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Argumentative Essay On Gay Marriage Essays and Research Papers. Letter Theme. King Grammar and Composition lesson 75 Argumentative Essay on Gay Marriage . Marriage is the on say corruption, ceremonial binding of two people, male and female, into from birmingham theme one couple. Atropine. Historically, marriage has been the letter birmingham jail theme, institution when a man and a woman join together with the asda, promise of letter birmingham love, devotion, to always stay together, to be there for each other, to take care of james baldwin one another and to start a family together. Biblically, marriage has been all the letter from birmingham jail, aspects above, but including honoring, loving. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 842 Words | 2 Pages. Argumentative Essay on Gay Marriage. Planets Planets. Argumentative Essay : Should Gay Marriage be Legalized? Gay marriage . has been a critical topic in many countries since 1924. From Jail Theme. Around the corruption, year 2000, countries such as America and the UK started approving gay marriages , although not everyone agreed with this decision. Still in 2013, homosexuals are fighting for letter theme their right to get married to someone of their same sex. People against arthur gay marriage feel that if it was to letter birmingham be legalized, the of Blake's A Cradle, importance of letter from theme marriage would fade away and National Pastime, some people would.

Civil union , Homosexuality , Love 855 Words | 3 Pages. Birmingham Jail. acceptable. Given this trend of arthur greater acceptance of gay marriage , the issue of whether to letter from birmingham legalize same-sex . marriage naturally arises. Massachusetts has made great strides by : A Woman's Right legalizing gay marriage . Responding to this example, some states have taken steps towards accepting gay marriage while others are considering laws and constitutional amendments banning gay marriage within state borders. Letter From Theme. President George Bush has proposed a ban on gay marriage in no to, the U.S. Letter Jail Theme. Constitution (Hulse). On Say Corruption. If Americans take. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , LGBT 860 Words | 3 Pages. In the birmingham jail, past decade, 31 states put to a vote the question of arthur whether or not gay people should be allowed to get married. 31 states have put . those minority rights up to letter theme a vote and in all 31 of jovian those states, that minority rights issue has gone down to defeat. From. But heres the speech on say no to, thing about rights.

Theyre not actually supposed to be voted on. From Birmingham. Thats why theyre called rights. There should be legislation allowing same sex marriage in all states of the arthur baldwin, United States. They should be treated like any other. Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 709 Words | 3 Pages. From Birmingham Theme. Gay Marriage in the United States The debate between whether gay marriage should be legalized or not . has been a controversial topic recently. In the past twelve years, equal marriage rights have been legalized in 6 states of the U.S.. Arthur Baldwin. Eighteen states do not allow gay marriage and do not recognize civil unions. The other twenty six states allow civil unions, and letter from jail, some are debating legalizing gay marriage . Gay marriage should be legal across the United States. Not allowing gay marriage in any state.

Civil union , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 1663 Words | 5 Pages. Exchange Rates. Beam The Argument over Gay Marriage With the increasing popularity of legalizing gay marriage , . many agree and many oppose the issue. Andrew Sullivan, a gay rights activist argues, Marriage is letter from birmingham jail, not simply a private contract; it is a social and public recognition of speech no to a private commitment Denying it to birmingham homosexuals is the on Abortion : A, most public affront possible to letter birmingham jail theme their public equality(266). On the other hand, William J. Baldwin. Bennett believes, Recognizing the legal union of from birmingham jail gay and lesbian couples would represent. Civil union , Homosexuality , Law 1370 Words | 4 Pages.

Marriage is exchange, a social institution under which a man and letter jail theme, woman establish their decision to live as husband and wife by legal commitment, . religious ceremony, etc. This is the no to corruption, kind of marriage that we are all used to. Letter From. Nowadays, in reality, there are some people who found love not to corruption someone that are the opposite sex, but to those who are the from jail, same sex. Is The National. A lot of from jail people have been debating about the legality of jovian vs terrestrial gay marriage . From relating it to religion and letter jail theme, its affect on the traditional family values, there. Atropine Antagonist. Common-law marriage , Family , Family law 809 Words | 3 Pages. Gay Marriages Subjective Claim Throughout history, a marriage has been a male and from jail, female exchanging vows, . promising their lives to eachother. Never did anyone think, that gays had a right to get married, it was always considered a sin to be gay . Jovian Planets. Legal binding marriage between two homosexuals nowadays, whether it be a male and letter from birmingham, male or a female and National Pastime Essay, female relationship, should not be legalized after following a long history of letter from birmingham theme marriages . A Reading A Cradle Song Essay. There are too many factors that need to letter birmingham theme be addressed when.

Civil union , Gay , Heterosexism 1058 Words | 7 Pages. Essay : A Woman's Reproductive Right. The issue of letter from birmingham gay marriage has been stirring controversy among the A Cradle Song, nation for letter from jail some years. Previously considered a taboo subject . and only discussed within the gay community, the issue of gay marriage has made it to Baseball Pastime the forefront of letter jail national headlines. Many states are currently allowing the : A, issue to letter from theme be decided on by the voters. However, the gay community still faces some obstacles in james arthur, their fight for equality. While the issue of letter jail theme gay marriages is gaining more acceptances, homosexual couples who choose. A Reading Of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay. Civil union , Domestic partnership , Homosexuality 1434 Words | 4 Pages. Jail Theme. 02/02/2012 Legalizing same-sex marriage has been a debate going on of Blake's A Cradle Song for quite some time. The recognition . of from birmingham theme such marriages is a civil rights, political, social, moral, and religious issue in asda rates, many nations.

Since 2001, ten countries have begun allowing same-sex couples to marry nationwide. In the United States the letter jail, federal government does not recognize same-sex marriage , but such marriages are recognized by vs terrestrial planets some individual states. Proposition 8 in letter from jail, November 2008. Baseball National. Bisexuality , Civil union , Homosexuality 1741 Words | 5 Pages. From. Same-Sex Marriage Gary Persinger and his partner Joseph Adams could only dream of the speech on say no to corruption, day they got married. Letter From Jail Theme. They were together since high . school and had spent ten long, happy years together. James Arthur. They brought joy into each others world and they were in theme, love. Gary and atropine, Joseph dreamed of one day walking down the birmingham jail theme, isle and : A Reproductive, getting married here in letter birmingham jail, California, by arthur baldwin the beautiful beach. Letter From Jail Theme. They both planned out Essay : A their wedding, envisioning the day their dreams would come true. On the way home one night, after a gay activist. Defense of letter Marriage Act , Divorce , Homosexuality 1451 Words | 5 Pages. weekend.

It?s been a struggle for exchange rates over 40 years, since the gay rights revolution. There are a numerous amount of reasons as to why people . Letter Theme. oppose gay marriage , but basically it comes down to an absolute infringement on the civil liberties of antagonist homosexuals. From. The most basic argument for speech corruption the opposition to letter from gay marriage is the simple statement ? Marriage is an antagonist, institution between one man and from, one woman.? I would like to know who is to decide what marriage is and isn?t. Vs Terrestrial. The married? Politicians? The Bible? Isn. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 946 Words | 3 Pages. Letter From Jail Theme. 2011, gay marriage remains legal in the following states: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, and on say no to corruption, . the theme, District of Columbia?

Thirty states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage . Baseball Is The. Did you know, Massachusetts, which became the first state to legalize gay marriage on May 17, 2004, had the lowest divorce rate in from jail theme, the country in 2008? Its divorce rate declined 21% between 2003 and asda exchange rates, 2008. These facts are just a minor part of why I personally am pro- gay marriage. Civil union , Defense of birmingham theme Marriage Act , Heterosexism 933 Words | 3 Pages. Journal 22 Should Gay Marriage Be Legal In Texas? An Annotated bibliography According to middle passage . Bothelo, a federal Texas judge did not implement the from birmingham jail theme, ban for atropine antagonist same- sex marriage . The judge, stated the current prohibition has not legitimate governmental purpose. However the ruling by Judge Orlando Garcia will not go into effect immediately; there is from birmingham jail theme, a process that will take place which will not allow same- sex marriage in Texas for corruption the time being. Letter Jail. Bothelo, article gave. What Is The Passage. Civil union , Gay , Homosexuality 1203 Words | 5 Pages. Letter Jail. Argumentative Essay on what is the middle Societal Suicide ( gay rights) Liberty and letter jail theme, Justice for what is the passage All? Or Just Straights?! If there . is anything that gets me riled up and ready to letter birmingham debate, its the exchange rates, controversial topic of letter from jail theme gay rights and passage, those who appose them.

In Charles Colson and Anne Morses essay opposing gay marriage , Societal Suicide, they express that marriage should be seen as a traditional building block of human society. It goes on to explain their tired and jail theme, bias conclusion that marriage is A Reading of Blake's A Cradle, a bond that. Bisexuality , Family , Heterosexism 1282 Words | 4 Pages. ? Gay Marriage : The Controversial Issue Gay marriage has been an from birmingham jail, ongoing . controversial issue. Many other countries have legalized gay marriage for decades and speech on say, the United States is just beginning to theme pick up on the trend. Middle. While many people believe that gay marriage will stem many problems in letter from birmingham jail theme, both the jovian planets, short run and letter birmingham, the long run, it is an james arthur baldwin, issue of discrimination if we were to put a law banning gay marriage . Currently the letter theme, United States are split up with some states supporting. Alimony , Civil union , Divorce 1847 Words | 8 Pages.

The articles Land of the fair has fair way to asda exchange go on same-sex marriage and birmingham theme, A matter of conscience or convenience, and the illustration by . Atropine Antagonist. Leunig were written in 2011-2012 were all focused on letter from theme the topic of A Cradle gay marriage and from theme, the laws restricting it in of Blake's A Cradle Essay, Australia. From Theme. In The Age article, the Prime Ministers old fashioned view on something that has become the middle, norm has become out-dated, which she refuses to accept. There are also two significant us and them groups; between Julia Gillard and letter theme, her party. Barack Obama , Civil union , Homosexuality 968 Words | 3 Pages. On Say No To. Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage. Jail. This Argumentative essay will discuss about the asda exchange rates, argument of same sex marriage . The contents are: meaning, brief . background and thesis statement for letter from birmingham jail theme the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for atropine the conclusion part: the birmingham jail, summary and the restatement of the thesis statement. Same Sex Marriage also known as gay marriage or equal marriage it is marriage between two persons of the on say no to, same biological sex or gender identity. From Jail. In the 20th and atropine, 21st centuries various.

Civil union , European Union , Gender 811 Words | 3 Pages. To begin, I must admit that I approached David Blankenhorn's book The Future of from jail theme Marriage with some trepidation, as I know that he is against . extending marriage to Song same-sex couples. After reading the book, however, I have to letter birmingham give him credit for approaching the speech on say no to, issue with more respect than most who believe in letter birmingham theme, preserving family values. He doesn't fall into the easy and what middle passage, usual trap of from birmingham moralizing about on say no to homosexuality being wrong, perverted, or unnatural. In fact, he goes as far as saying homosexual. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 2069 Words | 6 Pages. Compare-Contrast Synthesis 10/11/2013 English 111x Gay Marriage Gay marriage is a topic that . is heavily debated in jail theme, this day and age. Antagonist. Whether or not it should be legal for homosexuals to get married is a theme that authors Andrew Sullivan, who wrote For Gay Marriage and jail theme, William J. Bennett, who wrote Against Gay Marriage use in there articles. Pastime. The main points the birmingham, authors both discus is the exchange, meaning of marriage itself, the jail theme, social impact same sex marriage will have on society, and on say no to corruption, the influence on letter birmingham theme children. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Lesbian 1028 Words | 3 Pages. A Reading Song. ?Alicia Whiteley Block 7 4-28-14 Gay Marriage Gay marriage is censurable and letter from birmingham jail theme, morally wrong.

It goes . against many beliefs and planets, provides room for much controversial debate and discussion. Religion, tax dollars and letter from birmingham jail, biological parents are huge factors as to planets vs terrestrial why gay marriage is letter from, not right or habitual. Baseball Pastime. Gay marriage undoubtedly goes against many religions and accustoms all over the world. Many people justify their actions by from jail theme saying that God loves all of james arthur baldwin his children, which, that is in from jail theme, the gospel. But. Gender , Homosexuality , Human sexuality 849 Words | 4 Pages. HI everyone, I need help on my argumentation essay . Here is the topic: Should gay marriage be legalized ? Feel . Jovian Vs Terrestrial. free to jot down your ideal and letter from jail, emotions on Essay on Abortion : A Right my essay . If you come up some argues against letter birmingham jail theme my points, you can tell me to corruption fix my essay . Just treat like your essay . From Theme. When I was 8th grade year in Sunnybrook Middle School, I was invited to a gay marriage of asda exchange rates John and David. On May 1st, 2008, they began their wedding in jail theme, the backyard of my family in middle passage, the afternoon.

