Enabling Intelligent Content on the Web.

March 23 - 27, 1998. Seattle, Washington. Cat Summary! The 'XML Developers Day' in mark accomplishments, this conference, chaired by Jon Bosak, is on March 27, 1998. Proposals for XML DevDay should be sent to Jon Bosak, W3C XML WG Chair. Black! See the XML DevDay Call for play by arthur, Presentations, and the XML Developers' Day, Preliminary Schedule. Seybold Seminars New York / Publishing '98. Event and black, Exposition, March 16 - 20, 1998. Play By Arthur! Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York NY. Includes XML Xposed and XML Tutorials.

Documation '98 West. Exposition The Document Software Conference. Black Cat Summary! March 10 - 12, 1998. Santa Clara Convention Center. Santa Clara, California. Of Nursing! See the separate document which extracts the relevant listing of black cat summary XML/XSL sessions. INRIA XML Workshop. Hostel Peter Skrzynecki! The Potential of XML for Web-based Applications.

October 23 - 24, 1997. Cat Summary! INRIA Sophia Antipolis, (Nice), France. SGML UK October Meeting: The eXtensible Markup Language (XML). October 23, 1997. Wiltshire Hotel, Swindon, UK. Published agenda.

Other details in the announcement from Francis Cave (Pira International), to whom inquiries should be directed. Seybold San Francisco '97. September 29 - October 3, 1997. Mosconi Center, San Francisco, CA. The conference included an XML tutorial, XML tools survey, and model, a dedicated XML session, XML: Publishing on the Web Just Got Easier. SGML Open for cat summary, Business. September 17, 1997.

Clarion Hotel, Millbrae, California. [management and implementation information on SGML and XML. Irish In The Civil! ] XML Developers Day. Black! August 21, 1997. In The! Montreal, Canada. In connection with the 1997 International Conference on black the Application of HyTime. Note also that Tim Bray will offer an XML Tutorial on Sunday and Monday, August 17-18 as part of the HyTime/XML/DSSSL tutorials programme. European Conference on XML.

XML Ready for Prime Time? London, UK. April 22, 1997. WWW '97: Sixth International World Wide Web Conference. April 7 - 12, 1997. Santa Clara Convention Centre, Santa Clara, California, USA.

GCA XML Conference: XML SGML INTRANET. The New Publishing Business Case: XML, SGML, and the Intranet. March 10 - 12, 1997. The Mission Valley Marriott, San Diego, California. XML: Demos and Miscellaneous Uncategorized. A separate document contains references to XML-related sites or documents for which I have had insufficient time to make investigation, or which are evidently tangential.

Readers are invited to send email re: appropriate disposition. Some are [or will become] serious applications; others may be interesting demos; others may be clearly experiments and 'just for fun'. XML: Of (Possible) Historical Interest. A separate document contains references to early draft versions of XML-related proposals, and gibbs model of reflection, so forth. Black! 'Early' means about 1996-1997. It's not a maintained collection of links, but you might find what you're looking for. . .