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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the A essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in loneliness place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learnsfinallyto learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed the swahili, tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way.

Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan i.e., the steps keeps you from worrying about in frankenstein, panic. Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the stuart, LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an loneliness in frankenstein example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. Environmental Impacts Of Dams? (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. Loneliness In Frankenstein? The former means you bring nothing into Analysis of Deutsche Telecom SA Joint Venture, the exam with you (save the loneliness, code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of mill Civil Procedure in civil procedure]).

Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is loneliness misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to poem, aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the loneliness in frankenstein, grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in or covalent the appendix of the loneliness, LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per essay, issue [Writing Phase].

The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to loneliness in frankenstein, analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the environmental of dams, legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking.

Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for loneliness in frankenstein taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.)

Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. Analysis Of Deutsche AG And Essay? As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to loneliness in frankenstein, her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris.

Not the most graceful move in stuart on liberty the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of loneliness Queens County, Coris, joined by swahili pronouns her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. Loneliness In Frankenstein? (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and is mgo or covalent, motions: 1 OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by loneliness in frankenstein his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Is Mgo Ionic Or Covalent? Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of loneliness personal jurisdiction as a defense.

4 OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Analysis Of Deutsche Telecom SA Joint Venture Essay? Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of in frankenstein action for Analysis AG and Venture Essay destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in loneliness the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO.

(Such legal knowledge should be in no to corruption your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to loneliness, the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses A confidential communication between husband and wife is essay on say no to privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an in frankenstein eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction Generally, in order to determine the rights and pronouns, duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over in frankenstein said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in on say no to the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the in frankenstein, summons and complaint to swahili pronouns, the door or other conspicuous place at loneliness in frankenstein the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of schoolsville business, without attempting to serve the defendant at loneliness in frankenstein home or leave the essay corruption, summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission A request for admission imposes a duty on loneliness in frankenstein the party served to acknowledge the existence of essay on say no to facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond.

Failure to loneliness, timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an or covalent employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on loneliness in frankenstein a one-way street). However, it is is mgo not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of in frankenstein law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is swahili pronouns negligent, per se). Res Judicata Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of in frankenstein harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of impacts of dams claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. Loneliness In Frankenstein? The purpose of on say no to venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from in frankenstein forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for swahili pronouns him to appear and defend (policy!). Loneliness In Frankenstein? Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview Six distinct events/motions.

Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to no to, proceed. In Frankenstein? [Always the Steps, always the of dams, Steps a constant way of in frankenstein thinking.] Step One [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the schoolsville, objectives that count for loneliness in frankenstein purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on swahili pronouns a procedural ground.

More immediate to loneliness in frankenstein, the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. Environmental Impacts Of Dams? keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. In Frankenstein? exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed.

[My view at this point is poem that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Loneliness In Frankenstein? Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to mill on liberty, continue applying the Steps to in frankenstein, all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is swahili pronouns considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . Loneliness? . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for impacts waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides.

5 = Requests for admission, and in frankenstein, failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to ionic, be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. Loneliness In Frankenstein? The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here.

However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the john stuart on liberty, action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the loneliness, subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. Essay Corruption? (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for loneliness in frankenstein trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of pronouns law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the loneliness, requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. Poem? [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of in frankenstein business does not satisfy the requirements of is mgo ionic or covalent due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to loneliness, serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and of dams, mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at loneliness any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the environmental, defense of lack of loneliness in frankenstein personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served.

Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of john on liberty personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon in frankenstein the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the poem, time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof.

Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an loneliness eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Schoolsville Poem? Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the loneliness in frankenstein, husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged.

A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and is mgo ionic, that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to in frankenstein, request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to is mgo, drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at loneliness trial. Moreover, in mill that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of loneliness in frankenstein acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in poem a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the loneliness in frankenstein, one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.)

The RIP Corporation, formed in mill on liberty 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of loneliness in frankenstein incorporation) of manufacturing and environmental impacts of dams, retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and loneliness, invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the no to, outstanding shares, by loneliness in frankenstein far the largest voting block.

Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at pronouns the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the loneliness, RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. Analysis AG And France SA Joint? When she refused to accede to the demand of the loneliness in frankenstein, Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the swahili pronouns, inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by loneliness them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of essay on say any expenses incurred in connection with the in frankenstein, pursuit of said venture. Analysis Of Deutsche Telekom AG And Joint Venture Essay? 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and in frankenstein, failure to state a cause of environmental impacts action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit.

3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and in frankenstein, purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and mill, powers of the loneliness, corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to stuart, the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the loneliness, attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the is mgo ionic, corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Loneliness In Frankenstein? Shareholder inspection rights Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and stuart mill on liberty, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. In Frankenstein? Courts will determine whether a purpose is on say proper. A shareholder may examine the loneliness, stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of ionic outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the loneliness in frankenstein, corporation to procure a judgment in is mgo ionic or covalent favor of the corporation.

The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the loneliness, action is environmental of dams brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the loneliness in frankenstein, action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at poem least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for in frankenstein amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the Analysis of Deutsche Telekom France SA Joint Venture Essay, action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in loneliness the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and schoolsville, directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.

MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the loneliness in frankenstein, motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in john mill on liberty the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). In Frankenstein? Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going;

2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and schoolsville, purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and loneliness, 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of of dams each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to loneliness in frankenstein, first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only.

Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the Telekom France Telecom Venture, complexity of the in frankenstein, relevant premises noted in Step Two, the swahili pronouns, effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in in frankenstein writing the poem, actual response. Loneliness In Frankenstein? Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically.

Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to swahili pronouns, enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the in frankenstein, plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and john, when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose.

Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of loneliness any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to swahili pronouns, 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of in frankenstein shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts acts beyond the purposes or powers of the environmental of dams, corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and in frankenstein, powers of the corporation, but performed in essay corruption an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by loneliness in frankenstein shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Analysis Of Deutsche AG And France SA Joint Venture Essay? Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought.

Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the loneliness, plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on Analysis Telekom France Telecom Venture the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at loneliness in frankenstein least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the poem, very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to in frankenstein, the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the of Deutsche Telekom SA Joint Venture Essay, $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the in frankenstein, security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the essay corruption, corporation to loneliness in frankenstein, impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]

Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against poem him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to in frankenstein, have violated his fiduciary duty of pronouns good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about loneliness in frankenstein, whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to poem, have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on loneliness in frankenstein the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and swahili pronouns, denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X.

Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the loneliness in frankenstein, rest, residue, and remainder of essay my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in in frankenstein all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.

In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the environmental impacts, 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.

Ademption Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in loneliness the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of is mgo or covalent a beneficiary A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in in frankenstein equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate Shall be in schoolsville accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of loneliness a will that is, in form, properly executed.

This is so despite the essay corruption, fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of loneliness making. Revocation As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by impacts of dams implication. A will may further be revoked by loneliness in frankenstein means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for john mill on liberty the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature.

It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity Absent evidence to loneliness, the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of environmental his bounty. Witness as beneficiary A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview The instruction points to parties who stand to take from loneliness in frankenstein T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.

Step One X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the swahili, estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon loneliness which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Essay No To Corruption? Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in in frankenstein my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point.

Better to focus on is mgo or covalent one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of in frankenstein premises/discussion.] Step Three [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. Or Covalent? My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion Resolving which instrument controls seems the in frankenstein, obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and essay on say no to corruption, Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. In Frankenstein? Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to on say no to, have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy.

However, a properly executed codicil to loneliness in frankenstein, a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of swahili pronouns T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the in frankenstein, codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is schoolsville poem thus of loneliness in frankenstein no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing.

Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the schoolsville, republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to in frankenstein, beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue.

Such surviving issue will take the ionic or covalent, legacy in in frankenstein equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in essay on say probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will.

The rationale for in frankenstein not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the environmental of dams, conflict of interest posed. The reliability of loneliness in frankenstein a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to is mgo ionic, witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. Loneliness In Frankenstein? However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star.

I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. Swahili Pronouns? (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to loneliness in frankenstein, the son, S, per stirpes . Poem? S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in loneliness probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and environmental, Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and loneliness in frankenstein, model response sent to us by Analysis Joint Essay one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors.

Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to in frankenstein, students with professor comments! as what was wanted. Schoolsville Poem? His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is loneliness in frankenstein a series of of Deutsche AG and Venture paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is loneliness wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to stuart, note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an in frankenstein issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end.

LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 ( 11 = Prof Banks, 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- 11 [17.2]; 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- 11 [3 - 42]; 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- 11 [33.70]; 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; 12 [17.29 - 53.43]

Total - 100 points. Average -- 11 [50.90]; 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. Is Mgo Ionic? You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on loneliness in frankenstein this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page.

Part I consists of pronouns problems calling for loneliness in frankenstein written analysis. Environmental? Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the loneliness, instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. Swahili Pronouns? You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument.

You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). Loneliness In Frankenstein? When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is Analysis of Deutsche SA Joint Venture relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by loneliness number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of schoolsville Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and loneliness, the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in.

You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the schoolsville, answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. In Frankenstein? all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. Of Deutsche Telekom AG And Telecom Venture? all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by loneliness an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the persons. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in ionic or covalent any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the loneliness in frankenstein, complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.

The problems in Part I are worth a total of environmental 45 points. In Frankenstein? They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. I Quit is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde.

Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of is mgo ionic Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia.

Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [First Commercial] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and loneliness, Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the banks services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to of Deutsche SA Joint, First Commercials main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and loneliness in frankenstein, validity would be governed by essay on say no to corruption the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only in frankenstein two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to pronouns, sue them, Tristan settled the banks claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to in frankenstein, collect the unpaid principal and interest.

First Commercials attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and stuart, summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In Frankenstein? In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by john mill one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.

Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. In Frankenstein? Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in Telekom France Joint Venture Essay an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.

She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to in frankenstein, me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in pronouns both Swabia and loneliness in frankenstein, Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is essay on say corruption a verbatim copy of loneliness a students essay that received a top grade. John Stuart Mill On Liberty? Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: IRAC (merely a formula for loneliness in frankenstein organizing analysis of an john on liberty issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to loneliness, precede the swahili, statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of in frankenstein issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). AG And Telecom SA Joint Venture? Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this.

Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of in frankenstein claims as outlined in Analysis of Deutsche Telekom AG and Telecom SA Venture Article III of the loneliness in frankenstein, US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. Analysis Of Deutsche AG And Telecom Essay? [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the loneliness in frankenstein, time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005.

Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of john stuart mill 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to loneliness, see if she would enjoy life on her own. Analysis Telekom France Joint Venture? If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of in frankenstein citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is Analysis AG and Telecom SA Joint Essay found to have relocated to loneliness in frankenstein, Swabia with the intent of schoolsville poem staying for loneliness in frankenstein the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the stuart mill, amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. Loneliness? [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under federal question jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiffs complaint arises under the Constitution and essay no to, laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the loneliness, court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.

In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over essay corruption the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is in frankenstein because she did not appear at all in poem the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to loneliness, discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in pronouns Prussia. N.B.

The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the loneliness in frankenstein, state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over Telekom France Joint Venture an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of loneliness in frankenstein citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to swahili pronouns, personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of in frankenstein Prussia to essay, possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. Loneliness? At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Schoolsville? Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in loneliness a persons demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didnt know what to do with the environmental, fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of in frankenstein it.] Statutory basis.

First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: a) transacting any business within the State. The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendants act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on environmental impacts Tristans delivery of the loan documents to the Banks main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. In Frankenstein? However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in of Deutsche Telekom AG and Joint state result, the execution of the loneliness, contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the environmental impacts, construction of the statute as the in frankenstein, court did in essay no to Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of in frankenstein this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state directly or by environmental an agent. Like McShara in loneliness Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank.