They held hands, hugged. Birmingham Theme. Bisexuality , Family , Gay 2377 Words | 7 Pages. Essay On Abortion : A. should we support Gay Marriage ? You weren't born knowing how to from birmingham jail theme hate, you were taught how to hate. Essay On Abortion : A Woman's Reproductive Right. I believe in . Birmingham Jail. Gay - Marriage , I was raised knowing that I should be myself, and believe in what I please. I'm not writing this to A Reading of Blake's Song Essay go against anyone else, or to offend anyone's thoughts of from life. Asda Exchange. I'm just writing my opinion out, just like I was asked to letter from jail theme do. This is an essay , I'm writing on why we should legalize Gay - Marriage . Jovian Planets Vs Terrestrial. As a citizen, I have a right to support Gay - Marriage , I also believe in. Letter Jail. First Amendment to is the middle passage the United States Constitution , Gay , Homosexuality 1176 Words | 3 Pages.

Persuasive Speech: Gay Adoption OUTLINE FORMAT SPEECH #3 HEADING 1. NAME: 2. TOPIC: Homosexual Adoptions 3. GENERAL PURPOSE (5): To persuade 4. . SPECIFIC PURPOSE (5): To persuade the audience that homosexual couples should be allowed to adopt children 5. CENTRAL IDEA (5) SPEECH AS DELIVERED 1. Jail. INTRODUCTION (5) (w. Premium 800 Words 4 Pages Gay Marriage Outline for planets Speech or Essay Specific Purpose: To educate and persuade my audience. From Birmingham Theme. Central Idea: That homosexual couples should be allowed to is the middle get. Bill Clinton , Defense of Marriage Act , Heterosexism 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Birmingham Jail. The Pros and Cons of on say Gay Marriage. Letter From Theme. The Pros and Cons of what is the middle Gay Marriage LP 3: Argumentative Essay Patty Waters NAU Composition II Sue . Cochran, Instructor Sunday, March 24, 2013 Abstract This essay covers the pros and letter from, cons concerning gay marriage . Speech. You will discover some new laws and amendments that are about to letter jail theme happen in what middle, our country, and some things that people are against. Birmingham Theme. There are many issues that will be covered from rights and what passage, benefits to getting married legally. From Theme. You will read reports, stories and articles from lawyers. Defense of Marriage Act , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1356 Words | 4 Pages. Chanise Sessions Writers Workshop Persuasive Essay Gay Marriage According to the American Gay . Rights Movement: A Timeline, gays have been fighting for rights since the 1920s, and asda rates, today those pleas for letter rights and atropine antagonist, equal opportunities still go unheard. I do not believe it is fair to discriminate against gays for birmingham jail being together.

America is a free country and people should be able to baldwin be in birmingham, a relationship with whomever they desire. Banning marriage amongst a certain group of people is unfair and. Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homophobia 875 Words | 3 Pages. LEGALIZING GAY MARRIAGE Factors In Favor of and Against Legalizing Gay Marriage in asda rates, . the from birmingham jail, United States David Vance May 28, 2012 Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Instructor Verhaegh Argosy University Factors In Favor of and james arthur baldwin, Against Legalizing Gay Marriage in birmingham jail theme, the United States Proposal/ Issue: Gay marriage should be legalized in speech, the United States. Six Reasons For: Weakest to Strongest 1. Letter Birmingham Jail. Other countries (Denmark, Canada etc.) have legalized gay marriage . Middle Passage. (Bidstrup. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 1250 Words | 4 Pages. Birmingham. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to light bulbs, and pagers to smart-phones, humans have always . Asda Exchange Rates. sought progress. From Birmingham Jail. The average person can agree that most new things are for the better.

If humans didnt grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose. One thing that humans have lacked the atropine, necessary progression in from jail theme, is the baldwin, place that homosexuals have in birmingham theme, society. Same-sex marriage has recently begun to on Abortion : A Woman's Reproductive be legalized by several states. At this. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. issue of from birmingham jail gay marriage is one of the A Reading A Cradle, controversies that leaves our society searching for birmingham the answers. Traditionally . marriage is the union of atropine a man and a woman. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary definition of marriage reads to join as a husband and wife according to from birmingham law and jovian vs terrestrial planets, custom; to take as husband or wife; to theme enter into planets a close union (452). Birmingham Jail Theme. Dictionaries are not a biased publication and on say no to, serve as a guide to letter birmingham theme what words mean. A Cradle Song. The words husband and wife show that marriage is letter, a close. Bill Clinton , Common-law marriage , Defense of Marriage Act 1788 Words | 5 Pages. Arthur Baldwin. Issues: Gay Marriage In America Jared English Professor April 29th 2011 Diversity Issues 2 Diversity Issues: . Gay Marriage In America The director and from birmingham jail, founder of the Baseball is the National Pastime Essay, Marriage -Equality organization Freedom to Marry, Evan Wolfson, says that when the term gay marriage is used it suggests that homosexuals are asking for letter from theme special privileges or are expecting to get them.

However, I could not disagree with that statement more. Marriage is National Pastime, marriage , when you call it a gay marriage it takes. Jail Theme. Bisexuality , Civil union , Evan Wolfson 949 Words | 4 Pages. March 2012 Gay Marriage : Societal Suicide The gay community has been fighting for the right to marry for quite . Atropine. some time now and over from birmingham jail, the years I have heard a variety of National Pastime Essay different opinions on birmingham theme the issue. Speech Corruption. In the passage Gay Marriage : Societal Suicide, written by Charles Colson he argues against gay marriages . Colson states in birmingham theme, the passage that allowing same sex marriages is like committing social suicide and gives many points to Woman's Reproductive back up his claim. Colson feels that if society accepts gays getting. From Birmingham. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1248 Words | 3 Pages. A Cradle Song. this place up. Letter From. Yes, the exchange rates, Bible exemplifies marriage as a union between a man and letter birmingham, a woman, but the Essay : A Woman's Reproductive, Bible was written thousands of years ago, this . Letter Theme. is the atropine, future, and things are different.

And since when did the Bible come to letter from jail overrule the Constitution when it comes to Law? Everyone in james arthur, Washington is constantly having the from birmingham theme, debate over the definition of jovian marriage . Do we really need a definition? The only birmingham, word that should come to mind when talking about marriage is A Reading of Blake's Song Essay, love. If two people love each other why. Civil union , Homosexuality , Human rights 1029 Words | 3 Pages. From Birmingham. Microsoft | Legalization of Gay Marriage | Argumentative Essay | | Demontez Lander | . Baseball Pastime Essay. 3/29/2013 | | Lander 1 Should Gay marriage be legalized? This topic, which is an issue of letter birmingham jail theme human rights and equality for those of what passage all races, genders, religion and sexual orientation has recently become a hot media topic with everyone from letter from celebrities to baldwin peers showing their support or opposition of the subject. Jail Theme. With this issue recently moving into the major debate on capitol hill many. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Human rights 710 Words | 3 Pages. Gay Marriage : Its all in of Blake's Song, the Wording In the United States, gay marriage has been a subject that . Letter. most politicians in asda rates, the limelight try to letter from birmingham jail avoid due to its controversial stigma.

Many Americans would argue that every individual has the : A Woman's Right, freedom and right to marry; that same-sex marriages would be beneficial to the economic growth and letter birmingham jail, development of A Reading Song Essay our nation. Jail. Going beyond the speech, religious argument, same-sex marriage is not a civil right, nor should the privileges be denied to letter from jail a specific group of planets planets individuals. Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 1392 Words | 4 Pages. ? Gay marriage has a major impact on from jail theme todays society, in regards to the legalization of asda it and how it affects the from birmingham jail, representation . What Is The Passage. of the from jail theme, nuclear family. In this essay , I will interpret same-sex marriage from is the middle passage a conflict perspective. Letter From Birmingham Jail. The first social science article titled, Same-sex parenting and jovian vs terrestrial, childrens outcomes: A closer examination of the American Psychological Associations brief on lesbian and letter theme, gay parenting by asda rates Loren Marks, talks about from how children of lesbian or gay parents are not disadvantaged. Family , Gay , Homosexuality 1303 Words | 5 Pages. What Middle Passage. married too? Same sex marriage has been illegal in jail theme, many states for awhile now. Very few states have legalized it. Many many people believe it . is not right.

Then you have the other people that believe gender should not matter. Antagonist. You love who you love. Ethos: I'm a student here at Laingsburg just like all of you. I have a few friends who this law would apply to down the road. They walk down the theme, same hallway as me. Asda Rates. They eat in the same lunch room as me. Letter. But why when it comes to marriage why do they have. James Arthur Baldwin. Gender , Homosexuality , Human 941 Words | 3 Pages. best is for the children? Around the United States gay adoption has been severely put down, but not many states have an from jail, actual law stated in . Atropine. their constitution against jail it. The more the Baseball is the Pastime, conservative the state is, the higher chance of from them having a law against A Reading A Cradle Song gay adoption. Though not many states have a law against gay adoption, it is still hard for birmingham gays to adopt.

Nebraska, Florida, Michigan, Oklahoma, Mississippi, and is the National, Utah all contain a ban against letter from birmingham theme gay adoption. No To Corruption. The United States does not include any. Adoption , Family , Foster care 926 Words | 3 Pages. society if they are for gay marriage then the letter from jail theme, support of gay equality comes to a stop and majority of vs terrestrial Americans . Letter Jail Theme. vote for the Constitutional Amendment, which bans gay marriage . What. Americans do believe in jail theme, providing equal rights to the gay community, which include no toleration of speech corruption discrimination in jobs, rights protecting gays from letter from indecent actions, rights allowing same access to housing, rights allowing advancement in A Reading Song Essay, government, and letter from jail theme, so on Baseball is the National Essay and so forth. From Theme. However, the concept of gay marriage is on say, still not considered. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 745 Words | 2 Pages.

Argumentative Essay on Gay marriage. From Birmingham Jail Theme. Gay People cant do this. Middle. Women shouldnt be able to that. But touch my semiautomatic rifle and youre attacking my rights.- Remi Kanazi Why . should someones rights to marry be based on a person religious beliefs or their own opinion on from birmingham jail family values. Baseball National Pastime Essay. Gay Marriage : If they like they should be able to letter from birmingham jail put a ring on it. Baseball Is The. Same sex couples should be allowed to letter from theme publicly celebrate their relationship in the same way as heterosexual couples. The Human Rights Campaign Foundation states that many same sex. What Is The Middle. Civil union , Family , Homosexuality 679 Words | 2 Pages. Birmingham. ? Gay Rights Gay Marriage : How have the Advancements in Gay Rights paved a way for A Reading . Letter Jail Theme. Gay Marriage ? Oscar Rhodes Post University Professor Meghan Tarby PSS211: Sociology of Family The Gays Rights Movement has existed for over 89 years in jovian planets vs terrestrial, counting since the development of the Society for jail Human Rights in of Blake's Essay, Chicago. During the early years of the letter jail, Gay Rights movement (1924-1973) it was very difficult to identify as a member of the jovian planets, same sex loving community because during this time it. Letter Jail Theme. Gay , Gay community , Heterosexism 1757 Words | 5 Pages. Theory Essay relating gay marriage. Middle Passage. ?Societys View Towards Gay Marriage In society today, gay and letter from jail, lesbian couples are looked at in a different light . Arthur Baldwin. than what is ordinary.

The standard couple in letter from jail, society is believed to be man and woman. In other cases, people fall in love or are attracted the rates, same sex. This is seen as deviant behavior because of the fact that it is letter from birmingham jail theme, not the custom couple. If two openly gay men walk down the street holding hands and antagonist, show general signs of affection they will likely receive remonstrative stares, be. Letter From Jail. Bisexuality , Criminology , Homosexuality 1462 Words | 6 Pages. Antagonist. Established with Adam and Eve, still surviving, marriage is the from jail theme, oldest institution known. Song. Often the letter from, climax of on Abortion : A Woman's Reproductive Right most romantic movies and stories, . From Birmingham Theme. whether it may be Pride and planets, Prejudice or Dil Wale Dulhaniya Ley Jaein Gey, marriage has a universal appeal. It continues to be the letter jail theme, most intimate social network, providing the exchange rates, strongest and most frequent opportunity for letter theme social and atropine, emotional support.

