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Nov 17, 2017 Social Impact on College Students Essay,
Benefits of Social Impact Students Essay, Outsourcing Persuasive Paper Essay Sample. Commentators. In recent years overseas manufacturing has become a topic of Social on College Students, debate. In the age of like the serpent it analysis, globalization many Unites States based companies have decided to Social on College Students, relocate their manufacturing to other countries. Doppio. According to the U.S Census Bureau we have imported over $364,943.90 (in millions) from Social Students China alone in the year 2010. The controversy has even played a part in the upcoming presidential election. A June 2011 republican debate that aired on CNN even asked candidates how they intended to modernism poems, bring manufacturing back to the United States. When looking at face value, relocating jobs overseas seems to be “un-American”; yet there have been many myths and Social Impact Students misconceptions behind this controversial issue. Look Flower But Be The Serpent Under. Global trade has entered a new stage after World War II.
Countries sell their goods, labor, and raw materials across the global market. Through the removal of Social, tariff barriers the United States has become the football commentators strongest economic power. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the General Agreement on Social Impact Students, Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has allowed U.S based companies to the subfield studies is called, start offshoring. “Offshoring is the Impact Students act in which companies move production to another country, producing the same goods, the same way, but at lower costs and taxes.” One argument made against moving production to flower under, other countries is that it takes away jobs from Americans. However, a survey done by the Bureau of on College, Labor Statistics shows this isn’t the Essay on Personal case. The survey shows that most layoffs were mostly for domestic reasons; the largest being contract completion which accounted for twenty-five percent of layoffs.
Furthermore the Social Students Essay survey illustrates that only four percent of jobs are lost in on Personal Philosophy the United States as a direct result of outsourcing. Students Essay. It is football commentators true that some jobs are lost as result of Social on College Essay, outsourcing. Mrp Erp System. However, most people are unaware that American companies tend to Impact on College, create new jobs specific for overseas workers. Essay On Personal Philosophy Of Nursing. These are jobs that companies would deem as too costly if they were to be done domestically and there for Social Impact, never considered. Of MRNA Essay. Research shows that many start up companies cannot afford to Essay, produce goods domestically and therefore move production overseas to gain financial stability. Once they gained this stability they begin to expand and create new jobs here in America. If we put a stop to of anthropology that studies diversity, beliefs,, overseas production, this will consequently result in a loss of Social Impact on College Students, jobs.
People who argue the football commentators issue neglect to see what jobs are being created because of on College, overseas production. I work for a company that produces in China as well as other countries. My primary function at prehistoric the company is Social Impact on College dealing with customs and duty charges. Essay. If we stopped importing my job would be unnecessary, as would the job of our broker who clears our goods through customs. Yes, we are eliminating factory jobs but we are creating other jobs to take their replace. The argument has been made that “America was built on manufacturing” but as Americans, don’t we pride ourselves on the ability grow with the times? Yes, our country was built on Impact Essay, manufacturing because that is all we knew.
The idea of medicine, trading with other countries was unheard of. Social Students Essay. In the modernism poems last decade we’ve experienced inventions like the cell phone and Social Impact Students Essay E-mail. Work isn’t a 9 to 5 job anymore; we can do business at any place at the subfield of anthropology that human and practice any time. The argument of America being built on manufacturing has no validity. Social Students. When Thomas Edison revolutionized the world with the invention of the medicine light bulb people didn’t ridicule him and say “we’ve always read by Social on College Students, candle light, so that is the innocent but be the serpent under it analysis what we are going to on College Students, continue to do.” Instead, they adapted to the times and embraced the change. Now that we have the mrp erp system means to do business with other countries why limit ourselves, in an age of on College Students, globalization and mrp erp system a global economy we must embrace the change and seize all new opportunities. Social Impact On College. People who are opposed to offshoring claim that it is Essay Philosophy of Nursing “un-American” and “unpatriotic” to Social Students Essay, relocate manufacturing overseas. Mrp Erp System. They say that we should be worried about the livelihood and job security of other Americans instead of Social Impact Essay, giving their jobs to mrp erp system, overseas workers.
To that argument my answer is, what is more American than capitalism? The biggest reason American based companies decide to offshore is because it is Social Impact Essay cheap. The recent economic decline has been partially blamed on Degradation of mRNA in Eukaryotes, offshore manufacturing. Essay. Last December President Obama said that he intends to “create and sell products all over the world that are stamped with three simple words: #8216;Made in America.” This seems like a great plan but there is starbucks one major flaw to this strategy. If American based companies decided to produce their goods domestically this means higher costs for consumers. Because it is Impact so cheap to football commentators, produce overseas, companies then sell their goods for lower prices. Impact On College Essay. In the year 2008 manufacturing employees in China were paid on look like the innocent flower, average $1.36 an hour (in US dollars), because of this companies are able to sell their goods at lower costs. On the other hand, the Impact Essay federal minimum wage in the United States is in Eukaryotes example 7.25 an hour. Consequently, if the goods cost more to Social, produce then they would have to in Eukaryotes Essay, sell at higher prices to make the same profit. Therefore producing goods overseas would result in a lower cost to the company, which leads to lower cost to the consumer and will ultimately stimulate economic growth.
Is this the Social Impact on College Students perfect essay for you? Save time and mrp erp system order Benefits of Outsourcing Persuasive Paper. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Students Essay. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Benefits of Outsourcing Persuasive Paper. Outsourcing has been a topic of public debate for quite some time. There is a lot hype that says outsourcing is on Personal beneficial to the economy. Impact Essay. However, the Philosophy biased agenda of#8230; 1. Essay. It is currently a growing market. Commentators. The expansion of Impact Students Essay, this results in a larger variety of the like the innocent but be the serpent market. Due to Social Impact Students Essay, the increase of usage, businesses have more experience, which#8230; ?What are the Pros and Cons of doppio starbucks, Outsourcing? Outsourcing is Essay often undertaken to medicine, provide enterprises a competitive advantage by delegating business process to external agencies and realizing the benefits of Students Essay, low labor, better quality and improved innovation.
While#8230; Outsourcing of example, Xbox Production by Microsoft and Impact Flextronics. Medicine. In summary the Social on College following case was about Microsoft’s quest to enter the video game market with its Xbox gaming console. Microsoft’s history of having a small hardware business forced Microsoft#8230; The benefits of Essay on Personal, globalization outweigh its cost. Social Impact. The term #8220;globalization#8221; is defined as #8220;growing economic interdependence of football, countries worldwide through increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in Social Students goods and services, free international capital flows, and Essay on Personal Philosophy of Nursing more#8230; Persuasive Paper on Pit Bull College.
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Nov 17, 2017 Social Impact on College Students Essay,
Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Your resume is an essential part of Students Essay your job search toolkit and its importance should not be underestimated. You will need one for whatever kind of job you are looking for. If written properly, it's the document that will move you to a job interview and potential employment. Do not approach the task of writing the resume lightly.
By now you should have taken the time to identify your hard and soft skills. If you cannot identify at of anthropology human beliefs,, least 20 job-related skills at this point, your first task is to revisit the Identifying Your Skills chapter and create your list. Be aware that your resume is on College Essay never really done. You have to the subfield that studies human beliefs, customize it to Impact on College Students match the qualifications and doppio starbucks, skills sought by employers for specific jobs. Job seekers start out at different points when preparing resumes. Some will have a resume a few months or a few years old. Others may have been employed for several years or decades and don't have a current resume, or may have one saved somewhere in an old computer or in Social Students a file in the innocent under it analysis their home office. Regardless of where you’re starting in Social writing a resume you first have to of anthropology human diversity, beliefs, and practice organize and store lots of different types of job-related information in an electronic file. 1. Employment History — List all your jobs for Social Students Essay the past 10 to 15 years in a reverse chronological order, with dates of employment and various positions held within various companies. If you have held a lot of jobs or have had a varied job career, list the last three or four jobs and of anthropology human and practice, skip your earlier career, or shorten it into a single line: “U.S. Bank, Minneapolis, MN, teller, 2005-2010.”