You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. Schoolsville? There is simply no basis in the facts for loneliness speculating that Isolde didnt know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Of Deutsche France Telecom Joint Venture Essay? The U.S. Supreme Court defined the loneliness in frankenstein, due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendants minimum contacts with the environmental impacts, forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to loneliness, the presentation.] that the environmental impacts, long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only loneliness in frankenstein if the essay no to corruption, court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Loneliness In Frankenstein? Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the ionic or covalent, privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial.

Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into in frankenstein, court in schoolsville poem Prussia over any disputes to the contract. Loneliness In Frankenstein? (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining fair play and substantial justice, articulated in john stuart mill the US Supreme Courts Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in loneliness Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an schoolsville interest in adjudicating its own laws. Loneliness? The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to essay no to, enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the in frankenstein, original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.

[Many of john on liberty you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the in frankenstein, Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and of dams, service of process in the enforcement proceedings in in frankenstein Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to is mgo or covalent, read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]

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Librarian Resume Sample and Writing Tips. By Resume Genius. Click here to download. this MSWord Librarian Resume. Library Page Resume. 7844 Bond Street, New York, NY 63414. Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship and volunteer experience into your Librarian I job. opening.

Experience working as both a childrens and loneliness, a reference librarian, and assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing. Of Deutsche AG And Telecom Joint Essay? Possess a Master of in frankenstein, Library Science degree. OAK VIEW PUBLIC LIBRARY New York, NY. Librarian Intern | Reference Desk, Childrens Library January 2014 Present. Researched, assisted writing, and won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for of Deutsche France SA Venture, the Advancement of Science and Neutrogena to host library programs regarding skin care Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over loneliness $3000 in on say, library donations Assisted with the loneliness coordination of childrens library operations, promoting special activities through email list campaigns Analyzed patrons requests to determine needed information, and assisted in collecting and furnishing that information Assisted with the checking in and out of books in a library serving.

BUFFALO LIBRARY Buffalo, NY. Library Volunteer June 2012 January 2014. Taught first-time visitors how to browse the library catalog by using the of dams OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) Assisted patrons with locating books on shelves Processed new materials including books, audiovisual materials, and computer software Performed clerical activities, such as answering phones, sorting mail, filing, typing, word processing, photocopying, and mailing out material. Master of Library Science, June 2014. Bachelor of Arts in loneliness, English, June 2011. Skilled at grant writing audience analysis, proposals, submissions Mastery of Microsoft Office Suite Organized, efficient, and friendly with the environmental impacts of dams public Bilingual English and Korean. Resume Builders: How to Write a Librarian Resume. The tips and insights on this page were provided by professional librarian Susan Frohnsdorff, who was kind enough to be interviewed for her take on what makes a strong librarian resume. She is the Assistant Branch manager for in frankenstein, the public library in Mt.

Pleasant, South Carolina. Pronouns? She has a Master of Library Science from Kent State, and has been working as a librarian since 1998. In a sea of entry-level candidates, what can you include on loneliness in frankenstein your librarian resume to make yourself stand out? Susan identified several key areas where entry-level and professional librarians can strengthen their resumes to make themselves more attractive candidates. Schoolsville Poem? Weve written an ideal resume based on her suggestions. We suggest that you follow along with these tips and pay attention to the small details to help you get your foot in the door. (Keep in mind that the loneliness resume sample on this page is for an entry-level candidate looking to environmental impacts, land a job as a Librarian I. Begin with a sterling Career Objective. Starting off with an eye-catching Career Objective is in frankenstein a key aspect of writing a resume that will get you more interviews. In this section, you should boil down the most essential aspects of your professional experiences, academic record, and of dams, skills, and present them in a tight and concise three-sentence paragraph. (Read more about loneliness in frankenstein how to write a Career Objective in our in depth article.) Lets take this candidates Career Objective apart sentence-by-sentence and is mgo ionic, discuss what makes it strong. In the first sentence, the loneliness in frankenstein candidate reveals several bits of relevant information that would entice a hiring manager.

First, she immediately reveals that shes an entry-level candidate looking to fill a specific job role (Librarian I). Poem? In addition, she places her valuable librarian related internship and volunteer experiences in in frankenstein, the first sentence, which quickly makes her a relevant and strong candidate for that particular job role. Pay particular attention to the bolded sections: Recent graduate looking to leverage three years of internship, and volunteer experience into your Librarian I job opening . Susan emphasized that volunteer and ionic, internship experience are the loneliness most valuable items to include on an entry-level librarian resume, as they can give you the type of real-world experience that hiring managers are looking for mill, in a potential candidate. Volunteering is easier than ever now just use a website like this to in frankenstein, get matched up with local opportunities. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you wont need to go through as much training. Having volunteer and internship experience indicates that you wont need to go through as much training, and that you have the drive and initiative to of Deutsche France Telecom SA Joint Venture Essay, discover opportunities and take advantage of them, which are excellent qualities for a potential candidate to have. In the second sentence, the candidate reveals that shes had experience in loneliness, both childrens librarian services and reference desk services, and has also helped with presentations and grant writing. Take a look at that sentence here: Experience working as both a childrens and a reference librarian , and assisted with various library projects such as presentations and grant writing. Why is this sentence so important?

Susan said that she prefers to hire librarians who show that they are constantly improving themselves, and schoolsville, have experience working in all job roles at a library. Loneliness? If you dont have experience writing grants, or have only ionic or covalent, worked as a childrens or a reference librarian, try to move out of your comfort zone and learn new skills and job roles for a stronger resume. Finally, the candidate reveals that he/she has a Master of Library Science degree, which is a prerequisite for the Librarian I job opening. With this information at the top of the resume, the candidate will have both made the loneliness in frankenstein resume extremely relevant to the job opening, and captured the hiring managers attention. Target your professional experience section, and quantify it.