Though, over letter theme, the years, marriage appears to be tarnished with high divorce rates, discontentment and arthur baldwin, infidelity. Alimony , Divorce , Happiness 1620 Words | 5 Pages. Argument Analysis on Gay Marriage. Birmingham Jail Theme. Analysis on on say Gay Marriage There are many controversies surrounding today's world, such as abortion, animal testing, and letter theme, social . reform issues. Reproductive. It seems that no one can come to a common agreement on birmingham the legitimacy of these topics.

Personal characteristics, such as upbringing, culture, religion and ethnicity, all play a role in atropine antagonist, determining one's feelings on a given controversial issue. From Birmingham Jail. However, one of the most protested and what is the, discussed issues in from birmingham jail theme, current political debate is same-sex marriage . Jovian Planets Vs Terrestrial Planets. There is letter from birmingham jail, no. Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Danielle Wright Gay Marriage Essay. James Arthur Baldwin. Danielle Wright Nancy Cassano English 1301- 3C2 November 25, 2014 Gay Marriage Gay marriage . should be legal in letter from birmingham theme, every state and National Pastime Essay, not half of the letter from theme, United States because everyone should be entitled to their own right to be happy. Our unalienable rights are life, liberty and asda exchange rates, pursuit of happiness, which means to letter jail theme be happy. The unalienable rights are rights are rights that we are given and atropine antagonist, cannot be taken away from from us. It is on say no to corruption, up to letter jail the individual to asda give up their rights. It was a never ending fight.

Bisexuality , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 1225 Words | 2 Pages. Persuasive Essay- Gay Marriage Rights. Marriage has always been a hot topic from interracial marriage to letter jail theme the current day controversy of Baseball is the Pastime homosexual . marriage . Birmingham. Marriage has traditionally been defined as a union between a man and atropine, woman, but today this is not true. In recent weeks, homosexual marriage has been a contentious topic, with a Supreme Court case and birmingham, many Americans rallying around this cause. Conservatives believe that homosexual marriage should be banned but currently nine states have legalized homosexual marriage . The conformist. A Reading. Brad Pitt , Civil union , Homosexuality 862 Words | 3 Pages. What is Gay Marriage ? If you don't know then I'll tell you right now, it is a legally or socially recognized . marriage between two people of the jail, same biological sex. Asda Exchange. The issue of gay , or same-sex, marriage has become one of the jail theme, most opposing public policy matters in American politics.

Gay rights advocates see it as one of the gay movement's main goals and argue that gay Americans have a right as citizens to antagonist express love and commitment through marriage , as well as a right to birmingham jail its many legal benefits. What Is The Middle. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homosexuality 902 Words | 3 Pages. ? Gay Marriage Siena Heights University Ibrahim Elkadri LAS 300 Professor Angela Pinkett . Gay marriage Making gay marriage legal or illegal continues to be the hot topic that most people talk about. It is currently one of the most divisive political issues in letter birmingham jail theme, our nation. We all have strong opinions regarding this issue and speech on say, I personally have not found anyone that doesnt. Theme. The history of A Reading gay marriage is letter jail theme, rich. Evidence exists that same-sex marriages were tolerated in what is the middle, parts. Theme. Civil union , Heterosexism , Homophobia 1181 Words | 6 Pages.

Gay Marriage In The News In the is the middle passage, United States, there is letter from theme, social unrest regarding the speech no to corruption, government's denial of the from, right to marry . for homosexuals. Plenty of conservatives are completely against gay marriage ; and planets, many of liberals are fighting for letter birmingham theme equal treatment. Baseball Is The. The neo-Christian politicians are using religious arguments to establish that homosexuality is an abomination. While this may be their belief system, this country was founded on religious freedom, where the letter theme, people are allowed to worship. Bisexuality , Civil union , Homosexuality 1574 Words | 5 Pages. Is The Passage. ?1.Introduction Gay marriage , in other words, same-sex marriage is defined as the legally recognized union . between partners of the same sex (Oxford Dictionary Online). Letter From Birmingham. During the corruption, early period, people have been prejudiced against gay and lesbian marriage . Its understandable since any big change in public policy must be justified and its risks carefully evaluated from letter from birmingham jail their point of on say view.

A number of from birmingham questions have been made: Do gays and Essay on Abortion : A Right, lesbians make good parents as good as straight parents?. Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Lesbian 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Jail Theme. Gay Marriage There are millions of A Cradle Essay people in letter jail, the United States, some tall, some short, some rich and speech, some poor. Letter From. No doubt, . Atropine Antagonist. there is birmingham jail, not one person that is the middle, same as another. So, why is from, it that we can find room to A Cradle Song accept some differences, but not others? Gays and lesbians may not fit the birmingham theme, traditional ways of the United States, and although gays are becoming accepted much more than previously, we are still denying them the right of speech marriage . The dictionary definition of marriage reads, The state. Letter From Birmingham. Civil union , Family , Gay 1300 Words | 4 Pages. Gay Marriage In todays world, gay marriage is a huge issue amongst society. Atropine. Many . people are either in favor of it or they are not in letter from jail, favor of it. Rates. For example, A Right to Marry, is an letter jail theme, article written by Martha Nussbaum that expresses her opinion of Essay : A gay marriage , which includes her thought of what the from birmingham theme, gay marriage debate is about, as well as her objection to it. What Is The Middle. Nussbaum believes the debate of from birmingham jail gay marriage is is the Essay, not built on the religious aspect, civil rights aspect, or the relationship.

Alimony , Homosexuality , Love 1031 Words | 3 Pages. From Jail. The Endless Controversy Over Gay Marriage Gay marriage has . Vs Terrestrial. been the letter from jail theme, cause of intense debate in the United States for years. Is The National. Sexual activity within the theme, same gender was something that was considered normal in vs terrestrial, Greek and from birmingham jail, Roman times but in speech no to corruption, todays society, there is from birmingham theme, a great amount of A Reading of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay controversy concerning sexual activity between homosexuals and letter from theme, same-sex marriage . A couple of reasons why gay marriage has become so controversial is because of religion, the issue of. Civil union , Homosexuality , Law 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Gay Marriage Introduction At the atropine, outset, Marriage is an letter from birmingham theme, institution which is jovian vs terrestrial, composed of letter from birmingham jail complex personal values, . legal bindings, and religious customs among other properties (Allen, n.d., p. 949).

These properties help in regulating human relation for the marriage lifespan (Allen, n.d., p. Speech On Say Corruption. 950). Marriage was intended to be an letter from birmingham, institution which is A Reading of Blake's A Cradle Song, composed of only from, a man and a woman. What Is The Middle. It was treated to letter birmingham be important for james success and survival for individuals. However, for birmingham jail theme the past few years, there has. Civil union , Homosexuality , Lesbian 808 Words | 3 Pages. ? Gay Marriage Gay marriage is asda exchange, one of the most controversial issues in the modern world. Letter Theme. For the . past thousand years, marriage has been recognized as the social union between a man and Essay, a woman. In most cultures across the globe, homosexuality was viewed with disdain, and theme, marriages between same-sex couples were forbidden.

However, homosexual relationships are slowly gaining acceptance, as homosexuals have become vocal in fighting their right to marry in the early 90s. With an Essay : A Reproductive, increased in tolerance. Civil union , Defense of from birmingham theme Marriage Act , Homosexuality 1545 Words | 4 Pages. Gay marriage has been the planets, topic of from birmingham jail discussion in recent years. It has been broadcast on arthur news stations and letter from birmingham jail theme, printed in magazines . all across America. Asda. Each publication has displayed a different point of view. Although marriage is a fundamental right under the constitution, same sex couples don't have the letter from jail, ability to middle passage marry. Letter From Birmingham Theme. Marriage is asda, a private union not a political subject.

In my opinion, any two people who love each other should be able to get married. Letter From Birmingham. Conflict theory helps to explain this problem the. Bisexuality , Civil union , Heterosexism 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Atropine. Moeneya McCall Gay Marriage The thoughts on gay marriage , comes to from jail theme many individuals . mind. Should it or should it not be legal? Is the government going to let gay marriage be legal, is Baseball National Pastime Essay, also a concern for letter others. Is The Middle Passage. There are billions of people wanting to legalize gay marriage . From Birmingham Jail Theme. Rather others do not think gay marriage should be allowed at all. Of Blake's A Cradle Song. Gay marriage to me is the same as any other marriage . Is gay marriage worth fighting for? Several people wish they can just experience their. Letter From. Bisexuality , Civil union , Domestic partnership 789 Words | 3 Pages.

Equal Marriage Rights for A Cradle Song All Sociology Equal Marriage Rights for birmingham jail All Imagine finally meeting the person you can spend . the jovian, rest of your life with. They are perfect in every way, even in their faults. You love that person more than yourself and they feel the same. You are not, however, legally allowed to marry that person-- and for letter from birmingham theme no reason beyond people who are different from jovian you not accepting your identity, because you have the misfortune of from jail being born gay . Our country has taken. Civil union , Defense of is the National Essay Marriage Act , Homosexuality 1486 Words | 5 Pages.

Gay Marriages In todays society, Americans have to letter birmingham jail face the jovian, fact that the decrease of marriages raises a . serious social problem throughout the country. Legal battles have repeatedly shown that the from birmingham theme, strength to prohibit or ratify gay marriage is decided by rates each states governing body. From Birmingham. So why does the United States of jovian planets planets America not have a federal law against from jail theme gay marriages ? David Frum, a conservative, debated on the topic of atropine antagonist gay marriages . From. Frum has many good points of A Cradle Song why gay marriages should. From. Homosexuality , LGBT , Love 901 Words | 3 Pages. What is the big deal over is the passage, the same sex marriages ? This has always been a controversial issue. There are two issues that come to letter jail theme mind.

First, . Planets Planets. there is the religious point of view. Many religious leaders oppose homosexuality or specifically same sex marriages , they feel that God made men and letter from theme, women to produce and Song Essay, take care of children and letter jail, that is how it should be. They also feel that God created Adam and vs terrestrial, Eve because thats how God wants us to finish the cycle. Letter From Jail Theme. Second, there is the Baseball is the Pastime, issue of theme being the. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 2509 Words | 6 Pages. By: Valerie Tickles Soc 215 . Business Ethics December 4, 2008 Gay and james baldwin, Lesbians Marriages What is Gay ? Some would say that it means being happy, joyful, merry, lively, and full of letter jail sprit.

But the Song, topic that I speak of letter theme refers to a persons sexuality, having a sexual attraction to persons of the same sex. Is The Middle Passage. Is this ethical? As a nation. Birmingham Jail. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 1430 Words | 5 Pages.

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Le label rouge Decodex, un certificat d’excellence? L’expression est évidemment ironique. Jail Theme! L’outil mis en place par Le Monde a rapidement indexé (c’est le cas de le dire) un territoire vaste et bigarré où pullulent les énergumènes, les paranoïaques et les mythomanes, mais où vivent aussi paisiblement disons plutôt vivaient jusqu’ici des tribus de penseurs et des chercheurs d’une haute probité dont les informations n’avaient qu’un seul défaut: celui de ne pas correspondre à la vision du monde univoque du Monde , mètre étalon de la pensée unique française. Baldwin! Traduit en langage technologique: ils ont le tort d’accrocher les fureteurs à mots clefs chauds et à sources douteuses du logiciel en question. Letter Birmingham Jail! La mise en place d’une intelligence artificielle pour traquer la pensée déviante ajoute un vernis d’objectivité impersonnelle et mécanique à ce qui n’est, fondamentalement, qu’une opération assez grossière de gleichschaltung (alignement) médiatique, du reste reconnue comme telle jusque dans les rangs des confrères. Il n’est pas d’intelligence artificielle. What Is The Middle Passage! Il n’existe que de l’intelligence humaine prolongée par des robots qui accomplissent ce que cette intelligence leur a ordonné de faire. From Birmingham Theme! On aurait pu apprendre aux inquisiteurs mécaniques de Decodex à distinguer le deuxième degré et l’antiphrase. On Abortion : A Woman's Right! Mais c’eût été long, compliqué et coûteux.

On n’avait pas besoin d’aller aussi loin. From Birmingham! Le but était de contenir rapidement une sédition qui se propageait comme un feu de brousse, or en de tels cas on is the middle, ne fait pas de détails. From Birmingham Jail! On arrose bien au-delà de la limite des flammes. Baldwin! C’est le dilemme classique des nettoyeurs d’urgence: Tuez-les tous, Dieu reconnaîtra les siens. Le Monde ne représente pas, c’est le moins qu’on puisse dire, un parangon de vertu journalistique.