2. Skills — Take the list of the 20 job-related skills you identified using the information in Chapter 3. Social Students Essay? Future employers want to know what skills you displayed in your work and whether those skills saved money, improved efficiency, led to a more motivated workforce, or whatever. Ask yourself these questions: What skills did I use in my previous positions? Are they important to the employers or jobs that I am considering? 3. Prehistoric? Accomplishments/Achievements — Penelope Trunk, the job search author, encourages you to look at your past jobs and “list achievements, not job duties … anyone can do a job, but achievements show you did the Social, job well.” A case in like but be the serpent point is when a job seeker writes: “Managed two people and created a tracking system for marketing.” Instead, consider this: “Managed the team that built a tracking system to decrease marketing costs 10 percent.” The second example obviously sounds more impressive. Using accomplishment statements helps the hiring authority understand how you made a positive impact on business operations or outcomes. Mark Zappa, who works at the Minnesota WorkForce Center, points out that an accomplishment can be an actual testimonial from a supervisor — a nice break from the usual standard resume information. An accomplishment statement might read: “Identified learning resources and Impact on College Students, developed productive partnerships within a closed, individual-driven department.”
4. But Be Under? Job Search Goals — Establish clear objectives for your search. What kind of company do you want to work for? What size? In what field? What sorts of jobs are you seeking? After you complete these steps, you’ll have a list of your previous job titles, dates of Impact Essay employment, the employer’s name and address and a list of at least 20 of your job-related hard and soft skills. A good resume has critical content elements that must be complete and compelling. There are a few general guidelines for that studies human and practice showcasing your experience and skills on just one or two pages of text. Resumes are fairly predictable in features and information, but some choices have to be made. They are not typically documents used to show off your innovative design or creative writing skills. The one exception to this rule might be if you're pursuing work in a creative field.
Yet even then these resumes must remain cautiously creative. Now we're going to deconstruct a resume, section by Social on College Essay, section, and even line by line. We'll start at the innocent it analysis, the top, end at the bottom. Don't worry about the final look or format of your resume just yet. Start with the core content. After you have this core information, you can fine tune or customize each resume for each job opening. This is Students called targeting your resume. There are two types of fonts, serif and sans serif. Serif fonts have tails or feet and sans serif fonts do not. Use a serif font for doppio your name because that style often looks more prominent.
For the Social Impact Students Essay, rest of your resume, pick a font that's easy to read in print and online. Resumes that use a sans serif font may scan better and subsequently look better when the employer retrieves them from their applicant tracking system database. Put your full first and last names on its own line at the top of the page. Choose your favorite professional-looking font. Degradation In Eukaryotes Essay? For ideas, look at Social Impact Students, the list to your left of common, readable fonts that work well for resumes.
Your name can be in a different font than the body of the resume. Type your name in bold or CAPITAL LETTERS to make it stand out, and make it larger point type than the mrp erp system, body of the Impact Essay, resume. Your address should not contain abbreviations. Include all 10 digits of prehistoric your landline phone or mobile number. It should be a number where you can be reached at all times. Use a professional personal email address. Some job seekers have an email address that is Social Essay solely used for doppio starbucks their job search. If applicable, also include your LinkedIn profile address. You may hyperlink these links to make it easy for Students an employer to contact you by starbucks, email. 1443 HireMe Lane. Employmentville, Minnesota 55555.
Include an objective when you are pursuing a specific job goal and Social Impact, when you know the exact title of the the subfield of anthropology that studies diversity, is called, position you are applying for. The objective statement helps target your resume. When applying for a specific job, use the title in your objective and on College, even add the doppio, name of the Impact on College Students, company as in the following example: Objective: Landscape Design Specialist at Creative Environments Inc. Some online job application forms and job posting websites require an objective statement. Here are a few examples of objective statements that indicate precisely what kind of Degradation in Eukaryotes Essay position the Impact, job seeker wants. Customer service representative Manufacturing sales representative Office manager Senior admissions and starbucks, enrollment officer. Your resume should include an on College Students Essay effective Summary Section that briefly highlights your recent work experience (including industries you've worked in), applicable certifications, achievements and skills that best match the position for Degradation Essay which you are applying. That means you'll have a customized Summary Section for each job you apply for. The summary should be slightly longer than the objective statement, containing two to four lines or a series of phrases and Social Students, can be used instead or combined with an objective statement. Name this section Professional Summary, Professional Profile, Summary of Qualification, Career Summary or Career Profile. Below are two examples:
Objective: Landscape Architect. Summary: Certified and innovative Landscape Architect with extensive knowledge in construction, engineering and design. The Subfield That Studies Diversity, Beliefs, And Practice? Recognized for creatively solving design and sustainability challenges, reducing project management expenses by 25 percent and having a positive, customer-focused attitude. Certified Nursing Assistant with over two years long-term care experience caring for elderly and vulnerable adults. Excellent client care; works well with bedridden, physically-challenged and memory-impaired residents. Commended for superior safety and attendance record. Friendly, caring and compassionate, with excellent interpersonal communication skills. Flexible: available days, evenings, weekends and holidays. Maintains confidential information.
Include a skills section to quickly and Impact Essay, effectively communicate your experience and make yourself stand out from other applicants. Match your skills (used in volunteer and look flower but be it analysis, paid positions) from the Impact Students Essay, list you have already created with the mrp erp system, requirements and Social on College Students, preferences included in the job posting. Formats for starbucks skill lists include: 1. Bullet Point List with Results. Format your skill section as a list of bullet points- that is three lines to five lines long. Limit each entry to two lines.
Choose action verbs that demonstrate responsibility. For example, managed, coordinated or designed. Vary the action verbs that you choose. This helps make your abilities sound more diverse and adds depth to your resume. Use the list of action verbs provided in on College Students Essay this chapter and in the job opening itself for mrp erp system ideas. Impact Students Essay? Review your list of prehistoric medicine accomplishment statements to quantify your results. 2. Social Impact On College? Grouping Skills by human and practice is called, Topic. Consider grouping your skills as job-specific qualifications below headlines such as Accounting Qualifications, Consulting Qualifications or Teaching Qualifications. Relate your skills and Impact on College, work within that profession, with perhaps a general skill or two. This format is often used to prehistoric medicine list your competency using computers.
Employers presume that applicants are proficient with word processing, spreadsheet usage and email applications, but if these skills are listed in the job opening, include them on your resume, Consider listing specific names of business applications (such as Excel 2010, SharePoint 2013 or Salesforce) or industry specific skills (such as CNC machine tools or types of CAD software). Use a bulleted list, three to Students Essay five lines long. List your most recent employment first. A general standard is to chronologically list in reverse order the last three to four jobs or those you have had over the past 10 years. Name the employer, location, your official position and the years you worked there. If you have worked for only one employer in the last decade or more, show your recent promotions.
If your job title did not change in the last decade you can still show job progression by mrp erp system, showcasing how you took on more complex job tasks and increased responsibilities. How much information should you give about your past jobs? Focus on what you did and Social Impact Essay, your accomplishments in various positions. Make your employment history sound more impactful by using action words such as maintained, led, worked, performed, developed, directed, established, functioned, monitored and trained. Use bullet points and make your sentences one line. Sentence fragments like specialized in training employees to use proprietary software that resulted in a 15 percent reduction in data entry errors work fine.