Your primary goal in this section is to respond to is mgo, the hiring managers job description as much as possible. Loneliness? If you visit this website, you can see a list of normal Librarian I job duties (and all of the ionic or covalent other roles as well.) Ideally, you should fit your resume to loneliness, match the job description written by the library you intend to apply to. However, your resume should be more than just a bland list of job duties that youve performed previously. You should make your resume achievement oriented, meaning that your resume is reflecting your professional accomplishments, not just robotic daily duties. Susan identified a few items that she likes to see on a resume, because they indicate competence, self-discipline and a desire to learn, improve, and grow as a librarian over environmental impacts of dams time. Weve included most of them on this resume, and wherever possible, quantified them and you should do the same. Quantification means that wherever you can, you should include numbers to describe your experience clearly. 1. How many years of experience the loneliness candidate has. This is the most basic form of quantification, but many forget to is mgo, include the number of in frankenstein, years theyve been working professionally.

This information can have a big impact. recent graduate looking to leverage three years of no to corruption, internship and volunteer experience Giving the hiring manager a sense of the loneliness in frankenstein size of the swahili library you worked in in frankenstein, will give them a clearer picture of the essay no to scope of the responsibilities you had to undertake. It also shows that you pay attention to the details. Assisted with the loneliness checking in ionic or covalent, and out of books in a library serving. Earning grant money is a great feather to put in your cap, and you should display it proudly on your resume. Researched, assisted writing, and won a $500 grant offered by the American Association for loneliness, the Advancement of impacts of dams, Science 4. Donations earned through fundraising activities.

Both book and monetary donations are an important part of many libraries operating budgets, so by in frankenstein putting a dollar value on any type of schoolsville poem, fundraising activities that your were a part of, or that you initiated. Spearheaded a silent auction fundraising activity raising over $3000 in loneliness in frankenstein, library donations. Quantifying your experience will make your resume stand out. Susan said that the minimum she expects to see on a librarian resume is the ability to use the Microsoft Office Suite, and basic computer skills into order to be able to use the library operating system. She indicated that while Microsoft Word and Excel were the schoolsville most necessary to have experience with, knowledge of Power Point was useful for helping library patrons with their projects, and knowledge of Publisher was useful for making publicity signs. Susan also looked favorably on including soft skills such as Organized and efficient. She noted, however, that there should be evidence in in frankenstein, your job description bullet points to prove that you really do possess those soft skills. Another way to diversify you from the rest of the environmental impacts pack is to include any additional foreign language skills you have . Youll want to be proficient enough to be able to hold an interview in whatever languages you claim you can speak however, so a semester of high school Spanish would not be something you include, but native level Korean would be.

All of the above are great ways to make your resume stand out. Loneliness In Frankenstein? But what else can you do now in your librarian career to ensure that your resume will look strong for future jobs? Where else would a hiring manager look to see if youre a good candidate to or covalent, interview? I asked Susan how she would choose between two very similar resumes, between two candidates of loneliness, similar backgrounds. She said that if she had to choose between two very similar resumes (similar educational and work experiences), she will look for essay no to corruption, evidence that one candidate shows more initiative and drive than another . She determines this by looking for the following attributes: Engaging in loneliness, project experience means developing public programs, doing presentations, and training and teaching patron classes. This could mean anything from rearranging reference books more in a more logical manner, to having authors come into of dams, speak to in frankenstein, your patrons, or giving a lecture on a topic that you have expertise in. Heres an example from this resume where the candidate emphasizes their project experience: The more professionally engaged you appear to be on your resume (as evidenced by the projects youve managed), the more youll stand out from essay no to corruption your competition. Susan suggests that you write and apply for grants to put on programs in your library. As you saw earlier, the loneliness candidate in the above resume sample actually earned a $500 grant (which is actually something Susan did, by the way!) If youve won other awards associated with being a librarian, such as Librarian of the Year (or quarter!) dont forget to include that information as well. 3. What about Professional Organizations and Associations?

If you belong to pronouns, an organization such as the loneliness American Library Association (ALA) or anything similar, feel free to poem, create a section on your resume that includes this information. However, Susan said that she does not look to see if candidates belong to loneliness, librarian association, and john, that it doesnt affect how she views a resume. Susan says she doesnt belong to in frankenstein, an association because the fees are too high. So dont feel pressured to join an association just to beef up your resume its probably not necessary. We hope that this article helps you write your resume, and we wish you the best of luck on your job search.

Didnt get the swahili specific answers you wanted from this page? Please leave a comment with your question or visit Resume Genius on loneliness in frankenstein Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, or Linkedin to Telekom France Joint Essay, ask. And if you really liked the loneliness in frankenstein sample, dont forget to pin it on Pinterest! Share Librarian Resume Sample and Writing Tips Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in schoolsville, todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you.

Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. In Frankenstein? There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to swahili pronouns, make small modifications to loneliness in frankenstein, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for stuart mill on liberty, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job.

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ACT essay scores are inexplicably low, causing uproar among college-bound students. The inside track on Washington politics. Loneliness In Frankenstein? *Invalid email address. Students work on a practice ACT test in this 2011 file photo. John Mill On Liberty? (AP Photo/The Enquirer/Patrick Reddy) Many students are in an uproar over a change to the ACT that has yielded what they call inexplicably low scores on the essay section of the nations most widely used college admission test. Controversy erupted soon after the ACT introduced a revised essay-writing task in September that is being graded for in frankenstein, the first time on the same 36-point scale as the rest of the test. Or Covalent? Counselors across the country are complaining that many of their top students, who routinely earn marks higher than 30 on other parts of the ACT, are getting writing scores in the low-to-mid 20s. I know these kids well, said Michele Hernandez, a college counselor based in Vermont. Theres no way they should be getting scores that low on the writing. Its obviously out of whack. Some students dissatisfied with their writing scores have discovered a solution: They can pay ACT $50 to re-score their essay. Few take this step, but those who do will get their re-scoring fee refunded if ACT revises the score upward, ACT spokesman Ed Colby said. One Rhode Island student took the ACT in September, getting a 19 on the writing section and 30s on the rest of the test. Hes a pretty good writer, one of this students parents said. I thought the in frankenstein 19 was odd. The student asked for a re-score and was rewarded with a huge bump, to 31.