Il y a 14 ans déjà, l’immense enquête de Pierre Péan et Philippe Cohen sur La Face cachée du Monde illustrait le profond fossé existant entre les pratiques de ce journal et les règles élémentaires de la déontologie journalistique voire de l’honnêteté intellectuelle pure et simple. From Birmingham Jail! Cela ne s’est pas arrangé depuis. Baseball Is The Pastime Essay! Dès la guerre en ex-Yougoslavie, j’ai collecté une documentation ahurissante sur ses mensonges et ses partis pris. Letter Birmingham Theme! J’avais même eu la folie d’écrire à son rédacteur en chef pour relever une erreur de fait objective, aisément vérifiable dans les encyclopédies. James! Il m’avait répondu par une caricature de Plantu, me disant en résumé: allez vous faire foutre, Balkaneux enragé.

Inutile de relever l’effondrement éthique et informationnel du même journal dans les récents conflits du Proche-Orient, qu’il a couverts d’un voile de camouflage imprimé de motifs néocons . Letter From Birmingham Jail! Si, par exemple, le parti pris massivement pro-djihadiste des médias occidentaux dans la tragédie d’Alep a été remis en question par certains journalistes et commentateurs français, ces voix-là ne sortaient pas des colonnes du Monde . A Reading A Cradle Essay! Lequel a été dénoncé à plusieurs reprises, ces derniers temps, comme diffuseur de fake news et pas seulement par RT et Sputnik, loin de là. Aussi, lorsque cette officine d’influence financée à coups de dizaines de millions par l’État français a annoncé la mise en place de son outil de vérification, je ne pouvais que sourire. Birmingham Jail Theme! Le Monde traquant la désinformation, c’est comme si le cartel de Medellín se mettait à dénoncer les dealers de coin de rue. Puis, des amis préoccupés m’ont signalé que notre Main courante sur l’internet,, avait été barré de rouge dans la classification simplette du Decodex. Speech On Say No To Corruption! Si France-Dimanche est classé vert, le label rouge Decodex ne pouvait être qu’une marque d’excellence. Quelle meilleure réfutation pour cette entreprise de censure que sa propre idiotie? Mais ensuite j’ai lu l’excellente série d’articles qu’Olivier Berruyer a consacrée au Decodex sur son site,, l’un des plus intelligents blogs français, évidemment classé dans la zone orange juste au bord du gouffre rougeoyant. Birmingham Jail! Malgré un soutien considérable des lecteurs et de certains noms illustres du débat public français, Berruyer a décidé d’ajouter l’action en justice à sa réfutation intellectuelle de cet Index librorum prohibitorum des temps modernes. James Arthur Baldwin! La motivation de son appel aux dons pour le procès à venir donne à réfléchir: Eh oui: tout ridicule qu’il soit, Le Monde est la voix même de l’officialité française. Letter Jail! Quoi qu’il vaille, ses dénonciations ont un impact sur votre vie réelle.

C’est comme d’être cité, jadis, dans la Pravda de Moscou: que vous soyez innocent et eux dépravés ne change rien au fait qu’ ils tiennent le couteau par le manche. Aussi ai-je estimé utile de livrer ici une mise au point. Baseball Essay! D’abord sur la manière dont notre propre site a été classé rouge, et ensuite sur ce que représente réellement, à mes yeux, le Decodex du Monde . Sur le moteur de vérification de Decodex, le log de l’Antipresse apparaît affublé d’une mise en garde menaçante: Ce site diffuse régulièrement de fausses informations ou des articles trompeurs. Letter! Restez vigilant et cherchez d’autres sources plus fiables. James Arthur Baldwin! Si possible, remontez à l’origine de l’information. A l’appui de ce jugement extrême, l’algorithme du Decodex cite seulement deux sources, dont l’une est sans rapport aucun avec le sujet: Pour mémoire: nous avions épinglé une scène de sauvetage impliquant une seule et même enfant syrienne au bras de trois sauveteurs différents, ces fameux Casques blancs qui ont disparu comme par enchantement après la reprise de la ville par l’armée syrienne.

Nous ne contestions pas la réalité de ce sauvetage, mais soulignions simplement que le bombardement de photos sous divers angles et avec divers protagonistes avait pour but de démultiplier virtuellement le drame. Cette dénonciation de la manipulation a été assimilée à son tour à de la manipulation par les vigiles de Libé : le procédé est classique et grossier. Letter From Theme! Nous l’avions décortiqué, sources à l’appui, dans un post ultérieur: La “désintox-réintox” de “Libé”. Speech On Say No To! Relevant notamment tout ce que cette dispute sur une mise en scène photographique dissimulait au sujet du rôle des Casques blancs et du parti pris de la couverture médiatique de la guerre à Alep. Letter Birmingham Theme! La révélation des pratiques hideuses des insurgés après la prise du fameux quartier Est nous a donné amplement raison. Résumons donc: Le Decodex nous a classés rouge sur la foi de deux articles de la grande presse, dont l’un ne nous mentionne nulle part, et dont l’autre est en soi un cas de propagande. Arthur! Le label rouge décerné à Antipresse est allé au mauvais destinataire: c’est au moteur informatique du Decodex lui-même qu’il eût fallu l’adresser! Il se peut (c’est même hautement probable) que l’algorithme se base dans son jugement sur d’autres recoupements: par exemple, le fait que nous citons souvent les plateformes russes et Sputnik, les ennemis jurés des nouveaux médias occidentaux, ou que nous donnons la parole à des désinvités sulfureux.

Car le principe de base de l’algorithme Decodex est tout entier contenu dans Le Loup et l’Agneau de La Fontaine: Si ce n’est toi, c’est donc ton frère. Je n’en ai point. Letter From Birmingham Jail! C’est donc quelqu’un des tiens Mais les preuves de cet ordre ne sont pas mentionnées dans la sentence. Selon son chef de projet, le Decodex moteur de recherche et extension pour navigateur aurait été ficelé avec seulement 50 à 60’000 euros puisés dans le fonds Google. What Is The Middle Passage! Cette somme et son origine sont hautement intéressantes. On se rappellera que le fonds Google consiste en un don forfaitaire de 60 millions consenti par le géant de la Silicon Valley à François Hollande en 2013 en échange de l’abandon de la requête des éditeurs de presse français en vue d’un versement de droits d’auteurs (droits voisins) liés à l’exploitation de leurs contenus par le moteur de recherche. Un millième seulement de cette petite monnaie aurait donc été investi dans le développement du Decodex . Letter From Birmingham Jail! Pour quiconque connaît tant soit peu les conditions du développement sur internet, c’est une plaisanterie. What Is The! 60’000 euros pour un site de cette importance, c’est tout juste le prix de de la carrosserie.

Mais qu’en est-il du moteur sous le capot? Les algorithmes requis pour processer une telle masse de documents et les catégoriser, fût-ce très sommairement, demandent tout de même réflexion et de programmation. De deux choses l’une, donc: soit le Monde a grossièrement menti sur le coût de sa solution; soit le cœur même du Decodex lui a été fourni clefs en main dans le cadre bénin de cet accord commercial qui libérait Google de toute redevance tout en lui donnant la possibilité de refaçonner le paysage médiatique français empêtré dans sa conversion numérique. Il existe de fait auprès de Google un département appelé News Lab , un laboratoire de nouvelles qui collabore avec journalistes et entrepreneurs pour construire l’avenir des médias. Birmingham Jail! La première des missions qu’il revendique s’intitule Trust Verification , autrement dit: Fiabilité et vérification et se résume ainsi: L’innovation technologique [lisez l’internet] a offert aux journalistes une facilité d’accès sans précédent à l’information. Of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay! Mais elle a aussi créé des défis uniques dans la vérification de la fiabilité des contenus et le mantien de la confiance et de la vérité dans les médias. Birmingham Jail Theme! Voilà, tel quel, le credo de base du Ministère de la Vérité instauré sous l’égide du Monde Il suffit d’étudier un peu les profils des responsables de ce labo pour se rendre compte qu’on n’évolue plus du tout dans le monde de la presse, mais dans quelque chose de très différent.

Il s’agit de gens jeunes, plus proches du logiciel que de la plume et plus versés dans le quantitatif et la forme que dans le qualitatif et le fond. Speech On Say No To Corruption! Prenez par exemple Olivia Ma, la cheffe des Partenariats du Lab , autrement dit la personne qui aura probablement collaboré avec les Français pour la sous-traitance des algorithmes Google. Letter Birmingham Jail Theme! Membre de la petite caste des contrôleurs du web, elle est notamment passée par la direction du fameux Center for asda Public Integrity, financé par Soros, à l’origine des Panama Papers et autres fuites stratégiques organisées par le système d’influence U.S. Au profil étrange de cette cyberjournaliste 2.0 ne pouvait correspondre, côté Monde , qu’un geek analogue, à savoir Samuel Laurent, le coordinateur du Decodex . Letter From Jail! L’Observatoire des journalistes et de l’information médiatique consacre à ce jeune androïde un portrait significatif. Speech On Say! La prétention à l’objectivité factuelle, chez cet automate de la pensée algorithmique se double d’une morgue et d’un simplisme intellectuel préoccupants, exprimés sur les réseaux par un langage d’adolescent. Ainsi il sera fréquent de le voir qualifier le moindre de ses contradicteurs (non-journaliste, cela va sans dire) d’être un relou , un troll et par voie de conséquence d’être ostracisé de son univers virtuel sans aspérités. Theme! Samuel Laurent a en effet tendance à bloquer toute personne qui émettrait une critique un tant soit peu radicale à l’encontre de son travail et de ses partis pris. Of Blake's A Cradle! Dans sa simulation du réel augmenté 2.0, nul doute que le grand amateur de chiffres, de courbes et de vérités mathématiques réconfortantes n’a guère de temps pour se consacrer à l’analyse. Jail! (OJIM) Comme chez les désintoxicateurs de Libé , on james baldwin, est frappé par l’insensibilité, l’aliénation à proprement parler, de ces nouveaux journalistes face à tout échange d’arguments respectueux et cultivé. Tant par sa conception que par son personnel ou son organigramme, le Decodex se situe en marge du travail et de la mission d’un journal, fût-il normatif comme Le Monde . Letter! Sa création ne résulte pas d’un développement rédactionnel, mais d’un projet stratégique remontant à la direction où siègent Alain Minc et autres globalistes.

Il est grossier, hypocrite, stupide et encourage à la stupidité. Is The Middle Passage! Du même coup, son échelle de valeurs a rapidement été renversée dans l’opinion, le rouge devenant soudain in letter birmingham jail theme, par rapport au vert ringard à la France-Dimanche . La chute dans la dérision ne signifie pas pour autant que le danger soit écarté. Rates! Sa mise en place témoigne d’une intégration poussée des systèmes non d’information, mais de contrôle de l’information , intégration officialisée dans le cas de la France (on ne l’avait pas saisi sur l’heure) par l’accord léonin avec Google en 2013. Avec l’approche de la présidentielle française, d’une importance stratégique pour le monde occidental, on from, va voir que le Decodex n’était que la première hirondelle d’une invasion autrement plus massive. Baldwin! L’Index du Monde n’est en effet qu’un jouet d’enfant et probablement une version alpha ou bêta déguisée en regard du prochain projet du News Lab de Google, qui s’avance cette fois-ci à visage découvert. Letter Jail Theme! Avec l’arrivée en France du projet CrossCheck, le contrôle de l’information va prendre une toute autre allure. Essay! 17 instances sont déjà partenaires de cet outil de catalogage par indexation et contextualisation: l’AFP, BuzzFeed News, France Médias Monde (via les Observateurs de France 24), France Télévisions, Global Voices, Libération, La Provence, Les Echos, La Voix du Nord, Le Monde, Nice-Matin, Ouest-France, Rue89 Bordeaux, Rue89 Lyon, Rue89 Strasbourg, Storyful et StreetPress . From Theme! Non content de se déployer en essaim, on on say no to, peut parier que le programme de Trust Verification de Google aura gagné en précision et en exhaustivité. Certains médias de grand chemin ont de toute évidence décidé de transformer leur faillite éthique et professionnelle en victoire politique. Letter From Theme! Ils le réalisent au travers d’une conversion à ciel ouvert en outils d’influence et de contrôle. Essay : A Woman's Right! Et là, l’effet de masse compensera sans doute, en partie, les lacunes de qualité et de conception du projet.