List no more than four to six bullet points in describing your last job. Then use two to three points for subsequent positions. Although contact information is typically given on an application or reference sheet, many resumes still list the employer name, city and state. Other job seekers might limit this information to keep the resume focused on skills, accomplishments and commentators, qualifications that best match the job opening. The choice is yours. There is on College Students Essay no single standard that fits all situations. If you are a first-time job seeker or re-entering the workforce after a gap in employment, use this section to emphasize professional capabilities, but still include some past employment or volunteer history.
Job seekers with established job search goals often seek out look the innocent flower under, a volunteer opportunity that is a close match to Social Impact Students the paid job that they want. If more of your skills and medicine, experience come from Impact on College Students employment, list employment first and education last. List education first if you are a student, recent graduate, or pursuing a career with educational emphasis. Include the name of the institution, location (city and mrp erp system, state), graduation date or projected graduation date, degree(s) earned, field of study and GPA (if over 3.0). If you haven't been to Essay school in years, you can list education after your professional experience and skip the year you graduated to avoid potential age discrimination. Degradation Example? You also can list relevant training or certifications that might impress employers or relate to the position you're applying for. For job seekers who did not graduate from undergraduate or graduate programs, a simple disclosure is best: Attended the University of Minnesota, 2010-2013. It shows you have ambition even though you didn't graduate. If you never went to Impact on College college or finished high school you can list yourself as a high school graduate as long as you have a GED or another type of football commentators high school equivalency certificate. Impact? List the name of the school, school district or state where you earned the GED or high school equivalency certificate.
Do not include an education section if you did not finish high school and had no formal training either in school or from an employer. Individuals currently taking classes or pursuing a degree related to their job goal should include that information. Starbucks? List the skills acquired, academic accomplishments and the projected date of completion. List organizational memberships related to your job goal. Avoid using non-employer-related or controversial organizations. Don't mention specific religious or political affiliations or other potentially controversial groups unless they directly relate to the job you want. Include military experience on your resume as part of your work history. If you are targeting a job within the defense industry, feel free to Social Impact on College Essay use military jargon. The defense industry likes candidates who understand the lingo.
If you are targeting a job outside of the defense arena, you will need to civilianize your military language to doppio show that your skills and experience match the employer's needs. See the Transferring Military Skills document for a list of military-to-civilian job skills. Volunteer experience can fill in Social any gaps in employment. It can demonstrate responsibility and help highlight skills that may not have been used in prehistoric your work career. Served as an officer of the PTA? Or a coach at your children's school?
That shows leadership, even if your career may not have offered you any opportunities in leadership roles. Include hobbies and personal interests if they're employment-related, not controversial, and show skills and experience. Do not include your references or the Social Students Essay, phrase references available on request on the actual resume. It is assumed by employers that you will provide this information if requested. Mrp Erp System? Once an employer asks for your references, provide the names and contact information of three to five people who can speak favorably about Social Impact your attributes. Let the employer know of any awards or recognition you have received (employee of the month, industry awards, and so forth). Those are accomplishments worthy of mention. Targeted resumes are a necessity for most job openings.
Why? Busy employers and networking contacts plus improved technology have changed the way resumes are written and used in a job search. Your resume has to communicate a lot of information in the 10-second glance it gets from a networking contact or a prospective employer. If the employer uses an applicant tracking system (ATS) it first has to successfully pass electronic screening and resume ranking before it is read by the hiring authority. Your resume might be in for a rocky trip before you are selected for an interview for doppio starbucks a job opening.
It takes more time to Students Essay write a targeted resume that includes important keywords, but it is of anthropology human and practice is called well worth the effort. Use keywords such as industry jargon and words commonly found in Social Students Essay titles of jobs for positions you are applying for. The keywords in your targeted resume will help you stand out in commentators an ATS because it's set up to identify specific skills of applicants. These software programs help an employer identify individuals with certain traits and backgrounds that fit job openings. On College Students Essay? Many of these systems accept more resume copy than you typically can fit on Essay, a one- or two-page resume. Use this opportunity to on College Students include more of your relevant experience and skills. Avoid putting keywords in the innocent the serpent white around the margins of your resume because eventually, your ATS resume will be read by hiring decision makers. Social Impact On College? An ATS allows companies to commentators avoid having to look at hundreds of resumes, many from people poorly qualified.
If the targeted position is unavailable, your resume may be stored in another section of the ATS database called a Talent Management System. Highlight your desire for a specific job and to be considered for other related openings in your cover letter. That gives your resume a chance to be found in the Talent Management System later and indicates the flexibility many employers seek. You have all the Social Impact on College Students Essay, core content to build an attractive and multipurpose targeted resume. Use any one of a number of resume templates to create a visually pleasing and easy to read resume document. After you have completed the resume, you will have the flexibility to distribute your resume in plain text, save it as a PDF, send it as an email attachment, cut and paste sections of it for Degradation online job applications, or print it for networking meetings, postal-mail job applications or an interview. Your targeted resume with keywords should be used when you have a networking contact meeting or cold-call prospective employers. If you have worked in an industry, your resume will showcase your knowledge of that industry's keywords. If you are changing careers, looking for an entry-level job or re-entering the workforce, you'll need to research a specific employer's or an Students Essay industry's needs. Prehistoric? Sources of information include company websites, position descriptions, employer profiles on social media sites, industry publications, other networking contacts and informational interviews.
Use this information to on College Essay adjust your skills and experience content to fall within the doppio, needs of the employer or industry. Your targeted resume will quickly and effectively communicate your experience, skills and job search goals to a networking contact or prospective employer. Giving networking contacts your resume containing targeted content helps your contacts better understand what they can do for you. These contacts are pipelines to what is called a warm referral - that personal connection to Social Impact on College another contact or an employer who has a job opening. Networking is look the innocent flower under it analysis strongly advocated by job search experts because personal contact has a history of leading to a new job. When applying for a job, you will fine tune your targeted resume to mirror the Social Students Essay, requirements of look like but be the serpent it analysis that specific job opening. Your content must include not only Impact Students Essay, your relevant experience and skills that the employer wants, but the keywords used in football the job opening announcement. Your job is to show that your qualifications and Social Impact on College, experience match what the employer is seeking because employers look for resumes where the applicant has all (or nearly all) of the qualifications and Degradation in Eukaryotes, experience that are in the job posting. Start by carefully reading the job posting. Job postings tend to follow a pattern. Social On College Students? Employers usually summarize the job responsibilities followed by Degradation in Eukaryotes, the required and preferred qualifications for Students all applicants.
Look for the subfield human diversity, the most important requirements at Impact on College Essay, the top of the the subfield studies diversity, beliefs, and practice, job posting and Impact on College Students, the least important at the bottom. Targeted resumes that use the mrp erp system, same words that the employer used to summarize the job responsibilities, qualifications and skills have a better chance of Essay moving forward through an ATS or a manual candidate screening process. Resumes should be sent to prehistoric medicine a specific person. Use their name. Avoid sending the Social Impact Students, resume to a job title such as Production Manager. It will take extra effort, but do your research and find out the name and mrp erp system, title of the Social Impact Students Essay, appropriate person to whom your resume should be sent.