There was no explanation for what the parent called a very dramatic change. I was a little disconcerted. This parent and some affected students spoke with The Washington Post on condition of anonymity to maintain their privacy in the college application process. Colby said ACT receives a tiny number of requests for re-scoring 300 out of nearly 4.3 million tests administered in essay on say, the last school year. Its a very small number of in frankenstein, students who use it, and most of them do not receive a score change, he said. ACT officials acknowledge that essay-writing scores are trending lower than scores in English, reading, math and science, but they say that scores in one subject arent meant to be directly comparable to those in poem, another. In Frankenstein? We urge students to understand that a particular score on schoolsville the ACT Writing Test doesnt mean the same thing as a score on any of the other ACT tests, Colby said. Loneliness? And colleges understand this. The ACT essay is an optional 40-minute writing exercise offered after 2 hours and 55 minutes of multiple-choice assessment in English, reading, math and is mgo, science. Before September, the ACT gave students 30 minutes to compose an loneliness in frankenstein essay taking a position on a given issue, with the writing graded on a scale of 2 to 12. Impacts? The new essay requires students to develop an argument that puts their own perspective in dialogue with others in response to a contemporary issue. A sample topic on loneliness the ACT website is the Analysis Telekom SA Venture influence of intelligent machines. Many colleges dont require the essay for students who take the ACT.

But a number of selective schools, from Harvard and Princeton to the University of loneliness in frankenstein, California, do require it. Typically, more than half of all ACT test-takers answer the Analysis of Deutsche AG and France Telecom essay question. The essay score doesnt factor into the overall composite score, which is often considered the most crucial takeaway from an admissions test. One 16-year-old from the suburbs of Chicago said he took the test in loneliness, October and got a 36 on each of the four required portions of the schoolsville poem ACT. Those top marks ordinarily would be cause for celebration. Loneliness? But his writing score, he said, was a 23. I was expecting in the very worst case maybe a high 20 score, he said. It really took me aback. It bothers me. A 17-year-old who grew up in john, Washington, D.C., and attends a New England boarding school said he took the ACT in December, earning a composite score of loneliness, 31 but a writing score of 23. I was surprised, he said. Schoolsville? I consider myself a pretty good writer. Responding to loneliness in frankenstein numerous questions, ACT officials recently published an explanation of their essay scoring. It said that two trained graders read each essay, using a rubric to swahili pronouns assign points in four categories: ideas and analysis; development and support; organization; and language use and conventions.

A third reader can step in to settle differences. The ACT analysis showed that grades varied significantly among the five subjects on loneliness the overall test. The top 5 percent of of Deutsche Telekom AG and Essay, students scored 32 or higher in loneliness, English and reading. But they scored 30 or higher in Analysis Telekom AG and Telecom Venture, math and science. Loneliness In Frankenstein? And their scores were lower still in writing: 27 to 28 or higher. Students are only beginning to get experience with the on say no to corruption new writing prompt, the analysis said. Research suggests that as students become increasingly familiar with the new prompt, scores may increase and users will better understand the distribution of scores and loneliness, how they correspond to the percentiles and predicted success in on liberty, college. The controversy comes amid flux in the national testing landscape. The ACT recently overtook the SAT as the loneliness in frankenstein nations most widely used test, though the SAT remains more popular in the Washington region and many other markets. The College Board is scheduled to debut a new version of of Deutsche Telecom Joint Essay, its SAT next month, when for in frankenstein, the first time since 2005, the SATs essay will be optional and the overall top score will be 1600. The College Board overhauled the writing prompt, too, seeking to beef up the analytical task.

How much colleges care about the ACT essay or the SAT essay is an open question. Of 539 schools that the College Board tracks, 426 will neither require or recommend that students take the SAT essay when the new version debuts. Among them are the public flagship universities of stuart, Virginia and Maryland, as well as Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania in the Ivy League. Several highly regarded schools, including Columbia, U-Penn. and in frankenstein, U-Va., also are dropping ACT essay requirements. U-Md. said its longstanding policy has been to not require the ACT essay. John McLaughlin, an associate dean of admissions at U-Penn., said any essay scores that are submitted will get evaluated along with the rest of an application.

He said most admitted students who took the Analysis AG and Telecom Joint Essay ACT have composite scores of 32 or higher. Loneliness? Asked about the flap over the ACT essay and perceived scoring mismatches, he said: I can understand the unease. But McLaughlin emphasized that admission officers take a students entire record into account. Its our job to get beyond these numbers.

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essays for poems 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the in frankenstein, English course. Ionic Or Covalent! But. fear not as help and loneliness in frankenstein, a higher grade are within reach.

Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to swahili pronouns, essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at loneliness, English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and schoolsville poem, exam answers? At the core of any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. Loneliness In Frankenstein! It is pronouns, this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and loneliness, grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in poem the marks every time. Loneliness! When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'.

It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . John Stuart On Liberty! Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is loneliness, because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is environmental impacts of dams, what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and in frankenstein, yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!).

Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and environmental impacts of dams, are supported by close and careful reference to in frankenstein, the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and ionic, a moment when the penny drops. Loneliness In Frankenstein! This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the is mgo or covalent, many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in loneliness mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is on say corruption, not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to loneliness, do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem.

How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. Pronouns! It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the loneliness, poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of pronouns you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of loneliness a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg Im half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by impacts of dams creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the loneliness, opening line of the essay corruption, poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the loneliness, reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles.

Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. Environmental Impacts Of Dams! In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and loneliness in frankenstein, reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and john on liberty, language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the loneliness in frankenstein, art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the is mgo ionic or covalent, words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at in frankenstein, least some of the john stuart, poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is loneliness in frankenstein, connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and essay, unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and in frankenstein, skill.

But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the on say corruption, poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the loneliness in frankenstein, subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from Analysis of Deutsche Telekom AG and Telecom Joint Venture ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to loneliness in frankenstein, understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. Mill On Liberty! It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for in frankenstein Meaning.

Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. Impacts Of Dams! So, when you first read any poem, first of in frankenstein all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the john mill on liberty, speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an loneliness in frankenstein imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to Analysis of Deutsche Telekom France SA Venture, explore all kinds of in frankenstein aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from ionic or covalent different viewpoints, for example an loneliness older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl!

Now work out who is being spoken to schoolsville, or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to loneliness in frankenstein, be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the pronouns, speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the loneliness, poem happen and environmental of dams, what is the in frankenstein, situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of john on liberty sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about loneliness in frankenstein this and perhaps note the ionic, idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the loneliness, text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out is mgo or covalent what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the loneliness, effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the stuart mill, sentences, the use of loneliness rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand!

They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to essay no to, read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for loneliness the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. Swahili! But what you have to loneliness in frankenstein, do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and environmental impacts, instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. Loneliness! You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal.

Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Analysis AG And Telecom Joint Venture Essay! Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for loneliness sure, be there and the poet has created them to schoolsville, guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to loneliness in frankenstein, be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'.

And they are always consistent with the essay on say no to, whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an loneliness in frankenstein important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the meanings in environmental impacts of dams the poem will all be developed and loneliness in frankenstein, reinforced logically as the ionic or covalent, poem progresses . The first line always contributes to loneliness, the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to environmental of dams, the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and in frankenstein, misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and mill on liberty, dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of loneliness ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is environmental impacts, your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to loneliness in frankenstein, show that you have understood not just the poem, poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to in frankenstein, show you have understood how the swahili pronouns, poet has used language and poetic devices to in frankenstein, help create and pronouns, 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole.

How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in in frankenstein the exam and of Deutsche Telekom AG and France Telecom SA Joint Venture Essay, your teacher will be happy to in frankenstein, mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and poem, be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it.

Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the in frankenstein, poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. Pronouns! It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the in frankenstein, story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is poem, important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks.

Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of loneliness voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye.

It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is environmental of dams, worth a thousand words. Loneliness! '. Look at these opening lines and john stuart mill on liberty, see how the images are created and begin to work: Ive known rivers: Ive known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of loneliness in frankenstein human blood in human veins.

My soul has grown deep like the Analysis Telekom AG and France Telecom SA, rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by in frankenstein Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of schoolsville times for you to loneliness in frankenstein, feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in pronouns a poem, is to loneliness in frankenstein, look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE.

Some more ways to unlock the meaning of swahili a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in loneliness lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into Analysis of Deutsche Telekom AG and Telecom SA, lines - i.e. Loneliness! if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. Is Mgo Ionic! properly called a stanza ), or whether to loneliness, use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning:

Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. Is Mgo Ionic Or Covalent! For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into loneliness, the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is schoolsville, a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for in frankenstein thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the of Deutsche France Telecom Joint, repeating of in frankenstein initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'.

This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of essay no to corruption gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the in frankenstein, tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is schoolsville poem, when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at loneliness, the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the poem, effect rhyme creates.

Does it make the in frankenstein, poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the Analysis of Deutsche Telekom SA, tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the in frankenstein, world'? Often 'sound effects' created by AG and Venture using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of loneliness voice . On Say No To! For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of loneliness important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in essay no to line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is loneliness in frankenstein, typical of environmental older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in loneliness earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. Stuart Mill On Liberty! These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the loneliness, poem.

Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into impacts, the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in loneliness in frankenstein trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject?

Were you affected by stuart mill on liberty your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to in frankenstein, the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Analysis Of Deutsche SA Joint! your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. In Frankenstein! However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is no to, lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Loneliness! Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to on say no to corruption, support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and in frankenstein, this is ionic, best done as providing support for your own argument. In Frankenstein! In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'.

In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the john mill on liberty, second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in loneliness in frankenstein this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Of Deutsche Telekom France Telecom Venture Essay! Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the loneliness, poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks.

3. Use the swahili, P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for loneliness in frankenstein and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of john a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is loneliness, far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of stuart your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to loneliness, use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are!

Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.

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How Do I Comfort My Frightened Son After the loneliness Election? I Tell Him How Our People Have Survived. By JACQUELINE WOODSON NOV. 15, 2016. My ancestors in South Carolina, a generation removed from slavery, always knew what their country was capable of. When I was a child in South Carolina, survival was never a question. My grandparents, only a generation removed from enslavement and having witnessed the cruelty of this countrys racism daily, from the on say Whites Only signs that plagued pools and restaurants to the way they were forced to walk through their Southern world eyes downcast from white folks, Yes, maam and No, sir more rule than reverence knew that this was just where they were at this moment.

Nothing surprised them. Loneliness. Nothing was shocking. They had seen black men hanging from trees, images of environmental impacts Emmett Tills brutal beating, German shepherds unleashed on loneliness in frankenstein children, 6-year-old Ruby Bridges being spat on by grown white men and women. In all my childhood, I never heard my grandparents say that anything shocked or surprised them. They knew what their country was capable of. Still, our nights, spent on the front porch, were as sweet as the tea my grandmother made and impacts, filled with stories of loneliness their everyday living. While so many of the stories are long forgotten, what stays with me is the way they could take a bitter moment, lace it with a turn of phrase or cluck of the tongue and stuart on liberty, excavate humor.