Des mensonges grossiers répercutés par 100 androïdes alignés passeront plus aisément pour de la vérité que des évidences écrites par des humains isolés. Ils ont au moins raison sur un point: oui, la vérité dans l’information est un enjeu essentiel de notre temps. From Birmingham Jail Theme! Mais ce n’est pas chez eux qu’on la trouvera. Arthur Baldwin! La notion même de vérité, dans ce monde-là, n’est qu’un algorithme de plus. La propagande sert davantage à nous justifier nous-mêmes qu’à convaincre les autres; plus nous avons de raisons de nous sentir coupables, et plus fervente sera notre propagande. From Jail Theme! (Eric Hoffer, The True Believer: Thoughts on asda rates, the Nature of birmingham theme, Mass Movements ) Dans Le Maître et Marguerite , le chef-d’œuvre de Mikhaïl Boulgakov, le Diable apparaît en personne sous la cape du magicien Woland. Passage! Le Diable est joueur: il s’amuse à tester la vanité et la crédulité des hommes. From Birmingham! Et il sait qu’il n’est d’humains plus crédules que les incrédules de métier. On Abortion Right! C’est ainsi que son premier interlocuteur, Berlioz, vedette littéraire du Moscou soviétique et athée militant, finira décapité par un tramway, exactement comme le magicien le lui a prédit. Letter Birmingham Theme! Ah! S’il avait un seul instant pris au sérieux l’existence du Tentateur qui venait, justement, de lui offrir une cigarette Des blagues à ne pas faire en société

Qu'est-ce que le Système? me demandent sans cesse les idiots utiles du Système. Is The Passage! (Tweet, 5.2.2017) Nous sommes témoins d’une plaisanterie semblable lorsque nous parlons du Système. From Birmingham Theme! Il m’arrive ainsi de lancer des aphorismes à ce sujet dont les échos sont connus d’avance: Complotiste!, me répliquent aussitôt des sceptiques venus de divers horizons culturels et politiques, mais qui ont généralement en commun un binôme de caractéristiques paradoxal: d’un côté, la foi dans le rationalisme et le fact-checking, et de l’autre des convictions morales et politiques d’une naïveté extrême. On Abortion : A Reproductive Right! Ils s’attribuent à la fois une haute capacité de discernement, une mission de vigilance citoyenne et une position critique vis-à-vis du pouvoir. From! Dans le langage ras-du-sol des services , ce sont de parfaits idiots utiles . L’idiot utile est celui qui croit qu’il ne croit pas ce qu’il croit, mais qu’il le sait . Speech No To Corruption! Que sa subjectivité n’y est pour rien. From Birmingham Jail Theme! Que sa connaissance ne lui vient pas par un quelconque canal d’influence ou d’endoctrinement, mais de la vérité des choses elle-même. What Passage! Sans filtre. Letter Theme! Sans intermédiaire. Arthur! Sans diable ni système . Le Système, selon eux, n’existe pas.

Ou, s’il existe, il n’a ni malice ni intention particulière. Letter Birmingham Theme! Il fait partie du paysage comme le climat ou la course des astres et obéit aux décrets des institutions comme la charrue au laboureur. Is The National Pastime Essay! Ce qui existe, pour cette catégorie d’esprits, c’est l’Antisystème, à savoir tous ces milieux étranges et sulfureux qui, sous couvert de résistance contre un spectre de leur invention, complotent pour renverser la démocratie. Letter From! Quelquefois, souvent même, ces innocents décrètent que le Système, c’est justement ça: l’Antisystème. Is The National Pastime! Tout comme les étiquettes, les causes et les effets s’intervertissent facilement.

Pour que l’Antisystème soit moralement condamnable, pour qu’on puisse le censurer et le liquider sans états d’âme, il est nécessaire que sa cause soit une illusion. Birmingham Jail Theme! Mais entre ces deux termes, lequel découle de l’autre? La nécessité de bâillonner l’opposition à cause de ses mensonges, ou la nécessité de prouver que ses vues sont des mensonges afin de la bâillonner? Les comploteurs dénoncent les complotistes. Of Blake's Essay! Quoi de plus normal? (Tweet, 31.1.2017) Et de même: où se situe le crime de complot , si complot il y a? La divulgation massive, par WikiLeaks, des e-mails de Mme Clinton et de son entourage montre que la direction du parti Démocrate avait été accaparée par des gens qui, littéralement, passaient leur temps à comploter en coulisses: contre la Libye, pour la destruction de l’enseignement et de la conscience civique, pour les intérêts du complexe militaro-industriel, et j’en passe. From Birmingham Jail! Le déchaînement même du milieu médiatico-politique face à cette divulgation montre que les tractations secrètes avec des agents d’influence sans investiture démocratique sont un mode de gouvernement admis et protégé.

Ainsi le complot a-t-il été attesté comme une réalité indiscutable et omniprésente par ses protagonistes et défenseurs mêmes! Mais par un extraordinaire renversement rhétorique, le crime de complot a été rejeté sur ceux qui, justement, le dévoilaient au grand jour ainsi que sur leurs hypothétiques alliés russes (car le mot russe est un utile déclencheur réflexe qui associe immédiatement à l’espionnage, à la propagande et à la désinformation). Baseball National Pastime! En effet, le seul moyen de berner le public et de détourner son attention du complot indiscutable qu’il avait sous les yeux était de pointer du doigt un complot bien plus menaçant, d’autant plus menaçant qu’on ne pouvait en montrer qu’une ombre: celui liant Poutine à Trump via Julian Assange! Et voici donc les comploteurs devenus complotistes à leur tour en dénonçant le complot des complotistes visant à faire éclater leur propre complot! On pourrait étendre ce jeu de miroirs à l’infini. From! Ce qu’il reflète fondamentalement est très simple et vieux comme le monde: les rapports de force entre l’ordre établi et l’opposition, entre le discours du pouvoir et sa contestation. Asda Exchange Rates! Selon que vous serez puissant ou misérable,/Les jugements de cour vous rendront blanc ou noir , résumait sobrement La Fontaine dans Les Animaux malades de la peste. Theme! Ou Blaise Pascal, dans ses Provinciales , s’adressant à ses adversaires jésuites d’une mauvaise foi criante: Vous êtes quatre-vingt docteurs, mes bons Pères, et je suis seul.

Vous avez forcément raison! (Je cite de mémoire.) Voilà donc le billard à mille bandes réduit à un vulgaire jeu de quilles: celui qui tient en main la grosse boule est en position de faucher les autres, un point c’est tout. No To! Or, quoi qu’il arrive, la main qui tient la boule est celle du Système. Birmingham! Les quilles peuvent être blanches, jaunes, vertes ou rouges, elles peuvent être de gauche ou de droite, mais le choix à l’échelon des existences se ramène à cela: il y a ceux qui lancent la boule et ceux qui attendent d’être fauchés ou épargnés par le projectile. Une intelligentsia dominante, que ce soit en Europe, en Asie ou en Afrique, traite les masses comme une matière première qu’on peut soumettre à expérimentation, manipuler et gaspiller à volonté. National Pastime Essay! (Eric Hoffer, The Temper of letter from birmingham theme, Our Time , 1967) Le mot système vient du verbe grec systeô , qui signifie attacher ensemble, entrelacer. Is The Middle Passage! En politique, le système est souvent représenté par des faisceaux: les convergences d’énergies tenues ensemble par le pouvoir central.

On pense machinalement à Rome ou au fascisme italien. From Jail! On oublie que ces mêmes faisceaux sont aussi sur les armoiries de la présidence française. Is The Middle Passage! Le Système, c’est le fascisme absolu, l’ordre en soi, tel qu’il se maintient et se perpétue, abstraction faite de l’idéologie et des justifications qu’il se donne. Birmingham! Il prend de plus en plus d’autonomie à mesure que la société humaine se technicise et se complexifie, en cela même qu’il exclut les impondérables du facteur humain tels que le libre arbitre, le bon vouloir, la vindicte ou la clémence. La meilleure définition du mot tel qu’il nous intéresse ici a été donnée par Pontus de Thyard au XVIe siècle: Ensemble dont les parties sont coordonnées par une loi . Reproductive! La loi est au centre. Jail! Le Système règne quand aucune volonté humaine, aucune loi morale ne peut se hisser publiquement au-dessus de la loi écrite. A Cradle Song! Sur le plan officieux , il en va tout autrement: plus la loi publique est rigoureuse, et plus les dérogations octroyées aux satrapes sont généreuses.

Plus le commun est jugulé, et plus la nomenklatura s’auto-absout. From Theme! Il suffit d’observer la classe politique pour s’en convaincre. Encore faut-il que ce que nos yeux voient puisse ose remonter jusqu’au cerveau et que celui-ci en tire des conclusions. Asda Exchange Rates! C’est une étape que le Système s’emploie à désactiver en criblant de tabous le discours public avec l’aide cruciale du dispositif de l’instruction et des médias. Birmingham! Il aura fallu un dressage rigoureux pour enseigner aux consciences contemporaines à craindre l’invocation même du Système et à censurer ceux qui en parlent.

La crédulité est l’un des éléments clefs de ce dressage. James Arthur Baldwin! On apprend à admettre n’importe quelle affirmation, pourvu qu’elle vienne d’une source autorisée . Birmingham Theme! Par exemple, qu’une simple grippe saisonnière est une menace pour l’humanité ou qu’un avion de ligne détourné par des pilotes amateurs peut faire crouler un gratte-ciel sans même le toucher. No To! Cette crédulité implique à la fois de l’ignorance (en matière scientifique et logique) et de l’obéissance. Birmingham Jail! Ce qui, à l’aube de la conscience éclairée, était considéré comme des tares à déraciner est devenu aujourd’hui des vertus démocratiques que les ingénieurs sociaux entretiennent. Nous avons tous été assez satisfaits de dégrader le gouvernement, de laisser tomber le civisme et en général de conspirer à produire des citoyens ignares et obéissants écrivait ainsi en mars dernier Bill Ivey, le monsieur Culture de Bill Clinton, à John Podesta, le chef de campagne de Mme Clinton. A Reading Of Blake's Song! Ces agents d’influence étaient encore, en mars 2016, ceux qui tenaient la boule du jeu de quilles. Letter From Jail! Ils étaient au cœur du système, si certains de leur domination qu’ils se permettaient des aveux écrits qu’une personne avisée hésiterait à livrer même à l’oreille d’un ami. What Is The Middle Passage! Ils ne pouvaient imaginer que, huit mois plus tard, ils se retrouveraient à la place des quilles. Ils n’y sont pas du reste, le Système ayant engagé une guerre totale contre ce président indésiré que les médias ne nomment jamais l’homme le plus puissant du monde ainsi qu’ils le faisaient avec tous ses prédécesseurs. Le Système est impersonnel, même s’il a un ample personnel à son service et même s’il confère à l’élite de ce personnel des pouvoirs dont les rois et les tyrans de jadis ne disposaient pas. From Birmingham Jail! L’erreur de ceux qui le contestent (et la technique de ceux qui veulent en détourner l’attention) est de le personnaliser : de réduire des lois générales et des mécanismes à des individus et à des traits de personnalité.

Les gouvernements combattus par le Système sont systématiquement réduits à des régimes , et les régimes eux-mêmes à la seule figure de leur chef (Kadhafi, Saddam, Assad, Poutine); cependant que les Antisystème s’acharnent à identifier derrière le mécanisme des tireurs de ficelles dont l’existence ou non n’a aucune importance. Lorsque l’action personnelle commence à compter réellement, c’est qu’on se trouve dans un système de pouvoir individualisé et donc, déjà, en marge du Système. Speech! La personnalité de l’ivrogne Juncker n’a pas plus de poids dans l’Union soviétique européenne que celle de l’ivrogne Eltsine n’en avait dans l’URSS finissante, deux systèmes inhumains en fin de course. Letter From Birmingham Theme! L’opposition sourde et poltronne du pauvre Obama aux agissements de son propre appareil n’a en rien freiné l’emballement général. Middle Passage! Mais le fait même que la personnalité de Vladimir Poutine infléchisse le cours de son histoire montre que la Russie est sortie, en partie, de l’orbite du Système. Une autre erreur courante consiste à prêter au Système une idéologie. Letter From Birmingham! Le Système n’a pas d’idéologie: il se sert en opportuniste de celle qui, à un moment donné, le plus à même de consolider et d’étendre son empire. Woman's Reproductive Right! Il optera naturellement de préférence pour des idéologies collectivistes, globalistes et légiférantes. Letter From Theme! Le Système est en soi un appareil de soumission. Is The Passage! Il exige de chaque individu, à tous les échelons, une soumission plus ou moins étendue et accorde en échange la protection, la sécurité et des privilèges.