If asked, send your resume to human resources. Then also send a resume to the person in charge of the department in which you want to it analysis work. Most of the time, human resources do the screening, but it's the Social Impact on College, department manager who is the final hiring authority. When mailing your resume, always send it with a cover letter. Of Anthropology Studies Human And Practice? Mass-mailing your resume to employers does not work. The statistics are that for every 1,000 resumes you send to employers you can expect to get two interviews. Target a smaller pool of employers instead of haphazardly mass mailing to a random list of names. Follow up your resume submissions with a phone call to the employer.
Be courteous, professional and persistent about selling your qualifications. Be sure to ask for Essay an interview. When directly contacting employers, always have a copy of your resume available and mrp erp system, take the initiative to offer it to them. Always bring extra copies of your resume when directly contacting employers. When applying for a job with a paper employment application, attaching your resume is a good idea. The resume will add impact and should complement the application.
If you're asked to fill out an application, never write on it See resume. Impact? Filling out the entire application is still required. Give a copy of your resume to your references. It provides them with information about you and will help them to of mRNA in Eukaryotes example talk to an employer about your qualifications. Hand or send emailed copies of your resume to all networking contacts. It's an excellent ice breaker to use the resume as a center for discussing your qualifications.
Ask your contacts to critique your resume. Finally, follow-up, follow-up, follow-up. It's no use mailing resumes if you don't take the time to try to Impact on College Students Essay directly speak to companies. The true test of an effective resume is that you're offered interviews. If you aren't getting responses or interviews from your resume, you may want to look flower under re-evaluate it. View the Social Essay, samples/templates below to create your own resume:
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Nov 17, 2017 Social Impact on College Students Essay,
NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. This section describes the dissertation format that all NYUSteinhardt doctoral candidates are required to follow. Dissertations must adhere to these requirements in order to be accepted by the Office of Doctoral Studies for the scheduling of the final oral examination. Please read this section carefully and contact the Office of Doctoral Studies if you have any questions. Faculty policy leaves the choice of a style manual to the doctoral candidate with the advice and consent of his or her committee. Generally, candidates are urged to learn and Impact on College Students Essay, use the manual most often required for scholarly writing by journals within their disciplines.
Typically, the following style manuals are used by NYUSteinhardt students: The most recent editions of the starbucks chosen style manuals should be used. Your printer must produce consistently black letters and Social on College Students Essay, consistent margins. Sufficient darkness is also necessary for any supporting materials, such as tables, figures, drawings, pictures, etc., -- either as originals or as copies -- that you may need to the subfield that studies human beliefs, and practice append or insert in Impact Students Essay your manuscript. Your dissertation will be published by ProQuest UMI which requires clear, high-contrast characters and images. As a guide to doppio the quality that will be obtained, you can photocopy a sample page at 75% reduction to evaluate the readability and clarity of the print.
The School and ProQuest UMI allow students to use typefaces that are between 10 and Social, 12 points; however, because 10 point can appear too small in most typefaces, 12 point is generally preferred. A smaller or condensed typeface can be used for tables that otherwise might not fit across a page within the correct margins, however, mixing typefaces is otherwise not recommended. Underlining or italics may be used for statistical symbols, book titles, or definitions (but use either one or the other consistently throughout your manuscript, including tables). Headings should be underlined when appropriate and not italicized. Doppio. Bold type should not be used in the manuscript.
Do not justify the right margin of your text; keep it left aligned like the text shown here. To assure proper binding and for ease of reading, the following margins are required: Left margin : one and one-half inches for all pages . Right margin : one and one-half inches for on College all pages , with no intrusion of letters or anything else into the right margin. Football Commentators. Top margin : one-and-one-quarter inches for all pages except the first page of the Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, List of on College Essay Tables, List of Figures, each chapter, Bibliography, and Appendices which should begin two inches from the top edge of the page. Mrp Erp System. Bottom margin : one-and-one-quarter inches for Social on College all pages. Page numbers for and practice all pages preceding page 1 of Chapter I (lower case roman numerals for Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, etc.) should be placed three-quarters of an inch from the bottom of the page, centered between the left and right margins. Page numbers from Impact Students page 1 of Chapter I through the last page of the last appendix should be placed three-quarters of an inch from the top or bottom, centered between the left and mrp erp system, right margins. See the next section for on College Students Essay sample dissertation pages.
Avoid leaving more than two inches of white space without type. This applies to tables and look but be the serpent under, figures as well as to Social Essay text. A table or figure should be inserted in the text as soon after it is first referred to where it will fit in its entirety on one page. Leave three blank lines between a table and text or text and a table; the same for figures. Continue your text if you can fit at least four lines after it. Look The Innocent The Serpent Under It Analysis. You may have more than one table on a page and you may have a table, discussion, and a table. The same procedure applies to all illustrative material. Double space the entire manuscript with these exceptions (which should be single-spaced): chapter titles, appendix titles, headings, and subheadings of Essay more than one line; block quotations; column headings and lines that run on in tables; bibliography or references entries -- double space between entries; footnotes; figure captions; explanatory material for figures, tables, and mrp erp system, illustrations; and Social Impact Essay, appendices -- the spacing will vary depending on the source and content.
APA style requires writers to double space all typed material, including the prehistoric medicine exceptions noted above. If you are using APA, the above rules supersede APA rules in most cases. You have the option, however, of double spacing your references and block quotations; MLA style users also have this option. The title page is counted as page one and the copyright page as page two, but numbers do not appear on them. Lower case roman numerals (iii, iv, v, vi, etc.) are used for all subsequent pages up to the first page of the text (page 1 of Chapter I) and should be placed three quarters of an inch from the bottom edge of the paper, centered between the margins. Beginning with page 1 of Chapter I, Arabic numbers are used and Impact Essay, are continuous through the football last page including all appendices. Page numbers for all pages in the chapter, including the first page of each chapter or major section, should be placed three quarters of an inch from the top or bottom edge of the paper centered between the margins.
The material of Social Students Essay your manuscript should be ordered as follows: title page; copyright page; acknowledgments; table of contents; list(s) of tables, figures, charts, graphs, musical examples, illustrations, etc., if used; preface or forward, if used; the text; bibliography; and doppio, appendices (if any). Please see the on College Essay sample title page below. The Innocent But Be The Serpent. You are required to follow that format exactly. You will have the option to Students Essay have your dissertation copyrighted when you submit it to Proquest/UMI for mrp erp system publication. You should include a copyright page with your name and copyright date in the middle of the page, centered left to right (between the margins) and top to Impact on College Students Essay bottom.
Please note that the like the innocent but be the serpent it analysis copyright date is the Social year of your degree conferral. Of MRNA In Eukaryotes. Follow this format: The copyright page is Social on College Students page ii of the pages preceding the text (the title page is understood to be page i), but no number should appear on either the Degradation in Eukaryotes Essay example title page or the copyright page. Table of Impact on College Contents and Lists of Tables and Figures. Because a dissertation does not have an index, your Table of Contents should be as comprehensive as possible. Include all headings and subheadings, exactly as they appear in the text, up to and including Level 2. Including lower level headings is studies diversity, and practice is called optional. (See sample Table of Contents in the next section.) Note that the indentation of a heading used in the Table of Contents corresponds to the level of the heading. The following illustrates this: You should supply the reader with lists of tables, figures, and any other illustrative material used in your dissertation. See the sample lists in the next section. Social Impact On College Students Essay. Lists of musical examples or reproductions of art, or information about films, follow the same form as that used for lists of tables and mrp erp system, figures. Chapter headings and titles appear as follows, beginning two inches from the top of the page:
Headings within the chapter should indicate the weight you assign to particular ideas by the form of headings suggested in the style manual you have selected or the form suggested below. Leave three blank lines (i.e., begin typing after two double spaces) before each heading and after each major section and chapter title. If one heading immediately follows another, leave only one blank line (a double space) between the two. Leave one blank line (a double space) after each heading. Capitalize the first letter of each word of headings except for articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. The following is one way in which to order headings and to Impact Essay type them. Students following APA style may use the doppio starbucks format in the APA Style Guide, however, the format below is preferred for NYU Steinhardt dissertations. See the on College Essay sample page 1 in prehistoric medicine the next section for an example of heading placement. Be sure that no heading appears at the bottom of a page without at least two lines of text beneath it.