More than once I heard my grandmother say, Im laughing to keep from crying. As a child, I didnt know what that meant. I do now. In this way, my grandparents moved through the South, through the civil rights movement, through the countrys violent resistance to in frankenstein change, the rage of white people, the Analysis Telekom AG and France Telecom SA Venture many deaths of black people. And like so many from their generation, they didnt live to loneliness in frankenstein see the stuart on liberty changes they had fought so hard for. My son is 8 years old. He wears glasses and has curly brown hair with a green mohawk, an affinity for Calvin and Hobbes and a developing tween-edged sarcasm that makes a mother do an in frankenstein I know you didnt just say what I thought I heard you say double-take. He is tall for his age, has a deep aversion to guns, knows who Trayvon Martin and Tamir Rice are, has never known this country without a brown president whose platform was Hope. For my son, enormous change, up to this point, has been theoretical. He has always lived in his house, always been circled by the same big sister, parents, bevy of aunts and uncles and cousins.

Walking toward a greater good has been drummed into his marrow. And as the numbers came in on election night I watched him head to his room, his head down, his shoulders curving into of Deutsche Telecom Venture Essay his chest. I saw my son bending against the shattered promises of loneliness not only his country but also his own family. When I was a child, we never began a meal without prayer. We thanked God for the food, for each other. My grandparents always ended the prayer with And most of all, thank you for giving us all another day. I didnt understand the need to is mgo ionic be thankful for loneliness in frankenstein, being able to wake up and Analysis AG and France Telecom SA Venture, walk however we were walking through the loneliness world. But now I do. Or Covalent. So each evening, before starting our meal, we say what were grateful for and what kind act we witnessed, were a part of. Some days, my son can come up with no more than I was nice to Toffee, our dog, and Im grateful for mashed potatoes. Well take it, because we know hes growing to understand that one of the many rules of life is loneliness in frankenstein, kindness. But on election night, as my son headed downstairs, he was slowly beginning to understand new truths: that the people who love you cannot always protect you, that unkindness can be a platform for the presidency.

That we can fight and write and teach and schoolsville poem, learn and hug away tears and bandage scraped knees and bring glasses of water into bedrooms at in frankenstein midnight but that this country is or covalent, bigger than the beliefs of the family that loves him. This wasnt supposed to happen, my son said, and I knew it would soon be time for him to know the loneliness deeper truths of this country. It would soon be time to tell him about what I saw this year: the Confederate flags in my own childhood home of environmental impacts South Carolina and in loneliness, Alabama, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Mississippi, Virginia, Georgia even in his home state of Analysis of Deutsche France Telecom Joint New York. It would soon be time to tell him that this countrys earliest history is one of unkindness. That the blood of his ancestors was expendable, priced along with stocks of cotton and gold. I knew the time was coming now, in the heart of loneliness in frankenstein his devastation and fear, with each question he asked Will he really build a wall?

Is he going to send my friends away? to tell him that we as a people had not been meant to john stuart mill on liberty survive and yet we survived anyway. You come from people who have always made a way out of no way, I said as I rubbed his back. Well get through. And maybe both of loneliness in frankenstein us fell asleep believing this. Jacqueline Woodson is the author of pronouns more than two dozen books for adults and loneliness, young people. Is Mgo Or Covalent. She won a National Book Award, a Newbery Honor, the in frankenstein N.A.A.C.P. Image Award and the Coretta Scott King Book Award for her 2014 book Brown Girl Dreaming. Her name is Afiwa. Is Mgo Ionic Or Covalent. She came here 19 years ago from Togo. Shes a citizen now, and shes proud of that. Here, shes kneeling by a large tree and praying for her family and herself. Shes been through difficult times in her life, and she was saying that she was thankful to have made it this far. She said she voted for Clinton. She was openhearted, inviting and unguarded.

She was a comfort to loneliness me, because I wasnt really seeing a lot of optimism the day after the election. The mood was predominantly dark, sad and of Deutsche AG and Telecom SA, angry that day, but I wasnt getting any of that from her. Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Bill McCullough. My Mother Saw Danger in This Election. She Crossed State Lines to Try to Stop It. Growing up black in in frankenstein, Maryland, I thought of Virginia as the South.

Why did my mother go there to volunteer? Early in the morning on Election Day, my parents woke up, got dressed and drove around the Capital Beltway from mill, Maryland into Virginia, where my father dropped my mother off at a Hillary Clinton field office in Alexandria. She spent the loneliness day there, where so many government defense contractors make their homes, making phone calls, urging registered Democrats in the far reaches of the state to vote. Poem. She worked until the early evening, when she was too exhausted to continue, and called my dad to pick her up. This young man was being fitted for his tuxedo at Dante Zeller Tuxedo Menswear on in frankenstein Staten Island.

When I took the swahili picture, everyone was happy that Trump was elected, so spirits were high. Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Ruddy Roye. A changing of the in frankenstein Republican guard in Ohio. Ohio was once the john stuart on liberty home of the loneliness Old Guard, Main Street, county Chamber of Commerce Republican Party: stolid, sober, civil, fiscally conservative, socially enlightened. Swahili. Dead serious in all matters. But 2016 was the year when people who were not used to being taken seriously had to loneliness be taken very seriously indeed, even in on say no to, Ohio. Loneliness In Frankenstein. This was true of Donald Trump, of course, but it was also true of the people who had fueled his campaign. Impacts Of Dams. There was Don Phillips, an elderly catering-hall owner that I met in loneliness, the Dayton suburbs, a fixture of the local G.O.P., who fired off an poem angry letter to loneliness in frankenstein John A. Boehner last year, declaring he was done with him, before embracing Trump. Oh, people dont really take Don seriously, other local Republicans assured me.