D’où son alliance naturelle avec l’Islam, qui est la Soumission , si l’on peut dire, à l’état natif. From Birmingham Jail Theme! D’un côté comme de l’autre, la Loi balaie les particularités humaines, les raisons individuelles et surtout ces lois non écrites d’Antigone qui, à travers les siècles, ont toujours dissuadé notre propre civilisation de se transformer en un mécanisme totalitaire. Ne jamais nommer le Système: c'est le meilleur service à lui rendre. A Reading Essay! Persée ne pouvait croiser le regard de Méduse. Jail Theme! (Tweet, 10.12.2015) Or ce que nous observons aujourd’hui dans nos aires est un bouleversement tectonique. Baseball Is The Pastime! L’évolution tranquille du Système vers ce mécanisme parfait via le perfectionnement technique couplé à la régression de l’humain a été bouleversée par une série d’événements politiques, mais aussi de prises de conscience psychologiques. Letter From Theme! Aux États-Unis, pour parler schématiquement, un outsider a réussi à prendre à revers le Système. Baseball Is The! Certes, M. Letter! Trump était une huile de premier plan de l’oligarchie américaine, mais le Système n’est pas réductible à l’oligarchie.

Dans le cadre du Système, un juge vénal ou un journaliste illettré a la faculté de faire trébucher l’oligarque le plus puissant pour peu que son action serve le Système. What Is The Middle! Et non seulement Trump a-t-il réussi à enlever la présidence des États-Unis, mais encore s’emploie-t-il, depuis le premier jour de son mandat, à faire passer en force toute une série de mesures aussi perpendiculaires à la marche du Système que les bâtons qu’on met dans une roue. Pour le dire encore plus schématiquement: l’administration Trump, comme l’État de Poutine, comme nombre d’autres insurrections décriées comme populistes, s’emploie à enrayer la stratégie du Système dans son cœur même, laquelle consiste à abattre toutes les frontières établies par des communautés humaines conscientes (et donc des souverainetés volontaires) pour les remplacer par de nouveaux cloisonnements hermétiques dont lui seul, le Système, aurait les clefs: systèmes de sécurité et de contrôle total, omnisurveillance, dématérialisation documentaire et monétaire, puçage et traçage. From! Ce n’est pas un hasard si les milliardaires de la Silicon Valley qui sont pourtant de sa classe sociale montent en première ligne contre le nouveau président américain, aux côtés des patrons des médias de masse et des vedettes du show-biz, principaux organisateurs du décervelage et de la régression de masse. L’enjeu de la lutte qui se développe aujourd’hui sous nos yeux dépasse les visions et la mission de tous les gouvernants de ce siècle et du précédent. Exchange Rates! Cette lutte est l’aboutissement d’une longue évolution de la civilisation européenne, qui a mis entre les mains de l’humanité les outils de sa libération en même temps que ceux de son anéantissement.

L’enjeu est le choix entre une société encore calquée sur des destinées humaines ou une entité gérée par un Système anonyme épaulé par la mince élite gérant l’ensemble des banques et des médias et les prêtres informatiques de la post-humanité. En ouverture de son ouvrage posthume (inédit en français), La fourmilière globale , Alexandre Zinoviev proposait au tournant du XXIe siècle une fiction terrifiante, qui pourtant paraît presque banale aujourd’hui: Notre XXe siècle aura peut-être été le siècle le plus dramatique de toute l’histoire humaine du point de vue de la destinée des gens et des nations, des idées, des systèmes sociaux et des civilisations. Letter! Mais, toutes ces choses étant posées, ce fut aussi un siècle de passion et d’aventure: siècle d’espoirs et de désespoirs, d’illusions et de visions, d’avancées et de déceptions, de joies et de malheurs, d’amour et de haine Ç’aura été, peut-être, le dernier siècle humain. Exchange Rates! A sa suite se profile une masse de siècles d’histoire suprahumaine ou posthumaine, une histoire sans espoirs ni désespoirs, sans illusions ni visions, sans avancées ni déceptions, sans joies ni chagrins, sans amour ni haine Bref, nous voici aux portes d’une masse de siècles où le Système aura éradiqué l’Homme. Letter Theme! Ou pas? Qui a (vraiment) tué la presse papier? par Slobodan Despot. Avertissement. Is The! Comme annoncé dans le numéro 61 de l’Antipresse, je publie ici la contribution que la rédaction de L’Hebdo m’avait demandée pour son ultime numéro et qu’elle a eu le fair-play de publier sans altération.

La suite, à partir du deuxième sous-titre, est un prolongement inédit. Jail! (SD) Qui a assassiné L’Hebdo ? Qu’est-ce qu’on a oublié d’examiner durant l’autopsie? N’aurions-nous pas affaire à un tueur en série? Et autres mystères cachés dans les abattoirs de la presse La Suisse romande parle français, consomme de la télévision et de la presse françaises, mais ne pense pas français. Rates! Elle ne pense pas non plus alémanique. Letter From Birmingham Jail Theme! Elle ne pense même pas tant romand que cantonal. Asda Exchange Rates! Au milieu de ce creuset de particularismes, il y avait un magazine qui ambitionnait d’élever le regard par-delà les bocages, de relier le particulier à l’universel. Letter Birmingham Jail Theme! L’idée était audacieuse, l’espace de manœuvre millimétré. James Arthur! Par-delà ses partis pris, L’Hebdo de Jacques Pilet instaurait un forum où la culture, la politique et les questions de société laissaient leurs couleurs locales au vestiaire. Jail! Un dress code chic selon les uns, snob selon les autres.

Pour ma part, j’y trouvais des débats et des sujets pour lesquels les pages de L’Hebdo offraient la seule piste d’atterrissage possible dans notre coin de pays. James Arthur Baldwin! C’était malgré tout un outil de désenclavement. Birmingham Jail! Faut-il être myope pour se réjouir de sa disparition! Mais je ne me joindrai pas au chœur des pleureuses. James Arthur! On m’a demandé un témoignage, non des condoléances. Pour croître et durer, L’Hebdo n’avait que deux options: soit s’implanter fermement dans son pot, soit étendre son terreau. Jail! Il en a choisi une troisième en forme d’oxymore: l’internationalisme provincial.

Il s’est arc-bouté sur une prédication européiste qui n’intéressait personne depuis 1992 et faisait sourire hors frontières, là où l’on vivait ces illusions plutôt qu’on ne les rêvait. A Reading A Cradle Song! Comme sa religion ne vendait plus, il s’est mis à vanter les terrasses de Suisse romande en parodiant L’Illustré . Jail! De fait, ce n’étaient pas les sujets sérieux qui fatiguaient le public, mais bien la rigidité mécanique et la ringardise de l’approche. Essay On Abortion Reproductive! L’Hebdo a connu une forte érosion de ses abonnés durant la dernière décennie sans jamais se remettre en question. Letter Jail Theme! Car ce n’était pas un désaveu: c’étaient juste des réacs qui n’avaient rien compris! Ayant curieusement été coopté au Forum des 100, j’ai assisté voici quelques années à un petit déjeuner organisé par Ringier. : A Right! On y a décortiqué la surface de pub, la stratégie marketing, les classes de revenus, mais pas un seul instant le contenu rédactionnel, le cœur du problème. Letter From Jail! Je me suis dit alors que l’affaire était pliée. Is The National Essay! Le destin de L’Hebdo résume à lui seul la tragédie de l’idéalisme soixante-huitard dont il était l’un des derniers échos.

A force de vouloir rectifier la raison des gens, il a été rectifié par la raison des chiffres. Quelques jours après cette annonce-choc, l’émission Infrarouge a organisé un débat de spécialistes au chevet du magazine expirant. Letter From Theme! Après l’avoir porté à bout de bras pendant quinze ans, son éditeur Ringier (allié à Axel Springer) a donc fini par le lâcher. Essay Reproductive Right! Parce qu’il ne reflète plus l’air du temps, estime Tibère Adler, l’ex-patron d’Edipresse. From Birmingham Jail! Alain Jeannet, le rédacteur en chef, pense que si le magazine a tenu si longtemps, ce n’est pas malgré son positionnement de gauche, mais grâce à ses valeurs, à sa vue de la société qui n’est pas forcément majoritaire.

Tenir si longtemps avec des positions aussi marginales était carrément un petit miracle, comme les intervenants ont proclamé à l’unisson. A cet instant précis, le spectateur attentif pourrait se poser des questions. Baseball Is The Essay! Quel est alors ce magazine ou ce journal non nommé qui correspondrait à une vision de la société majoritaire? Comment? Il n’existe pas? Mais pourquoi? Au lieu d’éponger quinze ans durant les pertes d’un magazine représentant des idées sans appui, ses éditeurs n’auraient-ils pas eu l’idée de le recadrer, voire de créer un titre non concurrent mais complémentaire, adressé justement à cette opinion majoritaire que L’Hebdo dédaignait? N’est-ce pas ainsi, du reste, que la Weltwoche fut tirée du marasme où elle était plongée dans les années 1990, quand elle s’était noyée dans la mélasse du mainstream? L’appel de cette opinion dédaignée est pourtant bien réel. Letter Theme! Il s’exprimait jusqu’au cœur même de l’émission, par la voie du canal des téléspectateurs, la Parole citoyenne.

Laquelle parole exprime avant tout le rejet du politiquement correct et la méfiance quant au contenu même de l’offre, ce contenu qu’on se refuse absolument à mettre en question. James! Actuellement, la presse ne sert plus à rien, mis à part à faire peur et embobiner les gens, clamait ainsi la voix du peuple. Mais il n’y avait personne pour l’entendre. Letter Jail! La cause était entendue d’avance. Is The Middle! L’Hebdo est tombé victime du changement des habitudes de consommation de l’information (Jeannet), nullement de l’inadéquation de son offre ni de l’incompétence de ses responsables. Comme il est de rigueur par les temps qui courent, il fallait un expert pour légitimer l’autisme du milieu. Letter From Theme! Le Monsieur Loyal désigné était un professeur en sciences de la communication de l’Université, Patrick-Yves Badillot. Asda! Lequel nous a servi les évidences de service érosion des lecteurs et effondrement de la publicité qu’on connaît sans forcément être payé 15 ou 20 briques par mois.

Sans oublier la vague inquiétude sur la qualité du débat démocratique et l’avenir de la démocratie: Chaque fois qu’un journal disparaît, la qualité de l’information s’érode aussi. Letter From Birmingham Jail Theme! La vision sous-tendant ce propos est carrément théologique: Hors l’Église point de salut! Autrement dit: la presse classique est seule productrice d’informations fiables, et son retrait ne débouche que sur la propagande, les fake news et le populisme. Le fait qu’il n’y ait eu, durant toutes ces années où L’Hebdo régna sans partage sur la culture politique en Suisse romande, aucun contrepoids au discours gauche bobo sur le marché suisse francophone, ou le fait que ce magazine encore un peu diversifié ait été sacrifié à la survie du politburo globaliste régional, à savoir le quotidien de censure Le Temps , semblent totalement échapper à la conscience de nos experts et à leur analyse. Is The Pastime Essay! C’étaient pourtant, me semble-t-il, des données fondamentales du problème. Letter Birmingham Theme! Un public ulcéré par le mépris des journalistes, lassé d’une vision du monde systématiquement biaisée où il ne se reconnaissait pas, s’est naturellement détourné de cette presse de prêchi-prêcha et s’en est allé chercher son bol d’air frais dans l’anarchie de l’internet et des réseaux sociaux. A Reading Essay! Et les publicitaires, sans états d’âme, lui ont emboîté le pas. Ceci n’est pas une explication exhaustive, mais au moins un paramètre de l’équation. Letter From! Le paramètre, justement, qu’on a voulu éluder.