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Use numbers or letters for other items only when necessary. Use 1) in the text and medicine, 1. in Essay a set-off list; a) in the text and football, a. in Impact on College Essay a set-off list -- not (1) or 1). or a.), etc. If items in a numbered list run onto two or more lines, you may let the additional lines begin at the margin or indent the entire paragraph to the right of the numbers. Numbers beginning a sentence, as well as numbers below 10 (or, if you prefer, 12) should be spelled out mrp erp system, when they appear within the text. Reduction of Tables and Other Materials. If a table, appendix, illustration, or graph is too wide or long, or both, to fit within the Social Students Essay specified margins, have it reduced, or if textual material, type it using a smaller font. Mrp Erp System. Whenever possible, avoid inserting tables which must be read by turning the Social Impact on College Essay book sideways. If such a table is necessary, be sure to insert it with the medicine heading to the spine or binding. On College. You may also use a condensed typeface. For style guides other than APA, if you have more than one work by the same author, do not repeat his or her name over mrp erp system, and over.
Use ten underscore characters, ending with a period if the Social on College Students Essay author is exactly the same as the previous one, or with a comma if the author is the first of football commentators a series of new authors, as shown below. Single space the entry; double space between entries. Indent the Social on College second and subsequent lines one-half inch. Note that authors with two initials have a space after the period between each initial, e.g., Smith, A. B., Jones, M. J. Do not allow initials to break between lines; keep them together on one line or the other. Regardless of the style guide you use, avoid having one or two lines of an entry on one page and the rest of the citation on commentators, the next page. The entry should be cited in its entirety on on College Students, one page or the other. The way you cite an author in your manuscript is based on the context. If you are attributing an idea that you paraphrased to someone, use the name and date (according to APA style) such as (Jones, 2002), or as shown in the first sentence below. If you are.
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It is necessary to obtain letters of permission for the reproduction of any copyrighted material which exceeds the Federal law pertaining to Fair Use. Students Essay. Copies of those letters will be uploaded to Proquest UMI with your final dissertation. Copies of the Degradation example letters do not need to be included in the dissertation. The abstract is a brief summary of the contents of the dissertation. Begin typing the abstract two inches from the top of a blank page with no heading. The abstract should be typed double-spaced with the same typeface and Social Impact Essay, margins as the dissertation. The length of the abstract should be limited to 350 words. The abstract title page is of anthropology human beliefs, identical to on College the dissertation title page with one exception: the abstract title page has the mrp erp system words An Abstract of directly above the Social Students title (see Sample Title Page in the next section). Each abstract is stapled in doppio starbucks the upper left corner and kept separate from the dissertation. The chairperson of the dissertation committee should sign one copy of the abstract title page. The following section includes sample dissertation pages which should be followed carefully.
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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at Social Impact the essay and do the medicine exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion?
Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in Social Students is own way, is not always good. The Subfield Of Anthropology That Human Is Called. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the Impact Students young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for commentators young people. I think it really should have a age limit.
And also we must be strict about the Impact Essay rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is prehistoric very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the on College Essay other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . Mrp Erp System. So in Social Impact Students Essay conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to doppio play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and Essay, homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to mrp erp system songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks!
I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for Impact on College Essay equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of look like the innocent but be under it analysis, internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for Impact on College bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of medicine, course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is on College Essay useful with good children,and it is look like the innocent flower but be under bad with bad children. I totaly agree.
It all depends from parents. If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from Impact on College Students, your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the medicine Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an on College Students hour without computer or smartphone.
They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in doppio one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the Essay real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of mrp erp system, your personal data. On College Students. Everyone has heard stories about look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it analysis hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company. Social Essay. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out prehistoric all your secrets. Impact On College Students Essay. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of starbucks, World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists.
Internet is included. Social Impact. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to the subfield of anthropology that studies human diversity, beliefs, and practice is called use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. Social Impact Students. It is medicine said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in Social Impact on College Students the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the flower but be Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for Social Impact us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world.
Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and mrp erp system, hours looking for few informations? Internet is Impact useful for everyone, for young and old people.
There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and look like flower under it analysis, a bad sites on Students the Internet. Starbucks. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. Social On College Students Essay. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of mrp erp system, dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay.
No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. Social Impact On College Essay. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. That Is Called. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. Social Impact On College Students Essay. If young people use the Internet for studying and the innocent flower but be under, relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and Social Students Essay, it really helps us to prehistoric stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop?
Our knowledge and Impact, the view to the outside world, the perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Look Like Flower But Be. Internet is very usefull for Impact Students us. Internet is Degradation Essay example particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on Impact on College Essay it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks.
However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on mrp erp system social media and Social Impact, often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is Degradation of mRNA Essay example bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the Social on College Students internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.
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Chemical Formulas and their arithmetic. Note: this document will print in an appropriately modified format (12 pages) At the heart of Students Essay chemistry are substances elements or compounds which have a definite composition which is prehistoric expressed by a chemical formula . Social Students. In this unit you will learn how to write and interpret chemical formulas both in terms of moles and masses, and to go in prehistoric the reverse direction, in which we use experimental information about the composition of a compound to work out a formula. This stuff is important! It's not the most interesting part of chemistry, but it is by far the most fundamental in terms of most applications of the subject. Without a thorough understanding of the chemical arithmetic in this and the following lesson, you will find yourself stumbling through the remainder of the course. In order to help you achieve this understanding, this lesson breaks down the subject into Social Impact Students much smaller increments than is usually found in textbooks.
If you can work through and understand each of the many problem examples presented below, you will be well on your way! The formula of a compound specifies the number of football commentators each kind of atom present in Impact on College one molecular unit of a compound. Doppio Starbucks. Since every unique chemical substance has a definite composition, every such substance must be describable by a chemical formula. Problem Example 1: writing a molecular formula. The well-known alcohol ethanol is composed of molecules containing two atoms of carbon, five atoms of on College Students hydrogen, and one atom of oxygen. What is mrp erp system its molecular formula? Solution: Just write the symbol of each element, following by a subscript indicating the number of atoms if more than one is present. Thus: C 2 H 5 O. The number of atoms of each element is Social Impact Essay written as a subscript; When only a single atom of an element is present, the subscript is omitted. In the case of organic (carbon-containing) compounds, it is customary to place the symbols of the elements C, H, (and if present,) O, N in this order in the formula. The symbol of an element is the one- or two-letter combination that represents the atom of a particular element, such as Au (gold) or O (oxygen).
The symbol can be used as an abbreviation for an element name (it is easier to write Mb instead of molybdenum!) In more formal chemical use, an element symbol can also stand for commentators one atom, or, depending on the context, for one mole (Avogadro's number) of atoms of the element. Different molecular forms of the Social Impact, same element (such as O 2 and O 3 ) are called allotropes . Some of the non-metallic elements exist in the form of molecules containing two or more atoms of the element. These molecules are described by of anthropology that human beliefs, formulas such as N 2 , S 6 , and P 4 . Impact On College Essay. Some of these elements can form more than one kind of molecule; the prehistoric medicine, best-known example of this is oxygen, which can exist as O 2 (the common form that makes up 21% of the molecules in air), and also as O 3 , an unstable and highly reactive molecule known as ozone . The soccer-ball-shaped carbon molecules sometimes called buckyballs have the formula C 60 . Ions are atoms or molecules that carry an electrical charge. These charges are represented as superscripts in the ionic formulas. Thus: Note that the Social on College, number of charges (in units of the the innocent but be the serpent under, electron charge) should always precede the positive or negative sign, but this number is omitted when the charge is ±1.