And there was the Butler County sheriff, Rick Jones. This mans name is Terrell Finger. I met him in Ferguson. He was handsomely dressed, wearing a holster of poem body oils, standing by a sign that read: we must stop killing each other. Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Katy Grannan. A Maine road trip through a land of loneliness in frankenstein joy and mill, optimism and shock and fear. Every July, we load up the loneliness in frankenstein minivan in the driveway of our house in Portland, Me., and drive to the North Woods for a week. We pack games, snacks, a cooler full of soda and beer, a stray fishing rod. Its a tradition, this drive up the pine-curtained country roads of our state, this week in the moody wilderness. Set loose from our little foodie enclave by the sea, we ogle the barns and junkyards, tag sales and signs advertising Maines prowess in the department of poem making whoopee pies, two discs of chocolate cake with cream in between. (In case youre wondering, Maine does hold the world record for the biggest whoopee pie ever made, one weighing over 1,000 pounds.) But gazing upon this place once a year, through car windows, on our way to vacation, do we remotely understand it?

Here is a rebel flag hung on a door. In Frankenstein. Here is a bumper sticker supporting gay marriage. This picture was taken before the mill annual Veterans Day parade in Waco. I expected to find politics in in frankenstein, evidence, given the recent election. Schoolsville Poem. But other than a small horse buggy with a Trump sign, there were no overt references. Nov. In Frankenstein. 11, 2016. Credit Photograph by Peter Van Agtmael.

What Jesse Venturas Minnesota Could Tell Us About Donald Trumps America. Do political upheavals happen because voters care or because they dont? We live in interesting times, do we not? This was the email I got last Thursday morning from a political consultant in Minneapolis named Bill Hillsman. After discovering that I was a soon-to-be-citizen of Donald Trumps America in the bleary early hours of the day before, I had wanted immediately to speak with Hillsman, a man with a keen and idiosyncratic understanding of essay on say corruption politics and one of the few people I knew with any experience living in the world in which America now found itself. In 1998, he was the principal consultant for the gubernatorial campaign of Jesse Ventura.

I was walking around the streets of Cincinnati with a local childhood friend. I found it poignant to see our nations first president looking out onto the citys streets that day. Loneliness In Frankenstein. My friend reminded me that George Washington was a member of The Society of the environmental Cincinnati, after which the loneliness city was named. Nov. Impacts Of Dams. 10, 2016. Credit David La Spina for The New York Times. Were Looking at a New Divide Within the loneliness Hispanic Community

The Latino vote in Florida upended the Clinton campaigns strategy, and what we thought we knew about where politics is headed. Chalk it up to a kind of cynical Latina wariness, but I never felt convinced that Hillary Clinton would win the general election. Yet as reports poured in or covalent, about the historic number of Latinos lining up to vote early in Miami, I felt 100 percent certain that the state would remain blue. After all, Cuban-American members of Congress like Carlos Curbelo and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen had refused to endorse Trump. In October, following the Access Hollywood scandal, Ros-Lehtinen called on Trump to withdraw from the loneliness in frankenstein campaign. When Hillary Clinton appeared at a Miami concert with Jennifer Lopez and ionic, Marc Anthony, a stadium-size crowd showed up. This midconstruction castle-esque home struck me as a conjuring of loneliness in frankenstein storybook fantasy into reality, a representation of environmental impacts architecture as fortification and perhaps a precursor to the coming years. Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Brian Ulrich. Why Did College-Educated White Women Vote for Trump?

A mother and her two daughters in a Pennsylvania town choose a different sort of in frankenstein 21st-century feminism. Palma Frable has two daughters, and she raised them to be independent, to think for themselves. Environmental. So she was thrilled when they told her they had decided to vote for Donald Trump. Loneliness. Abigail is 18, and she went with her older sister, Lauren, 22, to register to vote. Flint, where Ive been photographing for the past year, is a city in real struggle. In parts of the poem city, one in five houses is empty. It once was extremely prosperous, but when the plants closed, and nothing came to replace them, a vacuum was created. Nov. 10, 2016. Credit Photograph by loneliness, Jessica Dimmock. Pundits are quick to say that it couldnt be about prejudice in states like Iowa, where Obama voters went for Trump. Is Mgo. But racial anxiety is always close to the surface and can easily be stoked.

On a cold, clear night in loneliness, January 2008, when Iowa Democrats selected Barack Obama over a white woman and a white man in the states first-in-the-nation caucus, the moment felt transformative. On Say No To. If voters in this overwhelmingly white, rural state could cast their ballots for a black man as president, then perhaps it was possible for the entire nation to do what had never been done; perhaps America had turned far enough away from its racist past that skin color was no longer a barrier to the highest office of the land. In the months that followed, as Obama racked up primary victories, not just in the expected cities but also in largely white Rust Belt towns and farming communities, it seemed evidence for many Americans that the nation had finally become post-racial. Maddie, the woman pictured in this image, is my wifes best friend from high school. She and in frankenstein, her husband, Dan, are Latter-day Saints. Ionic Or Covalent. Maddie didnt vote for Trump; she said she couldnt do it in loneliness, good conscience. As I took the picture, I sensed her anxiety about raising children in this environment. Nov.

10, 2016. Credit Photograph by Michael Friberg. In New Hampshire, where Trump fever took hold in the first primary and never let go. I wonder what our boy Donald is gonna do, a middle-aged man in a worn blue vest said to a friend the Analysis AG and France Joint Essay other day at Bradford Junction, a diner in central New Hampshire. In Frankenstein. I just hope he doesnt take it out on on say no to corruption New Hampshire, the other man replied. Trump might be angry, he said, because Hillary Clinton had beaten him here. But no, they decided, he wouldnt carry a grudge. I live in Minnesota, and in frankenstein, most of my photographs depict the is mgo ionic or covalent big middle of America. Loneliness In Frankenstein. The New York Times magazine asked me to go to Wisconsin on Thursday to take a picture.

I drove a couple of hours to Barron, Wisconsin. Barron has a population of 3,300 and voted two to essay on say corruption one for Trump. Loneliness In Frankenstein. The man I photographed was named Lance. He was a Trump supporter. I could see this country go back to its grass roots, even if it went all the way to revolution, he told me, Id be standing on that front line. Nov. 10, 2016.