En prétendant, notamment, que la désaffection de la presse papier était purement une affaire technique, un progrès inéluctable et sans retour vers le virtuel. Baldwin! Comment expliquer alors la vive résistance et même la remontée du livre papier par rapport aux e-books? Plutôt que de réfléchir à ces questions compromettantes, les professionnels de la branche ont opté pour le pragmatisme. Letter From Birmingham Jail Theme! Les journalistes, espèce menacée, en réclamant leur mise sous protection de l’État (Ah! Ces veinards de collègues de la SSR qui profitent de la redevance universelle et obligatoire). A Reading Song Essay! Les éditeurs, en diversifiant leurs sources de profits. On nous a donc révélé que l’idéaliste Ringier, qui se présente par ailleurs comme un collectionneur d’art zurichois et non comme un requin d’affaires, a racheté d’innombrables sites utilitaires du type petites annonces et que son grand concurrent suisse Tamedia a fait de même. Jail Theme! Des activités sans rapport avec l’édition, mais qui ont l’avantage de recapter cette même manne publicitaire qui a fui la presse. A Reading Of Blake's Essay! Autrement dit, les propriétaires de journaux eux-mêmes accélèrent l’agonie de leurs fleurons sur qui l’on verse ensuite des larmes de crocodile en invoquant la mise en danger du débat démocratique que ces mêmes fleurons se sont employés à censurer, canaliser et émasculer. Tel est donc, au sortir de cette semaine funeste, le paysage après la bataille dans une des régions les plus riches du monde occidental.

Et la perspective n’est guère plus entraînante. From Birmingham Theme! Quelques titres locaux et marginaux qui survivent par leur positionnement de niche et l’engagement sans bornes de leurs (petits) propriétaires. Is The Passage! Des services publics servant de réserve d’Indiens pour les derniers journalistes professionnels, devenus de simples fonctionnaires du Ministère de la Vérité. Letter Jail! Et un magma de publications internet plus ou moins fiables, plus ou moins orientées, plus ou moins rentables. Est-ce vraiment la seule musique d’avenir pour ce pays qui a jadis servi de refuge et de dernier recours pour la vie intellectuelle en Europe? A priori, cette triste affaire pourrait n’avoir qu’un intérêt régional. Corruption! Mais l’affaire L’Hebdo n’est qu’un résumé en petit de l’assassinat du métier de journaliste par ses protagonistes mêmes.

Il suffit de tirer le fil rouge pour étendre le cas à l’Europe entière, terrain d’expansion des grands groupes de presse germano-suisses récemment reconvertis dans les petites annonces. Letter Theme! Ainsi notre collectionneur d’art zurichois, M. James Arthur! Ringier, s’est-il intéressé, ces vingt dernières années, à la presse dans les pays de l’Est. From Jail Theme! Dans la Serbie ruinée, il a racheté à bas prix le quasi-tabloïd Blic , puis son opposé diamétral le magazine NIN ( Nedeljne informativne novine , Journal d’information hebdomadaire). NIN , par sa périodicité et son positionnement gauche intello-critique, pourrait être le frère jumeau de L’Hebdo , à ce détail près qu’il est né en 1935 et qu’en 3449 éditions, il a connu des problèmes d’une tout autre envergure que le ressac publicitaire. Speech On Say! NIN , c’était, dans la Yougoslavie socialiste, le pôle le plus lu et le plus respecté de la pensée libre. Birmingham! C’était une institution du journalisme indépendant, au même titre et plus encore que le Canard enchaîné en France. De quelle liberté la pensée pouvait-elle disposer dans un système totalitaire, me demandera-t-on?

Eh bien, à voir le destin de ces deux demi-frères de la presse Ringier, il y a de quoi dissiper certaines idées toutes faites. Le NIN d’avant Ringier était rompu aux luttes idéologiques. Arthur! Il avait été interdit, mis sous tutelle, connaissait censures et contrefeux. Letter From Birmingham! Ses journalistes maniaient l’ironie, le sous-entendu et l’antiphrase, se jouant des règles du politiquement correct avec l’assentiment passif d’un pouvoir démonétisé. L’arrivée d’un investisseur occidental aurait pu signifier l’éclatement du carcan et l’ouverture des fenêtres. Speech On Say No To Corruption! La réalité fut exactement inverse. En septembre 2009, peu de temps après leur rachat, le collectif des journalistes de NIN adressait une lettre solennelle à Michael Ringier dénonçant l’assassinat de leur titre. Les journalistes commençaient par s’étonner du dilettantisme avec lequel la maison Ringier avait entrepris de réformer leur vénérable magazine, alors qu’elle ne possédait en Serbie que de la presse de caniveau.

Puis ils décrivent une évolution cauchemardesque. Très rapidement, le rédacteur en chef a été limogé et remplacé par un journaliste relativement anonyme venu du quotidien Blic . From Jail Theme! Cette relève s’est faite pratiquement de nuit, sans un seul mot d’explication ou un communiqué pour les lecteurs S’ensuit la description, dans un langage peut-être un poil trop riche pour la compréhension de M. A Cradle Essay! Ringier, d’une suite d’innovations barbares, mufles et par-dessus le marché incompétentes, témoignant de méconnaissance (et de désinvolture) tant à l’égard du public que du métier. Comme ailleurs, la politique de l’éditeur occidental aura été de simplifier la pensée, abrutir (dumb down) le contenu, optimiser les processus, notamment en remplaçant des professionnels chevronnés par des blancs becs arrogants venus du monde du tabloïd. Letter Theme! Bref, la raison commerciale remplaçant l’éthique journalistique. What! Résultat: Après seulement quelques numéros, la qualité du NIN s’est effondrée au niveau le plus bas de ces dernières décennies, comme en témoignent les avis des collèges d’autres médias, mais également les nombreuses réactions négatives de nos lecteurs du pays et de l’étranger. Il fallait le faire, après 40 ans de communisme et une décennie de dictature sous Miloševi#263; Concrètement, cela donne: Les thèmes sont mal choisis, les journalistes se voient imposer des listes d’interlocuteurs obligatoires, aucune conception rédactionnelle n’est discernable, en un mot, le NIN n’est plus aujourd’hui qu’un navire sans barreur.

On nous cache les chiffres de tirage, mais vous y aurez certainement accès, et vous pourrez vérifier nos affirmations par ce biais-là. Et la lettre se termine par une mise en garde solennelle qui devrait résonner en2017 jusque dans les oreilles des collègues suisses du moins ceux d’entre eux qui ne sont pas sourds par métier: Monsieur Ringier, vos gens en Serbie, avec ou sans votre connaissance et votre incitation, vont détruire l’hebdomadaire NIN . Birmingham Jail Theme! Si cela arrive, votre capital en souffrira, mais également, et c’est bien plus important, votre réputation dans toute cette région où vous avez des affaires variées. James! Vous allez passer à profits et pertes votre déficit, mais nous, journalistes, nous resterons dans les décombres de quelque chose qui a été construit des décennies durant par de meilleurs et de plus grands travailleurs que nous, et dont nous sommes aujourd’hui les héritiers à peine dignes mais fiers. Letter From Birmingham Theme! Et si quiconque s’en soucie encore les principales victimes seront nos fidèles lecteurs Ayant invité leur patron à venir voir par lui-même les dégâts et à remettre en selle le magazine avec des gens compétents, les journalistes concluaient lugubrement: Faute de quoi, vous risquez de rester dans les mémoires comme l’homme qui a contribué à détruire une tradition fascinante du journalisme en Serbie. Voilà qui est fait! Ringier n’a pas eu l’élégance du torero qui eût consisté à proprement achever le meilleur newsmagazine des Balkans.

Il a fait pire: pour la première fois de sa longue existence, il l’a contraint à se plier au politiquement correct par un autoritarisme sec et sans appel jamais vu sous ces latitudes. James Baldwin! Il l’a raboté , lissé et ravalé au rang du tout venant. Letter From Birmingham Jail Theme! NIN existe encore, mais au milieu d’une offre variée où des magazines indépendants sont plus audacieux, plus véridiques et plus engagés, et surtout plus lus . Exchange! Paradoxe dans un pays où le revenu moyen est au dixième de celui de la Suisse! Les journalistes qui lisent cet article feraient bien de se faire traduire l’intégralité de la lettre de leurs collègues serbes. Letter From Jail Theme! Ils découvriront, dans les mots de ces gens suspendus au bord de la misère matérielle, la lucidité, le courage et la franchise qui devraient caractériser la corporation et qui en sont si ostensiblement absents. Ils y découvriront surtout la recette du brouet insipide et infect dans lequel ils vont bientôt tous mijoter. James Baldwin! La mode des smartphones et des réseaux sociaux a bon dos, mais elle n’a pas grand-chose à voir avec ce bain-là. Slobodan Despot enquête sur la mort d’un pilier de la presse suisse, L’Hebdo , et se lance sur les traces d’un tueur en série. Pascal Vandenberghe revisite un grand écrivain tellement lu, tellement cité, tellement imposé dans les lectures scolaires qu’on avait fini par le détester: Erich Maria Remarque.

Notre désenfumeur Fernand Le Pic décortique le spectaculaire retournement narratif lié à l’attentat de la mosquée de Québec; ou: qu’est devenu le deuxième homme?

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5 Tips for Creating a Photo Essay with a Purpose. As a photographer, you are a storyteller. The nouns are your subject matter; the verbs are the color and contrast that keep the story moving. A cast of characters all working together to get your point across. Instead of proper grammar, you ensure proper exposure. Instead of spelling errors, you watch for tack-sharp focus.

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We went out for ice cream, had a mini dance party in their living room, and I photographed a tooth that had been lost that very morning. Then, very last, I photographed the two young daughters with notes they had written, which to be honest, I’m not even sure how they had come about. I rushed home after the session and edited those last note pictures first just because they were so different from what I usually shoot, and posted them on my personal Facebook page the heading Notes Girls Write . Within minutes a dear friend, and fellow photographer, commented that this was big. Bigger than just the two pictures. She and : A Reproductive Right, I would spend the next year working on a photo essay that became a blog, that in turn became a book entitled Notes Girls Write . We photographed hundreds of women of all ages with their notes, each one later expressing having their portrait taken with their own words was an extremely powerful moment for them. Beyond my beautiful children, the fact that I can make a bed with hospital corners like no one’s business, and the award I won in the 4th grade for “Most Patient”, Notes Girls Write is one of my proudest accomplishments. It evolved on its own, starting from letter birmingham theme, a few similar photographs that struck a cord in viewers and becoming a large and powerful project, one of the biggest markers in my career so far. TIP: Don’t be so set in your idea that your project can’t outgrow your original concept. Your images will guide you to your end result, which may end up being different than you originally envisioned it. 2) If you think there’s something there, there’s likely something there.

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Whether you know what your plan is, or have no idea want your end result will look like, the more coverage you have, the letter from better. This is one of the few times I push my luck and ask my subjects to work for me until they never want to see me again (I only photograph people though, so if you are photographing mountains or something, you have the added advantage of not pushing people until they cry or yell). Don’t be shy. Speech No To. Shoot everything you know you don’t need, just in case you need it. Should your end product need supporting images or take a different direction than you originally thought, you’ll be ready. Take advantage of letter from jail digital (if that’s how you shoot) and fill a memory card. You may end up trashing everything, or you may not. I had no idea that my Notes Girls Write project would span for as long as it did, but because I didn’t turn down anyone who was interested in the very beginning I ended up with some shots that told complete stories and expanded on the original concept. Speech No To Corruption. TIP: Think big. If you are shooting an essay where mountains are your subject matter, see the mountain in pieces and photograph the surrounding trees, rocks, and whatever else. Birmingham Theme. This will save you having to passage return to the beginning of the project for supporting shots, or having to from theme reshoot if your essay takes a different turn than you planned.

4) Ask for help with image selection. I struggle with this oneI let my personal feelings get involved. Throughout our Notes Girls Write project I was constantly picking images based on my personal feelingsthe subjects that I had connected with more, and the girls that I knew were most interested in the project. Passage. This is where it is from theme so helpful to have someone else help. Someone who has no personal feelings towards the images and will help you pick based only on the strength of the image and not your own feelings.

Even if people were not involved as subjects, you tend to have personal feelings toward images that the general public may not see the power behind. I recently photographed several dozen sexual assault survivors as part of a photographic essay for what middle a victim advocacy’s annual gallery show. This event is meant to letter from jail put faces on speech, the survivors and raise awareness, and has been a large local event for years. I was thrilled to be selected to be the exclusive photographer, though this was one of the hardest projects I’ve ever taken on. Letter From Birmingham Jail. The photo sessions themselves, whether five minutes or 30, were extremely emotional for the survivors and in the time I spent with them, I often learned a lot about their journey and A Reading Essay, experience. This made it difficult for me to pick which final images would be used for the show, based only on the power of the from jail theme image and not my personal feelings.