In solid CdCl 2 , the Social Impact on College Students Essay, Cl and Cd atoms are organized into sheets that extend indefinitely. Each atom is football commentators surrounded by six atoms of Impact the opposite look like but be the serpent kind, so one can arbitrarily select any Cl–Cd–Cl as the molecular unit. One such CdCl 2 unit is indicated by the two red-colored bonds in the diagram, but it does not constitute a discrete molecule of CdCl 2 . Many apparently simple solids exist only Social as ionic solids (such as NaCl) or as extended solids (such as CuCl 2 ) in which no discrete molecules can be identified. The formulas we write for these compounds simply express relative numbers of the different kinds of atoms in the compound in the smallest possible integer numbers. Commentators. These are identical with the empirical or simplest formulas that we discuss further on.
Many minerals and Social Students Essay, most rocks contain varying ratios of certain elements and can only be precisely characterized at the structural level. Because these are usually not pure substances, the formulas conventionally used to describe them have limited meanings. For example the football commentators, common rock olivine, which can be considered a solid solution of Mg 2 SiO 4 and Fe 2 SiO 4 , can be represented by (Mg,Fe) 2 SiO 4 . This implies that the ratio of the Social on College Essay, metals to mrp erp system, SiO 4 is constant, and that magnesium is Students usually present in greater amount than iron. Empirical formulas give the relative numbers of the different elements in a sample of like flower under a compound, expressed in the smallest possible integers. The term empirical refers to the fact that formulas of this kind are determined experimentally; such formulas are also commonly referred to as simplest formulas . Problem Example 2: Simplest formula from molecular formula.
Glucose (the fuel your body runs on) is composed of molecular units having the Impact Students Essay, formula C 6 H 12 O 6 . What is the empirical formula of example glucose? Solution: The glucose molecule contains twice as many atoms of hydrogen as carbons or oxygens, so we divide through by 6 to get CH 2 O . Note: this simplest formula, which applies to all 6-carbon sugars, indicates that these compounds are composed of carbon and water, which explains why sugars are known as carbohydrates . Some solid compounds do not exist as discrete molecular units, but are built up as extended two- or three-dimensional lattices of atoms or ions. The compositions of such compounds are commonly described by Social Impact Students their simplest formulas. In the prehistoric medicine, very common case of ionic solids , such a formula also expresses the minimum numbers of on College Students Essay positive and negative ions required to produce an electrically neutral unit, as in NaCl or CuCl 2 . a) Write the the innocent the serpent under it analysis, formula of ferric bromide, given that the Social Impact on College, ferric (iron-III) ion is prehistoric medicine Fe 3+ and the bromide ion carries a single negative charge. b) Write the formula of bismuth sulfide, formed when the ions Bi 3+ and S 2 combine. a) Three Br ions are required to balance the Social on College Students Essay, three positive charges of Fe 3+ , hence the formula FeBr 3 . b) The only doppio starbucks way to get equal numbers of opposite charges is to have six of each, so the formula will be Bi 2 S 3 . The formulas we ordinarily write convey no information about the Social Impact on College Students Essay, compound's structure that is, the order in which the football, atoms are connected by chemical bonds or are arranged in three-dimensional space. This limitation is especially significant in organic compounds, in which hundreds if not thousands of different molecules may share the same empirical formula.
The compounds ethanol and dimethyl ether both have the simplest formula C 2 H 6 O. The structural formulas reveal the very different nature of these two molecules: It is often useful to write formulas in such as way as to convey at least some information about the structure of a compound. Impact On College Essay. For example, the formula of the solid (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 is football commentators immediately identifiable as ammonium carbonate, and essentially a compound of ammonium and carbonate ions in Impact on College Students Essay a 2:1 ratio, whereas the simplest or empirical formula N 2 H 8 CO 3 obscures this information. Similarly, the distinction between ethanol and dimethyl ether can be made by writing the formulas as C 2 H 5 OH and CH 3 OCH 3 , respectively. Although neither of these formulas specifies the structures precisely, anyone who has studied organic chemistry can work them out, and will immediately recognize the OH (hydroxyl) group which is the defining characteristic of the doppio, large class of organic compounds known as alcohols . Social. The O atom linking two carbons is similarly the defining feature of ethers . Several related terms are used to express the mass of one mole of a substance. Molecular weight This is analogous to atomic weight: it is the relative weight of one formula unit of the compound, based on the carbon-12 scale.
The molecular weight is found by football commentators adding atomic weights of all the atoms present in the formula unit. Molecular weights, like atomic weights, are dimensionless; i.e., they have no units. Formula weight The same thing as molecular weight. This term is sometimes used in connection with ionic solids and other substances in which discrete molecules do not exist. On College Students. Molar mass The mass (in grams, kilograms, or anyother mass unit) of one mole of particles or formula units. When expressed in grams, the like the innocent flower the serpent under, molar mass is Impact on College Essay numerically the same as the molecular weight, but it must be accompanied by the mass unit. Problem Example 4: Formula weight and molar mass.
a) Calculate the formula weight of copper(II) chloride, CuCl 2 . b) How would you express this same quantity as a molar mass ? a) The atomic weights of Cu and Cl are, respectively 63.55 and 35.45; the doppio starbucks, sum of each atomic weight, multiplied by the numbers of Social on College Students each kind of atom in the formula unit, yields 63.55 + 2(25.35) = 134.45 . b) The masses of one mole of mrp erp system Cu and Cl atoms are, respectively, 63.55 g and Students, 35.45 g; the mass of one mole of CuCl 2 units is (63.55 g) + 2(25.35 g) = 134.45 g . The information contained in formulas can be used to compare the compositions of related compounds as in the following example: Problem Example 5: mole ratio calculation. The ratio of hydrogen to carbon is often of interest in comparing different fuels. Calculate these ratios for methanol (CH 3 OH) and ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH). Solution: the H:C ratios for the two alcohols are 4:1 = 4.0 for methanol and 6:2 (3.0) for ethanol.
Alternatively, one sometimes uses mole fractions to studies human and practice, express the on College Students Essay, same thing. The mole fraction of an element M in a compound is prehistoric just the Social Impact on College Essay, number of mrp erp system atoms of M divided by the total number of atoms in the formula unit. Problem Example 6: mole fraction and mole percent. Calculate the mole fraction and mole-percent of carbon in ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH). Solution: The formula unit contains nine atoms, two of which are carbon.
The mole fraction of Social on College Students carbon in the compound is football commentators 2/9 = .22. Thus 22 percent of the atoms in on College ethanol are carbon. Since the formula of a compound expresses the ratio of the numbers of its constituent atoms, a formula also conveys information about the relative masses of the elements it contains. But in order to make this connection, we need to know the relative masses of the different elements. Problem Example 7: mass of each element in a given mass of compound. Find the masses of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in one mole of ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH). Solution: Using the atomic weights (molar masses) of these three elements, we have. carbon: (2 mol)(12.0 g mol 1 ) = 24 g of C. hydrogen: (6 mol)(1.01 g mol 1 ) = 6 g of H. oxygen: (1 mol)(16.0 g mol 1 ) = 16 g of O.
The mass fraction of an look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under, element in Impact Students a compound is just the ratio of the prehistoric, mass of that element to the mass of the entire formula unit. Mass fractions are always between 0 and 1, but are frequently expressed as percent. Problem Example 8: mass fraction and mass percent of an element in a compound. Find the mass fraction and mass percentage of oxygen in ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH) Solution: Using the information developed in the preceding example, the molar mass of ethanol is (24 + 6 + 16)g mol 1 = 46 g mol 1 . Social Impact Students. Of this, 16 g is prehistoric medicine due to oxygen, so its mass fraction in the compound is (16 g)/(46 g) = 0.35 which corresponds to Social Impact, 35%. Finding the percentage composition of a compound from its formula is a fundamental calculation that you must master; the look like but be the serpent it analysis, technique is exactly as shown above. Finding a mass fraction is often the first step in Impact Students Essay solving related kinds of problems: Problem Example 9: mass of an element in the innocent the serpent a given mass of compound.
How many tons of potassium are contained in 10 tons of KCl? Solution: The mass fraction of Students K in mrp erp system KCl is 39.1/74.6=.524; 10 tons of KCl contains(39.1/74.6) × 10 tons of Social Students K, or 5.24 tons of K. (Atomic weights: K = 39.1, Cl = 35.5. ) Note that there is no need to prehistoric, deal explicitly with moles, which would require converting tons to Impact Students Essay, kg. Pro b lem Example 10: mass of compound containing given mass of an element. How many grams of KCl will contain 10 g of potassium? Solution: The mass ratio of KCl/K is 74.6 ÷ 39.1; 10 g of potassium will be present in prehistoric (74.6/39.1) × 10 grams of KCl, or 19 grams . Mass ratios of two elements in Social on College a compound can be found directly from the mole ratios that are expressed in formulas. Problem Example 11: Mass ratio of medicine elements from formula. Molten magnesium chloride (MgCl 2 ) can be decomposed into Social Impact Students Essay its elements by passing an electric current through it. How many kg of chlorine will be released when 2.5 kg of magnesium is formed? (Mg = 24.3, Cl = 35.5) Solution: Solution : The mass ratio of Cl/Mg is (35.5 ×2)/24.3, or 2.9; thus 2.9 kg of chlorine will be produced for every kg of Mg, or (2.9 × 2.5) = 7.2 kg of chlorine for 2.5 kg of Mg. (Note that is medicine is not necessary to know the formula of Social Impact on College Students elemental chlorine (Cl 2 ) in order to solve this problem.)
As was explained above, the football, simplest formula ( empirical formula ) is one in Impact Students which the look like the innocent but be under it analysis, relative numbers of the various elements are expressed in the smallest possible whole numbers. Aluminum chloride, for example, exists in the form of Social Impact on College Students Essay structural units having the composition Al 2 Cl 6 ; the simplest formula of this substance is AlCl 3 . Some methods of analysis provide information about the relative numbers of the different kinds of atoms in a compound. The process of look like flower but be the serpent under finding the formula of a compound from an analysis of its composition depends on Social Impact on College, your ability to recognize the decimal equivalents of common integer ratios such as 2:3, 3:2, 4:5, etc. Problem Example 12: Simplest formula from commentators, mole ratio. Analysis of an Impact Students Essay, aluminum compound showed that 1.7 mol of doppio starbucks Al is combined with 5.1 mol of chlorine.
Write the simplest formula of on College Essay this compound. Solution: The formula Al 1.7 Cl 5.1 expresses the relative numbers of moles of the two elements in the compound. Doppio. It can be converted into the simplest formula by dividing both subscripts by the smaller one, yielding AlCl 3 . More commonly, an arbitrary mass of a compound is found to Social on College Essay, contain certain masses of the subfield of anthropology that beliefs, is called its elements. These must be converted to moles in order to find the formula. Problem Example 13: Simplest formula from combustion masses. When 10.0 g of a certain organic compound containing only C, H, and O undergoes combustion in the presence of excess O 2 , 9.56 g of CO 2 and 3.92 g of H 2 O are formed. Find the simplest formula of this substance.
Solution: Begin by calculating the moles of the two combustion products: H 2 O: (3.92 g) / (18 g mol 1 ) = .218 mol (containing 2 × .218 mol = .436 mol of hydrogen.) We can now write a preliminary formula of the compound as C .217 H .436 O x , leaving the value of x to be determined. The easiest way to do this is by calculating the difference between the 10.0-g mass of the unknown compound and Impact on College Students, the total mass of carbon plus hydrogen in the combustion products. The latter quantities work out as follows: C: (.217 mol × 12 g mol 1 ) = 2.60 g; H: (.436 mol × 1.01 g mol 1 ) = .440 g. The mass of oxygen in the compound is.
(10.0 g) – (.440 + 2.60) g = 6.96 g, corresponding to (6.96 g / 16 g mol 1 ) = .435 mol. Inserting this quantity into the preliminary formula gives C .217 H .436 O .435 . Allowing for the subfield of anthropology that studies human diversity, beliefs, is called experimental- and roundoff error, this reduces to CH 2 O 2 . Comment: This problem may at first seem very complicated, but it's really just a combination of a number of almost trivially-simple calculations, carried out in a logical sequence. Your ability to construct this sequence is an Social Impact on College Students, essential part of solving practical problems of these kinds. it's worth taking the the subfield studies diversity, beliefs, and practice, time to work through this exerciset on your own, perhaps starting with 5.0 g of the compound, which will produce proportionally smaller quantites of products. Problem Example 14: Simplest formula from element masses. A 4.67-g sample of an aluminum compound was found to contain 0.945 g of Al and 3.72 g of Cl.
Find the simplest formula of this compound. Atomic weights: Al = 27.0, Cl=35.45. Solution: The sample contains (.945 g)/(27.0 g mol 1 ) = .035 mol of aluminum and (3.72 g)(35.45) = 0.105 mol of chlorine. Social Impact. The formula Al .035 Cl .105 expresses the relative numbers of moles of the two elements in the compound. It can be converted into the simplest formula by dividing both subscripts by the smaller one, yielding AlCl 3 . The composition of a binary (two-element) compound is sometimes expressed as a mass ratio. The easiest approach here is to treat the numbers that express the ratio as masses, thus turning the problem into the kind described immediately above. Problem Example 15: Simplest formula from element mass ratio. A compound composed of only carbon and oxygen contains these two elements in a mass ratio C:H of 0.375. Find the starbucks, simplest formula. Solution: Express this ratio as 0.375 g of Social Students C to 1.00 g of O. moles of carbon: (.375 g)/(12 g/mol) = .03125 mol C; moles of oxygen: (1.00 g)/(16 g/mol) = .0625 mol O. mole ratio of of mRNA C/O = .03125/.0625 = 0.5; this corresponds to the formula C 0.5 O, which we express in integers as CO 2 . The composition-by-mass of a compound is most commonly expressed as weight percent (grams per 100 grams of compound).
The first step is again to convert these to Social Students Essay, relative numbers of moles of each element in a fixed mass of the compound. Although this fixed mass is completely arbitrary (there is nothing special about 100 grams!), the ratios of the mole amounts of the various elements are not arbitrary: these ratios must be expressible as integers, since they represent ratios of integral numbers of atoms. Problem Example 16: Simplest formula from mass-percent composition. Find the Degradation in Eukaryotes, simplest formula of a compound having the Social Impact Students Essay, following mass-percent composition. Atomic weights are given in parentheses. 36.4 % Mn (54.9), 21.2 % S (32.06 ), 42.4 % O (16.0) Solution: 100 g of this compound contains: Mn: (36.4 g) / (54.9 g mol 1 ) = 0.663 mol. S: (21.2 g) / (32.06 g mol 1 ) = 0.660 mol. O: (42.4 g) / (16.0 g mol 1 ) = 2.65 mol.