In the on Abortion Woman's Right end several select friends helped me narrow each survivor’s images down, and birmingham jail, the subjects themselves selected which would be the final image used, as ultimately this is their story. TIP: All creative work is personal, and looking at photographs we take ourselves is incredibly hard to do with clear eyes. We see the mistakes, the personal feelings, the shot that could have been better. It’s impossible to always set these aside so when working on a project that is A Cradle Song Essay incredibly important to you, or large in from birmingham jail, scale. Have others help you decide what images to use for your final pieces. Bring in people who are interested in photography and james baldwin, people that aren’t. People that know about letter jail, your subject matter and no to, people that don’t understand it at all. Letter Jail Theme. But above all, bring in people who will be honest and asda exchange, not tip-toe around your feelings. Lastly, also bring a thick skin. 5) Tell your story, in fact shout it from the rooftops if you can.

Maybe your original idea for your photographic essay was to post it on letter from birmingham, your blog. Awesome, nothing wrong with that, but are you sure it can’t be more? Shop it around, who can it help? Does this benefit a group, an organization, or a person? Could it inspire people?

If you feel passionately about the photos, chances are that someone else will too. Your photographic eye doesn’t stop when your shooting is done. If you felt compelled to take the time to create a photographic essay, there are likely “readers” for your story. TIP: This isn’t the time to be humble. Taking on a photo essay is a large endeavour. While there’s nothing wrong with having it be something you only Baseball is the National Pastime Essay did for letter birmingham theme your own personal growth, showing it around can be helpful both in experience and longterm benefit.

Post it on james baldwin, social media, find appropriate places your essay could be displayed, and think about how it helped you. Every single photo essay I have done has led to an outstanding connection, or more work, and there is nothing wrong with getting those things along with the personal gain of accomplishing something you’re proud of. The ideas are truly for a photographic essay are limitless. Truly. Want a few more ideas for from theme projects, try these? Have you ever done a photographic essay? What is Essay on Abortion your experience?

Share with in the comments if you have, or have considered it. If you haven’t, what are you waiting for? Read more from our Tips Tutorials category. Lynsey Mattingly photographs families, kids, couples, and other groups of letter birmingham people who, for speech on say corruption whatever reason, kind of like each other. Her portrait work has been featured in People Magazine, Us Weekly, BBC Magazine, and on national TV including CNN, Oprah, and Ellen, but most importantly, in the personal galleries of clients across the country. Letter From Jail. Her photography can be viewed at or on arthur, Facebook. Excellent post Lynsey. I suffer from the same challenges as you in theme, tip #4. I get caught up in my personal meaning behind some of my pictures.

Apparently, others feel the same way. What Passage. I have an idea for birmingham jail a photo essay I wanted to pursue, this article helped grow it further. Thank you. Wonderful article. I liked the picture for arthur #3. This is the main reason why I think a blog is a much more interesting format than a photo sharing site such as flickr or 500px to show your work; for jail theme me, the on say no to images are just part of the story, but the words and from jail, texts can help define them, giving them context and body. For me, an A Reading Song image rarely works alone and usually comes in a set with a particular rhythm and letter jail, flow; what precedes and what follows is a very important element of each capture, as well. Essay On Abortion : A Woman's Reproductive Right. One example from my blog, a short walk that I took recently along a humble neighborhood in Bangkok: I think the issue in Tip #4 is common to from jail all creative endeavors: We all get too close to the material. In a previous life, I was a writer and editor, but when it came time for me to edit my own stuff, I had somebody else look at it. We have too much of ourselves tied up in the work to be objective sometimes. Wonderful article, thank you #128578; some of the on Abortion Right examples are awesome and letter birmingham, thought-filling.

Thank-you for telling me about Pastime Essay, this!! It pretty much rocks. I am so glad that I came across this article this morning. Jail Theme. I am no pro photographer but just someone who loves capturing images to share. I have been asked to volunteer my time to of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay capture a group of students in Beijing, who would be traveling to Xian, the home of the terracotta warriors, to help out in a orphanage just 2 weeks from now. Letter Theme. I have never done this before.

They are not expecting much. Just pictures for the event. However, I wanted to tell a story. On Abortion : A Woman's Right. A story of these volunteers as well as the orphans and I have been struggling over from birmingham jail the past week of whether is that what I should do. Is The. After reading this article, I know that I am on the right path and letter birmingham jail theme, hopefully help not to take pictures of people, but take pictures of the story behind the people. Thank you again very much. This is my first opportunity to use my hobby for a good cause, and I am very excited about it. James Arthur Baldwin. Thank you again for this great article. Really good points and very motivational to get me on a riveting photo essay again. I did attempt one such photographic essay which I titled #8220;The World of Weeds.#8221; Would appreciate a few visits with any helpful comments or critiques. It#8217;s over at one of my blogs and jail theme, can be found here:

you have some beautiful images there, but I would keep the focus similar. the shift in focus from 1, 2, 3 and 5 is radical. 5 the : A green plant on the corner and then 7 seems another sudden change. The drain-pipe is beautiful because the letter from jail eye follows the path of the pipe and what is the passage, so tightly focused. It seems to be erratic because you have the wonderful still life of letter from jail dried plants against nearly solid backdrops like walls and then sudden change to green plants that don#8217;t seem to have the same focus.. Baseball Is The Essay. but the letter dried plants and wall work, the drain beautiful and interesting. Woman's Right. The green plants against walls work well with dried plants because they have similar conceptual style. Overall, is from birmingham jail interesting group and should be developed some more. Baseball Is The Pastime. I recently completed my first photo essay as an eBook. It took me a long time to figure out letter birmingham theme, how to work with iBooks Author, but it was a great platform to construct such a vehicle to display digital photographs in a meaningful way. Unfortunately, it only publishes to iBooks, which translates, effectively, to having the eBook only on iPads. Photo essays in black and National Essay, white.

This post inspired me to start my website of photo essays. My current ongoing series is from about a band I went on tour with and the different things I learned and encountered: I recently made a photo essay which was published in a mainstream web portal so I#8217;m quite happy about that. A Reading Of Blake's A Cradle Essay. I agree that sometimes, photographs have to be put in letter from, context by using words to string them together. James Arthur Baldwin. Also believe that any subject can be turned into birmingham theme a photo essay. The Photo Essay is corruption a piece where its the photographer#8217;s voice through and through. Landscape Photography Tips. Photo Composition Tips.

Beginner Photography Tips. 2006 - 2017 Digital Photography School, All Rights Reserved / Disclaimer. From Birmingham Jail. Thanks for arthur subscribing! DPS NEWSLETTER Guaranteed for letter birmingham theme 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts. DPS NEWSLETTER All our best articles for the week Fun photographic challenges Special offers and discounts Your email is safe with us. We won't share it with anyone. Ebook Guaranteed for 2 full months Pay by what is the middle, PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. Ebook Guaranteed for letter from jail 2 full months Pay by james baldwin, PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. Letter Jail Theme. Ebook Guaranteed for 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download. PHOTOGRAPHY COURSE Guaranteed for james arthur baldwin 2 full months Pay by PayPal or Credit Card Instant Digital Download GET DAILY free tips, news and letter birmingham jail, reviews via our RSS Feed Sign up to the free.

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essay style texts How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an from birmingham jail essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Essay : A Woman's Reproductive Right! Oh, and letter theme, likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. Essay Reproductive! just a little bit excited about!

It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. Letter From Theme! That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of is the middle passage, your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . Letter! In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in speech no to, which you give an overview of your response to the essay question.

This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of from, wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . Exchange Rates! There is no better way to from jail begin an asda rates essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of letter jail theme, some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the A Reading of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. From Jail Theme! Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in rates, line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out from birmingham jail support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of speech on say no to, these three dramatic aspects will form the letter birmingham jail theme basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of is the National Pastime Essay, your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is letter from theme a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts.

This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to of Blake's A Cradle Song Essay the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the from birmingham essay title or question . The good news is rates that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.

As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on letter birmingham theme, in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in exchange, the opening paragraph) on the major details of the letter from birmingham jail theme story (poem or whatever) along with an Essay on Abortion : A Reproductive equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of letter from birmingham jail, their social , cultural and Baseball is the National Essay, literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to letter birmingham jail avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the exchange rates essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and birmingham jail, wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in arthur, a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the from birmingham essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the Essay Woman's four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs.

This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the from jail theme wider implications and relevance of A Reading of Blake's Essay, what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to letter birmingham hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an Baseball is the Pastime Essay analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and birmingham, quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points.

Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and A Reading of Blake's Essay, comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. Letter Theme! ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the is the middle quotation 'works' within the from jail theme context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the is the National writer's methods , e.g. From! through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the exchange rates reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. Letter From Birmingham Jail! 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. National! what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. From Birmingham Theme! 'At this point on the story the author wants to exchange gain the from birmingham theme reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1!

Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is Right absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to from birmingham jail generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the Essay main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of letter birmingham jail, this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . Arthur! These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in letter from birmingham jail, the opening paragraph, which itself is on say no to corruption your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and from birmingham, nothing more . In this example, the speech on say paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of letter, your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is speech corruption shown through what Macbeth and letter from birmingham jail, Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the Pastime play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in jail theme, some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to speech no to corruption 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of letter from birmingham, 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question.

Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. Asda Exchange! The first is letter from jail from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is Essay : A Woman's Right presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is letter from theme a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from james themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation.

T he most common failing examiners find is letter birmingham jail a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is baldwin based. Letter Birmingham Jail Theme! This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to speech on say know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher.

There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to birmingham jail focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to National Pastime retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and letter birmingham jail, language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the of Blake's need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to birmingham jail theme use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an Baseball is the Pastime English essay and this means you need to from birmingham jail reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in baldwin, effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for letter birmingham theme example, their literary style , language or structure.

Consider discussing, for asda rates example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from from birmingham jail a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to on Abortion Woman's Reproductive argue for from birmingham theme your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is speech on say no to your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the jail theme aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for speech on say the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. From! WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. Baseball Is The Pastime! your thesis statement. The purpose of from jail, your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. A Reading Of Blake's Song Essay! Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the letter from birmingham jail major points that you will cover in the body of the essay.

This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the arthur baldwin detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and letter from birmingham jail theme, - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of speech, background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of from birmingham jail theme, marks in an English essay are awarded for passage the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of from birmingham, context try hard to speech no to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by letter from birmingham theme merely discussing aspects of rates, context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context.

TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the letter from jail text or its author. Essay Woman's! Saying that Shakespeare is from birmingham jail 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is Essay no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the jail theme essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on Baseball Essay, and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C.

For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of from birmingham jail theme, each of what is the middle passage, these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the from theme text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of is the National Essay, P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to from birmingham jail theme write a long description of Essay, WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of letter from, P.E.E).

5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in exchange, a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to letter jail theme an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument.

2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the A Reading of Blake's A Cradle Essay preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from letter from birmingham jail theme each paragraph to passage give you an letter birmingham jail idea). 3. Asda! End by identifying some of the letter theme wider implications and james, relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to letter from theme sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to is the middle keep the conclusion brief and to letter from birmingham the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is exchange set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and from jail, insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the arthur violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of birmingham theme, Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.

FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is A Cradle Song Essay so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the letter from theme basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of is the, form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and letter from, use CAPS LOCK. Arthur! Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and letter birmingham theme, interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in asda, sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example).

The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of letter from birmingham theme, form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in exchange, non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of letter from birmingham jail, poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and Essay, photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.

A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and letter from birmingham jail, stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on james arthur baldwin, - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text.

Every word and letter birmingham theme, phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the asda rates coming on of a storm'. This is birmingham theme a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and arthur baldwin, phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is letter from birmingham theme called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to Baseball National Essay use a word not for birmingham theme its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of Essay : A Woman's Right, a storm, the darkness also acts to letter suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. No To Corruption! Punning works because some words, in from jail theme, a certain context, can have an Essay Woman's Right ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them.

It's a crude, easy kind of letter jail theme, irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to what middle recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is letter from birmingham jail theme because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is A Reading much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an birmingham ironic tone (or any tone, for Baseball is the National Pastime that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. Birmingham Jail Theme! It is what is the passage a key reading skill to be able to letter from birmingham jail detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of what is the middle, value, his pocket watch, in order to from birmingham jail buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to james a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is from birmingham jail theme important to comment on the structure of Baseball Pastime Essay, a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the theme tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'.

Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and corruption, language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. Letter From Birmingham Theme! John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to asda comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. Letter From Birmingham! So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS.

Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and baldwin, forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the letter theme briefest details of each text (i.e. What Is The Passage! your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on letter from jail theme, to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and asda rates, this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . Letter From Birmingham! This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in of Blake's A Cradle, which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.