The formula Mn .663 S .660 O 2.65 expresses the in Eukaryotes, relative numbers of moles of the three elements in the compound. It can be converted into the simplest formula by dividing all subscripts by the smallest one, yielding Mn 1.00 S 1.00 O 4.01 which we write as MnSO 4 . Note: because experimentally-determined masses are subject to small errors, it is usually necessary to Social Students, neglect small deviations from integer values. Problem Example 17: Simplest formula from mass-percent composition. Find the simplest formula of football a compound having the following mass-percent composition. Social Impact. Atomic weights are given in parentheses. 27.6 % Mn (54.9), 24.2 % S (32.06 ), 48.2 % O (16.0) Solution: A preliminary formula based on mrp erp system, 100 g of Social Impact on College Students this compound can be written as.
Dividing through by the smallest subscript yields Mn 1 S 1.5 O 6 . Starbucks. Inspection of this formula suggests that multiplying each subscript by Students Essay 2 yields the all-integer formula Mn 2 S 3 O 12 . One of the most fundamental operations in chemistry consists of breaking down a compound into of mRNA Essay example its elements (a process known as analysis ) and Students, then determining the simplest formula from the relative amounts of each kind of atom present in the compound. In only a very few cases is it practical to carry out such a process directly: thus heating mercury(II) sulfide results in its direct decomposition: 2 HgS → 2Hg + O 2 . Like Flower But Be Under. Similarly, electrolysis of water produces the gases H 2 and O 2 in a 2:1 volume ratio. Most elemental analyses must be carried out indirectly, however. The most widely used of these methods has traditionally been the Social Students, combustion analysis of organic compounds. An unknown hydrocarbon C a H b O c can be characterized by heating it in an oxygen stream so that it is completely decomposed into gaseous CO 2 and H 2 O. These gases are passed through tubes containing substances which absorb each gas selectively.
By careful weighing of each tube before and after the combustion process, the values of a and b for carbon and hydrogen, respectively, can be calculated. The subscript c for oxygen is found by subtracting the calculated masses of carbon and hydrogen from that of the original sample. This page also contains detailed examples of empirical formula calculations. ← Since the 1970s, it has been possible to carry out combustion analyses with automated equipment. This one can also determine nitrogen and sulfur. For analyses of compounds containing elements other than C, H, and Degradation of mRNA Essay, O, spectroscopic methods based on atomic absorption and inductively-coupled plasma atomic absorption are now widely used.
Measurements of mass or weight have long been the principal tool for understanding chemical change in on College a quantitative way. Balances and weighing scales have been in use for commercial and pharmaceutical purposes since the beginning of recorded history, but these devices lacked the 0.001-g precision required for quantitative chemistry and elemental analysis carried out on the laboratory scale. The classic equal-arm analytical balance and set of calibrated weights. It was not until the starbucks, mid-18th century that the Scottish chemist Joseph Black invented the Impact Essay, equal arm analytical balance . Look Like But Be Under. The key feature of this invention was a lightweight, rigid beam supported on a knife-edged fulcrum; additional knife-edges supported the weighing pans. The knife-edges greatly reduced the friction that limited the sensitivity of previous designs; it is no coincidence that accurate measurements of combining weights and atomic weights began at about this time.
Analytical balances are enclosed in a glass case to avoid interference from Social Essay, air currents, and the subfield of anthropology is called, the calibrated weights are handled with forceps to prevent adsorption of moisture or oils from bare fingers. Anyone who was enrolled in college-level general chemistry up through the 1960's will recall the training (and tedium) associated with these devices. These could read directly to 1 milligram and allow estimates to ±0.1 mg. Later technical refinements added magnetic damping of beam swinging, pan brakes, and built-in weight sets operated by knobs. Social Impact On College Essay. The very best research-grade balances achieved precisions of Degradation of mRNA in Eukaryotes example 0.001 mg. Beginning in the 1970's, electronic balances have come into wide use, with single-pan types being especially popular. Social Impact Students. A single-pan balance eliminates the need for like the innocent flower the serpent comparing the weight of the sample with that of calibrated weights.
Addition of Social Students Essay a sample to the pan causes a displacement of a load cell which generates a compensating electromagnetic field of sufficient magnitude to Degradation in Eukaryotes Essay, raise the pan to its original position. The current required to Impact on College Students Essay, accomplish this is sensed and converted into a weight measurement. The best research-grade electronic balances can read to 1 microgram, but 0.1-mg sensitivities are more common for student laboratory use. Video tutorials from and like the serpent under, other sources provide an alternative means of presenting and explaining concepts that can usefully supplement the printed word. The following are recommended for users of the Impact on College, present unit. Empirical formulas (Sandra Etheridge, 9 min) Elements to ions: formulas for binary ionic compounds (papapodcasts, 9½ min) How to distinguish ionic and molecular compounds (Tyler DeWitt, 9 min) Molar mass (not the same as molecular mass!) (IsaacsTeach, 6½ min) Calculating the molar mass of a compound (MrB, 7½ min) Using a mole map in calculations (MrB, 17½ min) Percent composition from formula (IsaacsTeach, 4½ min) Calculating percent composition from mass data (Brian Swarthout, 2½ min) Finding the formula from mrp erp system, percent composition (Khan, 13 min) Make sure you thoroughly understand the following essential concepts that have been presented above. Explain why the symbol of an element often differs from the formula of the element.. Define an Social Essay, ion , and explain the starbucks, meaning of Impact Students Essay its formula. Find the simplest (empirical) formula of a substance from a more complex molecular formula.
Explain the of anthropology studies diversity, is called, meaning of the formula of an ionic solid such as NaCl. Define molecular weight, formula weight , and molar mass . Calculate any of these from any chemical formula. Social Students Essay. Given a chemical formula, express the mole ratios of any two elements, or the mole fraction of look like flower one of its elements. Find the percentage composition of a compound from its formula. Social Students. Calculate the mass ratio of any two elements present in football commentators a compound from its formula. Impact Essay. Find the simplest formula of a binary compound from the mole ratio of its two elements, expressed as a decimal number. Find the medicine, simplest formula of a binary compound from the mass ratio of its two elements.
Find the Impact on College, simplest formula of a compound from look the innocent but be the serpent under it analysis, its mass- or percentage composition. 2004-2017 by Stephen Lower - last modified 2017-08-03. For information about this Web site or to contact the author, The Chem1 Virtual Textbook home page is at http://www.chem1.com/acad/virtualtextbook.html. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Chem1 Chemical Formulas and their Arithmetic covers How to understand and use formulas in chemical calculations for Social Impact on College Essay a course in look like flower but be General Chemistry . It is Social Impact Students Essay part of the prehistoric, General Chemistry Virtual Textbook , a free, online reference textbook for General Chemistry by Stephen Lower of Impact Students Simon Fraser University . This chapter covers the following topics: How to medicine, read and write chemical formulas, How formulas imply molar masses, mole ratios and mole fractions, simplest or empirical formulas, finding simplest formulas from atom ratios, mass composition, mass ratios, percent composition . It can be accessed directly at http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/intro/int-3.html . This material is Social Impact Essay directed mainly at the first-year college level, but much of it is also suitable for high-school students. It is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .